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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #3739 - כָּרָה

Root Word (Etymology)
usually assigned as a primitive root, but probably only a special application of (H3738) (through the common idea of planning implied in a bargain)
Parts of Speech
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1) (Qal) to get by trade, trade, buy, bargain over

Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (4)
Deuteronomy 1
2 Kings 1
Job 1
Hosea 1
NAS (4)
Deuteronomy 1
Job 2
Hosea 1
CSB (5)
Deuteronomy 1
2 Kings 1
Job 2
Hosea 1
BSB (3)
Deuteronomy 1
2 Kings 1
Hosea 1
ESV (4)
Deuteronomy 1
2 Kings 1
Job 1
Hosea 1
WEB (4)
Deuteronomy 1
2 Kings 1
Job 1
Hosea 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1250) rk (כר KR) AC: Dig CO: Bowl AB: ?: The pictograph k is a picture of the palm of the hand, the r is a picture of the head of a man. Combined these mean "palm of man". The palm as hollowed out. A digging. (eng: core; bore)

A) rk (כר KR) AC: ? CO: Hollow AB: ?

Nm ) rk (כר KR) - I. Hollow:The hollow hump of a camel or a pasture in a hollow. II. Lamb:One of the pasture. III. Captain:KJV (16): lamb, pasture, ram, furniture, captain - Strongs: H3733 (כַּר)

Nf1) erk (כרה KRH) - I. Pasture:As a hollowed out valley. II. Mole:A digger. [df: hrp] KJV (2): cottage, mole - Strongs: H3740 (כֵּרָה), H6512 (פֵּרוֹת)

fm ) irk (כרי KRY) - Captain: [Unknown connection to root] KJV (3): captain - Strongs: H3746 (כָּרִי)

kf1) erkm (מכרה MKRH) - I. Cave:As a hole in the rock. [df: hrem]II. Weapon:Probably a weapon that is a digging tool or similar implement. KJV (40): cave, den, hole, habitation, army - Strongs: H4380 (מְכֵרָה), H4631 (מְעָרָה)

lf1 ) erkrk (כרכרה KRKRH) - Camel: As with a hollow hump. KJV (1): beast - Strongs: H3753 (כִּרְכָּרָה)

B) rrk (כרר KRR) AC: Dance CO: ? AB: ?: A leaping or dancing around in a circle.

V) rrk (כרר KRR) - Dance: KJV (2): (vf: Pilpel, Participle) dance - Strongs: H3769 (כָּרַר)

C) rka (אכר AKR) AC: Dig CO: Farmer AB: ?

Nm ) rka (אכר AKR) - Farmer: One who digs the ground for growing crops. KJV (7): husbandman, plowman - Strongs: H406 (אִכָּר)

D) rak (כאר KAR) AC: ? CO: Pit AB: ?

V) rak (כאר KAR) - Deep: To make a deep engraving in a tablet or stone. Also to give a deep explanation. [df: rab] KJV (3): (vf: Piel) plain, plainly, declare - Strongs: H874 (בָּאַר)

Nf ) rak (כאר KAR) - Pit: A dug out hole, usually a well or cistern. [df: rab] KJV (37): well, pit, slimepit - Strongs: H875 (בְּאֵר)

gm ) rafk (כואר KWAR) - Pit: A dug out hole. [df: rab] KJV (2): cistern - Strongs: H877 (בּאֹר)

F) rke (הכר HKR) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Wrong: [Unknown connection to root]

V) rke (הכר HKR) - Wrong: KJV (1): (vf: Hiphil) strange - Strongs: H1970 (הָכַר)

Nf1) erke (הכרה HKRH) - Look: KJV (1): shew - Strongs: H1971 (הַכָּרָה)

H) erk (כרה KRH) AC: Dig CO: ? AB: Prepare

V) erk (כרה KRH) - I. Dig:[Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Prepare:To prepare a banquet or feast. [Unknown connection to root] KJV (21): (vf: Paal, Niphal) dig, make, pierce, open, grieve - Strongs: H3735 (כְּרָה), H3738 (כָּרָה), H3739 (כָּרָה)

Nf1) erk (כרה KRH) - Preparation: [Unknown connection to root] KJV (1): provision - Strongs: H3741 (כָּרָה)

J) rfk (כור KWR) AC: Dig CO: Pit AB: ?

V) rfk (כור KWR) - I. Dig:[df: rwq]II. Examine:To look deeply. [df: rwb]KJV (7): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Pilpel) declare, dig, cast out, destroy, break down - Strongs: H952 (בּוּר), H6979 (קוּר)

Nm ) rfk (כור KWR) - I. Pit:A hole, well or cistern that is dug out. [df: rwb rwx rx]II. Furnace:A hollow box formed out of brick or clay for cooking. III. Kor:A standard of measure. KJV (96): pit, cistern, well, dungeon, fountain, measure, cor - Strongs: H953 (בּוֹר), H2352 (חוּר), H2356 (חוֹר), H3564 (כּוּר), H3734 (כֹּר)

am) rfkm (מכור MKWR) - Fountain: A spring that comes out of a hole in the ground. [df: rwqm rqm] KJV (18): fountain, spring, wellspring, issue, well - Strongs: H4726 (מָקֹר)

em ) rfik (כיור KYWR) - I. Pot:As a dug out container. [df: ryk]II. Platform:[Unknown connection to root] KJV (23): laver, scaffold, pan, hearth - Strongs: H3595 (כִּיֹּר)

kf1) erfkm (מכורה MKWRH) - Birth: A coming out of a hole. KJV (3): birth, nativity, habitation - Strongs: H4351 (מְכֹרָה)

M) rik (כיר KYR) AC: ? CO: Furnace AB: ?: A hollowed out object.

Nm) rik (כיר KYR) - Furnace: A hollow box formed out of brick or clay for cooking. KJV (1): range - Strongs: H3600 (כִּיר)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 II. [כָּרָה] verb get by trade, trade (Late Hebrew כִּירָה act of buying, purchase (so 'in den Küstenländern,' Levy NWB ii. 323f.); Arabic let for hire); — only

Qal Imperfect 1 singular suffix וָאֶכְּרֶהָ Hosea 3:2 (dagesh forte dirimens, si vera punctat., Ges§ 20. 2, b; but compare We); 3 masculine plural יִכְרוּ Job 40:30; 2 masculine plural תִּכְרוּ Deuteronomy 2:6; Job 6:27; — get by trade, buy, with accusative Hosea 3:2; Deuteronomy 2:6; followed by -עַל trade in, make trade of Job 6:27; Job 40:30.

III. [כָּרָה] verb give a feast (literally perhaps bring (guests), invite; compare Assyrian karû, bring, kirêtu, feast, kireti iškun, he gave a feast, Dl :HWB 352); — only

Qal Imperfect. with accusative of congnate meaning with verb, לָהֶם כֵּרָה גְדוֺלָהוַיִּכְרֶה 2 Kings 6:23 and he gave a great feast for them (the context requires this sense, but text dubious, Nö ZMG 1886,724, compare Klo).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

כָּרָה to dig (Ch. כְּרָא and Arab. كرا to dig the earth. Kindred roots are כּוּר No. 1, אָכַר, also קוּר and נָקַר); e.g. to dig a well, Genesis 26:25 a pit, 50:4. Hence

(a) it is figuratively applied to plots, Psalms 7:16, 57:7 119:85 Proverbs 16:27, אִישׁ בְּלִיַּעַל כֹּרֶה רָעָה “the wicked man prepares mischief.” Followed by עַל of pers. and without any word signifying ditch or pit, Job 6:27, תִּכְרוּ עַל־רֵיעֲכֶם “ye dig (pits) for your friend,” similarly in the much discussed passage, 40:30, יִכְרוּ עָלָיו חַבָּרִים “do the companions (i.e. the company of fishermen) lay snares for him (the crocodile)? do they divide him (when taken) amongst the merchants?”

(b) Psalms 40:7, אָזְנַיִם כָּרִיתָ לִּי “ears hast thou digged for me,” a poetical and also a stronger and bolder expression for the common אֹזֶן גָּלִיתָ לִי “thou hast opened the ear for me,” i.e. thou hast revealed (this) to me. [But does not this refer to the law in Exo 21:1-36, relative to the servant whose ear had been bored, and who was thus made a servant for ever?] To this answer the German phrases jemandem den Staar ftechen, i.e. to sharpen any one’s sight, to shew what he ought to see, but which, as if blind, he had not seen; jem. die Zunge löfen.

[“Niphal pass. of Kal, Psalms 94:13.”]

Derived nouns, כֵּרָה No. 1, מִכְרֶה.

II. כָּרָה

(1) to buy, i.q. מָכַר, קָנָה. Deuteronomy 2:6; Hosea 3:2. (Arab. كرَا I., III., to place, VI., VIII., X., to hire.)

(2) to make a feast, 2 Kings 6:23. (Arab. وكر to make a feast, especially on the completion of a building, also قرى to entertain as a guest, قِرًا entertainment. How these ideas are to be connected with that of buying I do not define. Perhaps costly banquets are intended, for which one’s own stores would not suffice, and thus the provision was bought elsewhere, zu denen man einkaufen muß.)

I. כֵּרָה or כָּרָה f. pl. const. כְּרֹת, pits, cisterns, root כָּרָה No. 1 (compare Genesis 26:25). Zephaniah 2:6, נְוֹת כְּרֹת רֹעִים וְגִדְרוֹת צאֹן “fields full of shepherds’ cisterns and folds for flocks.” In the word כְּרֹת allusion is made to כְּרֵתִים, verse Zephaniah 2:5.

II. כֵּרָה f. feasts, banquets, from the root כָּרָה No. II. (2). 2 Kings 6:23.

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List of Word Forms
וַיִּכְרֶ֨ה וָאֶכְּרֶ֣הָ ואכרה ויכרה תִּכְר֧וּ תכרו tichRu tiḵ·rū tiḵrū vaekkeReha vaiyichReh wā’ekkərehā wā·’ek·kə·re·hā way·yiḵ·reh wayyiḵreh
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