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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #4522 - מִס

Transliteration
maç
Phonetics
mas, mees
Root Word (Etymology)
from (H4549)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TWOT
1218
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מַס
Definition   
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) gang or body of forced labourers, task-workers, labour band or gang, forced service, task-work, serfdom, tributary, tribute, levy, taskmasters, discomfited

1a) labour-band, labour-gang, slave gang

1b) gang-overseers

1c) forced service, serfdom, tribute, enforced payment

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2041 ‑ ἔργον (er'‑gon);  2275 ‑ ἥττημα (hayt'‑tay‑mah);  5056 ‑ τέλος (tel'‑os);  5411 ‑ φόρος (for'‑os);  5255 ‑ ὑπήκοος (hoop‑ay'‑ko‑os);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (23)
Genesis 1
Exodus 1
Deuteronomy 1
Joshua 2
Judges 4
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 7
2 Chronicles 2
Esther 1
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 1
Lamentations 1
NAS (42)
Genesis 2
Deuteronomy 2
Joshua 3
Judges 8
2 Samuel 2
1 Kings 14
2 Chronicles 4
Esther 1
Proverbs 2
Isaiah 2
Lamentations 2
HCS (23)
Genesis 1
Exodus 1
Deuteronomy 1
Joshua 2
Judges 4
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 7
2 Chronicles 2
Esther 1
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 1
Lamentations 1
BSB (23)
Genesis 1
Exodus 1
Deuteronomy 1
Joshua 2
Judges 4
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 7
2 Chronicles 2
Esther 1
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 1
Lamentations 1
ESV (21)
Genesis 1
Deuteronomy 1
Joshua 2
Judges 4
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 6
2 Chronicles 2
Esther 1
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 1
Lamentations 1
WEB (23)
Genesis 1
Exodus 1
Deuteronomy 1
Joshua 2
Judges 4
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 7
2 Chronicles 2
Esther 1
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 1
Lamentations 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1291) xm (מס MS) AC: Melt CO: ? AB: Affliction: The dissolving or melting away of something.

A) xm (מס MS) AC: Dissolve CO: ? AB: Affliction: A wasting or fainting away due to an outside force.

Nm) xm (מס MS) - I. Afflicted: II. Task work:A group of workers under forced labor. KJV (24): afflict, tribute, tributary, levy, discomfit, taskmaster - Strongs: H4522 (מִס), H4523 (מַס)

Nf1) exm (מסה MSH) - Tribute: An offering. KJV (1): tribute - Strongs: H4530 (מִסָּה)

im) xmt (תמס TMS) - Melt: KJV (1): melt - Strongs: H8557 (תֶּמֶס)

B) xxm (מסס MSS) AC: Melt CO: ? AB: ?

V) xxm (מסס MSS) - Melt: A melting of something from heat. Also the melting of the heart through fear or discouragement. KJV (21): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Participle) melt, faint, discouraged, loose, molten, refuse - Strongs: H4549 (מָסַס)

D) xam (מאס MAS) AC: Dissolve CO: ? AB: ?

V) xam (מאס MAS) - Dissolve: To make something dissolve away. Also to dissolve something through refusal. KJV (76): (vf: Paal, Niphal) despise, refuse, reject, abhor, - Strongs: H3988 (מָאַס)

cm) xfam (מאוס MAWS) - Dissolve: Something that is dissolved through refusal. KJV (1): refuse - Strongs: H3973 (מָאוֹס)

F) xme (המס HMS) AC: Melt CO: ? AB: ?

Nm ) xme (המס HMS) - Melt: KJV (1): melting - Strongs: H2003 (הֲמָסִים)

H) exm (מסה MSH) AC: Melt CO: ? AB: ?

V) exm (מסה MSH) - Melt: KJV (4): (vf: Hiphil) melt, consume, water - Strongs: H4529 (מָסָה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. מַס noun masculine 1 Kings 5:27 usually

collective body of forced labourers, task-workers, labour-band or gang, also (late) forced service, task-work, serfdom ( ᵑ7מִסָּא, especially in phrase מַסְּקֵי מִיסִּין (implying late and [for Biblical Hebrew] false sense 'tribute,' so Late Hebrew מַעֲלֵי מָסִּים; √ unknown, probably loan-word; follows analogue of ע׳׳ע); — absolute ׳מ 1 Kings 5:27 +; לָמַ֑ס Joshua 17:13 +; הַמַּ֑ס 2 Samuel 20:24 +; plural מִסִּים Exodus 1:11; —

1 labour-band, labour-gang, body of task-workers for public service, formed by levy upon the people by Solomon וַיַּ֫עַל הַמֶּלֶךְשׁלֹמֹה מַס מִכָּליִֿשְׂרָאֵל 1 Kings 5:27, amounting to 30,000 men v. 1 Kings 5:27; אֲשֶׁר הֶעֱלָה׳הַמּ 1 Kings 9:15; ׳וַיַּעֲלֵם שׁלְמַס עֹבֵד 1 Kings 9:21 and Solomon levied them for a toiling labour-band (compare Genesis 49:15; Joshua 16:10) = ׳לְמַס וַיַּעֲלֵם שׁ 2 Chronicles 8:8; apparently instituted, earlier, by David, compare וַאֲדֹרָם עַלהַֿמַּ֑ס 2 Samuel 20:24, i.e. had charge of the body of labourers, Song of Solomon 1Kings 4:6; 1 Kings 5:28; 1 Kings 12:18 2 Chronicles 10:18.

2. a. of labour-bands, slave-gangs of Israel in Egypt, only שָׂרֵי מִסִּים Exodus 1:11 (J) gang-overseers.

b. of conquered populations, subject to forced labour:יִהְיוּ לְךָ לָמַס וַעֲבָדוּךָ Deuteronomy 20:11 compare Judges 1:30,33,35 (see GFM), Isaiah 31:8; Lamentations 1:1; so ויהי לְמַסעֹבֵד Joshua 16:10 (compare Genesis 49:15; 1 Kings 9:21); וַיִתְּנוּ אֶתהַֿכְּנַעֲנִילָמַ֑ס Joshua 17:13, compare (׳וַיָּ֫שֶׂם וגו) Judges 1:28.

3 in General: וַיְהִי לְמַסעֹֿבֵד Genesis 49:15 and he (Issachar) became a slaving labour-band (poem in J; compare Joshua 16:10; 1 Kings 9:21); compare רְמִיָּה תִּהְיֶה לָמַ֑ס Proverbs 12:24 (here apparently of individual)

4 forced service, serfdom (or possibly (in late passage) tribute = enforced payment, compare Late Hebrew, ᵑ7, see above), only of Ahasuerus: ׳וַיָּשֶׂם הַמֶּלֶךְ מַס עַלהָֿאָרֶץ וגו Esther 10:1.

II. מַס see מסס. מֵסַב, מֵסֵב see סבב.

מַסְגֵּר, מִסְגֶּ֫רֶת see סגר.

מַסַּד see יסד. [מִסְדְּרוֺן] see סדר


Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
List of Word Forms
הַמַּ֑ס הַמַּ֔ס הַמַּ֜ס הַמַּֽס׃ המס המס׃ לְמַ֔ס לְמַס־ לָמַ֑ס לָמַ֖ס לָמַ֥ס לָמַֽס׃ למס למס־ למס׃ מִסִּ֔ים מַ֖ס מַ֛ס מס מסים ham·mas hammas lā·mas laMas lāmas lə·mas lə·mas- lemas ləmas ləmas- mas mis·sîm misSim missîm
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