the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #1129 - בָּנָה
1) to build, rebuild, establish, cause to continue
1a1) to build, rebuild
1a2) to build a house (i.e., establish a family)
1b1) to be built
1b2) to be rebuilt
1b3) established (of restored exiles) (figuratively)
1b4) established (made permanent)
1b5) to be built up (of childless wife becoming the mother of a family through the children of a concubine)
1037) nb (בנ BN) AC: Build CO: Tent panel AB: Intelligence: The pictograph b is a picture of the tent. The n is a picture of a sprouting seed and represents continuity as the seed continues the next generation. The combined meaning of these letters mean “the continuing of the house”. The tent was constructed of woven goat hair. Over time the sun bleaches and weakens the goat hair necessitating their continual replacement. Each year the women make a new panel, approximately3feet wide and the length of the tent. The old panel is removed (being recycled into a wall or floor) and the new strip is added to the tent. Since the tent is only replaced one small piece at a time the tent essentially lasts forever. (eng: beam - a component of construction with an exchange for the m and n; between - with the t added)
A) nb (בנ BN) AC: ? CO: Tent Panel AB: ?: There are many similarities between building a tent out of goat hair panels and the building of a house out of sons (The idea of building a house with sons can be seen in ge303) . Just as the tent panels are added to continue the tent, sons are born to the family to continue the family line. Just as the tent is continually being renewed with new panels, the family is continually being renewed with new sons.
Nm) nb (בנ BN) - Son: One who continues the family line. [Hebrew and Aramaic; Transforms to rbwhen used in the possessive] KJV (4925): son, children, old, first, man, young, stranger, people - Strongs: H1121 (בֵּן), H1123 (בֵּן), H1247 (בַּר)
Nf2 ) tnb (בנת BNT) - Daughter: Also a village that resides outside of the city walls as the daughter of the city. [df: tb] KJV (588): daughter, town, village, first, apple, branches, children, company, eye, old - Strongs: H1323 (בַּת)
im ) nbt (תבנ TBN) - Straw: When more permanent structures were built they were constructed of stones and bricks made of clay and straw, replacing the tent panels as the main component of construction for dwellings. KJV (17): straw, stubble, chaff - Strongs: H8401 (תֶּבֶן)
aim) nbtm (מתבנ MTBN) - Straw: When more permanent structures were built they were constructed of stones and bricks, made of clay and straw, replacing the tent panels as the main component of construction for dwellings. KJV (1): straw - Strongs: H4963 (מַתְבֵּן)
V) enb (בנה BNH) - Build: To build or construct a building, home or family. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (398): (vf: Paal, Niphal) build, build up, builder, repair, set up, building, make, children - Strongs: H1124 (בְּנָא), H1129 (בָּנָה)
J) nfb (בונ BWN) AC: Plan CO: ? AB: Intelligence: The skill of the mind and hands to build. Before the tent is constructed the location and orientation must be carefully considered according to weather, view and size. The planning and building of a house, structure or family.
M) nib (בינ BYN) AC: Plan CO: ? AB: Understand: The tent was usually divided into two parts, one for the females and the other for the male. The wall makes a distinction between the two sides. Understanding as the ability to discern between two or more things.
V) nib (בינ BYN) - Understand: KJV (170): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil) understand, cunning, skilful, teacher, taught, consider, perceive, wise, viewed, discern, prudent, consider - Strongs: H995 (בִּין)
Nm) nib (בינ BYN) - Between: As the wall is between the two sides of the tent. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (36): between, among, asunder, betwixt, within, out of, from - Strongs: H996 (בַּיִן), H997 (בֵּין), H1143 (בֵּנַיִם)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect ׳ב Deuteronomy 20:5 +, בָּֽנְתָה Proverbs 9:1; Proverbs 14:1, בָּנִיתָ Deuteronomy 6:10, בָּנִתָה 1 Kings 9:3; וּבָנִ֫יתָ consecutive Deuteronomy 20:20 +; בָּנִיתְ Ezekiel 16:25; בָּנִתִי 1 Kings 8:13 +; plural בָּנוּ Genesis 11:5 +, etc.; Imperfect יִבְּנֶה Deuteronomy 25:9 +; jussive וְיִבֶן Ezra 1:3, וַיִּבְנֶה Joshua 19:50 2t., וַיִּ֫בֶן Genesis 2:22 +; suffix יִבְנֵ֫הוּ Job 20:19; 3 feminine singular וַתִּ֫בֶן 1 Chronicles 7:24; Zechariah 9:3; אֶבְנֶה 2 Samuel 7:27 +; plural יִבְנוּ Isaiah 65:22 +, etc.; Imperative בְּנֵה Numbers 23:1 +; plural בְּנוּ Numbers 32:24 +; Infinitive absolute בָּנֹה 1 Kings 8:13; construct בְּנוֺת 1 Chronicles 6:17 +, etc.; Participle active בֹּנֶה (בּוֺנֶה) Genesis 4:17 +; construct בֹּנֵה Psalm 147:2; plural (מֹּנִים) בּוֺנִים Ezra 4:1 +; construct בֹּנֵי 1 Kings 5:32 (twice in verse), etc.; passive בָּנוּי Song of Solomon 4:4; Judges 6:28; feminine בְּנוּיָה Psalm 122:3; plural בְּנוּיִם Nehemiah 7:4; — build, 1 (literal)
a. with accusative (α) of city (Hexateuch only J E) Genesis 4:17; Genesis 10:11; Genesis 11:4,5 (+ tower) Genesis 11:8 (all J & his sources); Exodus 1:11; Numbers 32:24; Joshua 24:13 (all E) Judges 1:26; Judges 18:28 22t. Kings Chronicles + Jeremiah 32:31; Psalm 122:3 (passive participle) compare Habakkuk 2:12; of village (חָצֵר) Nehemiah 12:29; see also below rebuild, i. below; (β) house Genesis 33:17 (J), elsewhere in Hexateuch only Deuteronomy 6:10; Deuteronomy 8:12; Deuteronomy 20:25; Deuteronomy 22:8; Deuteronomy 28:30; also 2 Samuel 5:11; 1 Kings 22:39; 1 Chronicles 14:1; 2 Chronicles 2:2; Proverbs 24:27; Amos 5:11; Zephaniah 1:13; Isaiah 65:21; Jeremiah 35:7,9 compare Zechariah 5:11; as sign of security Ezekiel 28:26; compare Ezekiel 11:3; of luxury Ecclesiastes 2:4 compare Jeremiah 22:14; of permanent residence 1 Kings 2:36; Jeremiah 29:5,28; especially of temple 1 Kings 3:1; 1 Kings 5:32; 1 Kings 6:2 + often Samuel Kings Chronicles; figurative of wisdom's house Proverbs 9:1; especially build temple ליהוה etc. 2 Samuel 7:5,7; 1 Kings 6:1 (= began to build) + 13t. Chronicles + Isaiah 66:1; ׳לְשֵׁם י etc. 2 Samuel 7:13; 1 Kings 5:17 8t. Kings; 13t. Chronicles; לְךָ לְשִׁמְךָ 2 Chronicles 20:8; לִהְיוֺת שְׁמִי שָׁם 1 Kings 8:16; 2 Chronicles 6:5; לָשׂוּםשְׁמִי שָׁם 1 Kings 9:3; object chambers, or stories 1 Kings 6:5,10, court 1 Kings 6:36; Hosea 8:14 perhaps of idol-temples; compare 1 Kings 16:32; Psalm 78:69 of Yahweh's building his sanctuary, Psalm 147:2 Jerusalem, Psalm 127:1 a house; also Amos 9:6 his chambers in the heavens; of Solomon's palace 1 k Amos 7:1,2; Amos 9:1,10 +; (γ) of a fortress 2 Chronicles 17:12; 27:4 compare of Tyre Zechariah 9:3 (מָצוֺר); (δ) of wall 1 Kings 3:1; Isaiah 60:10; Ezekiel 13:10; 2 Chronicles 33:14 (compare 2 Chronicles 27:8) Nehemiah 4:4; Nehemiah 6:1 +; (ε) gate 2 Kings 15:35 2 Chronicles 27:3; (ζ) tower Isaiah 5:2; 2 Chronicles 26:9,10; 27:4 compare figurative Song of Solomon 8:9 & passive participle Song of Solomon 4:4 (in simile); (η) siege-works against (עַלֿ) a city Deuteronomy 20:2 (מָצוֺר), Ecclesiastes 9:14 (מְצוֺדִים), 2 Kings 25:1 = Jeremiah 52:4; Ezekiel 4:2 (all דָּיֵק), & so (without עַלֿ) Ezekiel 17:17; Ezekiel 21:27; compare בנה עָלַי, absolute Lamentations 3:5 (in figurative); (θ) altar Genesis 22:9; Genesis 35:7; Exodus 17:15; Exodus 20:25; Exodus 24:4; Numbers 23:1,14,29 (all E), Genesis 26:25; Exodus 32:5 (both J), Joshua 22:11 6t. Joshua 22 (all P) Judges 6:28 (passive participle) Judges 21:4 6t. Kings Chronicles; often followed by ליהוה etc. Genesis 8:20; Genesis 12:7,8; Genesis 13:18 (all J), Deuteronomy 27:5,6; Joshua 8:30 (E) Judges 6:24,26 8t. Samuel Kings Chronicles; (ι) high places (בָּמָה) 1 Kings 11:7; 1 Kings 14:23; 2 Kings 17:9; 2 Kings 21:3; 2 Kings 23:13; 2 Chronicles 33:8,19; Jeremiah 7:31; Jeremiah 19:5; Jeremiah 32:35; compare גַּב Ezekiel 16:24,31 (both "" רָמָה) & רָמָה Ezekiel 16:25; (κ) צִיּוּן Ezekiel 39:15; also (λ) גִּדְרֹת צאֹן Numbers 32:16 (E); (μ) מיּ֯סַךְ הַשַּׁבָּת 2 Kings 16:18.
b. with accusative of material Exodus 20:25 (E) 1 Kings 6:36; 1 Kings 18:32; 1 Kings 15:22 2 Chronicles 16:6; Ezekiel 27:5; with בְּ of material 1 Kings 6:15,16; 1 Kings 15:17; 2 Chronicles 16:6; compare
c.וַיִּבֶן אֶתהַֿצֵּלָע לְאִשָּׁה Genesis 2:22 and he (Yahweh) fashioned the rib into a woman.
d. absolute 2 Samuel 5:9; 1 Kings 6:16; Isaiah 9:9; Jeremiah 1:10; Jeremiah 18:9; Jeremiah 22:18; Jeremiah 31:28; Isaiah 65:22 12t. Chronicles + Malachi 1:4; Ecclesiastes 3:3 (opposed to פרץ); also
e. Participle active = builder 1 Kings 5:32 (twice in verse) + 6t. Chronicles + Ezekiel 27:4; Psalm 118:22; Psalm 127:1.
f. with indefinite object 1 Kings 9:19 2 Chronicles 8:6.
g.וַיִּבֶן אֶתהָֿהָר = and he built on the hill 1 Kings 16:24.
h. followed by בְּ build at Zechariah 6:15; Nehemiah 4:11 (compare בְּ 12 b, p. 88).
i. = rebuild Joshua 6:26; 1 Kings 16:34; Amos 9:14; Isaiah 45:13; Psalm 69:36; Nehemiah 2:5; Daniel 9:25 all of city; compare phrase בנה חָרְבוֺת עוֺלָם Isaiah 58:12; Isaiah 61:4 & Ezekiel 36:36; Malachi 1:4; Job 3:14; of walls Micah 7:11; 2 Chronicles 32:5; Nehemiah 2:17; Nehemiah 3:33; Nehemiah 3:35; Nehemiah 3:38; Nehemiah 6:6; Psalm 51:20 (active of ׳י); of gate Nehemiah 3:1,13,14,15; temple Zechariah 6:12,13; Ezra 1:3; altar 2 Chronicles 33:16 (Qr וַיִּבֶן so Bö < Kt ויכן, from כון, so Öttli), Ezra 3:2; high places 2 Kings 21:3 2 Chronicles 33:3; in some of these apparently an idea of merely repairing; Song of Solomon , sometimes with added notion of enlarging etc., city Numbers 32:34,37,38 (E) Joshua 19:50 (P) Judges 21:23; 2 Kings 14:22 2 Chronicles 26:2; 1 Chronicles 11:8; 2 Chronicles 8:2; 11:6 compare Micah 3:10; Millo 1 Kings 9:24; 1 Kings 11:27; compare house Job 20:19.
a. build a house (בית) = perpetuate and establish a family; subject Leah & Rachel Ruth 4:11; subject a brother Deuteronomy 25:9; subject ׳י (promise to David) 1 Samuel 2:35; 2 Samuel 7:27; 1 Kings 11:38; 1 Chronicles 17:10; and 1 Chronicles 17:25; (to Solomon) 1 Kings 11:38; compare further סֻכַּת דָּוִד Amos 9:11 ( rebuild, restore); = cause a household to flourish Proverbs 14:1 compare opposed to Proverbs 27:18; also of establishing David's throne Psalm 89:5.
b. build up Israel (after exile) subject ׳י Jeremiah 24:6; Jeremiah 31:4; Jeremiah 33:7; Jeremiah 42:10; compare Jeremiah 45:4 & Psalm 28:5; object Zion Psalm 102:17.
Niph`al Perfect נִבְנָה 1 Kings 3:2; 1 Kings 6:7, נִבְנְתָה Numbers 13:22; Nehemiah 7:1, וְנִבְנְתָה consecutive Jeremiah 30:18 2t.; 2 feminine singular וְנִבְּנֵית consecutive Jeremiah 31:4; 3 plural נִבְנוּ Malachi 3:15; וְנִבְנוּ consecutive Jeremiah 12:16; Ezekiel 36:33; Imperfect יִבָּנֶה Job 12:14 4t.; 3 feminine singular תִּבָּנֶה Numbers 21:27 3t.; 2 masculine singular תִּבָּנֶה Job 22:33, אִבָּנֶה Genesis 16:2, וְאִבָּנֶה Genesis 30:3; 3 feminine plural תִּבָּנֶינָה Ezekiel 36:10; 2 feminine plural תִּבָּנֶינָה Isaiah 44:26; Infinitive לְהִבָּנוֺת Haggai 1:2; Zechariah 8:9, בְּהִבָּנֹתוֺ 1 Kings 6:7 (twice in verse); Participle נִבְנֶה 1 Chronicles 22:19; —
1. a. be built, (literal) of city Numbers 13:22; of temple 1 Kings 3:2 (׳לְשֵׁם י) 1 Kings 6:7 (3t. in verse); (with accusative mater.); Participle = to be built (gerundive) 1 Chronicles 22:19.
b. be rebuilt: of city of Sihon Numbers 21:27 compare Isaiah 25:2; Isaiah 44:26, of wall of Jerusalem Nehemiah 7:1, of Jerusalem Jeremiah 30:18; Jeremiah 31:4,38; Isaiah 44:28 compare Daniel 9:25 תָּשׁוּב וְנִבְנְתָה, & Ezekiel 26:14 (with עוֺד), of ruinous places (הֶחֳרָבוֺת) Ezekiel 36:10,33, of a devoted city Deuteronomy 13:17 (c.עוֺד), of temple Haggai 1:2; Zechariah 1:16; Zechariah 8:9, indefinite subject Job 12:14.
2. a. (figurative) of restored exiles, = established Jeremiah 12:16, of prosperous wicked Malachi 3:15, of repentant offender Job 22:23.
b. established, made permanent, subject חֶסֶד Psalm 89:3 (with עוֺלָם), subject בַּיִת Proverbs 24:3 (by wisdom).
c. of childless wife, by means of concubineאִבָּנֶה מִמֶּגָּה Genesis 16:2; Genesis 30:3 I shall be built up, i.e. become the mother of a family, from or through her; compare Qal 2a.
בּוּנִּי see בֻּנִּי below
בָּנָה fut. יִבְנֶה, with ו conv. וַיִבֶן and six times וַיִבְנֶה, וָאֶבְנֶה.
(1) to build, to erect, as a house, a temple, a city, walls, defences, Ezra 4:2 an altar, Genesis 8:20 a fane, Jeremiah 7:31 the deck of a ship, Ezekiel 27:5 once apparently of the foundation of a house, 1 Kings 6:1 where וַיִּבֶן; 2 Chronicles 3:1, is not ill explained וַיָּחֶל לִבְנוֹת. (Arab. بنا Aram. ܒܢܐܳ, בְּנָא id. Comp. אֶבֶן and אָמַן.) The material of which anything is built is commonly put in accus. 1 Kings 18:32, וַיִּבְנֶה אֶת־הָאֲבָנִים מִזְבֵּחֲ “and he built the stones into an altar,” i.e. erected an altar out of them. (Comp. Lehrgb. p. 813.) Exodus 20:25; Deuteronomy 27:6; 1 Kings 15:22 more rarely with the prefix בְּ ibid. fin. Constr. also
(a) with an acc. of place on which one builds (Germ. etwas bebauen). 1 Kings 6:15, 16:24.
(b) with an acc. of person, and it signifies to build a house for any one, i.e. to give him a stable abode; and figuratively, to cause him to prosper; (as to another sense of the phrase, see No. 3). Jeremiah 24:6, “I will bring them back into this land, וּבְנִיתִים וְלֹא אֶהֱרֹס וּנְטַעְתּים וְלֹא אֶתּוֹשׁ and I will build them up and not pull them down, I will plant and will not root up,” i.e. “I will give them a fixed abode and cause them to prosper.” Jeremiah 31:4, 33:7 42:10 Psalms 28:5. (Arab. بنا to benefit any one.)
(c) followed by בְּ, to be occupied in building any thing, an etwas bauen. Nehemiah 4:4, 11 Zechariah 6:15. Compare בְּ A, 2,
(d), followed by עַל for, to obstruct. Lamentations 3:5, “(God) hath builded against me,” obstructed me, i.e. shut up my way on every side, so that I cannot go out, comp. גָּדַר verses,.-Figuratively, to form a person, Genesis 2:22.
(2) to restore, rebuild (a ruined house or city), Amos 9:14. Psalms 122:3, “O Jerusalem, rebuilt!” Psalms 147:2; Joshua 6:26; 1 Kings 16:34; 2 Kings 14:22. Comp. בָּנָה תֳרָבוֹת under תָרְבָּה. Used of the fortification of a city, 1 Kings 15:17.
(3) בָּנָה בַיִת לְ to build a house for any one is equivalent to, to give him offspring and descendants (see בַּיִת No. 8, and Niphal No. 3). House is by a common Eastern metaphor applied to family and children, and he who begets children is said to build a house. Hence בֵּן a son, so called from the idea of building, i.e. begetting. The same metaphor is carried out in Plaut. Mostell. i. 2, 37.
(1) pass. Kal No. 1, to be built, Numbers 13:22; Deuteronomy 13:17 with an acc. of material, 1 Kings 6:7. Men are said to be built, when set in a fixed abode and in prosperity (see Kal No. 1, b), Jeremiah 12:16; Malachi 3:15; Job 22:23. As to another metaphor, see No. 3.
(2) pass. Kal No. 2, to be rebuilt, Isaiah 44:28.
(3) a woman is said to be built, if her house is built, i.e. when she has offspring (see Kal No. 3). Genesis 16:2, אוּלַי אִבָּנֶּה מִמֶּנָּה “perhaps I may be built by her,” i.e. I may have children by the aid of this handmaid. Genesis 30:3.
Derived nouns are, בֵּן, בַּת, בִּנְיָה, בִּנְיָן, מִבְנֶה, תַּבְנִית, as well as many proper names, as בִּנּוּי, בָּנִי, בְּנָיָה, בְּנָיָהוּ, יַבְנֶה, יַבְנְאֵל, יִבְנְיָה, מְבֻנַּי.