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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2521 - κάθημαι

Transliteration
káthēmai
Phonetics
kath'-ay-mahee  
Word Origin
from (2596), and hemai (to sit, akin to the base of (1476))
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
3:440,386
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to sit down, seat one's self
  2. to sit, be seated, of a place occupied
    1. to have a fixed abode, to dwell
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1961 ‑ הָיָה (haw‑yaw');  1980 ‑ הָלַךְ (haw‑lak');  3427 ‑ יָשַׁב (yaw‑shab');  5526 ‑ שָׂכַךְ (saw‑kak', saw‑kak');  7392 ‑ רָכַב (raw‑kab');  7901 ‑ שָׁכַב (shaw‑kab');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (89) NAS (91) HCS (91)
Matthew 17
Mark 11
Luke 12
John 4
Acts 7
1 Corinthians 1
Colossians 1
Hebrews 1
James 1
Revelation 32
Matthew 18
Mark 11
Luke 13
John 4
Acts 6
1 Corinthians 1
Colossians 1
Hebrews 1
James 1
Revelation 33
Matthew 19
Mark 11
Luke 13
John 4
Acts 6
1 Corinthians 1
Colossians 1
Hebrews 1
James 2
Revelation 33
BYZ TIS TR
V-INI-3S 11
V-PNI-1S 1
V-PNI-2S-ATT 1
V-PNI-3P 1
V-PNI-3S 2
V-PNM-2S 7
V-PNN 2
V-PNP-APM 6
V-PNP-ASF 1
V-PNP-ASM 11
V-PNP-DPM 2
V-PNP-DPN 2
V-PNP-DSM 8
V-PNP-GPM 1
V-PNP-GSF 1
V-PNP-GSM 9
V-PNP-NPF 2
V-PNP-NPM 7
V-PNP-NSM 16
V-FDI-2P 1
V-INI-3S 10
V-PNI-1S 1
V-PNI-2S 1
V-PNI-2S-ATT 1
V-PNI-3S 2
V-PNM-2S 7
V-PNN 2
V-PNP-APM 6
V-PNP-ASF 1
V-PNP-ASM 11
V-PNP-DPM 2
V-PNP-DPN 2
V-PNP-DSM 8
V-PNP-GPM 1
V-PNP-GSF 1
V-PNP-GSM 7
V-PNP-NPF 1
V-PNP-NPM 6
V-PNP-NSM 16
V-INI-3S 11
V-PNI-1S 1
V-PNI-2S-ATT 1
V-PNI-3S 2
V-PNM-2S 7
V-PNN 2
V-PNP-APM 5
V-PNP-ASF 1
V-PNP-ASM 10
V-PNP-DPM 2
V-PNP-DPN 2
V-PNP-DSM 8
V-PNP-GPM 1
V-PNP-GSF 1
V-PNP-GSM 9
V-PNP-NPF 2
V-PNP-NPM 6
V-PNP-NSM 18
NA WH
V-PMPAPM 1
V-PMPNPM 1
V-PMPNSM 2
V-FDI-2P 2
V-INI-3S 11
V-PNI-1S 1
V-PNI-2P 1
V-PNI-2S-ATT 1
V-PNI-3S 2
V-PNM-2S 8
V-PNN 2
V-PNP-APM 6
V-PNP-ASF 1
V-PNP-ASM 11
V-PNP-DPM 2
V-PNP-DPN 2
V-PNP-DSM 8
V-PNP-GPM 1
V-PNP-GSF 1
V-PNP-GSM 9
V-PNP-NPF 1
V-PNP-NPM 7
V-PNP-NSM 16


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

κάθημαι,

Ion. κάτ-, 2 sg. κάθησαι (Ion. κάτ- Hdt. 3.134) X. Cyr. 3.1.6, prob.in Call. Sos. vi4, κάθῃ Hyp. Fr. 115, Acts 23:3, dub.l.in Com.Adesp. 1203, (προ-) Them. Or. 13.171a codd.; 3 sg. κάθηται Ar. Lys. 597, Pl. Ap. 35c, D. 9.70, SIG 987.26 (Chios, iv B.C.); Ion. 3 pl. κατέαται Hdt. 2.86; imper. κάθησο Il. 2.191, E. IA 627; κάθου Ar. Fr. 620, Anaxandr. 13, Men. 1017, Alex. 224; κάθουσο Sch. Theoc. 11.42; 3 sg. καθήσθω A. Pr. 916; 3 pl. καθήσθωσαν IG 9(2).1109.38 (Thess.); subj. καθῶμαι, κάθῃ Cratin. 277, καθῆται Ar. Eq. 754; opt. καθοίμην Id. Ra. 919, prob.in Id. Lys. 149; inf. καθῆσθαι; part. καθήμενος: impf. ἐκαθήμην Ar. Ec. 152, D. 48.31, etc., ἐκάθητο h.Bacch. 14, Ar. Av. 510, Th. 5.6, ἐκάθησθε Ar. Ach. 638, ἐκάθηντο, Ion. ἐκατέατο v.l. in Hdt. 3.144, 8.73; also without syll. augm. καθῆστο Il. 1.569, E. Ba. 1102, Ph. 1467, Pl. R. 328c, Isa 6.19, καθῆτο D. 18.169,217; Ion. κατῆστο Hdt. 1.46, καθῆσθε D. 25.21 (with vv. ll.), καθῆντο Ar. Ec. 302, v.l. in Th. 5.58; καθήατο Il. 11.76; Ion. κατέατο Hdt. 3.144, 8.73, 9.90 (v.l. καθ-): the later fut. καθήσομαι LXX Leviticus 8:35, Luke 22:30 is corrupt in E. Fr. 960:

1. to be seated, sit, αὐτός τε κάθησο καὶ ἄλλους ἵδρυε λαούς Il. 2.191; κάθησ' ἑδραία E. Andr. 266: freq. in part., πέτρῃ ἔπι προβλῆτι καθήμενος Il. 16.407; ἐπ' ἀκτῆς κλαῖε κ. Od. 5.82; κ. οἶος ἐν Ἴδῃ Il. 8.207; ἐν ἀγῶνι κ. 23.448; κλαῖον δ' ἐν λεχέεσσι κ. Od. 10.497; θύρῃσι κ. 17.530; ἐπὶ ταῖσι θύραις Ar. Nu. 466; αὐτόθεν ἐκ δίφροιο κ. even from his seat as he sat there, Od. 21.420; καθήμεθ' ἄκρων ἐκ πάγων S. Ant. 411; ἐκ μέσου κατῆστο sate aloof, remained neutral, Hdt. 3.83, cf. 4.118, 8.73; ἐν θρόνῳ κ. Id. 2.149; θρόνῳ κ. E. El. 315; κ. πρὸς τάφῳ Id. Hel. 1084; πρὸς τὸ πῦρ Ar. V. 773; ἐπὶ δίφρου Pl. R. 328c; ἐπὶ τῶν ἵππων X. Cyr. 4.5.54; ἐπὶ τοῦ ἅρματος Acts 8:28; ἐς τοὐργαστήριον Alciphr. 3.27: c. acc. cogn., ἕδραν κ. E. Heracl. 55: c. acc. loci, sit on, ὀφρύην ib. 394.

2. esp. of courts, councils, assemblies, etc., sit: οἱ καθήμενοι the judges, the court, And. 1.139, D. 6.3, etc.; δικαστὰς οὐχ ὁρῶ καθημένους Ar. Nu. 208; ὑμεῖς οἱ καθήμενοι you who sit as judges, Th. 5.85; οὐκ ἐπὶ τούτῳ κ. ὁ δικαστής Pl. Ap. 35c; κ. ὑπὲρ τῶν νόμων D. 58.25; of the βουλή, And. 1.43; βουλῆς περὶ τούτων καθημένης D. 21.116; of an assembly, X. An. 5.10.5; οἱ κ. the spectators in a theatre, Hegesipp. 1.29.

3. sit still, sit quiet, ὕψι περ ἐν νεφέεσσι καθημένω Od. 16.264; σφοῖσιν ἐνὶ μεγάροισι καθήατο (for ἐκάθηντο) Il. 11.76; ἐν πένθεϊ μεγάλῳ κατῆστο Hdt. 1.46; μετὰ κόπον κ. rest after labour, S. Fr. 479.3: and, in bad sense, sit doing nothing, lie idle, Il. 24.403, Hdt. 3.134; of an army, Id. 9.56, Th. 4.124; of a boat's crew, PCair.Zen. 107.6 (iii B.C.); οὐδὲν ποιοῦντες ἐνθάδε καθήμεθα, μέλλοντες ἀεί D. 11.17, cf. 2.23, S. Fr. 142.20, etc.; also, of an army, to have its quarters, be encamped, περὶ τὰς Ἀχαρνάς Th. 2.20, cf. 101; ἐχθρῶν ὑπ' αὐτοῖς τείχεσιν καθημένων E. Ph. 752.

4. reside in a place, LXX Nehemiah 11:6; λαὸς καθήμενος ἐν σκοτίᾳ Matthew 4:16; settle, εἰς Σινώπην Muson. Fr. 9p.43H.

5. lead a sedentary, obscure life, ἐν σκότῳ καθήμενος Pi. O. 1.83; ἔσω καθημένη A. Ch. 919; αἱ βαναυσικαὶ [ τέχναι ] ἀναγκάζουσι καθῆσθαι X. Oec. 4.2; to be engaged or employed, esp. in a sedentary business, ἐπ' αὐτῷ τούτῳ Hdt. 2.86; κ. ἐπὶ τῇ τραπέζῃ, of bankers, D. 49.42, cf. 45.33; ἐπ' ἐργαστηρίου Id. 59.67; ἐπὶ τοῦ.. ἰατρείου Aeschin. 1.40; καθῆσθαι ἐν πόλει, opp. ζῆν ἐν Χωρίῳ, Muson. Fr. 11p.59H.

6. sit as a suppliant, ἐν Δελφοῖσι Hdt. 5.63, cf. Orac.ib. 7.140.

7. of districts and countries, lie, Χωρία ὁμοίως καθήμενα Thphr. HP 8.8.7. to be low-lying, τὰ λεῖα καὶ καθήμενα Ael. VH 3.1, cf. NA 16.12; πεδίον κ. Him. Or. 14.17; πόπανον.. κ. δωδεκόμφαλον prob. flat in the middle, IG 22.1367.

8. of a statue, to be placed, Pl. Smp. 215b, Arist. Pol. 1315b21.

9. of things, to be set or placed, λαγῴοις ἐπ' ἀμύλῳ καθημένοις Telecl. 32, cf. Pherecr. 108.17; τὸ πηδάλιον κ. πλάγιον Arist. Mech. 851a4, cf. ib. 13.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

κάθημαι, 2 person singular κάθῃ a later form for κάθησαι (Acts 23:3), imperative κάθου for κάθησο (yet cf. Kühner, as below) (cf. Lob. ad Phryn., p. 359; Krüger, § 38, 6f i., p. 147; Kühner, § 301 i., p. 671; Winers Grammar, § 14, 4; (Buttmann, 49 (42))) (subjunctive 2 person plural κάθησθε, Luke 22:30 Tr marginal reading; but WH text κάθησθε; see Veitch, under the word; Krüger, § 38, 6, 1 (cf. καθίζω), infinitive καθῆσθαι, participle καθήμενος); imperfect ἐκαθήμην; and once the rare (cf. Veitch, p. 347) future καθήσομαι, Luke 22:30 T Tr text WH marginal reading (so WH in Matthew 19:28 also; cf. καθίζω, at the end); (ἧμαι); a verb of which only the present and imperfect are in use in classical Greek (cf. Buttmann, 60 (52)); the Sept. for יָשַׁב;

1. to sit down, seat oneself: followed by ἐν with the dative of place (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 52, 4, 9), Mark 4:1; Luke 22:55 (here T Tr WH μέσος); εἰς, Mark 13:3 (Buttmann, § 147, 16); μετά with the genitive of person, Matthew 26:58; κάθου ἐκ δεξιῶν μου, i. e. be a partner of my power, Matthew 22:44; Mark 12:36 (Tr text WH marginal reading κάθισον); Luke 20:42; Acts 2:34; Hebrews 1:13 (Psalm 109:1 ()); κάθου ὧδε ὑπό with the accusative, James 2:3. παρά with the accusative of place, Matthew 13:1; ἐπάνω with the genitive of place, Matthew 28:2; with ἐκεῖ, Matthew 15:29; John 6:3 (Tdf. ἐκαθέζετο); the place to be supplied from the context, Matthew 13:2.

2. to sit, be seated, of a place occupied: followed by ἐν with the dative of place (Winer's Grammar, as under 1), Matthew 11:16; Matthew 26:69; ἐν τῇ δεξιά τοῦ Θεοῦ, Colossians 3:1; ἐν τοῖς δεξιοῖς, Mark 16:5; ἐπί τίνος, Matthew 24:3; Matthew 27:19; (Acts 20:9 R G); ἐπί τοῦ θρόνου (but also, especially in the critical editions, with the dative and the accusative (see below); cf. Alford on the following passages), Revelation 4:2 etc.; τῆς νεφέλης (or with the accusative), Revelation 14:15, and in other examples; ἐπί τίνι, Acts 3:10; ἐπί τί (cf. Buttmann, 338 (291)), Matthew 9:9; Mark 2:14; Luke 5:27; John 12:15; Revelation 4:4; Revelation 6:2 (R dative (as in the following)) Revelation 6:4; Revelation 11:16; Revelation 17:3; Revelation 19:11; παρά τήν ὁδόν, Matthew 20:30; Mark 10:46; Luke 18:35; πρός τό φῶς, Luke 22:56; ἐπάνω τίνος, Matthew 23:22; Revelation 6:8; περί τινα, Mark 3:32, 34; ἀπέναντι τίνος, Matthew 27:61; ἐκ δεξιῶν τίνος, Matthew 26:64; Mark 14:62; Luke 22:69; ἐκεῖ, Mark 2:6; οὗ, where, Acts 2:2 (L καθεζόμενοι); Revelation 17:15; without specification of place, Mark 5:15; Luke 5:17; Luke 8:35; John 2:14; John 9:8; 1 Corinthians 14:30. κάθημαι as descriptive of a certain state or condition is used of those who sit in discharging their office, as judges, κάθῃ κρίνων, Acts 23:3; of a queen, equivalent to to occupy the throne, to reign (A. V. I sit a queen), Revelation 18:7; of money-changers, John 2:14; of mourners and penitents: ἐν σάκκῳ, clothed in sackcloth, ἐν σποδῷ, covered with ashes, Luke 10:13; of those who, enveloped in darkness, cannot walk about, Matthew 4:16; Luke 1:79 (Isaiah 42:7); of a lame man, Acts 14:8. equivalent to to have a fixed abode, to dwell: ἐπί πρόσωπον τῆς γῆς, Luke 21:35; Revelation 14:6 (where Rec. κατοικοῦντας); ἐπί θρόνον, Revelation 20:11 G T (WH marginal reading; but see above); ἐν Ἱερουσαλήμ, Nehemiah 11:6; (ἐν ὄρει Σαμαρείας, Sir. 50:26. Compare: συγκάθημαι).

καθημέρανκαθημέραν, equivalent to καθ' ἡμέραν, see ἡμέρα, 2, p. 278{a}.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κάθ -ημαι ,

[in LXX chiefly for H3427;]

in cl. pres. and impf. only (prop. pf. and plpf. of καθέζομαι ; cf. Bl., § 24), in LXX and NT fut. also, to sit, be seated: Matthew 11:16; Matthew 22:44 (LXX), Mark 2:6, John 6:3, Acts 2:2, James 2:3 (on the vulgar imper. κάθου , v. Kennedy, Sources, 162), Revelation 4:3, al.; seq. prep. c. acc, ἐπί , Matthew 9:9, Mark 2:14, John 12:16; παρά , Matthew 13:1, Mark 10:46; περί , Mark 3:32; Mark 3:34; πρός , Luke 22:56; ὑπό , James 2:3; εἰς , Mark 13:3; μετά , c. gen. pers., Matthew 26:58; ἐκ δεξιῶν , Matthew 22:44; ἐπάνω , c. gen., Matthew 28:2; ἀπέναντι , c. gen., Matthew 27:61; ἐπί , c. dat., Acts 3:10; id. c. gen., Acts 8:28; ἐκεῖ , Matthew 15:29; pleonastic (M, Pr., 230, 241; Dalman, Words, 22), Matthew 13:2, Acts 23:3, Revelation 18:7; metaph., Matthew 4:16, Luke 1:79 (LXX); of one's domicile (Nehemiah 11:6, Sirach 50:26; Hdt., v, 63), Luke 21:31, Acts 2:2, Revelation 14:6 (cf. συν -κάθημαι ).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Petr III. 42 H (8)f .21 (mid. iii/B.C.) ἡμέρας κ ̄ ἐκάθητο, P Par 18.11 κάτισον ἕς (l. κάθησον ἕως) ἴδωμεν τί μέλλομεν ποιεῖν, BGU IV. 1141.33 (B.C. 14) εὑρι ̣σ ̣κ ̣ω ̣ι ̣ αὐτὸν καθήμενο (ν), ib. 1078.8 (A.D. 39) οὐ γὰρ ἀργὸν δεῖ με καθῆσθαι. With the use of κάθημαι in Acts 23:3, cf. the curious interview between an Emperor (? Commodus) and a certain Appianus, who has been condemned to death, where, in view of an impending riot, a soldier is represented as saying to the Emperor—κύριε, κάθῃ Ῥωμαῖοι γονγύζο [υσ ]ι, ";Lord, while you are sitting in judgement, the Romans are murmuring"; (Edd.) (P Oxy I. 33 verso iii. 13, late ii/A.D.). For the form κάθου (Mark 12:36, Acts 2:34, from Psa. 110꞉1 [MT Psalms 111:1]), see Maidhof, p. 300 : cf. Menander Fragm. p. 254, where Kock quotes other three passages from comic poets. With Pelagia-Legenden, p. 4.4 καθημένη εἰς βαδιστήν, ";seated on an ass,"; Musonius p. 43.18 καθῆσθαι εἰς Σινώπην, ";to settle in S.,"; cf. Mark 13:3, Acts 8:40. Musonius p. 59.7, uses the word of an idle, sedentary life. For the Aramaism in Mark 4:1 see s.v. ἐμβαίνω. MGr κάθομαι.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εκαθήμην εκάθηντο εκαθητο εκάθητο ἐκάθητο εκάθου καθη κάθη κάθῃ Καθημαι Κάθημαι καθήμεθα καθημεναι καθήμεναι καθημένη καθημενην καθημένην καθημενης καθημένης καθημενοι καθημένοι καθήμενοι καθημενοις καθημένοις καθημενον καθήμενον καθημενος καθήμενος Καθημενου Καθημένου καθημενους καθημένους καθημενω καθημένω καθημένῳ καθημενων καθημένων κάθηνται κάθησαι καθησεσθε καθήσεσθε καθήσεται καθήση καθησθαι καθήσθαι καθῆσθαι κάθησθε καθήσομαι καθήσονται καθήσονταί καθηται κάθηται καθίσασθε Καθου Κάθου ekatheto ekathēto ekátheto ekáthēto kathe kathē káthei káthēi Kathemai Kathēmai Káthemai Káthēmai kathemenai kathēmenai kathḗmenai kathemenen katheménen kathēmenēn kathēménēn kathemenes katheménes kathēmenēs kathēménēs kathemeno kathēmenō kathemenoi katheménoi kathēmenoi kathēménōi kathḗmenoi kathemenois katheménois kathēmenois kathēménois kathemenon katheménon kathēmenon kathēmenōn kathēménōn kathḗmenon kathemenos kathēmenos kathḗmenos Kathemenou Katheménou Kathēmenou Kathēménou kathemenous katheménous kathēmenous kathēménous kathesesthe kathēsesthe kathḗsesthe kathesthai kathêsthai kathēsthai kathē̂sthai kathetai kathētai káthetai káthētai Kathou Káthou
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Monday, September 16th, 2019
the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
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