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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #5401 - נָשַׁק
1) to put together, kiss
1a) (Qal) to kiss
1b) (Piel) to kiss
1c) (Hiphil) to touch gently
2) to handle, be equipped with
2a) (Qal) to be equipped
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
נָשַׁק fut. יִשֹּׁק 1 Kings 19:20, and intrans. יִשַּׁק Genesis 41:40 (see No. 1)
(1) pr. i.q. Arab. نسق to join (see Hiph.), to arrange, to put in order, Hebr. fut. A intrans. to dispose, to adjust oneself. Genesis 41:40, עַל־פִּיךָ יִשַּׁק כָּל־עַמִּי “according to thy word shall all my people dispose themselves;” as it has been well rendered by LXX., Onk., Vulg., Saad. Commonly taken from signif. No. 3, “on thy mouth shall all my people kiss,” i.e. they shall declare their fidelity, and submission; but it can hardly be maintained, that such a ceremony was used to shew submission to the minister of the king in the exercise of his functions. [But it would be just as hard to maintain the contrary position: such a ceremony may have been used, and this may be the meaning of the passage.]
(2) to arm oneself [in Thes. this signification is made a separate root, and the meaning assigned is not, to arm oneself, but to draw a bow] (whence נֶשֶׁק). 2 Chronicles 17:17, נשְׁקֵי קֶשֶׁת “those armed with bows.” Psalms 78:9, נשְׁקֵי רוֹמֵי־קֶשֶׁת prop. “the armed of the archers,” i.e. armed archers.
(3) to kiss (to join mouth to mouth), followed by a dat., Genesis 27:26; 2 Samuel 15:5 acc., Song of Solomon 1:2; 1 Samuel 20:41. Poet. used, Psalms 85:11, צֶדֶק וְשָׁלוֹם נָשָֽׁקוּ “righteousness and peace have kissed each other” (in the other member there is, have met together), i.e. are mutually connected, joined together, peace follows upon righteousness. Further, to kiss idols, is a term applied to those who worship them (which was done by kissing the hand to them, see Job 31:27, and Plin. xxviii. 2), 1 Kings 19:18; Hosea 13:2.
Piel, i.q. Kal No. 3, to kiss, Genesis 31:28, used of the kiss by which the vanquished promise fidelity and submission to the conqueror, Psalms 2:12. [The Lord Jesus Christ is here spoken of.]
Hiphil, id. Ezekiel 3:13, “the wings of the living creatures מַשִּׁיקוֹת אִשָּׁה אֶל אִשָּׁה which kissed each other,” i.e. one of which touched the other; i.q. חֹבְרוֹת אִשָּׁה אֶל אֲחוֹתָהּ Ezekiel 1:9. Compare Psalms 85:11.
Derivatives נְשִׁיקָה and
the Second Week after Epiphany