Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #538 - ἀπατάω
ἀπᾰτάω [ᾰπ ],
late Ion. ἀπασχολ-έω Luc. Syr.D. 27 (Pass.): impf. ἠπάτων E. El. 938, Ion. ἐξ-απάτασκον Orac. in Ar. Pax 1070: fut. -ήσω: aor. ἠπάτησα, Ion. ἀπ- Il. 9.344, S. Tr. 500 (lyr.): pf. ἠπάτηκα Id. Ph. 929: — Pass., fut. ἀπατηθήσομαι Arist. APr. 67a38, cf. (ἐξ-) Pl. Cra. 436b, Aeschin. 2.123; also in Med. form ἀπατήσομαι Pl. Phdr. 262a, (ἐξ-) X. An. 7.3.3: aor. ἠπατήθην Pl. Cri. 52e: pf. ἠπάτημαι Th. 5.46, etc.: (ἀπάτη): —
cheat, deceive, Il. 19.97, Od. 17.139, etc.;
cheat one's hopes, Hes. Op. 462; οἷ' ἠπάτηκας S. Ph. 929; κλέμματα.. ἂ τὸν πολέμιον ἀπατήσας Th. 5.9: abs.,
to be deceptive or fallacious, Arist. Rh. 1376b28: —
Pass., to be self-deceived, mistaken, Pi. Fr. 182, S. OT 594, Pl. Phdr. 262a, etc.; ἔγνωκα.. φωτὸς ἠπατημένη S. Aj. 807; τί γὰρ οὐκ.. ἔρχεται ἀγγελίας ἀπατώμενον;
comes not belied by the result? Id. El. 170; ἀ. περί τι Arist. Rh. 1368b22; περί τινος Id. Sens. 442b8; ἀ. ταύτην τὴν ἀπάτην Id. AP 0.74a6; also ἀπατᾶσθαι ὡς..
to be deceived into thinking that.., Pl. Prt. 323a. — The compd. ἐξαπατάω is more common, esp. in Hdt. and Att. Prose; the simple Verb is used in LXX Genesis 3:13, al., but not by Plb., and is rare in later Greek, Plu. 2.15d.
ἀπατάω , -ῶ
(< ἀπάτη ),
to deceive: c. acc, James 1:26; c. acc pers., dat. rei, Ephesians 5:6; pass., 1 Timothy 2:14 (on its infrequency in late writers, v. MM, VGT, s.v.; cf. ἐξαπατάω ).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
PSI II. 152.24 (ii/A.D.) may show ἠπάτ [ων in a fragmentary line at the end, with practically no context : ψεῦδος occurs a line higher up. It is surprising that this is the only citation we can make. The verb is absent from Polybius and only occurs twice in Plutarch, but is fairly frequent in LXX, and found in early Christian writers. It was evidently falling into disuse in most quarters.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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