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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #523 - ἀπαιτέω

from (G575) and (G154)
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  1. to ask back, demand back, exact something due
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5065 ‑ נָגַשׂ (naw‑gas');  5377 ‑ נָשָׁא (naw‑shaw');  
Frequency Lists
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Luke 3
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Luke 2
CSB (2)
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ESV (2)
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KJV (3)
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The Lexham English Bible
did not use
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LSB (5)
Luke 4
1 Corinthians 1
N95 (5)
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1 Corinthians 1
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1 Corinthians 1
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Luke 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions



1. demand back, demand to have returned, esp. of things forcibly taken or rightfully belonging to one, Hdt. 1.2; εἰ μὲν βούλεσθε, αἰτῶ, εἰ δὲ μὴ βούλεσθε, ἀπαιτῶ And. 2.22; τὸ μισθάριον γὰρ ἂ[] ἀπαιτῇς Diph. 43.34; τὸ τέλος ὁ χρόνος ἀπαιτεῖ BCH 7.278 (Tralles); τὴν ψυχήν Luke 12:20; ἀ. τινά τι demand something of one, Hdt. 8.122, E. Hel. 963, Ar. Av. 554, D. 1.22; εὐθύνας ἀ. τινά Id. 18.245; also ἀ. ὅπλα τοῦ πατρός S. Ph. 362; χάριν ἀ. τινά Pl. Phdr. 241a, etc.; τι παρά τινος Arist. de An. 408a18; also ἀ. δίκην ἐξ ἀδίκων A. Ch. 398; λόγον ἀ. τινὰ περί τινος Pl. R. 599b; ἀ. ὑπέρ τινος ib. 612d; ἀ. ὑποσχέσεις Arist. EN 1164a17: c. inf., ἀ. τινὰ ποιεῖν τι E. Supp. 385. call down on oneself, ποινάς Jul. Or. 2.59a (and so Med., ib. 58a). of things, require, νοῦσοι -έουσι σικύην Aret. CA 1.10; περίοδος ἀ. μῆνα τρισκαιδέκατον Plu. Agis 16: abs., ὅταν αἱ χρεῖαι -ῶσιν Ael. Tact. 15.1.

2. inquire, ἀπαιτήσομεν αὐτὸν τίνες εἰσίν Str. 12.3.24.

II Pass.,

1. of things, to be demanded in payment, Hdt. 5.35.

2. of persons, have demanded of one, ἀπαιτεῖσθαι εὐεργεσίαν X. Revelation 17:1-18; τὸ τῆς ψυχῆς χρέος LXX Wi. 15.8; ἀποδώσειν ὅταν ἀπαιτῆται BGU 1058.33 (i B.C.); yield to a request, οὐκ ἀπαιτούμεσθα, answering to ἀπαιτῶ σκῆπτρα, E. Ph. 602.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀπαιτέω, ἀπαίτω; to ask back, demand back, exact something due (Sir. 20:15-14σήμερον δανειει καί αὔριον ἀπαιτήσει): Luke 6:30; τήν ψυχήν σου ἀπαιτοῦσιν (Tr WH αἰτοῦσιν) thy soul, intrusted to thee by God for a time, is demanded back, Luke 12:20 (Wis. 15:8 τό τῆς ψυχῆς ἀπαιτηθείς χρέος). (In Greek writings from Herodotus down.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀπ -αιτέω , - ,

[in LXX: Deuteronomy 15:2-3, al. (H5065), Sirach 20:15, Wisdom of Solomon 15:8, al.;]

to ask back, demand back: Luke 6:30; Luke 12:20 (MM, VGT, s.v.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

BGU II. 530.36 (i/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 62) ἄλλως τε καὶ ἀπαιτῖται ὑπὸ τῶν πρακτόρων ἱκανόν, ";especially security is demanded by the taxgatherers"; : cf. P Fay 39.14 ff. (A.D. 183) ἐκ τίνος ἀπαιτεῖται τὸ προκείμενον ἀπότακτον, where the editors state that . ";may imply that the payment was in arrear or have a quite general meaning."; The former alternative is clearly implied in P Fay 11.20 (c. B.C. 115) ὁ ἐνκαλούμενος πλεονάκις ἀπῃτημένος [ο ]ὐχ ὑπομένει ἑκουσίως ἀποδιδόναι, ";the accused, though frequent demands have been made, persistently refuses to pay voluntarily"; (Edd.). Other examples of the verb, which is common, are P Flor I. 61.42 (A.D. 86–8) διὰ τί ἕως σήμερον οὐκ ἀπῄτησας, and again.51 ἐπεὶ σιτόλογοι ἦσαν καὶ ἀπῃτ [οῦ ]ντο εἰς τὸν Κ [α ]ίσαρος λόγον, P Lond 856.19 (late i/A.D.) (= III. p. 92) ο ̣̔ δ ̣ὲ λήμπτωρ ἀπαιτεῖ certain taxes, P Tebt II. 327.19 ff. (late ii/A.D.) οὐ δέοντως ἀπαιτοῦμα [ι ] τὰ ὑπὲρ τῶν ὑπαρχόν [τω ]ν τελούμενα δημόσια, ";demands have wrongfully been made upon me for the government dues payable on behalf of the property"; (Edd.) : a very similar phrase occurs in CPHerm 52i. 16. In P Oxy VIII. 1157.15 (late iii/A.D.) καὶ μάθε ὅτι τὸ ἐπεικεφάλαιον ἀπαιτοῦσιν ";find out also about the collection of the poll-tax"; (Ed.) : the idiomatic impersonal plural curiously contrasts with the translation Greek, showing the same word, in Luke 12:20. In the Christian letter P Oxy VI. 939.16 (iv/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 129) we have the phrase τοῦτο τοῦ καθήκοντος ἀ ̣π ̣[α ]ι ̣[τοῦντ ]ος, ";this being what duty demanded."; For the subst. see BGU IV. 1103.18 (B.C. 14) περὶ ἀπαιτήσεως τοῦ φερναρίου, P Oxy I. 104.28 (a will, A.D. 96) ἀπαίτη [σι ]ν ποιήσεσθαι, etc., and for the adj. ἀπαιτήσιμος various land-surveys of ii/B.C.—P Tebt I. 61, 64, 72. The noun ἀπαιτητής occurs in Wilcken Ostr 1460 (A.D. 185–6) δι᾽ ἐμοῦ Μάρκου. . . ἀπαιτ (ητοῦ).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
απαιτει απαίτει ἀπαίτει απαιτηθήση απαιτήσει απαιτήσεις απαίτησιν απαιτούντες απαιτούντων απαιτούσιν απαιτών apaitei apaítei
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