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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #4352 - προσκυνέω

Transliteration
proskynéō
Phonetics
pros-koo-neh'-o
Origin
from (G4314) and a probable derivative of (G2965) (meaning to kiss, like a dog licking his master's hand)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
6:758,948
Definition
Thayer's
  1. to kiss the hand to (towards) one, in token of reverence
  2. among the Orientals, esp. the Persians, to fall upon the knees and touch the ground with the forehead as an expression of profound reverence
  3. in the NT by kneeling or prostration to do homage (to one) or make obeisance, whether in order to express respect or to make supplication
    1. used of homage shown to men and beings of superior rank
      1. to the Jewish high priests
      2. to God
      3. to Christ
      4. to heavenly beings
      5. to demons
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2111 ‑ זוּעַ (zoo'‑ah);  3766 ‑ כָּרַע (kaw‑rah');  5401 ‑ נָשַׁק (naw‑shak');  5456 ‑ סָגַד (saw‑gad');  5647 ‑ עָבַד (aw‑bad');  7812 ‑ שָׁחָה (shaw‑khaw');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (65)
Matthew
13
Mark
2
Luke
3
John
12
Acts
4
1 Corinthians
1
Hebrews
3
Revelation
27
NAS (72)
Matthew
21
Mark
5
Luke
3
John
11
Acts
4
1 Corinthians
1
Hebrews
2
Revelation
25
HCS (60)
Matthew
13
Mark
2
Luke
3
John
11
Acts
4
1 Corinthians
1
Hebrews
2
Revelation
24
BSB (60)
Matthew
13
Mark
2
Luke
3
John
11
Acts
4
1 Corinthians
1
Hebrews
2
Revelation
24
ESV (54)
Matthew
11
Mark
2
Luke
1
John
11
Acts
3
1 Corinthians
1
Hebrews
1
Revelation
24
WEB (65)
Matthew
13
Mark
2
Luke
3
John
12
Acts
4
1 Corinthians
1
Hebrews
3
Revelation
27
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

προσκῠν-έω, fut. -ήσω Hippon. 32 (tm.), Pl. R. 469a: aor. προσεκύνησα X. Cyr. 5.3.18; poet. προσέκῠσα Ar. Eq. 640, imper. πρόσκυσον ib. 156, S. Ph. 776, inf. -κύσαι ib. 657, part. -κύσας ib. 533, 1408 (troch.): pf. -κεκύνηκα LXX Exodus 32:8, OGI 196.2 (Egypt, i B.C. ): Pass., pres. inf. προσκυνεῖσθαι E. Tr. 1021: aor. προσεκυνήθην Arr. An. 4.11.9: make obeisance to the gods or their images, fall down and worship, c. acc., Hdt. 2.121, etc.; γῆν τε π. ἅμα καὶ τὸν θεῶν Ὄλυμπον S. OC 1654, cf. A. Pers. 499, Ar. Eq. 156: prov., οἱ -κυνοῦντες τὴν Ἀδράστειαν σοφοί, of deprecating the wrath of Nemesis, A. Pr. 936, cf. Pl. R. 451a; τὸν φθόνον δὲ πρόσκυσον S. Ph. 776; στεῖχε προσκύσας χθόνα, to avert divine wrath, ib. 1408 (troch.); of sacred places, do reverence to, πατ ρῷα ἕδη θεῶν Id. El. 1374; τὰς θήκας Pl. R. 469b; τὴν θόλον D. 19.314: abs., Ar. Eq. 640 .

2. esp. of the Oriental fashion of prostrating oneself before kings and superiors, abs., Hdt. 1.119, 8.118: c. acc., π. τὸν Δαρεῖον make obeisance to him, Id. 3.86; προσκυνεῖν διδάσκονται τὸν βασιλέα [οἱ ἐλέφαντες ] Arist. HA 630b20; προσπίπτων π . Hdt. 1.134, cf. 7.136; πάντες σε προσκυνοῦμεν οἵδ' ἱκτήριοι S. OT 327; προσκυνῶ σ', ἄναξ, προσπίτνων E. Or. 1507 (troch.), cf. X. Cyr. 5.3.18, 8.3.14, Plu. Them. 27, Arr. l.c., etc.; κύψας ὁ λαὸς προσεκύνησεν LXX Exodus 12:27; οὐδένα ἄνθρωπον δεσπότην ἀλλὰ τοὺς θεοὺς π . X. An. 3.2.13; π. τοὺς ὑβρίζοντας ὥσπερ ἐν τοῖς βαρβάροις D. 21.106: ironically, π. τινὰ ὡς ἱερὸν καὶ θαυμαστόν Pl. R. 398a: later c. dat., LXX Genesis 24:26, al., Ev.Matthew 2:2; Matthew 2:11, Ev.John 4:23, D.C. 67.13; τῳ θεῷ J. AJ 9.13.2 . (Orig. perh. throw a kiss to the god, cf. Apul. Met. 4.28: the gesture is probably represented in Sumerian and Babylonian art monuments.)

II later, kiss, σοῦ -ήσω τὴν χεῖρα BGU 423.15 (ii A.D.); τὸ πρόσωπον, τὴν ὄψιν, τοὺς πόδας, PLond. 3.1244.4 (iv A.D.), PGiss. 22.5 (ii A.D.), PGen. 91.6 (vi/vii A.D.) .

2. greet, σπουδάζουσα -ῆσαί σε (by letter) BGU 615.8 (ii A.D.); ἔλθω πρὸς ὑμᾶς ἵνα ὑμᾶς -ήσω διὰ πολλοῦ χρόνου PLips. 110.19 (iii/iv A.D.), cf. PGiss. 17.11 (ii A.D.) .

3. welcome respectfully, respect, προσεκύνησά σου τὰ γράμματα POxy. 237 vi 37 (ii A.D.), cf. PTeb. 286.22 (ii A.D.), etc.; τὴν θείαν ἀντιγραφὴν ὑπὸ πάντων προσκυνουμένην OGI 262.27 (Baetocaece, iii A.D. ).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

προσ -κυνέω , -

(< κυνέω , to kiss),

[in LXX chiefly for H7812 hith.;]

to make obeisance, do reverence to, worship;

(a) prop. (as in cl., of the gods: Hdt., Æsch., Plat., al.), of God, Christ and supra-mundane beings: absol., John 4:20; John 12:20, Acts 8:27; Acts 24:11, Hebrews 11:21 (Westc., in l), Revelation 11:1; πίπτειν καὶ Papyri, Revelation 5:14; c. dat. (of the significance of this constr. as compared with the usual cl., c. acc, v. Abbott, JG, 78 f.; JV, 133 ff.), John 4:21; John 4:23, Acts 7:43, 1 Corinthians 14:25, Hebrews 1:6, Revelation 4:10; Revelation 7:11; Revelation 11:16; Revelation 13:4; Revelation 13:15; Revelation 14:7; Revelation 16:2; Revelation 19:4; Revelation 19:10; Revelation 19:20; Revelation 22:8-9; c. acc (v. supr.), Matthew 4:10, Luke 4:8; Luke 24:52 (WH, R, mg., om.), John 4:22; John 4:24, Revelation 9:20; Revelation 13:4; Revelation 13:8; Revelation 13:12; Revelation 14:9; Revelation 14:11; Revelation 20:4; Seq. ἐπώπιον , Luke 4:7, Revelation 15:4;

(b) as in cl., of homage to human superiors (cf. MM, xxi): absol., Matthew 20:20, Acts 10:25; c. dat. (v. supr.), Matthew 2:2; Matthew 2:8; Matthew 8:2; Matthew 9:18; Matthew 14:33; Matthew 15:25; Matthew 18:26; Matthew 28:9, Mark 15:19, John 9:38; πεσὼν ., Matthew 2:11; Matthew 4:9; ἐνώπιον τ . ποδῶν , Revelation 3:9; c. acc, Mark 5:6 (dat. T).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
προσεκυνει προσεκύνει προσεκύνησα προσεκυνησαν προσεκύνησαν προσεκύνησε προσεκυνησεν προσεκύνησεν προσεκυνουν προσεκύνουν προσκεκυνήκασι προσκυνει προσκυνεί προσκυνεῖ προσκυνειν προσκυνείν προσκυνεῖν προσκύνειν προσκυνειτε προσκυνείτε προσκυνεῖτε προσκυνησαι προσκυνήσαι προσκυνήσαί προσκυνῆσαι προσκυνησαντες προσκυνήσαντες προσκυνησατε προσκυνήσατε προσκυνησατωσαν προσκυνησάτωσαν προσκυνησάτωσάν προσκυνήσατωσάν προσκυνησει προσκυνήσει προσκυνησεις προσκυνήσεις προσκυνησετε προσκυνήσετε προσκυνήση προσκυνησης προσκυνήσης προσκυνήσῃς προσκυνήσητε προσκυνησον προσκύνησον προσκυνήσουσι προσκυνήσουσί προσκυνησουσιν προσκυνήσουσιν προσκυνησω προσκυνήσω προσκυνήσωμεν προσκυνησων προσκυνήσων προσκυνησωσι προσκυνήσωσι προσκυνησωσιν προσκυνήσωσιν προσκυνουμεν προσκυνούμεν προσκυνοῦμεν προσκυνουντας προσκυνούντας προσκυνοῦντας προσκυνουντες προσκυνούντες προσκυνοῦντες προσκυνούντος προσκυνουσα προσκυνούσα προσκυνοῦσα προσκυνούσι προσκύνουσι προσκυνούσιν προσκυνώ prosekunei prosekunesan prosekunēsan prosekunesen prosekunēsen prosekunoun prosekynei prosekýnei prosekynesan prosekynēsan prosekýnesan prosekýnēsan prosekynesen prosekynēsen prosekýnesen prosekýnēsen prosekynoun prosekýnoun proskunei proskunein proskuneite proskunesai proskunēsai proskunesantes proskunēsantes proskunesate proskunēsate proskunesatosan proskunēsatōsan proskunesei proskunēsei proskuneseis proskunēseis proskuneses proskunēsēs proskunesete proskunēsete proskuneso proskunēsō proskuneson proskunēson proskunēsōn proskunesosin proskunēsōsin proskunesousin proskunēsousin proskunoumen proskunountas proskunountes proskunousa proskynei proskyneî proskynein proskyneîn proskyneite proskyneîte proskynesai proskynêsai proskynēsai proskynē̂sai proskynesantes proskynēsantes proskynḗsantes proskynesate proskynēsate proskynḗsate proskynesatosan proskynesátosan proskynēsatōsan proskynēsátōsan proskynesei proskynēsei proskynḗsei proskyneseis proskynēseis proskynḗseis proskynḗsēis proskyneses proskynēsēs proskynesete proskynēsete proskynḗsete proskyneso proskynēsō proskynḗso proskynḗsō proskyneson proskynēson proskynēsōn proskynḗson proskynḗsōn proskýneson proskýnēson proskynesosin proskynēsōsin proskynḗsosin proskynḗsōsin proskynesousin proskynēsousin proskynḗsousin proskynoumen proskynoûmen proskynountas proskynoûntas proskynountes proskynoûntes proskynousa proskynoûsa
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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