the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #1970 - הָכַר
1) (Hiphil) to deal wrongly with
1250) rk (כר KR) AC: Dig CO: Bowl AB: ?: The pictograph k is a picture of the palm of the hand, the r is a picture of the head of a man. Combined these mean "palm of man". The palm as hollowed out. A digging. (eng: core; bore)
A) rk (כר KR) AC: ? CO: Hollow AB: ?
Nm ) rk (כר KR) - I. Hollow:The hollow hump of a camel or a pasture in a hollow. II. Lamb:One of the pasture. III. Captain:KJV (16): lamb, pasture, ram, furniture, captain - Strongs: H3733 (כַּר)
Nf1) erk (כרה KRH) - I. Pasture:As a hollowed out valley. II. Mole:A digger. [df: hrp] KJV (2): cottage, mole - Strongs: H3740 (כֵּרָה), H6512 (פֵּרוֹת)
fm ) irk (כרי KRY) - Captain: [Unknown connection to root] KJV (3): captain - Strongs: H3746 (כָּרִי)
kf1) erkm (מכרה MKRH) - I. Cave:As a hole in the rock. [df: hrem]II. Weapon:Probably a weapon that is a digging tool or similar implement. KJV (40): cave, den, hole, habitation, army - Strongs: H4380 (מְכֵרָה), H4631 (מְעָרָה)
lf1 ) erkrk (כרכרה KRKRH) - Camel: As with a hollow hump. KJV (1): beast - Strongs: H3753 (כִּרְכָּרָה)
B) rrk (כרר KRR) AC: Dance CO: ? AB: ?: A leaping or dancing around in a circle.
V) rrk (כרר KRR) - Dance: KJV (2): (vf: Pilpel, Participle) dance - Strongs: H3769 (כָּרַר)
C) rka (אכר AKR) AC: Dig CO: Farmer AB: ?
Nm ) rka (אכר AKR) - Farmer: One who digs the ground for growing crops. KJV (7): husbandman, plowman - Strongs: H406 (אִכָּר)
D) rak (כאר KAR) AC: ? CO: Pit AB: ?
V) rak (כאר KAR) - Deep: To make a deep engraving in a tablet or stone. Also to give a deep explanation. [df: rab] KJV (3): (vf: Piel) plain, plainly, declare - Strongs: H874 (בָּאַר)
Nf ) rak (כאר KAR) - Pit: A dug out hole, usually a well or cistern. [df: rab] KJV (37): well, pit, slimepit - Strongs: H875 (בְּאֵר)
gm ) rafk (כואר KWAR) - Pit: A dug out hole. [df: rab] KJV (2): cistern - Strongs: H877 (בּאֹר)
F) rke (הכר HKR) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Wrong: [Unknown connection to root]
V) rke (הכר HKR) - Wrong: KJV (1): (vf: Hiphil) strange - Strongs: H1970 (הָכַר)
Nf1) erke (הכרה HKRH) - Look: KJV (1): shew - Strongs: H1971 (הַכָּרָה)
H) erk (כרה KRH) AC: Dig CO: ? AB: Prepare
V) erk (כרה KRH) - I. Dig:[Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Prepare:To prepare a banquet or feast. [Unknown connection to root] KJV (21): (vf: Paal, Niphal) dig, make, pierce, open, grieve - Strongs: H3735 (כְּרָה), H3738 (כָּרָה), H3739 (כָּרָה)
Nf1) erk (כרה KRH) - Preparation: [Unknown connection to root] KJV (1): provision - Strongs: H3741 (כָּרָה)
J) rfk (כור KWR) AC: Dig CO: Pit AB: ?
V) rfk (כור KWR) - I. Dig:[df: rwq]II. Examine:To look deeply. [df: rwb]KJV (7): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Pilpel) declare, dig, cast out, destroy, break down - Strongs: H952 (בּוּר), H6979 (קוּר)
Nm ) rfk (כור KWR) - I. Pit:A hole, well or cistern that is dug out. [df: rwb rwx rx]II. Furnace:A hollow box formed out of brick or clay for cooking. III. Kor:A standard of measure. KJV (96): pit, cistern, well, dungeon, fountain, measure, cor - Strongs: H953 (בּוֹר), H2352 (חוּר), H2356 (חוֹר), H3564 (כּוּר), H3734 (כֹּר)
am) rfkm (מכור MKWR) - Fountain: A spring that comes out of a hole in the ground. [df: rwqm rqm] KJV (18): fountain, spring, wellspring, issue, well - Strongs: H4726 (מָקֹר)
em ) rfik (כיור KYWR) - I. Pot:As a dug out container. [df: ryk]II. Platform:[Unknown connection to root] KJV (23): laver, scaffold, pan, hearth - Strongs: H3595 (כִּיֹּר)
kf1) erfkm (מכורה MKWRH) - Birth: A coming out of a hole. KJV (3): birth, nativity, habitation - Strongs: H4351 (מְכֹרָה)
M) rik (כיר KYR) AC: ? CO: Furnace AB: ?: A hollowed out object.
Nm) rik (כיר KYR) - Furnace: A hollow box formed out of brick or clay for cooking. KJV (1): range - Strongs: H3600 (כִּיר)
- A2436 Rqn (Pierce, Fissure)
- A2719 Roq (Dish)
- A2258 Rkk (Round)
- A2192 Rph (Dig, Mole)
- A2198 Rqh (Examine)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Hiph`il (Ges§ 53 R. 4 Kö i. 251) Imperfect 2 masculine plural תַּהְכְּרוּ in phrase לֹאתֵֿבשׁוּתַהְכְּרוּלִֿי Job 19:3, sense very dubious; Schult Thes De and others (as Hiph`il) ye came me (לְ = accusative) to wonder (compare Arabic ); others (as Qal) ye deal hardy with, wrong me (so context seems rather to require, see Ges in Add84 Rob-Ges Ew Di Da RV; compare Arabic wrong, detract from; Manuscripts read תחכרו, which is preferable, if this meaning be adopted; ᵐ5 ἑπίκεισθέ μοι, ᵑ9 opprimentes); conjectures are תְּחָֽרְפוּ Ol Hiob; תַּחַבְרוּ אֵלָ֑י Me; Siegf תִּתְחַבְּרוּ.
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הָכַר in Kal not used. [See added note below.] Arab. هَكَرَ and هَكِرَ to be stupified, to be stunned, Kamûs i. 691, العَجَبُ اوأَشَدُّهُ admiration, or, most vehement admiration, i.e. stupor. Kimchi, after R. Jonah תמיהה גדלה great admiration. Alb. Schultens (on Job 19:3) thought the original idea to be that of being stiff, rigid, but considered it worthy of more examination; I have no doubt but that it is that of beating, pounding, comparing it with the primitive syllable חך, הק, in which there is the sense of beating, cutting, with a stroke; compare the kindred verbs חָקַק, חָקַר, هَقَّ and חָכַל, חָכַם which see.
[“Once fut. Kal, or (Heb. Gramm. § 52, note 4)”]
Hiphil, to stun, to stupify; Job 19:3, לֹא תֵבוֹשׁוּ תַּהְכְּרוּ לִי “ye are not ashamed, ye stun me,” LXX. οὐκ αἰσχυνόμενοί με ἐπίκεισθέ μοι, Jerome, et non erubescitur opprimentes me; fchaamlos übertäubet ihr mich, as rightly given by Cromayer, Schultens in Animadverss.-תַּהְכְּרוּ seems to stand for תַּהְכִּירוּ (compare וַיַּדְרְכוּ Jeremiah 9:2). It may even be taken for the fut. Kal, but on account of the dative לִי, which particularly often follows verbs in Hiphil (Lehrg. p. 817), the common opinion appears to me to be preferable.
[“Better perhaps to assign to הָכַר the force of Arab. خكر to injure, to litigate pertinaciously; whence in Job l. c. shameless ye injure me. Several MSS. read תַּחְכְּרוּ.” Ges. corr.]
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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