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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #5255 - ὑπήκοος
hearkening, ἀμφοτέροισι perh. answering with both gifts, AP 9.46 (Antip. Thess.); a hearer, scholar, Poll. 4.44, Iamb. VP 26.121.
II obeying, subject, c. gen., Πέρσας Μήδων ὑπηκόους ἐποίησε Hdt. 1.102, cf. 4.167, 7.111, 149, A. Pers. 234, 242 (both troch.), Th. 4.78, 6.20, etc.; ὑ. τῶν νόμων Arist. EN 1102a10.
2. c. dat., E. Heracl. 287, X. Cyr. 2.4.22; ἅπαντα τῷ πλουτεῖν ὑπήκοα Ar. Pl. 146; γλῶττα ὑ. τῷ λογισμῷ Plu. 2.90b; also ναυσὶ καὶ οὐ φόρῳ ὑ. liable to furnish.. (cf. ὑποτελής), Th. 7.57; τροφὴ ὑ. τῇ πέψει easy of digestion, Plu. 2.661b; ὕλη ὑ. phlegm easily brought up, Steph. in Hp. 1.181 D.
III abs. as Subst., ὑπήκοοι, οἱ, subjects, X. HG 4.1.36, etc.; ἡ ὑ. (sc. χώρα) D.C. 36.53; τὸ ὑ. = οἱ ὑ., τὸ ὑ. τῶν ξυμμάχων Th. 6.69, cf. D.C. 37.25, etc.; the subject allies of Athens were called ὑπήκοοι, opp. αὐτόνομοι, Th. 7.57, cf. 6.22, 8.2.
ὑπήκοος , -ον
(< ὑπακσύω ),
[in LXX: John 17:13 (לָמַם ) Proverbs 21:28 (H8085), etc.;]
giving ear, obedient, subject: Philippians 2:8; c. dat. pers., Acts 7:39; εἰς πάντα , 2 Corinthians 2:9.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
";envy"; : cf. P Ryl II. 144.21 (A.D. 38) ἔτι δὲ καὶ ἐτόλμησεν πθόνους (l. φθόνου) μοι ἐπαγαγεῖν αἰτίας τοῦ μὴ ὄντος, ";moreover he had the audacity to bring baseless accusations of malice against me"; (Edd.), P Oxy II. 237vi. 21 (A.D. 186) ἐπὶ φθ ̣όνῳ μο ̣ν ̣ο ̣ν ̣ [λο ]ιδορούμενος, ";but malice was the root of his abuse"; (Edd. : but see their note ad l.), ib. III. 533.14 (ii/iii A.D.) ἵ [ν ]α μὴ ἔχωμεν στομάχου [ς ] ηδὲ φθόνον, ";that we may not be caused vexation and annoyance"; (Edd.), P Thead 14.34 (iv/A.D.) οὐδὲν βεβάστακτα · ονιοι φθόνῳ περὶ κλ ̣η ̣ι ̣δ ̣ι ̣ο ̣υ ̣ κατα [γουεύουσι ̣ν, ";nothing has been taken. These accuse us from jealousy."; Hort (Jas. p. 93 f.) thinks that the difficult πρὸς φθόονον in Jas. 4:5 must be understood as = ";jealously"; or ";with jealousy"; (cf. the RV marginal renderings) : see also the elaborate note in the Revue Biblique xii. (1915), p. 35 ff., and for a suggestion to read φόνον for θόνον, see J. A. Findlay in Exp T xxxvii. (1926), p. 381 f. For Phil I.15 the commentators cite by way of illustration the comic poet Philemon. (Meineke iv. p. 55) πολλά με διδάσκεις ἀφθόνως διὰ φθόνον.
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