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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #01285 - בְּרִית
1) covenant, alliance, pledge
1a) between men
1a1) treaty, alliance, league (man to man)
1a2) constitution, ordinance (monarch to subjects)
1a3) agreement, pledge (man to man)
1a4) alliance (of friendship)
1a5) alliance (of marriage)
1b) between God and man
1b1) alliance (of friendship)
1b2) covenant (divine ordinance with signs or pledges)
2a) covenant making
2b) covenant keeping
2c) covenant violation
1043) rb (בר BR) AC: Feed CO: Grain AB: ?: The pictograph b is a picture of a tent but also represents the family which resides inside the tent. The r is a picture of a head. Combined these have the meaning of "family of heads". The plant families of grains such as wheat and barley have a cluster of seeds at the top of the stalk called "heads". These grains were used for food for both man and livestock. (eng: barley - a grain; beer - made from grain; boar - as fat; barn - grain storage; pure - as clean with soap with an exchange for the p and b)
A) rb (בר BR) AC: ? CO: Grain AB: ?: Grains grown in fields were used for meal to make flour as well as feed for livestock. The stalks of the grains were burned to make potash for making soap. What is cleaned with soap becomes white or bright.
Nm) rb (בר BR) - I. Grain:Grain, and field, as a place for growing grain. II. Soap:Made from the ashes of the grain stalks. III. Clean:Cleanliness from soap. Also pure as a moral cleanliness. KJV (33): corn, wheat, son, about, clean, pur, choice, clear, purely, son - Strongs: H1248 (בַּר), H1249 (בַּר), H1250 (בָּר), H1251 (בַּר)
V) rrb (ברר BRR) - I. Clean:The cleaning or polishing of something to make it bright or pure. II. Choice:Something that is clean or pure. KJV (18): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Piel) pure, choice, chosen, clean, clearly, manifest, bright, purge out, polished, purge, purified - Strongs: H1305 (בָּרַר)
bm) riba (אביר ABYR) - Strong: The mighty power of a bird in flight. Anything or anyone of great strength, physical or mental. KJV (23): might, bulls, strong, mighty, stouthearted, valiant, angels, chiefest - Strongs: H46 (אָבִיר), H47 (אַבִּיר)
V) arb (ברא BRA) - Fill: The fattening or filling up of something. The filling of the earth in ge1with sun, moon, plants, animals, etc. And the filling of man with life and the image of God. KJV (54): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Piel) create, creator, choose, make, cut down, dispatch, done, fat - Strongs: H1254 (בָּרָא)
Nf4) tirb (ברית BRYT) - Covenant: A covenant is instituted through a sacrifice of a choice, fatted, animal which is cut into two and the parties of the covenant pass through the pieces. If one party fails to meet the agreements of the covenant then the other may do the same to them. (see Genesis 15:10,17and Jeremiah 34:18-20) KJV (284): covenant, league, confederacy, confederate - Strongs: H1285 (בְּרִית)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
(1) a covenant, so called from the idea of cutting (see the root No. 1), since it was the custom in making solemn covenants to pass between the divided parts of victims (see the root כָּרַת [“and Genesis 15:9, etc.”]). [“But the idea suggested by Lee (Heb. Lex. h. v.) deserves attention, viz. that בְּרִית is strictly nothing more than an eating together, banquet, from בָּרָה No. 2, since among Orientals, to eat together is almost the same as to make a covenant of friendship. The Hebrews too were accustomed to eat together when entering into a covenant, see Genesis 31:54 and in this way we obtain an explanation of בְּרִית מֶלַח covenant (an eating?) of salt; see מֶלַח.” Ges. add.] It is used of a covenant entered into between nations, Joshua 9:6, seq.; between individuals and friends, 1 Samuel 18:3, 23:18 of a marriage covenant, Malachi 2:14 בַּעֲלֵי בְּרִית פ׳ Genesis 14:13, and אַנְשֵׁי בְּרִית פ׳ Obadiah 1:7, those joined by league to any one. אֵל בְּרִית Judges 9:46, i.q. בַּעַל בְּרִית verse Judges 9:4, “God of covenant,” see בַּעַל No. 5,. In speaking of the making of a covenant, the verbs כָּרַת, הֵקִים, נָתַן, שׂוּם are used, 2 Samuel 23:5 בּוֹא בְּ, עָבַר בְּ Deuteronomy 29:11, which see; of its violation, הֵפֵר, חִלֵּל, עָזַב, שִׁקֵּר בְּ. The covenant of any one is the covenant entered into with him, Leviticus 26:45; Deuteronomy 4:31 בְּרִית יְהֹוָה “a covenant entered into with Jehovah,” Deuteronomy 4:23, 29:24, etc. Specially and most frequently used of the covenant and league made between God and Abraham (Genesis 15:18), confirmed by Moses (Exodus 24:7, Exodus 24:8 [This is another covenant]; 34:27 Deuteronomy 5:2), to be renewed and amended after the exile, by the intervention of prophets (Isaiah 42:6, 49:8 ) and the Messiah (Malachi 3:1 comp. Jeremiah 31:33). [Gesenius has utterly confused the old covenant with the new.] The land promised and given to the people by this covenant is called אֶרֶץ הַבְּרִית Ezekiel 30:5 and the people itself[?] בְּרִית קֹדֶשׁ “(the people) of the holy covenant,” Daniel 11:28, 30 Daniel 11:30 מַלְאַךְ הַבִּרִית “the messenger, μεσίτης, of the (new) covenant,” i.e. Messiah, Malachi 3:1.
(2) In other places it is the condition of this covenant, namely
(a) the promise of God, Isaiah 59:21 and very often
(b) the precepts of God which Israel had to keep, i.e. the divine law, i.q. תּוֹרָה. Hence לוּחוֹת הַבְּרִית Deuteronomy 9:9, 15 אֲרוֹן בְּרִית יְהֹוָה and אֲרוֹן הַבְּרִית the ark in which the law or the tables of the law were kept (see אָרוֹן ). דִּבְרֵי הַבְּרִית “the words of the law,” -Jer. 11:28 ; 34:18 Exodus 34:28 דִּבְרֵי הַבְּרִית עֲשֶׂרֶת הַדְּבָרִים “the precepts of the law, ten precepts;” סֵפֶר הַבְּרִית “the book of the law,” used both of its earliest beginnings, Exodus 24:7 and of the whole collection of laws, 2 Kings 23:2, 21 2 Kings 23:21; 2 Chronicles 34:30.
As to a covenant of salt, see under מֶלַח.
(3) Sometimes ellipt.
(a) i.q. מַלְאַךְ בְּרִית messenger, herald, declarer and μεσίτης of the new covenant, or of a new law and religion, Isaiah 42:6, 49:8 compare Malachi 2:8.
(b) i.q. אוֹת בְּרִית “sign of the covenant,” used or circumcision, Genesis 17:10, 13 Genesis 17:13 compare 11 Genesis 17:11.
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29