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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #1345 - δικαίωμα

Transliteration
dikaíōma
Phonetics
dik-ah'-yo-mah  
Word Origin
from (1344)
Parts of Speech
Noun Neuter
TDNT
2:219,168
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. that which has been deemed right so as to have force of law
    1. what has been established, and ordained by law, an ordinance
    2. a judicial decision, sentence
      1. of God
        1. either the favourable judgment by which he acquits man and declares them acceptable to Him
        2. unfavourable: sentence of condemnation
  2. a righteous act or deed
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1870 ‑ דֶּרֶךְ (deh'‑rek);  2706 ‑ חֹק (khoke);  4687 ‑ מִצְוָה (mits‑vaw');  4941 ‑ מִשְׁפָּט (mish‑pawt');  6490 ‑ פִּקֻּד (pik‑kood', pik‑kood');  6666 ‑ צְדָקָה (tsed‑aw‑kaw');  6699 ‑ צוּרָה (tsoo‑raw');  7379 ‑ רִב (reeb, reeb);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (10) NAS (10) HCS (10)
Luke 1
Romans 5
Hebrews 2
Revelation 2
Luke 1
Romans 5
Hebrews 2
Revelation 2
Luke 1
Romans 5
Hebrews 2
Revelation 2
BYZ TIS TR
N-APN 2
N-ASN 2
N-DPN 2
N-GSN 1
N-NPN 2
N-NSN 1
N-APN 2
N-ASN 2
N-DPN 1
N-GSN 1
N-NPN 3
N-NSN 1
N-APN 2
N-ASN 2
N-DPN 2
N-GSN 1
N-NPN 2
N-NSN 1
NA WH
N-APN 2
N-ASN 2
N-DPN 1
N-GSN 1
N-NPN 3
N-NSN 1
N-APN 2
N-ASN 2
N-DPN 1
N-GSN 1
N-NPN 3
N-NSN 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

δῐκαί-ωμα, ατος, τό,

I

1. act of right, opp. ἀδίκημα, Arist. Rh. 1359a25; duty, τὰ πρὸς ἀνθρώπους δ. Ph. 2.199; prop. amendment of a wrong, opp. δικαιοπράγημα, Arist. EN 1135a13: hence, judgement, penalty, Pl. Lg. 864e. justification, plea of right, Th. 1.41, Isoc. 6.25, Arist. Cael. 279b9, LXX 2 Kings 19:28(29), PLond. 2.360.8 (ii A. D.), etc.; δικαιώματα Ἑλληνίδων πόλεων, compiled by Arist. for Philip, Harp. s.v. Δρύμος. pl., pleadings, documents in a suit, OGI 13.13 (Samos), PLille 29.25 (iii B. C.), etc.; also, credentials, BGU 113.10 (ii A. D.), al. act of δικαίὠσις 1.3, Romans 5:16.

II ordinance, decree, LXX Genesis 26:5, Exodus 15:26 (pl.), al., Romans 1:32, Romans 2:26 (pl.), al.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

δικαίωμα, δικαιώματος, τό (from δικαιόω; δεδικαίωται or τό δεδικαιωμενον), the Sept. very often for חֹק, חֻקָה, and מִשְׁפָּט; for מִצְוָה, Deuteronomy 30:16; 1 Kings 2:3; plural occasionally for פִּקּוּדִים;

1. that which has been deemed right so as to have the force of law;

a. what has been established and ordained by law, an ordinance: universally, of an appointment of God having the force of law, Romans 1:32; plural used of the divine precepts of the Mosaic law: τοῦ κυρίου, Luke 1:6; τοῦ νόμου, Romans 2:26; τό δικαίωμα τοῦ νόμου, collectively, of the (moral) precepts of the same law, Romans 8:4; δικαιώματα λατρείας, precepts concerning the public worship of God, Hebrews 9:1; δικαιώματα σαρκός, laws respecting bodily purity ((?) cf. Hebrews 7:16), Hebrews 9:10.

b. a judicial decision, sentence; of God — either the favorable judgment by which he acquits men and declares them acceptable to him, Romans 5:16; or unfavorable: sentence of condemnation, Revelation 15:4, (punishment, Plato, legg. 9, 864 e.).

2. a righteous act or deed: τά δικαιώματα τῶν ἁγίων, Revelation 19:8 (τῶν πατέρων, Baruch 2:19); ἑνός δικαίωμα, the righteous act of one (Christ) in his giving himself up to death, opposed to the first sin of Adam, Romans 5:18 (Aristotle, eth. Nic. 5, 7, 7, p. 1135{a}, 12f καλεῖται δέ μᾶλλον δικαιοπράγημα τό κοινόν, δικαίωμα δέ τό ἐπανόρθωμα τοῦ ἀδικηματος (cf. rhet. 1, 13, 1 and Cope's note on 1, 3, 9)). (Cf. references in δικαιόω.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

δικαίωμα , -τος , τ

(< δικαιόω ),

[in LXX most freq. for H2706, in Ez, chiefly for H4941, in Pss, τὰ δ ., freq. for H6490;]

a concrete expression of righteousness, the expression and result of the act of δικαίωσις , "a declaration that a thing is δίκαιον , or that a person is δίκαιος ," hence,

(a) an ordinance: δ . τ . θεοῦ , Romans 1:32; τ . κυρίου , Luke 1:6; τ . νόμου , Romans 2:26; Romans 8:4; λατρείας , Hebrews 9:1; σαρκός , Hebrews 9:10;

(b) a sentence: of acquittal, Romans 5:16 (also Romans 5:18; ICC, in l), or of condemnation;

(c) a righteous act: Romans 5:18 (RV), Revelation 15:4; Revelation 19:8 (on the usage of Papyri, v. MM, Exp., iii, xi).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

In P Tor I. Iiii. 21 (B.C. 117) δικαιώματα means apparently ";arguments of counsel";—παραγινωσκομένων αὐτοῖς ἐξ ὧν παρέκειντο δικαιωμάτων ὧν ἑκάτερος ᾑρεῖτο : so.23 andv. 25 ἐπελθὼν δὲ καὶ ἐπὶ τὰ τοῦ ἀντιδίκου δικαιώματα. Similarly in OGIS 13.14 (early iii/B.C.) when the people of Priene proved their immemorial possession of certain territory ἔκ τε τῶν ἱστοριῶν κ [αὶ ἐκ τῶν ἄλ ]λων μαρτυριῶν καὶ δικαιωμάτων [με ]τὰ τῶν ἑξετῶν [σπονδῶν, the meaning ";awards"; would seem to be possible, but ";arguments"; suits μαρτυριῶν better. Bishop Hicks’s notes (Historical Inscrr..1 p. 260) w ll show the stages in this centuries-old dispute. P Lille I. 29.25 (from a code—iii/B.C.) prescribes examination of slaves by torture ἐὰμ μὴ ἐκ τῶν τεθέντων δικαιωμάτων δύνωνται κρίνειν, ";si les pièces du procès ne leur permettent pas de juger"; (Ed.). Cf. P Petr II. 38 (c ).52 (iii/B.C.) (= III. p. 55), where a man is sent to Alexandria ἔχοντα καὶ τὰ πρὸ [ς ] τὴν κατάστασιν δικαιώματα, ";having with him the papers justifying his case,"; the pièces iustificatives as the editors describe them. The same phrase occurs in Preisigke 3925.5 (B.C. 149—8 or 137—6). There is also P Petr III. 21 (g ).43 (iii/B.C.) ὃ καὶ παρέδοτο ἐν τοῖς δικαιώμ [ασι, which follows ἅμα τε γραπτὸν λόγον [καὶ δικαιώ ]ματα θεμένης with the same meaning. In BGU I. 113.10 (A.D. 143) ἃ δὲ παρέθεντο δικαιώμ (ατα) the word = ";credentials"; : so ib. 265.17 (A.D. 148), and IV. 1033.7, .19 (Trajan). Cf. the combination here with that in P Tor 1 above (ad init.). In P Lond 360.8 (? ii/A.D.) (= II. p. 216) a certain Stotoëtis surrenders to his sisters his ";claim"; on a slave-girl belonging to their mother—οὗ ἔχει δικαιώματος τῆς ὑπ [αρχ ]ούσης τῇ μητρὶ αὐτῶν παιδίσκης δούλης. Similarly P Oxy VIII. 1119.15 (A.D. 254) τῶν ἐξαιρέτων τῆς ἡμετέρας πατρίδος δικαιωμάτων, ";the exceptional rights claimed by our native city"; (Ed.). MGr δικαίωμα = ";justice.";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
δικαιωμα δικαιώμα δικαίωμα δικαίωμά δικαιώμασι δικαιώμασί δικαιωμασιν δικαιώμασιν δικαιωματα δικαιώματα δικαιώματά δικαιωματος δικαιώματος δικαιώματός δικαιωμάτων dikaioma dikaiōma dikaíoma dikaíōma dikaiomasin dikaiōmasin dikaiṓmasin dikaiomata dikaiōmata dikaiṓmata dikaiṓmatá dikaiomatos dikaiōmatos dikaiṓmatos
Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, October 20th, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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