Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2470 - חָלָה
1) to be or become weak, be or become sick, be or become diseased, be or become grieved, be or become sorry
1a) (Qal) to be weak, be sick
1b1) to be or become weak, feel weak
1b2) to become sick, become ill
1b3) (CLBL) to entreat, pray, beg
1c1) to make oneself sick
1c2) to be made sick
1c3) to be tired
1d) (Pual) to be made weak, become weak
1e) (Hithpael) to make oneself sick
1f1) to make sore
1f2) to make sick
1f3) to show signs of sickness, become sick
1f4) to grieve
1g1) to be made sick
1g2) to be wounded
1173) lh (ההל HhL) AC: Bore CO: Hole AB: Pain: A hole is drilled with a tool called a bow drill. The string of the bow is wrapped around the drill. By moving the bow back and forth, and firmly pressing down, the drill spins around drilling the hole. (eng: hole; hollow)
if1) elht (תההלה THhLH) - Begin: The spot to be drilled is first scored to make an indentation to accept the drill and the beginning of the drilling is the most difficult as the drill can easily slip out. KJV (22): beginning, first, begin - Strongs: H8462 (תְּחִלָּה)
V) llh (ההלל HhLL) - I. Pierce: II. Begin:The spot to be drilled is first scored to make an indentation to accept the drill and the beginning of the drilling is the most difficult as the drill can easily slip out. III. Common:To make something common that is meant to be set apart for a special function. [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (141): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hophal, Pual, Piel) begin, profane, pollute, defile, break, wound, eat, slay - Strongs: H2490 (חָלַל)
V) elh (ההלה HhLH) - I. Sick: II. Beseech:To request intervention from a sickness or other trouble. KJV (75): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Hophal, Pual, Piel) sick, beseech, weak, grievous, diseased, wounded, pray, intreat, grief, grieved, sore, pain, infirmity - Strongs: H2470 (חָלָה)
V) lfh (ההול HhWL) - Twist: A twisting in pain or joy. [df: lyx] KJV (62): (vf: Paal, Hophal, Participle) pain, formed, bring forth, tremble, travail, dance, calve, grieve, wound, shake - Strongs: H2342 (חוּל)
Nm) lih (ההיל HhYL) - I. Wall:What is bored through by the enemy to enter a city. II. Army:What bores through the wall. [Hebrew and Aramaic] III. Pain:A spinning or piercing pain. IV. Power:The strength and wealth of a person or army. KJV (267): wall, rampart, host, trench, poor, bulwark, army, pain, pang, sorrow, man of valour, host, force, valiant, strength, wealth, power, substance, might, strong - Strongs: H2426 (חֵל), H2427 (חִילָה), H2428 (חַיִל), H2429 (חַיִל)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
חָלָה properly, to be rubbed (compare (חָלָא), hence
(1) to be polished, smooth, whence חֲלִי, חֶלְיָה ornaments of a woman, so called from polishing; so the Arab. حاى to adorn with a woman’s ornaments, Syr. ܚܠܺܝ to be sweet, pleasant (properly smooth), Pael to adorn, ܚܰܠܝܐܳ sweet.
(2) to be worn down in strength, to be infirm, Judges 16:7, seq.; Isaiah 57:10.
(3) to be sick, diseased, Genesis 48:1. חָלָה חֳלִי, like the Greek νοσεῖν νόσον, 2 Kings 13:14. חָלָה אֶת רַגְלָיו to be diseased in the feet, 1 Kings 15:23. Of disease from a wound or hurt, 2 Kings 1:2, 8:29, רָעָה חוֹלָה a diseased evil, i.e. one which can scarcely be healed. Ecclesiastes 5:12, 15, חוֹלַת אַהֲבָה sick with love, Song of Solomon 2:5, 5:8.
(4) to be pained, Proverbs 23:35 hence, metaph. to be careful, or solicitous, followed by עַל, 1 Samuel 22:8. (Corresponding is Ethiopic ሐለየ፡ to be careful or solicitous, for the Gr. μεριμνᾷν, Matthew 6:28 see Lud.De Dieu, h. l.).
(1) to be worn down in strength, to become wearied, Jeremiah 12:13.
(2) to be or become sick, Daniel 8:27. Part. f. נַחְלָה e.g. מַכָּה נַחְלָה a sickly wound, one which can hardly be healed, Jeremiah 14:17, 30:12, comp. 10:19 Nahum 3:19.
(3) to be careful, or solicitous, followed by עַל, Amos 6:6.
(1) to stroke, to smooth any one’s face, from the primary idea of the roots חָלָא and חָלָה, i.e. that of rubbing, rubbing away, comp. Gr. κηλέω, to soothe, to caress. It is always fully expressed, חִלָּה פְּנֵי פ׳ to stroke some one’s face
(a) of soothing, flattering, a king or a noble. Job 11:19; Proverbs 19:6; Psalms 45:13, “the richest of the nations shall make suit to thee with gifts.”
(b) of asking or intreating, imploring any one’s favor, Exodus 32:11; 1 Samuel 13:12; 1 Kings 13:6; 2 Kings 13:4; Daniel 9:13 compare Iliad. viii. 371; x. 454, seq.
(2) to make sick, to afflict with sickness. Deuteronomy 29:21 Psal. 77:11, חַלּוֹתִי הִיא “this has made me sick.”
Pual, pass. to be made weak (used of a departed spirit in Hades), Isaiah 14:10.
Hiphil, pret. הֶחֱלִי (Syriac form for הֶחֱלָה), Isaiah 53:10.
(1) to make sick or grievous (of a wound), Isa. loc. cit., Micah 6:13, to make oneself sick. Hosea 7:5, “in the day of our king הֶחֱלוּ שָׁרִים חֲמַת מִיַּיִן the princes made (themselves) sick with the heat of wine.”
(2) to make sad, Proverbs 13:12.
Hophal, to be wounded, 1 Kings 22:34.
(1) to become sick (with grief), 2 Samuel 13:2.
(2) to feign oneself sick, ibid. verse 5, 6.
The derivatives formed from the idea of polishing, are given under Kal No. 1 [to which add מַחֲלַת]; those which have the idea of sickness are חֳלִי, מַחֲלֶה, מַחֲלָה, מַחֲלֻיִּים [and some proper names].
the Second Week of Lent