the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #5401 - נָשַׁק
1) to put together, kiss
1a) (Qal) to kiss
1b) (Piel) to kiss
1c) (Hiphil) to touch gently
2) to handle, be equipped with
2a) (Qal) to be equipped
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳נ 1 Kings 19:18; 2 Samuel 15:5; 3 feminine singular נָָֽשְׁקָה Proverbs 7:13; 3 plural נָשָׁ֑קוּ Psalm 85:11; Imperfect יִּשַּׁק Genesis 41:40, וַיִּשַּׁק Genesis 27:27 +; suffix יִשָּׁקֵ֫נִי Song of Solomon 1:2; 1 singular cohortative אֶשֳּׁקָהֿ 1 Kings 19:20; 3 masculine plural יִשָּׁק֑וּן Hosea 13:2, etc.; Imperative וּשֲׁקָה Genesis 27:26; Infinitive construct נְשָׁקֿ 2 Samuel 20:9; — kiss, usually with לְ person: Genesis 27:26,29; Genesis 50:1; Exodus 4:27 (all J), Genesis 48:10; Exodus 18:7 (both E), 2 Samuel 15:5; 2 Samuel 14:33; 2 Samuel 19:40; 2 Samuel 20:9; 1 Kings 19:20; Proverbs 7:13; Ruth 1:9,4; so of idol-worship 1 Kings 19:18 (compare We Skizzen iii. 105; Heid. 109), compare וַתִּשַּׁק יָדִי לְפִי Job 31:27 and my hand hath kissed my mouth; rarely with accusative of person 1 Samuel 20:41 (אִישׁאֶתרֵֿעֵהוּ), suffix person 1 Samuel 10:1; Canticles (+ מִגְּשִׁיקוֺת), Song of Solomon 8:1; also Genesis 33:4 וַֹיִֹּשָֹּׁקֵֹהֹוֹּ (J; Holz E; word suspicious, Di rejects); ׳עֲגָלִים יִשּׁ Hosea 13:2 claves do they kiss; שְׁפָתַיִם יִשָּׁ֑ק Proverbs 24:26 lips he kisses; absolute Psalm 85:11 (figurative, reciprocal) . — עַלמִּֿיךָ יִשַּׁק Genesis 41:40 is dubious, Di. 'to thy mouth all my people shall yield' (fit, adapt themselves, compare Arabic √), so Kau Buhl Lex, but this meaning uncertain, and text perhaps corrupt, see Di Holz).
Pi`el Imperfect 3 masculine singular וַיְנַשֵּׁק Genesis 32:1; Genesis 45:15, וַיְנַשֶּׁקֿ Genesis 29:13; Imperative masculine plural נַשְּׁקוּֿ Psalm 2:12; Infinitive construct נַשֵּׁק Genesis 31:28; — kiss =
Qal: with לְ person Genesis 29:13(J), Genesis 31:28; Genesis 32:1; Genesis 45:15 (all E); נַשְּׁקובַֿר Psalm 2:12 is dubious, compare I. בַּר a above
Hiph`il Participle מַשִּׁיקוֺתּ Ezekiel 3:13 of wings of cherubim, gently touching each other (with אֶלֿ).
II. [נָשַׁק] verb exact meaning uncertain; probably either handle, or be equipped with (compare perhaps Arabic etc., below I. נשׁק); — only
Qal Participle plural construct נשְׁקֵי: — קֶשֶׁת׳נ 1 Chronicles 12:2 equipped with the bow, Song of Solomon 2Chronicles 17:17 (+ מָגֵן); רוֺמֵי קֶשֶׁת׳נ Psalm 78:9 is difficult, ׳ר appositive of ׳נ according to Hup-Now Bae and others (Ges§ 130e); strike out רוֺמֵי as explanatory gloss Hup Hi Che Kau; strike out ver. as gloss Hup Kau Bae.
נָשַׁק fut. יִשֹּׁק 1 Kings 19:20, and intrans. יִשַּׁק Genesis 41:40 (see No. 1)
(1) pr. i.q. Arab. نسق to join (see Hiph.), to arrange, to put in order, Hebr. fut. A intrans. to dispose, to adjust oneself. Genesis 41:40, עַל־פִּיךָ יִשַּׁק כָּל־עַמִּי “according to thy word shall all my people dispose themselves;” as it has been well rendered by LXX., Onk., Vulg., Saad. Commonly taken from signif. No. 3, “on thy mouth shall all my people kiss,” i.e. they shall declare their fidelity, and submission; but it can hardly be maintained, that such a ceremony was used to shew submission to the minister of the king in the exercise of his functions. [But it would be just as hard to maintain the contrary position: such a ceremony may have been used, and this may be the meaning of the passage.]
(2) to arm oneself [in Thes. this signification is made a separate root, and the meaning assigned is not, to arm oneself, but to draw a bow] (whence נֶשֶׁק). 2 Chronicles 17:17, נשְׁקֵי קֶשֶׁת “those armed with bows.” Psalms 78:9, נשְׁקֵי רוֹמֵי־קֶשֶׁת prop. “the armed of the archers,” i.e. armed archers.
(3) to kiss (to join mouth to mouth), followed by a dat., Genesis 27:26; 2 Samuel 15:5 acc., Song of Solomon 1:2; 1 Samuel 20:41. Poet. used, Psalms 85:11, צֶדֶק וְשָׁלוֹם נָשָֽׁקוּ “righteousness and peace have kissed each other” (in the other member there is, have met together), i.e. are mutually connected, joined together, peace follows upon righteousness. Further, to kiss idols, is a term applied to those who worship them (which was done by kissing the hand to them, see Job 31:27, and Plin. xxviii. 2), 1 Kings 19:18; Hosea 13:2.
Piel, i.q. Kal No. 3, to kiss, Genesis 31:28, used of the kiss by which the vanquished promise fidelity and submission to the conqueror, Psalms 2:12. [The Lord Jesus Christ is here spoken of.]
Hiphil, id. Ezekiel 3:13, “the wings of the living creatures מַשִּׁיקוֹת אִשָּׁה אֶל אִשָּׁה which kissed each other,” i.e. one of which touched the other; i.q. חֹבְרוֹת אִשָּׁה אֶל אֲחוֹתָהּ Ezekiel 1:9. Compare Psalms 85:11.
Derivatives נְשִׁיקָה and