the Fourth Week of Lent
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #1692 - דָּבַק
1) to cling, stick, stay close, cleave, keep close, stick to, stick with, follow closely, join to, overtake, catch
1a1) to cling, cleave to
1a2) to stay with
1b) (Pual) to be joined together
1c1) to cause to cleave to
1c2) to pursue closely
1c3) to overtake
1d) (Hophal) to be made to cleave
2092) qbd (דבק DBQ) AC: Adhere CO: Fastener AB: ?
V) qbd (דבק DBQ) - Adhere: To join or stick to someone or something. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (55): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hophal, Pual) cleave, follow, overtake, stick, keep, abide, close, join, pursue - Strongs: H1692 (דָּבַק), H1693 (דְּבַק)
Nm) qbd (דבק DBQ) - Fastener: What joins together. KJV (6): joint, soldering, cleave, join, stick - Strongs: H1694 (דֶּבֶק), H1695 (דָּבֵק)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect דָּבַק 1 Kings 11:2 2t.; וְדָבַק consecutive Genesis 2:24; דָּבֵ֑ק 2 Kings 3:3; 3 feminine singular דָּֽבְקָה Ruth 1:14 5t.; דָּבֵ֑קָה Job 29:10; 1 singular דָּבַקְתִּי Psalm 119:31; 3 plural דָּֽבְקוּ 2 Samuel 20:2; וְדָֽבְקוּ consecutive Deuteronomy 28:60; דָּבֵ֑קוּ Job 41:15; וּדְבַקְתֶּם consecutive Joshua 23:12; Imperfect יִדְבַּק Deuteronomy 13:18 3t.; 3 feminine singular תִּדְבַּק 2 Kings 5:27; Psalm 137:6; וַתִּדְבַּק Genesis 34:3 2t.; suffix תִּדְבָּקַנִי Genesis 19:19; 2 masculine singular תִּדְבָּ֑ק Deuteronomy 10:20; Ezekiel 29:4 (strike out B Co); 2 feminine singular תִּדְבָּקִין Ruth 2:8,21; 3 plural יִדְבְּקוּ Numbers 36:7,9; 2 masculine plural תִּדְבָּ֑קוּ Joshua 23:8; תִּדְבָּקוּ֑ן Deuteronomy 13:5; Infinitive construct וּלְדָבְקָהבּֿוֺ Deuteronomy 11:22 2t.; — in Hexateuch only J D, except Numbers 36:7,9 (P); —
1 cling, cleave to,
a. literally followed by בְּ Job 19:20 (bone to skin), so followed by לְ Psalm 102:6; followed by אֶל 2 Samuel 23:10 (hand to sword; accidentally omitted with other words 1 Chronicles 11:13 compare Dr 2 Samuel 23:11), Jeremiah 13:11 (girdle to loins), Lamentations 4:4 (tongue to roof of mouth, in thirst), so followed by לְ Job 29:10; Psalm 137:6 (as a judgment); so also in metaphor Psalm 44:26 דָּֽבְקָה לָאָרֶץ בִּטְנֵנוּ our belly cleaveth to the earth ("" שָׁחָה לֶעָפָר נַפְשֵׁנוּ), Psalm 119:25 דָּֽבְקָהלֶעָפָר נַפְשִׁי; fish to scales of crocodile (figurative of Pharaoh), followed by בְּ Ezekiel 29:4 (but compare above); absolute (reciprocal) of folds of crocodile's belly Job 41:15; further of the חֵרֶם remaining in ( sticking to) the hand followed by בְּ Deuteronomy 13:18; so of spot, stain Job 31:7;
b. so also of abiding on the land of one's tribe Numbers 36:7,9 (followed by בְּ).
c. = remain with, close to followed by עִם Ruth 2:8,21followed by בְּ Ruth 2:23.
2 cling, cleave to,
a. figurative of loyalty, affection etc., sometimes with idea of physical proximity retained, followed by בְּ Genesis 2:24 (J; man to wife) compare Genesis 34:3 (J) 1 Kings 11:2; Joshua 23:12 (D); further Ruth 1:14 (Ruth to Naomi); 2 Samuel 20:2 (people to king); especially (followed by בְּ) of cleaving to ׳י Deuteronomy 11:22 ("" אָהֵב, הָלַךְ בְּכָלדְּֿרָכָיו) Deuteronomy 30:20 ("" אָהֵב, שָׁמַע בְּקֹלוֺ), Joshua 22:5 ("" אָהֵב, ׳הָלַךְ וגו, שָׁמַר מִצְוֺתָיו); compare further Deuteronomy 10:20; Deuteronomy 13:5; Joshua 23:8 (all D), 2 Kings 18:6; Psalm 63:9 (followed by אַחֲרֵי) & Psalm 119:31 דָּבַקְתּי בְֵעדְוֺתֶ֑יךָ; so
b. of the oppositeבְּחַטּאֹות יָָֽרָבְעָם ֗֗֗ דָּבֵ֑ק 2 Kings 3:37,
c. subject disease, calamity, followed by בְּ person Deuteronomy 28:60; 2 Kings 5:27; followed by אַחֲרֵי Jeremiah 42:16; followed by accusative Genesis 19:19 (J); subject sin Psalm 101:3 (followed by בְּ person)
Pu`al Imperfect 3 masculine plural יְדֻבָּ֑קוּ passive of Hiph`il
1 followed by בְּ, of crocodile's scales, they are joined together Job 41:9 ("" יִתְלַכְּדוּ); absolute of earth-clods Job 38:38.
Hiph`il Perfect 3 feminine singular suffix הִדְבִּיקָ֑תְהוּ Judges 20:42; 3 plural suffix הִדְבִּיקֻהוּ 2 Samuel 1:6; 1 singular הִדְבַּקְתִּי Jeremiah 13:11; וְהִדְבַּקְתִּ֫י Ezekiel 29:4; Imperfect jussive יַדְבֵּק Deuteronomy 28:21; וַיַּדְבֵּק Genesis 31:23; אַדְבִּיק Ezekiel 3:26; וַיַּדְבִּיקוּ Judges 18:22; Judges 20:45; וַיַּדְבְּקוּ 1 Samuel 14:22 2t. (compare Ges§ 53 R 4 Kö i. 210).
1 cause to cling or cleave to, followed by accusative + אֶל, literally וּלְשׁוֺנְךָ אַדְבִּיק אֶלחִֿכֶּ֑ךָ Ezekiel 3:26; see also Ezekiel 29:4 (followed by accusative + בְּ; literal, but in metaphor); figurative of causing to cleave to ׳י Jeremiah 13:11 (followed by accusative + אֶל); compare further Deuteronomy 28:21 (subject ׳י, followed by accusative of disease + בְּ).
2 pursue closely, followed by אַחֲרֵי Judges 20:45; 1 Samuel 14:22; 1 Chronicles 10:2 = 1 Samuel 31:2 (followed by accusative); so also 2 Samuel 1:6 (followed by accusative)
3 overtake, followed by accusative Genesis 31:23 (E), Judges 18:22; compare Judges 20:42 (subject הַמִּלְחָמַה).
Hoph`al Participle וּלְשׁוֺנִי מֻדְבָּק מַלְקוֺחָ֑י Psalm 22:16 and my tongue is made to cleave (to) my gums; compare below
[דְּבֵק] verb cling (Biblical Hebrew); —
Pe`al Participle plural דָּֽבְקִין דְּנָה עִםדְּֿנָה Daniel 2:43.
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דָּבַק and דָּבֵק fut. יִרְבָּק inf. דָּבְקָה.
(1) to cleave, to adhere, specially firmly, as if with glue, to be glued, ankleben, anbacken. (Arab. دَبِقَ, Syr. ܕܒܶܩ id. A kindred root is طبخ to cook, backen; the primary syllable is בק, which has the sense of cooking; compare בַּג, Pers. باه, باج, بحتن, يختن bukhten, pukhten. See also פָּנַג). Const. followed by בְּ Job 19:20 אֶל Jeremiah 13:11 לְ Psalms 102:6, intrans. Lamentations 4:1, דָּבַק לְשׁוֹן יוֹנֵק אֶל־חִכּוֹ “the tongue of the sucking child clave to the roof of its mouth” (from thirst, drought). Psalms 22:16 [Hophal]. The same expression is used of one who is silent out of reverence, Job 29:10; Psalms 137:6 (comp. Hiphil, Ezekiel 3:26). Deuteronomy 13:18, “let nothing cleave to thy hands,” i.e. take nothing by stealth. Job 31:7. Trop. to follow any one, to cleave to him, Ruth 2:8, 21 followed by בְּ verse 23. Hence, to be attached to any one, to be lovingly devoted (κολλᾶσθαι τινί), e. g. to a king, to God, to a wife, followed by בְּ and לְ Deuteronomy 10:20, 11:22 2 Samuel 20:2; 1 Kings 11:2; Joshua 23:12; Genesis 2:24, 34:3 followed by אַחֲרֵי Psalms 63:9, דָּֽבְקָה נַפְשִׁי אַחֲרֶיךָ “my soul cleaveth to thee.”
(2) [“to attach oneself to any thing”], to come upon, to reach any one, followed by an acc.; בְּ and אַחֲרֵי Genesis 19:19; Deuteronomy 28:60. Jeremiah 42:16, שָׁם יִרְבַּק אַחֲרֵיכֶם “there it (famine) shall overtake you.” Synon. הִשִּׂיג see Hiphil No. 3.
Pual, pass. to be glued together, to adhere firmly, Job 38:38, 41:9.
(1) causat. of Kal No. 1, to cause to adhere, to make to cleave, Ezekiel 3:26, 29:4 Jeremiah 13:11.
(2) to follow hard, followed by an acc. Judges 18:22; 2 Samuel 1:6, and אַחֲרֵי. Judges 20:45, זַיַרְבִּיקוּ אַחֲרָיו “and they followed hard after him;” 1 Samuel 14:22, 31:2.
(3) to come upon, to reach any one (like Kal No. 3), Genesis 31:23; Judges 20:42 also causat. to cause to reach, Deuteronomy 28:21.
Hophal, to cleave fast, Psalms 22:16.
The derivatives follow.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.