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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #0217 - אוּר
1020) ra (אר AR) AC: Order CO: Box AB: ?: Boxes are used to store items and keep them in order. Light is also necessary for order. (eng: order - with the addition of "der" also meaning order in Hebrew)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
(1) i.q. אוֹר light. Hence in pl. אוּרִים
(a) lights, i.e. lucid region, the East; comp. Hom. πρὸς ἠῶ ἠέλιόν τε (Il. μ΄. 239; Od. ι΄. 26), Isaiah 24:15.
(b) lights, metaph. revelations, revelation, used of the sacred lot of the Hebrews, Numbers 27:21; 1 Samuel 28:6 generally more fully called הָאֻרִים וְהַתֻּמִּים “revelation and truth,” Exodus 28:30; Leviticus 8:8 once תֻּמִּים וְאֻרִים Deuteronomy 33:8 LXX. excellently, δήλωσις καὶ ἀλήθεια: Luther, Licht und Recht. These sacred lots, which were only consulted by the high priest in matters of great moment, were borne by him in or upon his breastplate, as appears from Exodus 28:30. It was a matter of dispute what they were, even in the time of Philo and Josephus. Josephus, indeed (Arch. iii. 8, § 9), supposed that the augury was taken from the twelve stones on the outer part of the breastplate, and from their brightness; but Philo (tom. ii. p. 152, ed. Mangey) teaches that Urim and Thummim were two little images, put between the double cloth of the breastplate, one of which symbolically represented revelation, the other truth [!!!]. The Hebrews seem in this symbolic manner to have imitated the Egyptians, amongst whom the supreme judge wore a sapphire “image of truth,” hung from his neck; see Diod. i. 48, 75; Ælian. Var. Hist. xiv. 34 [This idolatrous notion of Philo is not to be regarded as throwing any light on the subject].
(2) brightness of fire, flame; Isaiah 50:11, בְּאוּר אֵשׁ; and fire itself, Isaiah 44:16, 47:14 Ezekiel 5:2 comp. אוֹר Hiphil No. 3.
(3) [Ur], pr.n.
(a) of a town of the Chaldees, more fully, אוּר כַּשְׂדִּים, Genesis 11:28, 31 Genesis 11:31, 15:7 Nehemiah 9:7, the native place of Abraham. Its traces remained in the Persian fortress Ur, situated between Nesibis and the Tigris, mentioned by Ammianus 25:8; [“but ûr, as an appellative, may perhaps have signified a fortress, castle; so at least, Pers. اورا castle; Zend and Sansc. pura, a fortified city, after the analogy of pemar, Pracrit. unar, etc. See F. Bernary, in Berliner Jahrb. 1841, p. 146.” Ges. add.] LXX. χώρα τῶν Χαλδαίων; Alex. Polyh. ap. Euseb. de Praep. Evang. ix. 17, explains it, Χαλδαίων πόλις.
(b) m. 1 Chronicles 11:35.
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