Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #4380 - מְכֵרָה
1) swords, weapons, devices
1a) meaning dubious
1250) rk (כר KR) AC: Dig CO: Bowl AB: ?: The pictograph k is a picture of the palm of the hand, the r is a picture of the head of a man. Combined these mean "palm of man". The palm as hollowed out. A digging. (eng: core; bore)
kf1) erkm (מכרה MKRH) - I. Cave:As a hole in the rock. [df: hrem]II. Weapon:Probably a weapon that is a digging tool or similar implement. KJV (40): cave, den, hole, habitation, army - Strongs: H4380 (מְכֵרָה), H4631 (מְעָרָה)
V) erk (כרה KRH) - I. Dig:[Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Prepare:To prepare a banquet or feast. [Unknown connection to root] KJV (21): (vf: Paal, Niphal) dig, make, pierce, open, grieve - Strongs: H3735 (כְּרָה), H3738 (כָּרָה), H3739 (כָּרָה)
Nm ) rfk (כור KWR) - I. Pit:A hole, well or cistern that is dug out. [df: rwb rwx rx]II. Furnace:A hollow box formed out of brick or clay for cooking. III. Kor:A standard of measure. KJV (96): pit, cistern, well, dungeon, fountain, measure, cor - Strongs: H953 (בּוֹר), H2352 (חוּר), H2356 (חוֹר), H3564 (כּוּר), H3734 (כֹּר)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
מְכֵרָה (with Tzere impure) f. once plur. מְכֵרוֹת, [“perhaps”] swords, so called from piercing through (Gr. μάχαιρα), see the root כוּר No. I.; hence, Genesis 49:5, כְּלֵי חָמָס מְכֵרֹתֵיהֶם “weapons of outrage (are) their swords.” Jerome, arma eorum. This interpretation has been advanced by Jewish writers, amongst others by R. Eliezer, in Pirke Avoth, c. 38, יעקב קלל את חרכם בלשון יונית “Jacob cursed their sword (that of Levi and Simeon) in the Greek language.” But we must not, however, contemn the opinion of L. de Dieu, in Critica Sacra ad h. l., and of Ludolf, in Lex. Eth. p. 87, who, by a comparison with the Arab. مكر to plot, to devise, and መከሩ፡ to consult, ምክር፡ counsel, translate the word wicked counsels, devices; and this is not hindered by the Tzere [not] being pure, see Lehrg. p. 595.
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