Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #1272 - בָּרַח
1) to go through, flee, run away, chase, drive away, put to flight, reach, shoot (extend), hurry away
1a1) to go, pass through
1a2) to flee
1a3) to hasten, come quickly
1b1) to pass through
1b2) to cause to flee, put to flight
1b3) to drive away
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
בָּרַח fut. יִבְרַה.
(1) to pass through, to reach across (prop. I believe, burchfchneiden, durchbrechen, to cut through, to break through; compare בָּרַךְ, and see, as to the sense of cutting, breaking in, the verbs beginning with בר, פר, under the verb בָּרָא), Exodus 36:33, “and he made the middle bar לִבְרֹחַ בְּתוֹךְ הַקְּרָשִׂים מִן־הַקָּצֶה אֶל־הַקָּצֶה to pass through the middle of the boards from one end to the other.” Comp. Hiphil No. 1 and בְּרִיחַ a bar, bolt. Hence
(2) to flee, to flee away, Germ. durchbrechen, durchgehn, to break away. (Arab. بَرِحَ to go away, to depart from its place, to go away to a desert land, entweichen, إِبْنُ بَرِيح a gazelle, from its fleeing.) Const. absol. Genesis 31:22, 27 Genesis 31:27; 1 Samuel 19:18 with an acc. of the place fled to, 1 Samuel 27:4 also followed by לְ, Nehemiah 13:10 אֶל Numbers 24:11, and מִן of the place fled from, 1 Samuel 20:1. The person fled from takes the prefix מִפְּנֵי Genesis 16:8, 35:1, Genesis 35:7מִלִּפְנֵי Jonah 1:3 מִן Isaiah 48:20 מִיַּד (from his hand, i.e. his power) Job 27:22, מֵאֵת (prop. from near) 1 Kings 11:23. It differs from הִמָּלֵט to escape, 1 Samuel 19:12, וַיֵּלֶךְ וַיִּבְרַח וַיִּמָּלֵט “he went, and fled, and escaped.” A dative is sometimes added to an imperative, בְּרַח לִךָ Germ. mache dich fort, rette dich, Genesis 27:43; Numbers 24:11; Amos 7:12, comp. the French s’enfuir.
Note. In one passage, Exodus 14:5, some following Michaëlis have incorrectly compared the Arab. بَرَحَ to turn the left side; for it might be well said of a people that they fled when Pharaoh was expecting them to return after three days [but how does it appear that he had any such expectation?], but who instead were about to enter Arabia.
(1) i.q. Kal No. 1. Exodus 26:28.
(2) to put to flight, cause to flee, Job 41:20 also to expel, to chase away, Nehemiah 13:28.
Derived nouns are בְּרִיחַ, מִברָח, and
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