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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #1970 - הָכַר
1) (Hiphil) to deal wrongly with
1250) rk (כר KR) AC: Dig CO: Bowl AB: ?: The pictograph k is a picture of the palm of the hand, the r is a picture of the head of a man. Combined these mean "palm of man". The palm as hollowed out. A digging. (eng: core; bore)
kf1) erkm (מכרה MKRH) - I. Cave:As a hole in the rock. [df: hrem]II. Weapon:Probably a weapon that is a digging tool or similar implement. KJV (40): cave, den, hole, habitation, army - Strongs: H4380 (מְכֵרָה), H4631 (מְעָרָה)
V) erk (כרה KRH) - I. Dig:[Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Prepare:To prepare a banquet or feast. [Unknown connection to root] KJV (21): (vf: Paal, Niphal) dig, make, pierce, open, grieve - Strongs: H3735 (כְּרָה), H3738 (כָּרָה), H3739 (כָּרָה)
Nm ) rfk (כור KWR) - I. Pit:A hole, well or cistern that is dug out. [df: rwb rwx rx]II. Furnace:A hollow box formed out of brick or clay for cooking. III. Kor:A standard of measure. KJV (96): pit, cistern, well, dungeon, fountain, measure, cor - Strongs: H953 (בּוֹר), H2352 (חוּר), H2356 (חוֹר), H3564 (כּוּר), H3734 (כֹּר)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
הָכַר in Kal not used. [See added note below.] Arab. هَكَرَ and هَكِرَ to be stupified, to be stunned, Kamûs i. 691, العَجَبُ اوأَشَدُّهُ admiration, or, most vehement admiration, i.e. stupor. Kimchi, after R. Jonah תמיהה גדלה great admiration. Alb. Schultens (on Job 19:3) thought the original idea to be that of being stiff, rigid, but considered it worthy of more examination; I have no doubt but that it is that of beating, pounding, comparing it with the primitive syllable חך, הק, in which there is the sense of beating, cutting, with a stroke; compare the kindred verbs חָקַק, חָקַר, هَقَّ and חָכַל, חָכַם which see.
[“Once fut. Kal, or (Heb. Gramm. § 52, note 4)”]
Hiphil, to stun, to stupify; Job 19:3, לֹא תֵבוֹשׁוּ תַּהְכְּרוּ לִי “ye are not ashamed, ye stun me,” LXX. οὐκ αἰσχυνόμενοί με ἐπίκεισθέ μοι, Jerome, et non erubescitur opprimentes me; fchaamlos übertäubet ihr mich, as rightly given by Cromayer, Schultens in Animadverss.-תַּהְכְּרוּ seems to stand for תַּהְכִּירוּ (compare וַיַּדְרְכוּ Jeremiah 9:2). It may even be taken for the fut. Kal, but on account of the dative לִי, which particularly often follows verbs in Hiphil (Lehrg. p. 817), the common opinion appears to me to be preferable.
[“Better perhaps to assign to הָכַר the force of Arab. خكر to injure, to litigate pertinaciously; whence in Job l. c. shameless ye injure me. Several MSS. read תַּחְכְּרוּ.” Ges. corr.]
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