the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #2470 - חָלָה
1) to be or become weak, be or become sick, be or become diseased, be or become grieved, be or become sorry
1a) (Qal) to be weak, be sick
1b1) to be or become weak, feel weak
1b2) to become sick, become ill
1b3) (CLBL) to entreat, pray, beg
1c1) to make oneself sick
1c2) to be made sick
1c3) to be tired
1d) (Pual) to be made weak, become weak
1e) (Hithpael) to make oneself sick
1f1) to make sore
1f2) to make sick
1f3) to show signs of sickness, become sick
1f4) to grieve
1g1) to be made sick
1g2) to be wounded
1173) lh (ההל HhL) AC: Bore CO: Hole AB: Pain: A hole is drilled with a tool called a bow drill. The string of the bow is wrapped around the drill. By moving the bow back and forth, and firmly pressing down, the drill spins around drilling the hole. (eng: hole; hollow)
if1) elht (תההלה THhLH) - Begin: The spot to be drilled is first scored to make an indentation to accept the drill and the beginning of the drilling is the most difficult as the drill can easily slip out. KJV (22): beginning, first, begin - Strongs: H8462 (תְּחִלָּה)
V) llh (ההלל HhLL) - I. Pierce: II. Begin:The spot to be drilled is first scored to make an indentation to accept the drill and the beginning of the drilling is the most difficult as the drill can easily slip out. III. Common:To make something common that is meant to be set apart for a special function. [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (141): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hophal, Pual, Piel) begin, profane, pollute, defile, break, wound, eat, slay - Strongs: H2490 (חָלַל)
V) elh (ההלה HhLH) - I. Sick: II. Beseech:To request intervention from a sickness or other trouble. KJV (75): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Hophal, Pual, Piel) sick, beseech, weak, grievous, diseased, wounded, pray, intreat, grief, grieved, sore, pain, infirmity - Strongs: H2470 (חָלָה)
V) lfh (ההול HhWL) - Twist: A twisting in pain or joy. [df: lyx] KJV (62): (vf: Paal, Hophal, Participle) pain, formed, bring forth, tremble, travail, dance, calve, grieve, wound, shake - Strongs: H2342 (חוּל)
Nm) lih (ההיל HhYL) - I. Wall:What is bored through by the enemy to enter a city. II. Army:What bores through the wall. [Hebrew and Aramaic] III. Pain:A spinning or piercing pain. IV. Power:The strength and wealth of a person or army. KJV (267): wall, rampart, host, trench, poor, bulwark, army, pain, pang, sorrow, man of valour, host, force, valiant, strength, wealth, power, substance, might, strong - Strongs: H2426 (חֵל), H2427 (חִילָה), H2428 (חַיִל), H2429 (חַיִל)
- A2062 Lhc (Ember)
- A2161 Dlh (Age)
- A2164 Mlh (Dream, Dream)
- A2165 Plh (Pass)
- A2168 Slh (Weaken, Weak)
- A2203 Urh (Engrave, Pen)
- A2208 Prh (Pierce, Winter)
- A2209 Yrh (Sharp, Hoe)
- A2210 Qrh (Gnash)
- A2211 Srh (Scratch, Craftsman)
- A2212 Trh (Engrave)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect ׳ח 1 Kings 14:1 8t.; 2 feminine singular חָלִית Isaiah 57:10; 1 singular חָלִיתִי 1 Samuel 30:13 2t.; וְחָלִי֫תִי consecutive Judges 16:7,11,17, חָלוּ֫ Jeremiah 5:3 (so read, see below); Imperfect וַיָּ֫חַל 2 Kings 1:2; Infinitive suffix חֲלֹתוֺ Isaiah 38:9; חֲלוֺתִי Psalm 77:11 compare below
Pi`el; חֲלוֺתָם Psalm 35:13; Participle חֹלֶה Genesis 48:1 6t. + 1 Samuel 22:8 (see below); חוֺלֶה Nehemiah 2:2; Malachi 1:13; feminine חוֺלָה Ecclesiastes 5:12 3t. (for Jeremiah 4:31 see I. חוּל), construct חוֺלַת Song of Solomon 2:5; Song of Solomon 5:8; —
1 be or become weak, Samson Judges 16:7,11,17; feel weak Isaiah 57:10 (Che) Ezekiel 34:4,16.
2 become sick, ill Genesis 48:1 (E) 1 Samuel 19:14; 1 Samuel 30:13; 1 Kings 14:1,5; 1 Kings 15:23 (of Asa, = חלא 2 Chronicles 16:2) 2 Chronicles 17:17; 2 Kings 1:2; 2 Kings 8:7; 2 Kings 13:14 (with accusative of congnate meaning with verb) 2 Kings 20:12 = Isaiah 39:1; Isaiah 33:24; Isaiah 38:9; Proverbs 23:35; Psalm 35:13; Nehemiah 2:2, compare Psalm 77:11 חֲלוֺתִי for חַלּוֺתִי Che after Bi; lame and sick — i.e. imperfect for sacrifice — of animals Malachi 1:8,13; sick from effect of wounds 2 Kings 8:29 2 Chronicles 22:6, compare Proverbs 23:35, מַכָּה with חֳלִי Deuteronomy 28:59,61; Jeremiah 6:7; Jeremiah 10:19; hyperbole sick from love חוֺלַת אַהֲבָה אני Song of Solomon 2:5; Song of Solomon 5:8; be sick unto dying חלה לָמוּת 2 Kings 20:1 = Isaiah 38:1, עדלֿמות׳ח (late) 2 Chronicles 32:24; Jeremiah 5:3 read probably לֹא חָלוּ֫ (for ᵑ0חָ֫לוּ, see I. חול) of the people, unmoved by ׳י's chastisements; thou hast smitten them, but they are not sick (compare
Niph`al Amos 6:6); of sickness of the mind in ᵑ0 1 Samuel 22:8 followed by עַל (but read rather חֹמֵלᵐ5 Gr Klo Dr); participle as adjective severe, sore רָעָה חוֺלָה Ecclesiastes 5:12; Ecclesiastes 5:15; — on Jeremiah 4:31 see חול.
Niph`al Perfect 1 singular נֶחֱלֵיתִי Daniel 8:27; 3 plural נֶחְלוּ Amos 6:6; Jeremiah 12:13; Participle feminine נַחֲלָה Isaiah 17:11 4t.; plural נַחְלוֺת Ezekiel 34:4 (strike out Co) Ezekiel 34:21; —
1 make oneself sick, figurative for strain oneself Jeremiah 12:13 (but Gr נִלְאוּ).
2 be made sick Daniel 8:27; ׳לֹא נֶח of indifference, apathy Amos 6:6 followed by על (compare
Qal Jeremiah 5:3); participle diseased, as substantive with article Ezekiel 34:4 (strike out Co) Ezekiel 34:21; = severe, sore (predicate of מַכָּה) Nahum 3:19; Jeremiah 10:19; Jeremiah 14:17; Jeremiah 30:12; also (מַכָּה omitted) Isaiah 17:11.
Pi`el Perfect חִלָּה make sick, with accusative of congnate meaning with verb + בְּ of land Deuteronomy 29:21; Infinitive construct חַלּוֺתִי הִיא Psalm 77:11 read probably חֲלוֺתִי Infinitive Qal; my sickness, so Bi Che (others derive from חלל my wounding, see De). — For other forms of Pi`el see II. חלה.
Pu`al Perfect be made weak, 2 masculine singular חֻלֵּיתָ Isaiah 14:10.
Hithpa`el Imperfect וַיִּתְחָ֑ל 2 Samuel 13:6; Imperative הִתְחָ֑ל 2 Samuel 13:5; Infinitive הִתְחַלּוֺת 2 Samuel 13:2; — make oneself sick, of Ammon's morbid passion for his sister 2 Samuel 13:2, followed by בַּעֲבוּר; of his pretended sickness of body 2 Samuel 13:5,6.
Hiph`il Perfect 3 masculine singular הֶחֱלִי Isaiah 53:10; 1 singular הֶחֱלֵתִי Micah 6:13; plural הֶחֱלוּ Hosea 7:5 (on text see below); Participle מַחֲלָה Proverbs 13:12; —
1 make ( sick, i.e.) sore thy smiting הַכּוֺתֶ֑ךָ Micah 6:13 (compare Nahum 3:19, Niph`al); object (implicit) a person, חָפֵץ דַּכְּאוֺ׳וי הֶחֱלִי Isaiah 53:10 it pleased ׳י to bruise him, making him sick = to bruise him sorely, see further Di.
2 make sick, object לֵב (of hope deferred) Proverbs 13:12.
3 shew (signs of) sickness, become sick, only שׂרים חֲמַת מִיָּ֑יִן׳הֶח Hosea 7:5 princes are become sick with fever of wine (Now Che VB; > Vrss Hi-St who read הֵחֵלּוּ they begin the day with wine-fever).
Hoph`al Perfect be made sick = wounded הָֽחָלֵיתִי 1 Kings 22:34 2 Chronicles 18:33; 35:23.
II. [חָלָה] verb only
Pi`el followed by מְּנֵי, מָּנֶיךָ, מָּנַיִךְ = mollify, appease, entreat the favour of, literally make the face of any one sweet or pleasant (compare Arabic , , be sweet, pleasant, Aramaic , חֲלִי, id., adjective חָלֵי sweet); —
Pi`el Perfect חִלָּה 2 Chronicles 33:12, חִלִּיתִי 1 Samuel 13:12; Psalm 119:58, וְחִלּוּ consecutive Job 11:19, חִלִּינוּ Daniel 9:13; Imperfect וַיְחַל Exodus 32:11 3t., יְחַלּוּ Psalm 45:13; Proverbs 19:6; Imperative חַלנָֿא 1 Kings 13:6, חַלּוּנָֿא Malachi 1:9; Infinitive construct לְחַלּוֺת Zechariah 7:2 2t.; —
a. mollify, pacify, appease ׳י, i.e. induce him to shew favour in place of wrath and chastisement Exodus 32:11 (JE), 1 Kings 13:6 ( + הִתְמַּלֵּל), 1 Kings 13:6; 2 Kings 13:4; Jeremiah 26:19 (+ וַיִּנָּ֫חֶם), 2 Chronicles 33:12 ("" וַיִּכָּנַע מאד מִלִּפְנֵי), Daniel 9:13; also פניאֵֿל׳ח Malachi 1:9 (followed by וִיחָנֵּ֫נוּ that he may be gracious to us).
b. entreat the favour of ׳י, i.e. aim at success, prosperity, etc., through his favour, 1 Samuel 13:12 (in anticipation of war), Zechariah 8:21,22 ("" ׳לְבַקֵּשׁ אֶתיֿ; of cities and nations assembling at Jerusalem for worship), Zechariah 7:2 ("" ׳לְבַקֵּשׁ אֶתיֿ) of worship at Jerusalem; quite Generally, as habit of God-fearing Prayer of Manasseh , Psalm 119:58 (+ בְּכָללַֿב).
2 entreat favour of men (in sense of 1 b) — ׳רַבִּים יְחפנינָֿדִיב Proverbs 19:6 many entreat a prince's favour ("" וְכָלהָֿרֵעַ לְאִישׁ מַתָּן); מָּנָיִךְ׳יח Psalm 45:13 of favour of king's bride; מָּנַיִךְ רַבִּים׳וְח Job 11:19 favour of Job when absolved and restored.
חָלָה properly, to be rubbed (compare (חָלָא), hence
(1) to be polished, smooth, whence חֲלִי, חֶלְיָה ornaments of a woman, so called from polishing; so the Arab. حاى to adorn with a woman’s ornaments, Syr. ܚܠܺܝ to be sweet, pleasant (properly smooth), Pael to adorn, ܚܰܠܝܐܳ sweet.
(2) to be worn down in strength, to be infirm, Judges 16:7, seq.; Isaiah 57:10.
(3) to be sick, diseased, Genesis 48:1. חָלָה חֳלִי, like the Greek νοσεῖν νόσον, 2 Kings 13:14. חָלָה אֶת רַגְלָיו to be diseased in the feet, 1 Kings 15:23. Of disease from a wound or hurt, 2 Kings 1:2, 8:29, רָעָה חוֹלָה a diseased evil, i.e. one which can scarcely be healed. Ecclesiastes 5:12, 15, חוֹלַת אַהֲבָה sick with love, Song of Solomon 2:5, 5:8.
(4) to be pained, Proverbs 23:35 hence, metaph. to be careful, or solicitous, followed by עַל, 1 Samuel 22:8. (Corresponding is Ethiopic ሐለየ፡ to be careful or solicitous, for the Gr. μεριμνᾷν, Matthew 6:28 see Lud.De Dieu, h. l.).
(1) to be worn down in strength, to become wearied, Jeremiah 12:13.
(2) to be or become sick, Daniel 8:27. Part. f. נַחְלָה e.g. מַכָּה נַחְלָה a sickly wound, one which can hardly be healed, Jeremiah 14:17, 30:12, comp. 10:19 Nahum 3:19.
(3) to be careful, or solicitous, followed by עַל, Amos 6:6.
(1) to stroke, to smooth any one’s face, from the primary idea of the roots חָלָא and חָלָה, i.e. that of rubbing, rubbing away, comp. Gr. κηλέω, to soothe, to caress. It is always fully expressed, חִלָּה פְּנֵי פ׳ to stroke some one’s face
(a) of soothing, flattering, a king or a noble. Job 11:19; Proverbs 19:6; Psalms 45:13, “the richest of the nations shall make suit to thee with gifts.”
(b) of asking or intreating, imploring any one’s favor, Exodus 32:11; 1 Samuel 13:12; 1 Kings 13:6; 2 Kings 13:4; Daniel 9:13 compare Iliad. viii. 371; x. 454, seq.
(2) to make sick, to afflict with sickness. Deuteronomy 29:21 Psal. 77:11, חַלּוֹתִי הִיא “this has made me sick.”
Pual, pass. to be made weak (used of a departed spirit in Hades), Isaiah 14:10.
Hiphil, pret. הֶחֱלִי (Syriac form for הֶחֱלָה), Isaiah 53:10.
(1) to make sick or grievous (of a wound), Isa. loc. cit., Micah 6:13, to make oneself sick. Hosea 7:5, “in the day of our king הֶחֱלוּ שָׁרִים חֲמַת מִיַּיִן the princes made (themselves) sick with the heat of wine.”
(2) to make sad, Proverbs 13:12.
Hophal, to be wounded, 1 Kings 22:34.
(1) to become sick (with grief), 2 Samuel 13:2.
(2) to feign oneself sick, ibid. verse 5, 6.
The derivatives formed from the idea of polishing, are given under Kal No. 1 [to which add מַחֲלַת]; those which have the idea of sickness are חֳלִי, מַחֲלֶה, מַחֲלָה, מַחֲלֻיִּים [and some proper names].