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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #5327 - נָצָה
1) (Qal) to fly
2) to struggle
2a) (Niphal) to struggle
2b) (Hiphil) to struggle
3) to strip off, make desolate, fall in ruins
3a) (Qal) to fall in ruins
3b) (Niphal) desolated, ruined heaps (participle)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
נָצָה unused in Kal. [The occurrences of נָצָא are referred here in Thes., and this root is not divided into two]
(1) pr. to fly, i.q. נָצָא and נָצַץ No. 3. Hence נוֹצָה pinion of birds, and Arab. نَاصِيَةُ feather of birds; hence locks of hair hanging over the forehead, and, as it were, flying. From this noun is formed
(2) Arab. نَصَا and نَصَأَ to seize any one by the locks, and Conj. III, to seize one another by the hair. Hence in Hebr. to quarrel, to strive, comp. Syr. and Chaldee ܢܨܳܙ, נְצָא i.q. Hebr. רִיב, and Arab. نطا Conj. VI, id.
Hiphil, הִצָּה to contend, to strive. Numbers 26:9, בְּהַצּוֹתָם עַל־יְיָ “when they strove with Jehovah;” hence to wage war. Psalms 60:2, בְּהַצּוֹתוֹ אֶת־אֲרָם נַהֲרַיִם “when he waged war with Mesopotamia.”
Niphal נִצָּה to strive one with another. Deuteronomy 25:11, כִּי יִנָּצוּ אֲנָשִׁים יַחְדָּו “if men strive together;” Exodus 2:13, 21:22 Leviticus 24:10; 2 Samuel 14:6.
Derivatives, נוֹצָה, מַצָּה, מַצּוּת.
II. נָצָה prop. i.q. Arab. نضا to strip off a garment from any one, to draw out a sword from the sheath (kindred to יָצָא). Hence to make a land empty, to despoil, to strip it of inhabitants (compare בָּקַק No. 1, a, נָקָה Niph.), and intrans. to be desolated. Jeremiah 4:7, עָרַיִךְ תִּצֶּינָה “thy cities shall be laid waste.” LXX. αἱ πόλεις σου καθαιρεθήσονται.
Niphal, id. Isaiah 37:26, גַּלִּים נִצִּים “desolate heaps;” 2 Kings 19:25.
This signification may be connected with the former (No. I) [as is done in Thes.], by deriving it from the idea of making war, to be laid waste, desolated in war; compare حرب to wage war, whence حَرِيبُ and مَحْرُوبُ stripped and spoiled in war.
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