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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #178 - אוֹב

Transliteration
ʼôwb
Phonetics
obe
Origin
from the same as (H1) (apparently through the idea of prattling a father's name)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TWOT
37a
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אוּאֵל
 
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אוֹבִיל
Definition   
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) water skin bottle

2) necromancer

1b) necromancer, one who evokes the dead

1c) ghost, spirit of a dead one

1d) practice of necromancy

3) one that has a familiar spirit

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1093 ‑ γῆ (ghay);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (17)
Leviticus 3
Deuteronomy 1
1 Samuel 5
2 Kings 2
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 1
Job 1
Isaiah 3
NAS (13)
Leviticus 3
1 Samuel 2
2 Kings 2
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 1
Job 1
Isaiah 3
HCS (17)
Leviticus 3
Deuteronomy 1
1 Samuel 5
2 Kings 2
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 1
Job 1
Isaiah 3
BSB (17)
Leviticus 3
Deuteronomy 1
1 Samuel 5
2 Kings 2
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 1
Job 1
Isaiah 3
ESV (13)
Leviticus 3
1 Samuel 3
2 Kings 2
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 1
Job 1
Isaiah 2
WEB (16)
Leviticus 2
Deuteronomy 1
1 Samuel 5
2 Kings 2
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 1
Job 1
Isaiah 3
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1002) ba (אב AB) AC: Stand CO: Pole AB: ?: The pictograph a represents strength, the b represents the tent. Combined these mean "the strength of the house". This can be the tent poles which hold up the tent, the house, as well as the father who holds up the family, the household. (eng: pa - an exchange from a b and p and a reversal of the letters)

A) ba (אב AB) AC: ? CO: Pole AB: ?: The support of the tent/house.

Nm) ba (אב AB) - I. Fruit:This word can also be fresh fruit, the father of the next generation of trees attached to the tree (pole) . [Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Father:The father of the family provides the strength, support and structure to the household. The father fulfilled many functions for the family. He was the commander of the family army, provider of offspring to continue the family line, the priest and teacher. A father can be of the immediate family or a lineage such as Jacob who is the father of the Israelites. A father can also be the patron of a profession or art. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (1229): father, chief, families, desire, patrimony, prince, principle, greenness, fruit - Strongs: H1 (אָב), H2 (אַב), H3 (אֵב), H4 (אֵב)

Nf1) eba (אבה ABH) - Desire: The desires of the father. KJV (1): desire - Strongs: H15 (אָבֶה)

B) bba (אבב ABB) AC: ? CO: Grain AB: ?

bm ) biba (אביב ABYB) - Green Grain: The new green ears of growing grain as the parent seeds attached to the stalk (pole) of the next generation of crops. Also Abib, the name of a month in the Hebrew calendar. KJV (8): abib, corn - Strongs: H24 (אָבִיב)

J) bfa (אוב AWB) AC: ? CO: Wineskin AB: ?: The wineskin hangs from the tent pole. A spiritist (possibly from their mumbling like the sound of wine poured out of the wineskin)

Nm) bfa (אוב AWB) - I. Wineskin:A leather bag that holds wine and is hung from the pole of the tent. II. Medium:One who evokes the dead, a ghost, possibly from their mumbling like the sound of wine poured out of the wineskin. KJV (17): bottle, familiar spirit - Strongs: H178 (אוֹב)

L) bai (יאב YAB) AC: Desire CO: ? AB: ?: The firm standing of the tent pole.

V) bai (יאב YAB) - Desire: A standing firm for what is desired. KJV (1): (vf: Paal) long - Strongs: H2968 (יָאַב)

M) bia (איב AYB) AC: Hostile CO: Spear AB: Enemy: The tent pole is pointed at one end and doubles as a spear which can be used against an enemy to defend (also a support of) the family.

V) bia (איב AYB) - Hostile: To be hostile to another as an enemy. KJV (1): (vf: Paal) enemy - Strongs: H340 (אָיַב)

Nf1) ebia (איבה AYBH) - Hostility: KJV (5): enemy, hatred - Strongs: H342 (אֵיבָה)

gm) bifa (אויב AWYB) - Enemy: KJV (282): enemy, foe - Strongs: H341 (אוֹיֵב)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 אוֺב noun masculine Job 32:19 skin-bottle, necromancer, etc. — absolute ׳א Leviticus 20:27 8t.; plural אֹבוֺת Leviticus 19:31 7t. —

1 skin-bottle, only plural אֹבוֺת חֲדָשִׁים new ( wine-) skins Job 32:19.

2 necromancer, in phrase אוֺב אוֺ יִדְּעֹנִי necromancer or wizard Leviticus 20:27 (H; usually translated 'a man also or woman that hath a familiar spirit or that is a wizard' RV; but better a man or a woman, if there should be among them, a necromancer or wizard; no sufficient reason for exceptional use of phrase here); וְיִדְּעֹנִי׳א Deuteronomy 18:11; 2 Chronicles 33:6 = 2 Kings 21:6 (where וידענים׳א); הָאֹבוֺת וְהַיִּדְּעֹנִים Leviticus 19:31; Leviticus 20:6 (H) 1 Samuel 28:3,9; 2 Kings 23:24; Isaiah 8:19 (where repres. as chirping & muttering, in practice of their art of seeking dead for instruction, probably ventriloquism, & so ᵐ5) Isaiah 19:3.

3 ghost, Isaiah 29:4 וְהָיָה כְּאוֺב מֵאֶרֶץ קוֺלֵח וּמֵעָפָראִמְרָתֵח תְּצַפְצֵף and thy voice shall be as a ghost from the ground and from the dust thy speech shall chirp (so Ge MV Ew De Che and others, but chirping might be of necromancer, as Isaiah 8:19).

4 necromancy אֵשֶׁת בַּעֲלַתאֿוֺב a woman who was mistress of necromancy 1 Samuel 28:7 (twice in verse); (> RS JPh xiv, 127 f makes אוֺב primarily a subterranean spirit, and significant. 2 only an abbreviation of ׳בעלתא etc.); קסם בּאוֺב divine by necromancy 1 Samuel 28:8, which seems to be interpretation of 1 Chronicles 10:13 ׳שׁאל בא inquire by necromancy. (In these three examples אוֺב is usually interpreted as ghost or familiar spirit conceived as dwelling in necromancer; but this apparently not the ancient conception.)


Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

אוֹב or


These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available BibleSupport.com
List of Word Forms
א֔וֹב א֖וֹב א֛וֹב אוֹב֙ אוב בָּא֔וֹב בָּא֖וֹב באוב הָֽאֹבֹת֙ הָאֹב֖וֹת הָאֹב֣וֹת הָאֹב֥וֹת הָאֹבֹת֙ הָאֹבוֹת֙ האבות האבת כְּא֤וֹב כְּאֹב֥וֹת כאבות כאוב ’ō·wḇ ’ōwḇ bā’ōwḇ bā·’ō·wḇ baov hā’ōḇōṯ hā’ōḇōwṯ hā·’ō·ḇō·wṯ hā·’ō·ḇōṯ haOt haoVot kə’ōḇōwṯ kə’ōwḇ kə·’ō·ḇō·wṯ kə·’ō·wḇ keov keoVot ov
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