Lectionary Calendar
Friday, June 14th, 2024
the Week of Proper 5 / Ordinary 10
We are taking food to Ukrainians still living near the front lines. You can help by getting your church involved.
Click to donate today!

Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #5350 - φθέγγομαι

Root Word (Etymology)
probably akin to (G5338) and thus to (G5346)
Parts of Speech
Search for…
Browse by letter:
Prev Entry
Next Entry
  1. to give out a sound, noise or cry
    1. of any sort of sound or voice, whether of man or of animal or inanimate object as thunder, musical instruments, etc.
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1696 ‑ דָּבַר (daw‑bar');  5042 ‑ נָבַע (naw‑bah');  6030 ‑ עָנָה (aw‑naw');  7580 ‑ שָׁאַג (shaw‑ag');  7878 ‑ שִׂיחַ (see'‑akh);  8608 ‑ תָּפַף (taw‑faf');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (3)
Acts 1
2 Peter 2
NAS (3)
Acts 1
2 Peter 2
CSB (3)
Acts 1
2 Peter 2
BSB (3)
Acts 1
2 Peter 2
ESV (3)
Acts 1
2 Peter 2
WEB (3)
Acts 1
2 Peter 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Od. 10.228, etc.: fut. φθέγξομαι Il. 21.341: aor. ἐφθεγξάμην, and poet. φθεγξάμην 18.218, Pi. O. 6.14: pf. ἔφθεγμαι, 2 sg. ἔφθεγξαι Pl. Lg. 830c, 3 sg. ἔφθεγκται (trans.) Arist. APo. 77a2, (Pass.) Id. Cael. 279a23: utter a sound or voice, esp. speak loud and clear, freq. in Hom., φθεγξάμενος παρὰ νηός Il. 11.603, cf. 10.67, al., Pl. R. 336b (properly of all animals that have lungs, Arist. HA 535a30):

I of the human voice, ἀνθρωπηΐῃ φωνῇ φ. Hdt. 2.57; ἀπὸ γλώσσας Pi. l.c.; διὰ τοῦ στόματος Pl. Sph. 238b; [ ψυχῆς] φθεγξαμένης ἀΐων Xenoph. 7.5; φθεγξαμένου τευ ἢ αὐδήσαντος Od. 9.497; with a part. expressing the kind of cry, φθέγξομ' ἐγὼν ἰάχουσα Il. 21.341; τοὶ δ' ἐφθέγγοντο καλεῦντες Od. 10.229, cf. 12.249; so σφοδρῷ τῷ πνεύματι φ. Archyt. 1; φ. μετὰ βοῆς Pl. Lg. 791e, etc.; μέγιστον ἁπάντων D. 19.206; καλὸν καὶ μέγα ib.216, cf. 337; ἐλεύθερον καὶ μέγα Pl. Grg. 485e; also of weak, small voice, φθεγξάμενος ὀλίγῃ ὀπί Od. 14.492; τυτθὸν φθεγξαμένη Il. 24.170; of the battle-cry, X. An. 1.8.18; of the recitative of the chorus, Id. Oec. 8.3; οὐκέτι πόρρω διθυράμβων φ. Pl. Phdr. 238d; οὐδ' ἂν φθέγξασθαι δυνηθείη would not be able to utter a syllable, Isoc. 15.192, cf. Pl. R. 368c; opp. silence, X. Mem. 4.2.6; εἶτα σὺ φθέγγει..; open your mouth.. ? D. 18.283; of children just born, Arist. HA 587a27: Constr.: c. acc. cogn., utter, ἔπος Hdt. 5.106; ἀγέλαστα Heraclit. 92; ὀδυρμοὺς καὶ γόους ἀνωφελεῖς A. Pr. 34; καίρια S. Ph. 862 (lyr.); ἀράς, λόγους, βλασφημίαν, E. Ph. 475, Med. 1307, Ion 1189; ῥῆμα μοχθηρόν SIG 1175.19 (Piraeus, Tab. Defix., iv/iii B. C.); τἀληθῆ Pl. Phlb. 49b; ὑπέρογκα ματαιότητος φ. 2 Peter 2:18 : the pers. addressed added with a Pr, φ. εἰς ἡμᾶς E. Ph. l.c.; πρός τινα Pl. Ion 534d; later τισί, Plu. Crass. 27; φ. τι περί τινος Isoc. 10.13; τὸ φθεγγόμενον, abs., that which uttered the sound, Hdt. 8.65.

2. of animals, as a horse, neigh, whinny, Id. 3.84, 85; of an eagle, scream, X. An. 6.1.23; of a raven, croak, Thphr. Sign. 16; of a fawn, cry, Theoc. 13.62; of birds, opp. ἄφωνοί εἰσι, Arist. HA 618a5; ἐν τῷ θέρει ᾄδει [κόττυφος], τοῦ χειμῶνος.. φ. θορυβῶδες ib. 632b17; of worms, φ. οἷον τριγμόν Thphr. CP 5.10.5; of certain fish, Arist. Fr. 300, Opp. H. 1.135.

3. of inanimate things, of a door, creak, Ar. Pl. 1099; of thunder, X. Cyr. 7.1.3; of trumpets, Id. An. 4.2.7, 5.2.14; of the flute, Id. Smp. 6.3, Thgn. 532; of the lyre, φόρμιγξ φ. ἱρὸν μέλος Id. 761, cf. Arist. Metaph. 1019b15; of an earthen pot, εἴτε ὑγιὲς εἴτε σαθρὸν φ. whether it rings sound or cracked, Pl. Tht. 179d; φ. παλάμῃσι to clap with the hands, Nonn. D. 5.106, cf. AP 9.505.17 (dub.).

II = ὀνομάζω, to name, call by name, Pl. R. 527a, Phlb. 25c, 34a; τῷ πλέγματι τούτῳ τὸ ὄνομα ἐφθεγξάμεθα λόγον gave it the name of λόγος, Id. Sph. 262d; φ. εἴδωλον ἐπὶ πᾶσιν ὡς ἓν ὄν ib. 240a; φ. γιγνόμενα speak of things as coming into existence, Id. Tht. 157b; καὶ τὸν κύλλαστιν φθέγγου use the word κ., Ar. Fr. 257; also τῇ δυνάμει ταὐτὸν φ. have the same meaning, Pl. Cra. 394c.

III c. acc. pers., sing, or celebrate one aloud, Pi. O. 1.36; also, tell of, recount, θεῶν ἔργα Xenoph. 12.1.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

φθέγγομαι; 1 aorist participle φθεγξάμενος; (φέγγος (but cf. Vanicek, p. 1176), ΦΑΩ); deponent middle; from Homer down;

1. to give out a sound, noise, or cry; used by the Greeks of any sort of sound or voice, whether of man or animal or inanimate object — as of thunder, musical instruments, etc.; (φθέγγεσθαι denotes sound in its relation to the hearer rather than to its cause; the μέγα λαλῶν is a braggart, the μέγα φθεγγόμενος. is a lofty orator; Schmidt, Syn., chapter 1 § 53).

2. to proclaim; to speak, utter: Acts 4:18; ὑπέρογκα, 2 Peter 2:18 (ἄδικα, Wis. 1:8); ὑποζύγιον, ἄφωνον ἐν ἀνθρωπίνῃ φωνή φθεγξάμενον, 2 Peter 2:16. (Compare: ἀποφθέγγομαι.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

φθέγγομαι ,

[in LXX for H6030, H5042 hi., etc.;]

of men or animals, to utter a sound or voice: absol., Acts 4:18; seq. ἐν φωνῇ , 2 Peter 2:16; c. acc, ὑπέρογκα , 2 Peter 2:18.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
εφθέγξατο φθεγγεσθαι φθέγγεσθαι φθέγγεσθε φθέγγεται φθεγγόμεναι φθεγγομενοι φθεγγόμενοι φθέγξαιτο φθεγξαμενον φθεγξάμενον φθεγξάμενος φθέγξασθε φθεγξάσθωσαν φθέγξεται φθέγξομαι φθέγξονται φθειριεί φθειρίζει phthengesthai phthéngesthai phthengomenoi phthengómenoi phthenxamenon phthenxámenon
Ads FreeProfile