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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #1758 - ἐνέχω

Transliteration
enéchō
Phonetics
en-ekh'-o  
Word Origin
from (1722) and (2192)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
2:828,286
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to have within, to hold in
    1. to be held, entangled, be held ensnared
    2. to be engaged with, set one's self against, hold a grudge against someone
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5640 ‑ שָׂתַם (saw‑tham', saw‑tham');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (3) NAS (4) HCS (3)
Mark 1
Luke 1
Galatians 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
Galatians 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
Galatians 1
BYZ TIS TR
V-IAI-3S 1
V-PAN 1
V-PPM-2P 1
V-IAI-3S 1
V-PAN 1
V-PPM-2P 1
V-IAI-3S 1
V-PAN 1
V-PPM-2P 1
NA WH
V-PPD-2P 1
V-IAI-3S 1
V-PAN 1
V-PPM-2P 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἐνέχω,

I hold or keep fast within, χόλον ἐνέχειν τινί harbour a grudge against one, Hdt. 1.118, 6.119 (v. 11.2).

II

1. Pass., with fut. and aor. Med. (v. infr.), to be held, caught, entangled in, c. dat., τῇ πάγῃ Id. 2.121. β; ἐνεχομένων τῶν πελτῶν τοῖς σταυροῖς X. An. 7.4.17; ἐν τοῖς τῆς νεὼς σκεύεσι Pl. La. 183e.

2. metaph., ἐ. ἀπορίῃσι Hdt. 1.190; φιλοτιμίᾳ E. IA 527; ὀργαῖς πολυχρονίοις Phld. Ir. p.63 W.; ἐν ἄγεϊ Hdt. 6.56; ἐν ταῖς αὐταῖς δυσχερείαις Arist. Cael. 309a29; ἐν θώματι ἐνέσχετο was seized with wonder, Hdt. 7.128.

3. to be liable or subject to, οὐ δικαίοις Ζεὺς ἐνέξεται λόγοις A. Supp. 169 (Pors. for ἐνεύξεται, lyr.), cf. And. 1.44; πράγμασιν, λειτουργίαις, BGU 473.7 (ii A.D.), PFlor. 382.31 (iii A.D.), etc. in legal formulae, ἐν ἐπιάρῳ κ' ἐνέχοιτο SIG 9.9 (Elis, vi B.C.); ἐ. ἀρᾷ Διός Pl. Lg. 881d (in tmesi, ἐν τἠπαρῇ ἔχεσθαι SIG 38.34 (Teos, v B.C.)); ζημίᾳ, αἰτίᾳ, Pl. Lg. 935c, Cri. 52a; τοῖς ἐσχάτοις ἐπιτιμίοις D. 51.11; ἐν τοῖς αὐτοῖς ἐπιτιμίοις Aeschin. 3.175; νόμῳ Schwyzer 634 B 49 (Nesus, iv B.C., prob.), Plu. TG 10; ἐν τοῖς αὐτοῖς νόμοις Pl. Lg. 762d; νοθείᾳ in an imputation of bastardy, Plu. Them. 1; ἱεροσυλίαις PTeb. 5.5 (ii B.C.): abs., ἐὰν ἐνσχεθῶσι PSI 3.168 (ii B.C.).

4. in good sense, ἐνέχεσθαι ἀγγελίᾳ meet with a message, Pi. P. 8.49.

5. in aor., come to a standstill, ἔν τινι Pl. Tht. 147d.

III intr.,

1. enter in, pierce, εἴς τι X. Cyn. 10.7.

2. to be urgent against, τινί LXX Genesis 49:23, Mark 6:19, Luke 11:53.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐνέχω; imperfect ἐνεῖχον; (present passive ἐνέχομαι); to have within, to hold in;

a. passive to be held, be entangled, be held ensnared, with a dative of the thing in which one is held captive — very often in Greek writings, both literally (as τῇ πάγη, Herodotus 2, 121, 2) and figuratively (as ἀγγελία, Pindar Pythagoras 8, 69; φιλοτιμία, Euripides, Iph. A. 527; κακῷ, Epictetus diss. 3, 22, 93): ζυγῷ δουλείας, Galatians 5:1; (θλίψεσιν, 2 Thessalonians 1:4 WH marginal reading) (ἀσεβείαις, 3Macc. 6:10).

b. ἐνέχω τίνι, to be enraged with, set oneself against, hold a grudge against someone: Mark 6:19; Luke 11:53 (Genesis 49:23); the expression is elliptical, and occurs in full (χόλον τίνι to have anger in oneself against another) in Herodotus 1, 118; 8, 27; 6, 119; see a similar ellipsis under προσέχω. (In this last case the ellipsis supplied is τόν νοῦν, Winers Grammar, 593 (552); Buttmann, 144 (126); Meyer, et al., would supply the same after ἐνέχειν in Mark and Luke the passages cited and render the phrase to have (an eye) on, watch with hostility; but DeWette, Bleek, others, agree with Grimm. Many take the expression in Luke, the passage cited outwardly, to press upon (R. V. text); see Stephanus Thesaurus, under the word; Liddell and Scott, under the word; Hesychius ἐνέχει. μνησικακεῖ. ἔγκειται.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐν -έχω ,

[in LXX: Genesis 49:23 (H5640), Ezekiel 14:4; Ezekiel 14:7, 3 Maccabees 6:10 *;]

1. to hold in; pass., to be held, entangled: c. dat. rei; jig., ζυγῷ δουλείας , Galatians 5:1 (cf. MM, Exp., xii); θλίψρεσιν , 2 Thessalonians 1:4 (cf. ἀσεβείσιν , 3Mac, l.c.).

2. to set oneself against, be urgent against (as Ge, l.c.; for construction, v. Swete, Mk., l.c.): Mark 6:19, Luke 11:53.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Numerous instances of this verb in the passive with ihe simple dative, as in Galatians 5:1 (cf. 2 Thessalonians 1:4 B) are forthcoming, e.g. P Tebt I. 5.5 (B.C. 118), an amnesty granted by Euergetes II. and the two Cleopatras, the ";sister"; and the ";wife,"; to all their subjects π ]λ ̣ ̣ ν τ ̣[ῶν φόν ]ους (l. οις) ἑκουσίοις καὶ ἱεροσυλίαις ἐ ̣νεχομ ̣[ένων, ";except to persons guilty of wilful murder or sacrilege,"; BGU IV. 1051.34 (time of Augustus) χορὶς (l. χωρὶς) τοῦ τὸν παραπαίνοντα (l. παραβαίνοντα) ἐνέχισθαι τῷ ὡρισμίνῳ προστίμῳ, ";apart from the transgressor’s being involved in the appointed penalty,"; P Oxy II. 237viii. 18 (A.D. 186) τοῖς τεταγμένοις ἐπιτίμοις ἐνεχόμενος, ";subject to the legal penalties,"; P Giss I. 48.14 (A.D. 202–3) ἐπὶ τῷ μὴ ̣ ἐνέχεσθαι ἐπιθέμασι προτέρων ἐτ ̣ῶν. Cf. also syll 154.26 (end of iv/B.C.) ἐνεχέσθων τῶι ψηφί [σ ]ματι. For . construed with ἐν, see P Par 63xiii. 3 (ii/B.C.) ἐνεσχημένους ἔν τισιν ἀγνοήμασιν ἢ ἁμαρτήμασιν. On Mark 6:19, Luke 11:53, see Field Notes, pp. 28 f., 64, and note that the Sahidic translates respectively ";was angry with,"; and ";to provoke him"; : cf. class. ἐπέχω = ";attack.";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ενειχεν ενείχεν ἐνεῖχεν ενείχον ενεχειν ενέχειν ἐνέχειν ενεχεσθε ενέχεσθε ἐνέχεσθε ενέχεται ένθα enechein enéchein enechesthe enéchesthe eneichen eneîchen
Lectionary Calendar
Friday, October 18th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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