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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #3654 - כֵּן

Root Word (Etymology)
from (H3661) in the sense of fastening
Parts of Speech
masculine noun
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1) gnat, gnats, gnat-swarm

Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (7)
Exodus 5
Psalms 1
Isaiah 1
NAS (7)
Exodus 5
Psalms 1
Isaiah 1
HCS (7)
Exodus 5
Psalms 1
Isaiah 1
BSB (6)
Exodus 5
Psalms 1
ESV (2)
Psalms 1
Isaiah 1
WEB (7)
Exodus 5
Psalms 1
Isaiah 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1244) nk (כנ KN) AC: Stand CO: Root AB: Sure: The pictograph k is a picture of the open palm, the n is a picture of a seed. Combined these mean "opening of a seed". When the seed opens the roots begin to form the base of the plant by going down into the soil. The plant rises out of the ground forming the stalk of the plant. A tall tree can only stand tall and firm because of the strong root system which supports it.

A) nk (כנ KN) AC: ? CO: Base AB: ?: The base that supports that which stands firm.

Nm) nk (כנ KN) - I. So:A firmness in a situation. [Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Firm:A standing tall and firm. An upright person of column. III. Base:The base which provides support as well as a persons home or family as a base. IV. Gnat:Possibly as a firm standing insect. [Unknown connection to root] KJV (74): foot, estate, base, office, place, well, so, thus, like, well, such, howbeit, state, after, that, following, therefore, wherefore, lice, manner - Strongs: H3651 (כֵּן), H3652 (כֵּן), H3653 (כֵּן), H3654 (כֵּן)

Nf1) enk (כנה KNH) - Stalk: The base and support of a plant. KJV (2): vineyard - Strongs: H3657 (כַּנָּה), H3661 (כָּנַן)

pf1) emnk (כנמה KNMH) - So: A firmness in a situation. [Aramaic only] KJV (5): thus, so, sort, manner - Strongs: H3660 (כְּנֵמָא)

kcf1) enfkm (מכונה MKWNH) - Base: What is firm and supports something. KJV (23): base - Strongs: H4350 (מְכֹנָה)

kdf1) enfkm (מכונה MKWNH) - Base: What is firm and supports something. KJV (1): base - Strongs: H4369 (מְכֻנָה)

C) nka (אכנ AKN) AC: Firm CO: ? AB: ?: A firm or sure position.

Nm) nka (אכנ AKN) - Surely: To be firm in something. [df: Ka] KJV (40): also, but, certainly, even, howbeit, least, nevertheless, notwithstanding, only, save, scarce, surely, sure, truly, verily, wherefore, yet - Strongs: H389 (אַךְ), H403 (אָכֵן)

G) nek (כהנ KHN) AC: Adorn CO: Priest AB: ?: The base which supports the people.

V) nek (כהנ KHN) - Adorn: To put on special ornaments or garments for a special office or event. (see Isaiah 61:10) KJV (23): (vf: Piel) minister, execute, deck, office, priest - Strongs: H3547 (כָּהַן)

Nm) nek (כהנ KHN) - Priest: [Aramaic only] KJV (8): priest - Strongs: H3549 (כָּהֵן)

df1) enfek (כהונה KHWNH) - Priesthood: The group of those who support the community. KJV (14): priesthood, priests office - Strongs: H3550 (כְּהֻנָּה)

gm) nefk (כוהנ KWHN) - Priest: KJV (750): priest, chief, officer, prince - Strongs: H3548 (כֹּהֵן)

H) enk (כנה KNH) AC: Support CO: Flatter AB: ?: Words or names that are given in support of another.

V) enk (כנה KNH) - Flatter: To give words or a name of honor. KJV (4): (vf: Piel) surname, flattering title - Strongs: H3655 (כָּנָה)

J) nfk (כונ KWN) AC: Firm CO: Foundation AB: ?

V) nfk (כונ KWN) - Firm: To set something firmly in place, either physically or with words. KJV (219): (vf: Niphal, Hiphil, Hophal) prepare, establish, ready, provide, right, fix, set, direct, order, fashion, certain, confirm, firm - Strongs: H3559 (כּוּן)

Nm) nfk (כונ KWN) - Cake: As firmly pressed. KJV (2): cake - Strongs: H3561 (כַּוָּן)

am) nfkm (מכונ MKWN) - Foundation: A firm place of support. KJV (17): place, habitation, foundation - Strongs: H4349 (מָכוֹן)

if1) enfkt (תכונה TKWNH) - Foundation: KJV (1): seat - Strongs: H8499 (תְּכוּנָה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 IV. כֵּן (?), כִּנִּם, כִּנָּם

noun [masculine], meaning dubious; either gnat, gnats, gnat-swarm (so ᵐ5ᵑ9 <TOPIC:Philo Judaeus> Philo Vita Mos. i, p. 97, <TOPIC:Origen>Origen Hom. 4,6 in Ex., and most moderns), or [louse,] lice (so ᵑ6ᵑ7 Jos Ant. ii. 14. 13Boch Hieroz. II, ii, 572f., as Late Hebrew כִּנָּה, plural כִּנִּים = maggots, and especially lice) — absolute perhaps כֵּן Isaiah 51:6 (see below); plural כִּנִּים Exodus 8:13; Exodus 8:14; Psalm 105:31, כִּנִּם Exodus 8:12; Exodus 8:13; Exodus 8:14 has, also, כִּנָּם probably a mere Masoretic device for כִּנִּם (compare Di), on account of preceding וַתְּהִי (on which see Ges§ 145. 4Da Synt. § 116); has כנים throughout: — of Egyptian plague Exodus 8:12; Exodus 8:13 (twice in verse); Exodus 8:14 (twice in verse) (all P), hence Psalm 105:31; כְּמוֺכֵֿן יְמוּתוּן Isaiah 51:6 like a gnatswarm (?) shall they die (compare Di Du; Weir Che read כנים, compare Buhl p. 355; > Brd De like this).

Note. — Nö M 54 Ba NB § 15, Esther 53 Buhl Ges HWB ed. 12 connect this word etymologically with Aramaic כלמתא vermin, Ba and Buhl also with Assyrian kalmatu, id. [Dl HWB 333], and even with Aramaic קלמתא, , Arabic , etc., Ethiopic louse; but these connections, as well as that with Late Hebrew כְּנִימָה, all involving radical מ, are most improbable

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
List of Word Forms
הַכִּנִּ֖ים הַכִּנָּ֔ם הכנים הכנם כִּ֝נִּ֗ים כִנִּ֖ים כנים לְכִנִּ֖ם לכנם chinNim hak·kin·nām hak·kin·nîm hakkinNam hakkinnām hakkinNim hakkinnîm kin·nîm ḵin·nîm kinNim kinnîm ḵinnîm lə·ḵin·nim lechinNim ləḵinnim
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