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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3753 - ὅτε
- when whenever, while, as long as
also Cypr., Inscr.Cypr. 135.1 H., Dor. ὅκα, Aeol. ὄτα (qq. v.), Relat. Adv., formed from the Relat. stem ὁ- and τε (v. τε B), answering to demonstr. τότε and interrog. πότε; prop. of Time, but sts. passing into a causal sense (cf. ὁπότε). of Time, when, at the time when,
1 with ind. to denote single events or actions in past time, with impf. or aor., when, Il. 1.397, 432, etc.: rarely with plpf., 5.392: the Verb is sts. to be repeated from the apodosis, Καλλίξενος δὲ κατελθών, ὅ. καὶ οἱ ἐκ Πειραιῶς (sc. κατῆλθον) X. HG 1.7.35: freq. in ellipt. phrases, πῇ ἔβαν εὐχωλαί, ὅ. δὴ φάμεν εἶναι ἄριστοι; whither are gone the boasts, [ which we made] when we said.. ? Il. 8.229: so after Verbs of perception and the like, ἦ οὐ μέμνῃ, ὅ. τ' ἐκρέμω..; rememberest thou not [ the time] when.. ? 15.18, cf. 21.396, Od. 24.115, Ar. V. 354, Th. 2.21, etc.; ἄκουσα εὐχομένης ὅτ' ἔφησθα.. Il. 1.397, cf. Pl. Lg. 782c; οὐδ' ἔλαθ' Αἴαντα Ζεύς, ὅ. δὴ Τρώεσσι δίδου.. νίκην Il. 17.627. with pres., of a thing always happening or now going on, 2.471; νῦν, ὅ... σοι ὀξέως ὑπακούω X. Cyr. 2.4.6; ᾔδεα μὲν γὰρ ὅ... Δαναοῖσιν ἄμυνεν, οἶδα δὲ νῦν ὅ. τοὺς.. κυδάνει Il. 14.71. rarely with fut., of a definite future, Od. 18.272.
2. with opt., to denote repeated events or actions in past time, ἔνθα πάρος κοιμᾶθ', ὅ. μιν γλυκὺς ὕπνος ἱκάνοι whenever, as often as, Il. 1.610, cf. Od. 8.87, etc.; ὅ. δή Il. 3.216. sts. of future events which are represented as uncertain, in clauses dependent on a Verb in the opt. or subj., οὐκ ἄν τοι χραίσμῃ κίθαρις.., ὅτ' ἐν κονίῃσι μιγείης 3.55, cf. 18.465, 21.429, A. Eu. 726. ὅ. μή, in early authors always with opt., for εἰ μή, unless, except, save when, Il. 13.319, Od. 16.197, Arist. Pol. 1277a24: used by A.R. with subj., 1.245, 4.409.
3. with subj., only in and Lyr., Il. 4.259, 19.337, 21.323, etc., prob. in A. Ag. 766 (lyr.).
II Special usages:
1. in Hom. to introduce a simile, ὡς δ' ὅτε as when, mostly with subj., Il. 2.147, 4.130, 141, 6.506, al.: sts. with ind., 16.364, 21.12: the Verb must freq. be supplied from the context, as in 2.394, 4.462.
2. in the phrase πρίν γ' ὅτε δή.., ἤ is omitted before ὅτε, 9.488, 12.437, cf. Od. 13.322.
III ὅτε with other Particles,
1 ὅτ' ἄν, ὅτε κεν, v. cross ὅταν.
2. ὅτε δή and ὅτε δή ῥα, stronger than ὅτε, freq. in Hom. and Hes., ὅτε δή Il. 5.65, al., Hes. Th. 280, al.; ὅτε δή ῥα Il. 4.446, al., Hes. Th. 58,al.; v. infr. IV. I; so ὅτ' ἄρ' Il. 10.540.
3. ὅτε τε (where τε is otiose, v. τε B. I) 2.471, 10.83, etc.
4. ὅτε περ even when, 5.802, 14.319, al., Hdt. 5.99, Th. 1.8, etc.; ὅτε πέρ τε Il. 4.259, 10.7. the proper correl.
1. Adv. is τότε, as ὅ. δὴ.., τότε δὴ.. 10.365; ὅ. δή ῥ'.., δὴ τότε 23.721; ὅ. δὴ.., καὶ τότε δὴ.. 22.208; ὅ. δή ῥα.., καὶ τότ' ἄρ' 24.31: for τότε we sts. have ἔπειτα, 3.221; αὐτίκα δ', 4.210; δὲ.., 5.438; also νῦν.., ὅ... S. Aj. 710 (lyr.), etc.; μεθύστερον, ὅ... Id. Tr. 711; ἤματι τῷ, ὅ... Il. 2.743, etc.; so in Att., ἦν ποτε χρόνος, ὅ... Pl. Prt. 320c, cf. Phd. 75a, Hdt. 1.160.
2. elliptical in the phrase ἔστιν ὅ. or ἔσθ' ὅ., there are times when, sometimes, now and then, ἔστι ὅ. Id. 2.120; ἔστιν ὅ. Pl. Phd. 62a; ἔσθ' ὅ. S. Aj. 56 (v. infr. c).
1. ὅτε sts. has a causal sense, when, seeing that, mostly with pres. ind., Il. 16.433 (v.l. cross ὅ τε) ὅ. δή 20.29; and in Trag. and Att. Prose, as S. Aj. 1095, OT 918, Pl. Smp. 206b, R. 581e, Prt. 356c, Sph. 254b, etc.; so ὅ. γε Hdt. 5.92. ά: with pf. used as pres., S. Ph. 428, Ar. Numbers 34:1-29.
2. sts. where ὥστε would be more usual, οὕτω.. πόρρω κλέος ἥκει, ὅ. καὶ βασιλεὺς ἠρώτησεν Id. Ach. 647. ὁτέ Indef. Adv., sometimes, now and then, used like cross ποτέ at the beginning of each of two corresponding clauses, now.., now.., sometimes.., sometimes.. (not in early Prose, ὁτὲ μὲν.., ὁτὲ δὲ.. Arist. Pol. 1290a4, al.), ὁτὲ μὲν.., ἄλλοτε.. Il. 20.49s q.; ὁτὲ μὲν.., ἄλλοτε δ' αὖ.. 18.599 sq.; ὁτὲ μέν τε.., ἄλλοτε δὲ.. 11.64; ὁτὲ μὲν.., ὁτὲ δ' αὖτε.. A.R. 1.1270; ὁτὲ μέν τε.., ὅτ' αὖ.. Id. 3.1300; ὁτὲ μὲν.., ποτὲ δὲ.. Plb. 6.20.8; ὁτὲ μὲν.., ὁτὲ δὲ.., καὶ ἄλλοτε.. D.L. 2.106; ὁτὲ μὲν.., πάλιν δὲ.. Arist. EN 1100a28; ἐνίοτε μὲν.., ὁτὲ δὲ.. Id. Mete. 360b3; ὁτὲ μὲν.., ἢ.. Id. Po. 1448a21 (s. v.l.): also reversely, ἄλλοτε μὲν.., ὁτὲ δὲ.. Il. 11.568; also ὁτὲ δέ in the second clause, without any correlative in the first, 17.178; S. joins ἔσθ' ὅτε.., ὅτ' ἄλλοτ' ἄλλον Aj. 56; ὁτὲ δέ alone, at the beginning of a clause, X. Cyn. 5.8 and 20, 9.8 and 20.
temporal particle (correlat. of πότε , τότε ),
when; c. indic. (so generally in cl., but also c. optat., subjc.; LS, s.v.), most freq. c. aor., Matthew 9:25, Mark 1:32, Luke 4:25, John 1:19, Acts 1:13, Romans 13:11, Galatians 1:15, Revelation 1:17, al.; c. impf., Mark 14:12, John 21:18, Romans 6:20, 1 Thessalonians 3:4, al.; c. pf., since, now that, 1 Corinthians 13:11 (B, ἐγένόμην ); c. praes., Mark 11:1, John 9:4, Hebrews 9:17; c. fut. (Hom.; of a def. fut. as opp. to the indef. fut. of ὅταν c. subjc.), Luke 17:22, John 4:21; John 4:23; John 5:25; John 16:25, Romans 2:16 (T, txt., WH, mg.), 2 Timothy 4:3 (in all which instances, and c. Pres., Jo, l.c., ὅ . follows a subst. of time, and is equiv. to a rel. phrase, ἐν ᾧ or ᾗ ).
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
παραγγέλλω is common in Ptolemaic papyri to describe the official summons before a court, e.g. P Par 4617 (B.C. 153) (= UPZ i. p. 338) γέγραφά σοι, ὅπω [ς ] Ἀπολλωνίωι παραγγείληις, P Grenf I. 40.6 (ii/B.C.) (= Chrest. II. p. 21) ἔκρινον γράψαι σοι ὅπως εἰδὼς παραγγείλης καὶ τ [οῖς ] ἄλλοις ἱερεῦσι ἑτοίμους εἶναι, and P Tebt I. 14.5 (B.C. 114) ἔγραψας ἡμῖν Ἡρᾶν (l. Ἡρᾶτι) . . . εὐθυνομένωι δὲ φόνωι καὶ ἄλλαις αἰτία <ι >ς παραγγεῖλαι ἀπαντᾶν ἐν ἡμέραι <ς > τρισὶν πρὸς τὴν περὶ τούτων ἐσομένην διεξαγωγήν, ";you wrote to me that I was to give notice to Heras who is arraigned for murder and other offences to appear in three days’ time for the decision to be made concerning these charges"; (Edd.).
Miscellaneous uses of the verb are—P Amh II. 30.40 (ii/B.C.) παρηγγείλαμεν τῆι Θεμβῶτος (l. Θεμβῶτι) ἐκχωρεῖν ἐκ τῆς οἰκίας, ";we ordered Thembos to depart out of the house,"; P Tebt II. 386.22 (B.C. 12) ἐν ἡμέραις τριάκοντα ἀφ᾽ ἧς ἐάν μοι παρανγίλῃ, ";within thirty days from the day on which you give me notice,"; with reference to the repayment of a dowry following on a deed of divorce, P Ryl II. 81.9 (c. A.D. 104) διὰ σοῦ αὐτοῖς παρανγείλας ἵν᾽ ὅσου ἐὰν χρείαν ἔχωσι ὑδάτους (l. ὕδατος) ἑαυ [τοῖς ἐ ]πιχαλῶσι, ";instructing them through you to draw off as much water as they need"; (Edd.), the illiterate ib. 435 (ii/A.D.) where we have twice the formula παρήγκελκά συ (l. παρήγγελκά σοι) ἄλλα ἅπαξ, ";I have instructed you several times"; (cf. Archiv vi. p. 379), and P Oxy VI. 937.8 (iii/A.D.) κἂν νῦν οὖν παραγγέλλω σοι, ὦ κυρία μου ἀδελφή, ἵνα παραβάλῃς πρὸς τῇ πλατείᾳ τοῦ θεάτρου, ";and for the present I bid you, my dear sister, go to the street of the theatre.";
For the aoristic present παραγγ ̣έλλω in Acts 16:18, see Proleg. p. 119. With παραγγέλλω in 1 Timothy 6:17 al. Ramsay (Exp T xiv. p. 159) compares the use in the inscrr. of Dionysopolis—παραγγέλλω πᾶσι μὴ καταφρονεῖν τοῦ θεοῦ. MGr παραγγέλνω.
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