the Week of Proper 3 / Ordinary 8
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #1895 - הָבַר
1) (Qal) to divide
1a) be an astrologer (with object — heavens)
1043) rb (בר BR) AC: Feed CO: Grain AB: ?: The pictograph b is a picture of a tent but also represents the family which resides inside the tent. The r is a picture of a head. Combined these have the meaning of "family of heads". The plant families of grains such as wheat and barley have a cluster of seeds at the top of the stalk called "heads". These grains were used for food for both man and livestock. (eng: barley - a grain; beer - made from grain; boar - as fat; barn - grain storage; pure - as clean with soap with an exchange for the p and b)
A) rb (בר BR) AC: ? CO: Grain AB: ?: Grains grown in fields were used for meal to make flour as well as feed for livestock. The stalks of the grains were burned to make potash for making soap. What is cleaned with soap becomes white or bright.
Nm) rb (בר BR) - I. Grain:Grain, and field, as a place for growing grain. II. Soap:Made from the ashes of the grain stalks. III. Clean:Cleanliness from soap. Also pure as a moral cleanliness. KJV (33): corn, wheat, son, about, clean, pur, choice, clear, purely, son - Strongs: H1248 (בַּר), H1249 (בַּר), H1250 (בָּר), H1251 (בַּר)
ldm) rfbrb (ברבור BRBWR) - Fowl: Birds fattened on the grains in the field. KJV (1): fowl - Strongs: H1257 (בַּרְבֻּר)
B) rrb (ברר BRR) AC: ? CO: Soap AB: ?: The stalks of the grains were burned to make potash for making soap.
V) rrb (ברר BRR) - I. Clean:The cleaning or polishing of something to make it bright or pure. II. Choice:Something that is clean or pure. KJV (18): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Piel) pure, choice, chosen, clean, clearly, manifest, bright, purge out, polished, purge, purified - Strongs: H1305 (בָּרַר)
C) rba (אבר ABR) AC: Fly CO: Wing AB: ?: The fowl, fed on grain, becomes strong for the long flight.
V) rba (אבר ABR) - Fly: KJV (1): (vf: Hiphil) fly - Strongs: H82 (אָבַר)
Nm) rba (אבר ABR) - Wing: KJV (3): wing, winged - Strongs: H83 (אֵבֶר)
Nf1) erba (אברה ABRH) - Wing: KJV (4): features, wing - Strongs: H84 (אֶבְרָה)
bm) riba (אביר ABYR) - Strong: The mighty power of a bird in flight. Anything or anyone of great strength, physical or mental. KJV (23): might, bulls, strong, mighty, stouthearted, valiant, angels, chiefest - Strongs: H46 (אָבִיר), H47 (אַבִּיר)
E) arb (ברא BRA) AC: Fill CO: Fat AB: ?: Grain is fed to the livestock making them fat or full.
V) arb (ברא BRA) - Fill: The fattening or filling up of something. The filling of the earth in ge1with sun, moon, plants, animals, etc. And the filling of man with life and the image of God. KJV (54): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Piel) create, creator, choose, make, cut down, dispatch, done, fat - Strongs: H1254 (בָּרָא)
bm) airb (בריא BRYA) - Fat: KJV (13): fat, rank, firm, fatter, fed, plenteous - Strongs: H1277 (בָּרִיא)
bf1) eairb (בריאה BRYAH) - Fill: KJV (1): new thing - Strongs: H1278 (בְּרִיאָה)
F) rbe (הבר HBR) AC: Divide CO: ? AB: ?: [Unknown connection to root;]
V) rbe (הבר HBR) - Divide: KJV (1): (vf: Paal) astrologer - Strongs: H1895 (הָבַר)
G) reb (בהר BHR) AC: ? CO: Soap AB: ?: What is cleaned with soap becomes white or bright.
Nf2) treb (בהרת BHRT) - Blister: A white spot on the skin and a possible sign of leprosy. KJV (13): bright spot - Strongs: H934 (בַּהֶרֶת)
bm) rieb (בהיר BHYR) - Bright: KJV (1): bright - Strongs: H925 (בָּהִיר)
H) erb (ברה BRH) AC: Eat CO: Meat AB: Covenant: The grain is used as food for man or livestock. Livestock fed grains become fat and are the choicest for slaughter.
V) erb (ברה BRH) - Eat: KJV (7): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Piel) eat, choose, give - Strongs: H1262 (בָּרָה)
Nf3) tfrb (ברות BRWT) - Meat: The choicest meats are those from fatted livestock. KJV (1): meat - Strongs: H1267 (בָּרוּת)
Nf4) tirb (ברית BRYT) - Covenant: A covenant is instituted through a sacrifice of a choice, fatted, animal which is cut into two and the parties of the covenant pass through the pieces. If one party fails to meet the agreements of the covenant then the other may do the same to them. (see Genesis 15:10,17and Jeremiah 34:18-20) KJV (284): covenant, league, confederacy, confederate - Strongs: H1285 (בְּרִית)
fm) irb (ברי BRY) - Fat: Livestock that are fed grains become fat. KJV (1): fat - Strongs: H1274 (בְּרִי)
eff1) eirib (ביריה BYRYH) - Meat: KJV (3): meat - Strongs: H1279 (בִּרְיָה)
J) rfb (בור BWR) AC: ? CO: Soap AB: ?
Nm ) rfb (בור BWR) - Clean: KJV (8): cleanness, pureness, never - Strongs: H1252 (בֹּר), H1253 (בֹּר)
Nf4) tirfb (בורית BWRYT) - Soap: KJV (2): soap - Strongs: H1287 (בֹּרִית)
M) rib (ביר BYR) AC: ? CO: Palace AB: ?: [Unknown connection to root;]
Nf1) erib (בירה BYRH) - Palace: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (17): palace - Strongs: H1001 (בִּירָה), H1002 (בִּירָה)
mf4) tinrib (בירנית BYRNYT) - Castle: KJV (2): castle - Strongs: H1003 (בִּירָנִיָּה)
- A2743 Kbr (Mix)
- A2041 Qrb (Thrust, Sword)
- A2042 Srb (Cypress)
- A2052 Rbc (Prevail, Warrior)
- A2520 Rbo (Cross)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect 3 plural הברו Isaiah 47:13 Kt, Participle הֹבְרֵי Qr; הֹבְרֵ֯ו שָׁמַיִם הַחֹזִים בַּכּוֺכָּ בִים they that divide the heavens, that gaze at the stars (Kt would be rel. clause without אֲשֶׁר); ׳ה then refers to the distinguishing of signs of zodiac, or other astrological division of sky, compare Che; on zodiac in Babylon see Jen Kosmologie 57 ff; & on planets & constellations Id ib. 95 ff. Epping & Strm Astronomisches aus Babylonian 109 ff.; — but text probably corrupt; GFM (June, 1892) suggests חֹקְרֵי (compare חקר אתהֿארץ Judges 18:2).
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הָבַר to cut, to cut up, to divide out, i.q. Arab. حبر. It occurs once Isaiah 47:13 קרי, הֹבְרֵי שָׁמַיִם “those who divide the heavens,” for purposes of augury, taking a horoscope, i.e. augers, astrologers; LXX. ἀστρολόγοι τοῦ οὐρανοῦ. Vulg. augures cœli. כתיב, הָבְרוּ שׁ׳ (אֲשֶׁר). See my Comment. on Isa. ii. 351, seq. Others take הָבַר as i.q. غبر to know; while others would read חֹבְרֵי, comparing חֲבָרַיִךְ ver. 10 Isaiah 47:10.
[“הֵגֵא Esther 2:3, and הֵגַי verses, 15 (Hege, Hegai), pr.n. of a eunuch in the court of Xerxes.” Thes. “Benfey compares âgà, eunuch; Monats-namen, page 192.”]
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.