Take your personal ministry to the Next Level by helping StudyLight build churches and supporting pastors in Uganda.
Click here to join the effort!

Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #540 - ἀπάτωρ

from (G1) (as a negative particle) and (G3962)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
  1. whose father is not recorded in the genealogies
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (1)
NAS (2)
HCS (1)
BSB (1)
ESV (1)
WEB (1)
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀπάτωρ [πᾰ], ορος, ὁ, ἡ, (πατήρ)

1. without father, of deities, αὐτοπάτωρ, ἀ. Orph. H. 10.10; ... ἀμήτωρ Nonn. D. 41.53, cf. Hebrews 7:3; fatherless, orphan, ἀοίκους ἀπάτοράς τε S. Tr. 300; ἀμήτωρ ἀ. τε E. Ion 109 (lyr.); ἀ. πότμος Id. IT 864 (lyr.), cf. Vett.Val. 103.35: neut. pl., ἀπάτορα τέκεα E. HF 114 (lyr.); disowned by the father, Pl. Lg. 929a: also c. gen., ἀ. ἐμοῦ not having me for a father, S. OC 1383.

2. of unknown father, like σκότιος, Plu. 2.288e, PGrenf. 2.56.3 (ii A. D.).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

* ἀπάτωρ , -ορος , ,

(< - neg., πατήρ );

1. fatherless.

2. without father (MM, VGT, s.v.), i.e., with no recorded genealogy: Hebrews 7:3.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The word is common in papyri in such a formula as BGU I. 88.4 (ii/A.D.) Χαιρή (μων) ἀπάτωρ μητ (ρὸς) Θασῆτος, ib. III. 971.13 (ii/A.D.) Θερμουθάριον ἀπάτορα μ (ητρὸς) [Θερμουθαρίου ]. Krebs (Aus den Papyrus d. Königlichen Museen, p. 160) renders BGU II. 410.13 (A.D. 159–60) Ἰσάρι [ο ]ν ἀπάτωρα μητρὸς Τανεφ [ρ ]έμμεως, as ";the illegitimate daughter of Tanephremmis,"; and ib. 392.10 (A.D. 208) Πᾶις ἀ (πάτωρ) μητ (ρὸς) Τελβάβε ̣ω ̣ς, as ";Pais, father unknown"; (p. 175). The editors translate similarly in P Fay 39.5 (A.D. 183) and in P Tebt II. 397.11 (A.D. 198). Without the mother’s name we have P Ryl I. 12.2 (A.D. 250) Δημῶτος ἀπάτορος, and P Lond 1170.339 (iii/A.D.) (= III. p. 98) Πολυδεύκους ἀπάτορος, also 496 Σ ̣ω ̣τήριδος ̣ [ἀπ ]άτορος —in a long list of names in which the rest have the father’s name given : we must assume the same sense. It does not seem to be used for ";fatherless."; See Archiv ii. p. 97. Deissmann (LAE p. 39 f.) has drawn attention to the fact that so far back as 1808 W. Sturz (in his De Dialecto Macedonica et Alexandrina Liber, Lipsiae, p. 146 f.) made use of the Charta Borgiana (the first papyrus ever brought to Europe, in 1778) to explain the use of . in Hebrews 7:3. That a word meaning ";father unknown"; should be available for use in a passage where the thought is so far from the beaten track, is quite natural; the ἀμήτωρ following, which by association shares its special sense, protected ἀπάτωρ from its common implication.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
απατωρ απάτωρ ἀπάτωρ apator apatōr apátor apátōr
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
Search for…
Choose a letter to browse: