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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #6850 - צָפַף

a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

  1. (Pilpel) to chirp, peep
    1. of birds
    2. of ghosts

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 471 ‑ ἀντέπω (an‑tep'‑o);  770 ‑ ἀσθενέω (as‑then‑eh'‑o);  1093 ‑ γῆ (ghay);  5455 ‑ φωνέω (fo‑neh'‑o);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
ASV (4)
Isaiah 4
BSB (4)
Isaiah 4
CSB (4)
Isaiah 4
ESV (4)
Isaiah 4
KJV (4)
Isaiah 4
LEB (4)
Isaiah 4
LSB (4)
Isaiah 4
N95 (4)
Isaiah 4
NAS (4)
Isaiah 4
NLT (0)
The World English Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
WEB (4)
Isaiah 4
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1071) bd (דב DB) AC: Rest CO: ? AB: ?: The pictograph d is a picture of the a tent door. The b is a representation of a tent. Combined these mean "the door of the tent". The door of the tent was the place of relaxation for the father. Here he would watch his family, livestock and the road for approaching visitors (see Genesis 18:1) . This root is related to the root db(a reversal of the letters) .

A) bd (דב DB) AC: ? CO: Slow AB: ?: Something that is slow and quiet.

Nf1) ebd (דבה DBH) - Slander: Speaking evil of another (usually done quietly) . KJV (9): slander, evil report, infamy - Strongs: H1681 (דִּבָּה)

B) bbd (דבב DBB) AC: Whisper CO: ? AB: ?: A quiet speech.

V) bbd (דבב DBB) - Whisper: A quiet speaking as when sleeping. [df: Ppu] KJV (5): (vf: Paal, Pilpel, Participle) speak, whisper - Strongs: H1680 (דָּבַב), H6850 (צָפַף)

C) bda (אדב ADB) AC: Grieve CO: ? AB: ?: A quiet state.

V) bda (אדב ADB) - Grieve: KJV (1): (vf: Hiphil) grieve - Strongs: H109 (אָדַב)

D) bad (דאב DAB) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Sorrow: A quiet state.

V) bad (דאב DAB) - Mourn: KJV (3): (vf: Paal) sorrow, sorrowful, mourn - Strongs: H1669 (דָּאַב)

Nf1) ebad (דאבה DABH) - Sorrow: KJV (1): sorrow - Strongs: H1670 (דְּאָבָה)

jm) nfbad (דאבונ DABWN) - Sorrow: KJV (1): sorrow - Strongs: H1671 (דְּאָבוֹן)

E) abd (דבא DBA) AC: ? CO: Rest AB: ?

Nm ) abd (דבא DBA) - Rest: KJV (1): strength - Strongs: H1679 (דֹּבֶא)

J) bfd (דוב DWB) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Sorrow

V) bfd (דוב DWB) - Sorrow: One who moves slowly. KJV (1): (vf: Hiphil) sorrow - Strongs: H1727 (דּוּב)

Nm/f) bfd (דוב DWB) - B KJV (13): bear - Strongs: H1677 (דּוֹב), H1678 (דֹּב)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [צַפַף] verb Pilpel chirp, peep (onomatopoetic; Late Hebrew Pilpal id.; Jewish-Aramaic צַפְצֵף chirp; Arabic sparrow, etc.); — Imperfect 3 feminine singular תְּצַפְצֵף Isaiah 29:4,1singular אֲצַפְצֵף Isaiah 38:14; Participle מְצַפְצֵף Isaiah 10:14, plural הַמְפְצְפִים Isaiah 8:19; — chirp, peep:

1 of birds Isaiah 10:14 (figurative of conquered peoples); of mourning, ׳בְּסוּסאֲ֗֗֗צ Isaiah 38:14 ("" אֶהְנֶּה בַּיּוֺנָה).

2 of spirits, ghosts Isaiah 8:19 (+ הַמַּהְגִּים), ׳מֵעָפָר אִמְרָתֵךְ תְּצ Isaiah 29:4 (like a spirit's).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

צָפַף only in Pilpel צִפְצַף an onomatop. word, to twitter, pip, or chirp, as a bird, Isaiah 10:14, 38:14, Gr. πιπίζω, τιτίζω, Germ. zirpen. Like the Greek τρίζω, στρουθίζω, it is applied to the slender voice of the manes, “vocem exiguam” (Virg. Æn. vi. 492), which the ancients sometimes compared to a whisper, sometimes to a sigh, Isaiah 8:19. [But why should we look in the word of God for such heathen ideas as Manes?]

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List of Word Forms
אֲצַפְצֵ֔ף אצפצף הַֽמְצַפְצְפִ֖ים המצפצפים וּמְצַפְצֵֽף׃ ומצפצף׃ תְּצַפְצֵֽף׃ תצפצף׃ ’ă·ṣap̄·ṣêp̄ ’ăṣap̄ṣêp̄ atzafTzef ham·ṣap̄·ṣə·p̄îm hamṣap̄ṣəp̄îm hamtzaftzeFim tə·ṣap̄·ṣêp̄ təṣap̄ṣêp̄ tetzafTzef ū·mə·ṣap̄·ṣêp̄ ūməṣap̄ṣêp̄ umetzafTzef
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