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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #47 - אַבִּיר

for (H46)
Parts of Speech
Adjective, Masculine
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1) mighty, valiant

1a) of men

1b) of angels

1c) of animals

1d) (metaphorically)

1d1) of enemies

1d2) of princes

1d3) of sacrificial objects

1e) obstinate (figuratively)

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 102 ‑ ἀδύνατος (ad‑oo'‑nat‑os);  1413 ‑ δυνάστης (doo‑nas'‑tace);  2316 ‑ θεός (theh'‑os);  2479 ‑ ἰσχύς (is‑khoos');  2480 ‑ ἰσχύω (is‑khoo'‑o);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (17)
Judges 1
1 Samuel 1
Job 2
Psalms 5
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 4
Lamentations 1
NAS (19)
Judges 2
1 Samuel 1
Job 2
Psalms 4
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 5
Lamentations 2
HCS (17)
Judges 1
1 Samuel 1
Job 2
Psalms 5
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 4
Lamentations 1
BSB (17)
Judges 1
1 Samuel 1
Job 2
Psalms 5
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 4
Lamentations 1
ESV (16)
Judges 1
1 Samuel 1
Job 2
Psalms 4
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 4
Lamentations 1
WEB (17)
Judges 1
1 Samuel 1
Job 2
Psalms 5
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 4
Lamentations 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1043) rb (בר BR) AC: Feed CO: Grain AB: ?: The pictograph b is a picture of a tent but also represents the family which resides inside the tent. The r is a picture of a head. Combined these have the meaning of "family of heads". The plant families of grains such as wheat and barley have a cluster of seeds at the top of the stalk called "heads". These grains were used for food for both man and livestock. (eng: barley - a grain; beer - made from grain; boar - as fat; barn - grain storage; pure - as clean with soap with an exchange for the p and b)

A) rb (בר BR) AC: ? CO: Grain AB: ?: Grains grown in fields were used for meal to make flour as well as feed for livestock. The stalks of the grains were burned to make potash for making soap. What is cleaned with soap becomes white or bright.

Nm) rb (בר BR) - I. Grain:Grain, and field, as a place for growing grain. II. Soap:Made from the ashes of the grain stalks. III. Clean:Cleanliness from soap. Also pure as a moral cleanliness. KJV (33): corn, wheat, son, about, clean, pur, choice, clear, purely, son - Strongs: H1248 (בַּר), H1249 (בַּר), H1250 (בָּר), H1251 (בַּר)

ldm) rfbrb (ברבור BRBWR) - Fowl: Birds fattened on the grains in the field. KJV (1): fowl - Strongs: H1257 (בַּרְבֻּר)

B) rrb (ברר BRR) AC: ? CO: Soap AB: ?: The stalks of the grains were burned to make potash for making soap.

V) rrb (ברר BRR) - I. Clean:The cleaning or polishing of something to make it bright or pure. II. Choice:Something that is clean or pure. KJV (18): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Piel) pure, choice, chosen, clean, clearly, manifest, bright, purge out, polished, purge, purified - Strongs: H1305 (בָּרַר)

C) rba (אבר ABR) AC: Fly CO: Wing AB: ?: The fowl, fed on grain, becomes strong for the long flight.

V) rba (אבר ABR) - Fly: KJV (1): (vf: Hiphil) fly - Strongs: H82 (אָבַר)

Nm) rba (אבר ABR) - Wing: KJV (3): wing, winged - Strongs: H83 (אֵבֶר)

Nf1) erba (אברה ABRH) - Wing: KJV (4): features, wing - Strongs: H84 (אֶבְרָה)

bm) riba (אביר ABYR) - Strong: The mighty power of a bird in flight. Anything or anyone of great strength, physical or mental. KJV (23): might, bulls, strong, mighty, stouthearted, valiant, angels, chiefest - Strongs: H46 (אָבִיר), H47 (אַבִּיר)

E) arb (ברא BRA) AC: Fill CO: Fat AB: ?: Grain is fed to the livestock making them fat or full.

V) arb (ברא BRA) - Fill: The fattening or filling up of something. The filling of the earth in ge1with sun, moon, plants, animals, etc. And the filling of man with life and the image of God. KJV (54): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Piel) create, creator, choose, make, cut down, dispatch, done, fat - Strongs: H1254 (בָּרָא)

bm) airb (בריא BRYA) - Fat: KJV (13): fat, rank, firm, fatter, fed, plenteous - Strongs: H1277 (בָּרִיא)

bf1) eairb (בריאה BRYAH) - Fill: KJV (1): new thing - Strongs: H1278 (בְּרִיאָה)

F) rbe (הבר HBR) AC: Divide CO: ? AB: ?: [Unknown connection to root;]

V) rbe (הבר HBR) - Divide: KJV (1): (vf: Paal) astrologer - Strongs: H1895 (הָבַר)

G) reb (בהר BHR) AC: ? CO: Soap AB: ?: What is cleaned with soap becomes white or bright.

Nf2) treb (בהרת BHRT) - Blister: A white spot on the skin and a possible sign of leprosy. KJV (13): bright spot - Strongs: H934 (בַּהֶרֶת)

bm) rieb (בהיר BHYR) - Bright: KJV (1): bright - Strongs: H925 (בָּהִיר)

H) erb (ברה BRH) AC: Eat CO: Meat AB: Covenant: The grain is used as food for man or livestock. Livestock fed grains become fat and are the choicest for slaughter.

V) erb (ברה BRH) - Eat: KJV (7): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Piel) eat, choose, give - Strongs: H1262 (בָּרָה)

Nf3) tfrb (ברות BRWT) - Meat: The choicest meats are those from fatted livestock. KJV (1): meat - Strongs: H1267 (בָּרוּת)

Nf4) tirb (ברית BRYT) - Covenant: A covenant is instituted through a sacrifice of a choice, fatted, animal which is cut into two and the parties of the covenant pass through the pieces. If one party fails to meet the agreements of the covenant then the other may do the same to them. (see Genesis 15:10,17and Jeremiah 34:18-20) KJV (284): covenant, league, confederacy, confederate - Strongs: H1285 (בְּרִית)

fm) irb (ברי BRY) - Fat: Livestock that are fed grains become fat. KJV (1): fat - Strongs: H1274 (בְּרִי)

eff1) eirib (ביריה BYRYH) - Meat: KJV (3): meat - Strongs: H1279 (בִּרְיָה)

J) rfb (בור BWR) AC: ? CO: Soap AB: ?

Nm ) rfb (בור BWR) - Clean: KJV (8): cleanness, pureness, never - Strongs: H1252 (בֹּר), H1253 (בֹּר)

Nf4) tirfb (בורית BWRYT) - Soap: KJV (2): soap - Strongs: H1287 (בֹּרִית)

M) rib (ביר BYR) AC: ? CO: Palace AB: ?: [Unknown connection to root;]

Nf1) erib (בירה BYRH) - Palace: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (17): palace - Strongs: H1001 (בִּירָה), H1002 (בִּירָה)

mf4) tinrib (בירנית BYRNYT) - Castle: KJV (2): castle - Strongs: H1003 (בִּירָנִיָּה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 אַבִּיר adjective mighty, valiant׳א Job 34:20 + Isaiah 10:13 Kt (Qr כַּבִּיר); construct id. 1 Samuel 21:8; plural אַכִּירִים Job 24:22 +; — mighty (always = substantive & in poetry except 1 Samuel 21:8).

1 men Job 24:22 (= violent) Job 34:20; 1 Samuel 21:8 (read הָרָצִים׳א Gr Dr, compare 1 Samuel 22:17; but Lag Probebibel אֹבִיל הָעֲיָרִים see Id. BN 45; Klo גִּבּוֺר), Lamentations 1:15; אַבִּירֵי לֵב stout of heart Isaiah 46:12 (= obstinate) Psalm 76:6.

2 angels Psalm Psalm 78:25 (compare Psalm 103:20).

3 animals; bull, simile of king of Assyrian Isaiah 10:13 (read כְּאַבִּיר & see Di); elsewhere plural; metaphor for enemies אַבִּירֵי בָשָׁן) Psalm 22:13 ("" מּרים); for princes Psalm 68:31; for Edomites Isaiah 34:7; hence even as sacrificial Psalm 50:13 ("" עַתּוּדִים); of horses Jeremiah 8:16; Jeremiah 47:3; Jeremiah 50:11. ** Judges 5:22; Jeremiah 46:15 (but Jeremiah 46:15 many MSS. ᵐ5 Aq Symm Theod ᵑ9 many moderns read אַבִּירֶ֑ךָ thy bull, i.e. Apis).

אַבְרָהָם see אַבְרָם below II. אבה.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

אַבִּיר adj. (from the root אָבַר).

(1)  strong, mighty, used of men commonly as a subst. as, a mighty one, Judges 5:22; Lamentations 1:15; Jeremiah 46:15; Psalms 76:6, אַבִּירֵי לֵב “the strong of heart.” Poetically used, κατʼ ἐξοχὴν

(a) of a bull; Psalms 22:13, אַבִּירֵי בָּשָׁן “the strong ones, i.e. bulls, of Bashan;” Psalms 50:13 and metaph. of princes, Psalms 68:31.

(b) of the horse, only in Jeremiah 8:16, 47:3 50:11 (comp. Gramm. § 104. 2, note).

(2) powerful, noble, Job 24:22, 34:20 אַבִּירִים לֶחֶם “food of nobles, or princes,” i.e. more delicate, dainty food, Psalms 78:25 comp. Judges 5:25 אַבִּיר הָרֹעִים “chief of the herdsmen,” 1 Samuel 21:8.

(3) אַבִּיר לֵב obstinate, stubborn, a man of perverse mind, Isaiah 46:12 comp. חֲזַק לֵב.

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available BibleSupport.com
List of Word Forms
אַ֝בִּ֗יר אַ֭בִּירִים אַבִּ֣ירֵי אַבִּ֥יר אַבִּירִ֑ים אַבִּירִ֣ים אַבִּירִ֨ים ׀ אַבִּירֵ֖י אַבִּירֶ֑יךָ אַבִּירַ֤י ׀ אַבִּירָ֔יו אַבִּירָֽיו׃ אביר אבירי אביריו אביריו׃ אביריך אבירים כַּאבִּ֖יר כָּאֲבִּרִֽים׃ כאביר כאברים׃ ’ab·bî·rāw ’ab·bî·ray ’ab·bî·rê ’ab·bî·re·ḵā ’ab·bî·rîm ’ab·bîr ’abbîr ’abbîrāw ’abbîray ’abbîrê ’abbîreḵā ’abbîrîm abBir abbiRai abbiRav abbiRei abbiReicha abbiRim kā’ăbbirîm kā·’ăb·bi·rîm ka·bîr kaabbiRim kaBir kabîr
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