Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #4117 - מָהַר

a primitive root (perhaps rather the same as (G4116) through the idea of readiness in assent)
Parts of Speech
Search for…
Browse by letter:
Prev Entry
Next Entry

1) to obtain or acquire by paying purchase price, give a dowry

1a) (Qal) to obtain in exchange

Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (2)
Exodus 2
NAS (3)
Exodus 2
Psalms 1
HCS (3)
Exodus 2
Psalms 1
BSB (2)
Exodus 2
WEB (0)
WEB (2)
Exodus 2
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1296) rm (מר MR) AC: ? CO: Bitter AB: Weak: The pictograph m is a picture of water, the r is a picture of a head. Combined these mean "water head" or headwaters. (eng: marine; marsh)

A) rm (מר MR) AC: ? CO: Bitter AB: ?: The headwaters of a river are only a trickle and have stagnant pools causing the water to be bitter. Something that is bitter of taste or attitude. Rebellion is one with a bitter attitude.

Nm) rm (מר MR) - I. Bitter: II. Trickle:From the little water at the headwaters of a river. KJV (39): bitter, bitterness, bitterly, chafed, angry, discontented, heavy - Strongs: H4751 (מַר), H4752 (מַר)

Nf1) erm (מרה MRH) - Bitterness: KJV (1): bitterness - Strongs: H4787 (מָרָּה)

fm) irm (מרי MRY) - Bitter: KJV (23): rebellious, rebellion, bitter, rebel - Strongs: H4805 (מְרִי)

km) rmm (ממר MMR) - Bitterness: KJV (1): bitterness - Strongs: H4470 (מֶמֶר)

B) rrm (מרר MRR) AC: ? CO: Bitter AB: ?: The headwaters of a river are only a trickle and have stagnant pools causing the water to be bitter. Rebellion is one with a bitter attitude.

V) rrm (מרר MRR) - Bitter: KJV (16): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Piel) bitterness, bitter, bitterly, choler, grieve, provoke, vex - Strongs: H4843 (מָרַר)

Nf1) errm (מררה MRRH) - Bile: The bitter stomach fluid. KJV (1): gall - Strongs: H4845 (מְרֵרָה)

bf3) tfrirm (מרירות MRYRWT) - Bitter: Bitterness KJV (1): bitterness - Strongs: H4814 (מְרִירוּת)

cm) rfrm (מרור MRWR) - Bitter: KJV (3): bitter, bitterness - Strongs: H4844 (מְרוֹר)

cf1) erfrm (מרורה MRWRH) - Venom: The bitter fluids of a serpent. KJV (4): gall, bitter - Strongs: H4846 (מְרוֹרָה)

acm) rfrmm (ממרור MMRWR) - Bitter: KJV (1): bitterness - Strongs: H4472 (מַמְּרֹרִים)

bfm) irirm (מרירי MRYRY) - Bitter: KJV (1): bitter - Strongs: H4815 (מְרִירִי)

idm) rfrmt (תמרור TMRWR) - Bitter: KJV (3): bitter, bitterly - Strongs: H8563 (תַּמְרוּרִים)

C) rma (אמר AMR) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Weak: A weakness from a bitter sickness.

V) rma (אמר AMR) - Weak: [df: lma] KJV (16): (vf: Paal) languish, feeble, weak - Strongs: H535 (אָמַל)

Nm ) rma (אמר AMR) - Weak: [df: llma] KJV (1): feeble - Strongs: H537 (אֲמֵלָל)

em ) rmia (אימר AYMR) - Lamb: A weak animal. [Aramaic only] KJV (3): lamb - Strongs: H563 (אִמַּר)

om) rmfa (אומר AWMR) - Weak: [df: llma] KJV (1): weak - Strongs: H536 (אֻמְלַל)

D) ram (מאר MAR) AC: Irritate CO: ? AB: ?: A bitter irritation from disease.

V) ram (מאר MAR) - Irritate: KJV (4): (vf: Hiphil) fretting, pricking - Strongs: H3992 (מָאַר)

F) rme (המר HMR) AC: ? CO: Pit AB: ?: The bitterness of the water in a stagnant pit.

af1) ermem (מהמרה MHMRH) - Pit: A deep hole. KJV (1): deep pit - Strongs: H4113 (מַהֲמֹרוֹת)

G) rem (מהר MHR) AC: Hurry CO: ? AB: ?: [Unknown connection to root]

V) rem (מהר MHR) - I. Hurry: II. Purchase:To pay the price for a wife. [Unknown connection to root] KJV (66): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Piel) haste, swift, quick, soon, speed, headlong, rash, fearful, ready, short, straightway, suddenly, endow - Strongs: H4116 (מָהַר), H4117 (מָהַר)

Nm) rem (מהר MHR) - Quickly: KJV (18): quickly, speedily, hastily, soon, suddenly, at once - Strongs: H4118 (מַהֵר)

Nf1) erem (מהרה MHRH) - Quickly: KJV (20): quickly, speedily, speed, soon, swiftly, hastily, shortly - Strongs: H4120 (מְהֵרָה)

bm) riem (מהיר MHYR) - Ready: In the sense of being quick. KJV (4): ready, diligent, hasting - Strongs: H4106 (מָהִר)

gm) refm (מוהר MWHR) - Dowry: [Unknown connection to root] KJV (3): dowry - Strongs: H4119 (מֹהַר)

H) erm (מרה MRH) AC: ? CO: Bitter AB: ?

V) erm (מרה MRH) - Bitter: To be bitter or rebellious. KJV (44): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) rebel, rebellious, provoke, disobedient, against, bitter, change, disobey, grievously, provocation - Strongs: H4784 (מָרָה)

gm) erfm (מורה MWRH) - I. Razor:[Unknown connection to root] II. Archer:One who throws an arrow. III. Razor:[Unknown connection to root] KJV (3): razor - Strongs: H4177 (מוֹרָה)

J) rfm (מור MWR) AC: Exchange CO: ? AB: ?: [Unknown connection to root]

V) rfm (מור MWR) - Exchange: KJV (14): (vf: Niphal, Hiphil) change, remove, exchange - Strongs: H4171 (מוּר)

Nm) rfm (מור MWR) - Myrrh: A sweet smelling spice. Used as an exchange due to its monetary value. KJV (12): myrrh - Strongs: H4753 (מוֹר)

Nf1) erfm (מורה MWRH) - Grief: As an exchange. KJV (1): grief - Strongs: H4786 (מֹרָה)

if1) erfmt (תמורה TMWRH) - Exchange: KJV (6): exchange, change, recompense, restitution - Strongs: H8545 (תְּמוּרָה)

L) rmi (ימר YMR) AC: ? CO: Exchange AB: ?: [Unknown connection to root]

V) rmi (ימר YMR) - Exchange: KJV (2): (vf: Hiphil, Hitpael) change, boast - Strongs: H3235 (יָמַר)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2023
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 III. [מָהַר]

verb denominative acquire by paying purchase-price (Arabic give a dowry, marry for a ; compare Gerber Verb. denominative 12 Buhl SS); —

Qal Perfect 3 plural מָהָ֑רוּ Psalm 16:4 usually obtain another in exchange (or, by paying a price, compare Che), but text dubious; Imperfect 3 masculine singular suffix+ Infinitive absolute מָהֹר יִמְהָרֶנָּה לוֺ לְאִשָּׁה Exodus 22:15 (E).

ַ˜מהֲתַלּוֺת see תלל.

I. מו a paragogic syllable, attached to בְּ, כְּ, לְ (q. v.), so as to form with them independent words, בְּמוֺ, כְּמוֺ, לְמוֺ (q. v.) These forms, except sometimes כְּמוֺ, are exclusively poetical. In origin מוֺ is identical with מָה what, Arabic , which is used similarly, pleonastically, with certain prefixes, e.g. , , . See Qor 3:153; 71:25; Fl Kl. Schr. i. 473f., 479,558; W AG ii. § 70, Rem. f; SG 126f.; Kö ii. 250f.; and compare Ethiopic , Syriac , Sabean בנמו = , DHM ZDMG 1883,396f., Hom Chrest. § 18.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition


(1)  to hasten, in Kal once, Psalms 16:4.

(2) to be quick, skilful in any art or business. Arab. مهر to be diligent, acute-minded, see Pi. No. 2, and מָהִיר.

Piel מִהַר

(1) to hasten

(a) to quicken, Isaiah 5:19, to bring quickly. Genesis 18:6, מַהֲרִי שְׁלשׁ סְאִים קֶמַח “bring quickly three seahs of flour;” 1 Kings 22:9.

(b) followed by a finite verb, either with or without the copula, to do any thing quickly, where, in the western languages, the adverb quickly, speedily, would be used, 1 Samuel 17:48; Genesis 19:22, מַהֵר הִמָּלֵט “make haste, escape,” i.q. escape quickly, followed by an infinitive or gerund, Exodus 10:16; Genesis 27:20, מַה־זֶּה מִהַרְתָּ לִמְצאֹ “how then hast thou found it so quickly?” Exodus 2:18. מַהֵר adv. quickly, Judges 2:17, 23 Judges 2:23; Psalms 79:8.

(2) to be prompt, apt in any thing, Isaiah 32:4.

Niphal נִמְהַר properly to be precipitate. Job 5:13, עֲצַת נִפְתָּלִים נִמְהָֽרָה “the counsel of the cunning is headlong,” i.e. being hastily executed it is frustrated. Part. נִמְהַר

(1) headlong, rash, Isaiah 63:4.

(2) impetuous, rushing on precipitately; Germ. ungeftüm, Habakkuk 1:6.

(3) timid, precipitate in flight, Isaiah 35:4.

Derivatives, מָהִיר, מַהֵר, מְהֵרָה [pr.n. מַהֲרַי].


מָהַר to buy, specially a wife, for a price paid to the parents (מֹהַר). Kindred verbs are מוּר which see, and with ה hardened מָחַר, מָכַר, Exodus 22:15.

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available
List of Word Forms
יִמְהָרֶ֥נָּה ימהרנה מָהֹ֛ר מהר mā·hōr maHor māhōr yim·hā·ren·nāh yimhaRennah yimhārennāh