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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #340 - אָיַב
1) to be hostile to, to be an enemy to
1a1) to be hostile to
1a2) to treat as an enemy
1002) ba (אב AB) AC: Stand CO: Pole AB: ?: The pictograph a represents strength, the b represents the tent. Combined these mean "the strength of the house". This can be the tent poles which hold up the tent, the house, as well as the father who holds up the family, the household. (eng: pa - an exchange from a b and p and a reversal of the letters)
Nm) ba (אב AB) - I. Fruit:This word can also be fresh fruit, the father of the next generation of trees attached to the tree (pole) . [Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Father:The father of the family provides the strength, support and structure to the household. The father fulfilled many functions for the family. He was the commander of the family army, provider of offspring to continue the family line, the priest and teacher. A father can be of the immediate family or a lineage such as Jacob who is the father of the Israelites. A father can also be the patron of a profession or art. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (1229): father, chief, families, desire, patrimony, prince, principle, greenness, fruit - Strongs: H1 (אָב), H2 (אַב), H3 (אֵב), H4 (אֵב)
bm ) biba (אביב ABYB) - Green Grain: The new green ears of growing grain as the parent seeds attached to the stalk (pole) of the next generation of crops. Also Abib, the name of a month in the Hebrew calendar. KJV (8): abib, corn - Strongs: H24 (אָבִיב)
Nm) bfa (אוב AWB) - I. Wineskin:A leather bag that holds wine and is hung from the pole of the tent. II. Medium:One who evokes the dead, a ghost, possibly from their mumbling like the sound of wine poured out of the wineskin. KJV (17): bottle, familiar spirit - Strongs: H178 (אוֹב)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
אָיַב to be an adversary to any one, to persecute him as an enemy, to hate. (The original idea I believe to be that of breathing, blowing, puffing, an idea often applied to anger and hatred, prop. anfchnauben; compare my remarks on the letter ה. [“Kindred is אָהַב in which the idea of breathing after passes over into that of desire and love”]). The finite verb occurs once, Exodus 23:22. But of very frequent use is the part. אוֹיֵב an adversary, an enemy, a foe, Genesis 22:17, 49:8 sometimes it retains the proper construction of a participle, 1 Samuel 18:29, אוֹיֵב אֶת־דָּוִד “an enemy of David.”-f. אוֹיֶבֶת a female enemy, collect. used of enemies (comp. Lehrg. 477), Micah 7:8, 10 Micah 7:10. Hence אִיּוֹב and
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