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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #5784 - עוּר

Root Word (Etymology)
chaff (as the naked husk)
Parts of Speech
masculine noun
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1) chaff

Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
Daniel 1
NAS (1)
Daniel 1
HCS (1)
Daniel 1
BSB (1)
Daniel 1
ESV (1)
Daniel 1
WEB (1)
Daniel 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1365) ro (אהר AhR) AC: Bare CO: Skin AB: ?: The pictograph o is a picture of the eye, the r is a picture of a man. Combined these mean "see a man". When the enemy is captured, he is stripped of his clothes to the skin and carefully watched.

A) ro (אהר AhR) AC: ? CO: Naked AB: ?

am ) rom (מאהר MAhR) - Nakedness: KJV (2): nakedness, proportion - Strongs: H4626 (מַעַר)

im/f) rot (תאהר TAhR) - I. Razor:For shaving hair and making the face naked. II. Sheath:For holding a blade. KJV (13): sheath, razor, penknife, scabbard, shave - Strongs: H8593 (תַּעַר)

lm) roro (אהראהר AhRAhR) - Naked: KJV (2): destitute, heath - Strongs: H6199 (עַרְעָר)

apm) mrom (מאהרמ MAhRM) - Naked: KJV (1): naked - Strongs: H4636 (מַעֲרֹם)

clm) rofro (אהרואהר AhRWAhR) - Naked: KJV (1): heath - Strongs: H6176 (עַרְעָר)

cpm) mfro (אהרומ AhRWM) - Naked: [df: Mre]KJV (16): naked - Strongs: H6174 (עָרֹם)

ecpm ) mfrio (אהירומ AhYRWM) - Naked: [df: Mrye Mre]KJV (10): naked, nakedness - Strongs: H5903 (עֵרֹם)

B) rro (אהרר AhRR) AC: ? CO: Naked AB: ?

V) rro (אהרר AhRR) - Bare: KJV (4): (vf: Paal, Pilpel) bare, raise, break - Strongs: H6209 (עָרַר)

bfm) iriro (אהרירי AhRYRY) - Barren: One who is childless. KJV (4): childless - Strongs: H6185 (עֲרִירִי)

H) ero (אהרה AhRH) AC: Uncover CO: Naked AB: ?

V) ero (אהרה AhRH) - I. Uncover:To remove the covering. II. Empty:To remove the contents of a container or destroy a city. KJV (15): (vf: Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Piel, Participle) uncover, discover, empty, rase, destitute, naked, pour, spread - Strongs: H6168 (עָרָה)

Nf1) ero (אהרה AhRH) - Meadow: A place barren of trees. KJV (1): reed - Strongs: H6169 (עָרָה)

am) erom (מאהרה MAhRH) - Meadow: A place barren of trees. KJV (1): meadow - Strongs: H4629 (מַעֲרֶה)

ff1) eiro (אהריה AhRYH) - Naked: KJV (6): naked, bare - Strongs: H6181 (עֶרְיָה)

J) rfo (אהור AhWR) AC: ? CO: Skin AB: ?: The bare skin without clothing.

V) rfo (אהור AhWR) - Naked: To have the skin exposed. KJV (1): (vf: Niphal) naked - Strongs: H5783 (עוּר)

Nm) rfo (אהור AhWR) - Skin: The skin of men or animals as well as leather made from animal skins. Also the husk of a seed. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (100): skin, hide, leather, chaff - Strongs: H5784 (עוּר), H5785 (עוֹר)

am) rfom (מאהור MAhWR) - Nakedness: KJV (1): nakedness, pudendum - Strongs: H4589 (מָעוֹר)

K) fro (אהרו AhRW) AC: ? CO: Naked AB: ?: The shame of one being naked.

Nf1) efro (אהרוה AhRWH) - I. Nakedness:[Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Shame:From ones nakedness. KJV (55): nakedness, shame, unclean, uncleanness, dishonor - Strongs: H6172 (עֶרְוָה), H6173 (עַרְוָה)

M) rio (אהיר AhYR) AC: Watch CO: ? AB: ?: In the sense of seeing.

Nm) rio (אהיר AhYR) - Watcher: [Aramaic only] KJV (3): watcher - Strongs: H5894 (עִיר)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 עוּר noun [masculine] chaff (J Aramaic (Talmud, rare), Syriac ; Arabic , mote (in eye, tending to cause blindness [עִוֵּר]) according to Arabic Lexicons, Lane2195); — absolute ׳ע Daniel 2:35 (in simile).

[עֵז], עִזִּין see ענז

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

עוּר prop. to be hot, ardent (cogn. with עִיר, which see); hence to be alert, watchful (in opposition both to sleep and to idleness). Specially

(1)  to wake, to be awake, Song of Solomon 5:2; Malachi 2:12, עֵר וְעֹנֶה “one wakeful and one answering,” i.e. every one who is alive, a proverbial phrase (like עָצוּר וְעָזוּב), perhaps taken from the Levites keeping watch in the temple (Psa 134:1-3), one of whom watches and calls out, and the other answers. In the same sense the Arabs say, “no one crying out, and no one answering” (Vit. Tim. i. p. 108, ed. Manger). Jerome renders, magister et discipulus.

(2) to awake, to arouse from sleep. Only in imp. Psalms 44:24, עוּרָה לָמָּה תִּישַׁן אֲדֹנָי “awake! why sleepest thou, O Lord?” Psalms 7:7; Isaiah 51:9.

(3) causat. to cause to awake, i.q. Hiphil, Job 41:2, fut. קרי יָעוּר.

Niphal נֵעוֹר, fut. יֵעוֹר pass. of Piel and Hiphil.

(1) to be aroused, awaked (from sleep), Job 14:12; Zechariah 4:1.

(2) figuratively, to arise, as the wind, Jeremiah 25:32 a people, Jeremiah 6:22 Joel 4:12 God, Zec. 2:17. As to the passage, Habakkuk 3:9, see עוּר No. II.

Pilel עוֹרֵר (compare Gr. ὄρω=ὄρνυμι, pret. ὄρωρα).

(1) to awake, to arouse from sleep, Song of Solomon 2:7, 3:5 8:4 (5?); to arouse a serpent, and call forth from his hiding place, Job 3:8 figuratively, to excite a brawl, Proverbs 10:12 to rouse up one’s strength (feine Macht aufbieten), Psalms 80:3.

(2) to raise up (and brandish) a spear, 2 Samuel 23:18 a scourge, Isaiah 10:26.-But for Isaiah 23:13, see under the root עָרַר Pilel.

Hiphil הֵעִיר (ἐγείρω) i.q. Piel.

(1) to arouse, to awake, from sleep, Zechariah 4:1; Song of Solomon 2:7, 3:5 8:4 to incite any one to anything, Isaiah 45:13; Jeremiah 50:9, and in the same sense to incite any one’s spirit, 1 Chronicles 5:26; 2 Chronicles 21:16 to arouse any one’s ear, Isaiah 50:4 to provoke, e. g. a crocodile, Job 41:2 to stir up young birds to fly, Deuteronomy 32:11, כְּנֶשֶׁר יָעִיר קִנּוֹ עַל גּוֹזָלָיו יְרַחֵף “as the eagle stirs up her nest (i.e. her young ones, to fly, ad volandum, as rightly in the Vulg.) hovers over her young,” in the air, etc. The description is of a female eagle exciting her young ones, in teaching them to fly, and afterwards guarding with. the greatest care, lest the weak should receive harm.

(2) to watch (prop. Wache halten), Psalms 35:23 followed by עַל to watch over any one, Job 8:6.


(1) to arouse oneself, to rise up, Isaiah 51:17, 64:6 followed by עַל against any one, Job 17:8.

(2) to rejoice, to be glad (Germ. aufgeweckt fehn, used of one who is cheerful, glad), Job 31:29.

Derived nouns, Chald. עִיר watcher, and the pr.n. יָעִיר, עֵר, עֵרִי, עֵרָן.

II. עוּר i.q. עָרַה and עָרַר to be naked, to be made naked; whence the Arab. عَارُ, عَوْرَةُ nudity, verenda. Hebr. מְעוּרִים.

Niphal, Habakkuk 3:9, עֶרְיָה תֵעוֹר קַשְׁתְּךָ “with nakedness was thy bow made naked.”

Pilel עוֹרֵר, see the root עָרַר.

III. עוּר an unused root, cogn. חוּר to dig, to bore; whence غَارُ, Hebr. מְעָרָה a cavern. [In Thes. Piel עִוִּרִ is referred to this root with the idea of blinding by boring out the eyes.]

עוּר Ch. chaff, Daniel 2:35. Syr. ܥܘܽܖ̈ܶܐ id.; Arab. عُوَارُ, عَايِرُ a bit of chaff, or the like, which hurts the eye. Said to be so called from blinding (root עָוַר); but may not rather עוּר be the same as עָפָר dust, a particle of dust; whence עִוֵּר i.q. עִפֵּר to throw dust into the eye; (Sand in die Augen ftreuen, ftäuben)? [This conjectural derivation is rejected in Thes.]

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List of Word Forms
כְּע֣וּר כעור kə‘ūr kə·‘ūr keUr
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