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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #600 - ἀποκαθίστημι
- to restore to its former state
- to be in its former state
fut. -καταστήσω: aor. ἀποκατέστησα, later ἀπεκατέστησα PTeb. 413.4 (ii/iii A.D.): pf. -καθέστᾰκα Plb. 21.11.9, SIG 798.7 (i A.D.): —
1.re-establish, restore, reinstate, X. Lac. 6.3; τὰν πολιτείαν Decr.Byz. ap. D. 18.90; πολίτας Plu. Alex. 7; συνθήκας εἰς τὸ ἐξ ἀρχῆς D.H. 3.23; ἀ. τινί τι restore, return it to one, Plb. 3.98.7, D.S. 18.65, etc.; ἀ. εἰς αὐτάν (sc. φύσιν) Ti.Locr. 100c, cf. Arist. MM 1204b37; εἰς τὸ αὐτό Id. Metaph. 1074a3; εἰς ἀκέραιον, = restituere in integrum, CIL 1.203; τινὰ ἐς οἶκον Plb. 8.27.6, cf. Thphr. Char. 7.6; ἀ. σαυτὸν εἰς ἐκεῖνον τὸν χρόνον carry yourself back.., Plu. 2.610d; ἐπί.. D.S. 5.23; cure, δασυσμοὺς φωνῆς Dsc. 1.64, etc.
2. pay what is due, ἀργύριον LXX Genesis 23:16.
3. hand over, deliver, τοῖς φυλακίταις τὸ σῶμα PSI 4.359.9 (iii B. C.).
4. in drill, restore a formation, etc., εἰς ὀρθὸν ἀ., = εἰς ὀρθὸν ἀποδοῦναι, Ael. Tact. 26.3 (cf. ἀποδίδωμι 11.3); ἀποκατάστησον as you were! Ascl. Tact. 12.11, etc.
II Pass., with pf. ἀποκαθέστᾰμαι, aor.
ἀπο -καθ -ιστάνω , ἀποκαθιστάω ,
ἀπο -καθ -ίστημι (ἀποκαθιστάω , Mark 9:12, Rec., -ιστάνω , LTTr.; cf. Acts 1:6; -κατιστάνω , WH),
[in LXX chiefly for H7725;]
1. to restore, i.e. to a former condition: of health, Matthew 12:13, Mark 3:5; Mark 8:25, Luke 6:10; of social or political affairs, Matthew 17:11, Mark 9:12, Acts 1:6.
2. to give back, bring back: Hebrews 13:19 (so in Papyri, MM, s.v.; cf. also Cremer, 312).†
ἀπο -κατ -ιστάνω , v. ἀποκαθίστημι .
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
For the meaning ";restore,"; ";give back,"; see P Petr III. 53 (p).12, where in connexion with certain arrears into which a priest had fallen provision is made πρᾶξαι τοὺς ἐγγύους αὐτοῦ καὶ ἡμῖν ἀποκαταστῆσ [α ]ι, ";that payment be exacted from his sureties and restitution made to us"; (Edd.). P Rein 1715 (B.C. 109) may be cited for its grammar, noteworthy at this early date : ὅπως οἱ αἴτιοι ἀναζη ̣τηθέντες ἐξαποσταλῶ [σ ]ι ἐπὶ τὸν στρατηγόν, [καὶ ] ἐμοὶ μὲν διαπεφωνημένα ἀποκατασ [τα ]θείη, οἱ δὲ αἴτιοι τύχωσι τῶν ἐξακολουθούντων. The passive ἀποκατασταθήσεται occurs in BGU IV. 1060.28 (B.C. 23–2). OGIS 90.18 (Rosetta Stone—B.C. 196) ἀποκατέστησεν εἰς τὴν καθήκουσαν τάξιν. Syll 540.34 (B.C. 175–1) if a workman breaks a stone, ἕτερον ἀποκαταστήσει δόκιμον. P Revill Mél p. 295.5 (B.C. 131–0) (= Witkowski.2, p. 96) μέχρι τοῦ τὰ πράγματ᾽ ἀποκαταστῆναι, P Amh II. 48.10 (B.C. 106) καὶ ἀποκαταστησάτω εἰς οἶκο [ν ] [π ]ρὸς αὐτὴν τοῖς ἰδίοις, ";shall deliver it to her at her house at his own expense"; (Edd.). P Oxy I. 38.12 (A.D. 49–50) (= Selections, p. 53) ὑφ᾽ οὗ καὶ ἀποκατεστάθη μοι ὁ υἱός, ib. II. 278.17 (hire of a mill—A.D. 17) καὶ μετὰ τὸν χρόνον ἀπ [οκα ]ταστησάτωι ὁ μα ̣νης (the servant) τὸν μύλον ὑγιῆι καὶ ἀσινῆι, οἷον καὶ παρείληφεν, ib, VI. 929.17 (ii/iii A.D.) ἀποκαταστῆσαί μοι εἰς Ὀξυρυγχείτην ἐξ ὧν ἔσχον τὰ προκείμενα πάντα, etc. In the long land survey P Tebt I. 61(b).221 (B.C. 118–7) the question is asked with regard to certain land, εἰ [α ]ὐτὴ [ἀνταναι ]ρετέα [ἄλλη δὲ ] ἀπὸ ὑπολόγου ἀνταναιρεθεῖσα ἀποκαταστατέα, ";whether it should be deducted (from the cleruchic land) and other land subtracted from that in the unprofitable list should be substituted"; (Edd.) : cf. a land survey of the second century, where a holding that had become καθ᾽ ὕδατος ἀποκατεστάθ (η) τῷ ἐνεστ [ῶτι ](ἔτει), was ";reclaimed"; in the year in which the survey was written (P Oxy VI. 918 intr.). Note the passive in Vettius Valens, p. 68.24 = ex captivitate redire (Ed.).
For the double augment, which is found in the NT (Matthew 12:18, Mark 8:25, Luke 6:10), cf. such an occasional occurrence in the inscriptions as Calder 8.8 ἀπεκατέστησεν, Letronne 525.8 (ii/A.D.) ἀπεκατεστάθη, and similarly Archiv ii. p. 436, no. 31 (i/A.D.); also P Tebt II. 413.4 (ii/iii A.D.) ἀπεκατέστησα. By the Byzantine period it had become very common. See further Winer-Schmiedel Gr. p. 103, and Brugmann-Thumb Gr. p. 311. Note the perf. ἀποκαθέστακεν, Syll 365.7 (i/A.D.).
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