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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4088 - πικρία

Transliteration
pikría
Phonetics
pik-ree'-ah  
Word Origin
from (4089)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
6:122,839
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. bitter gall
    1. extreme wickedness
    2. a bitter root, and so producing a bitter fruit
    3. metaph. bitterness, bitter hatred
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2195 ‑ זַעַם (zah'‑am);  3939 ‑ לַעֲנָה (lah‑an‑aw');  3992 ‑ מָאַר (maw‑ar');  4751 ‑ מַר (mar, maw‑raw');  4754 ‑ מָרָא (maw‑raw');  4759 ‑ מַרְאָה (mar‑aw');  4820 ‑ מִרְמָה (meer‑maw');  6001 ‑ עָמֵל (aw‑male');  7600 ‑ שַׁאֲנָן (shah‑an‑awn');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (4) NAS (4) HCS (4)
Acts 1
Romans 1
Ephesians 1
Hebrews 1
Acts 1
Romans 1
Ephesians 1
Hebrews 1
Acts 1
Romans 1
Ephesians 1
Hebrews 1
BYZ TIS TR
N-GSF 3
N-NSF 1
N-GSF 3
N-NSF 1
N-GSF 3
N-NSF 1
NA WH
N-GSF 3
N-NSF 1
N-GSF 3
N-NSF 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πικρ-ία, ἡ,

bitterness:

1 of taste, Thphr. CP 6.10.7, Od. 32, LXX Jeremiah 15:17, Placit. 3.16.2, Dsc. 1.61, etc.

2. of temper, τὴν ἀπὸ τῆς ψυχῆς π . D. 21.204, cf. 25.84, Ep. 3.33, Arist. VV 1251a4, Phld. Ir. p.56W.; ἡ ἐπὶ τοῖς γεγονόσι π . Plb. 15.4.11; πρὸς τὸν δῆμον Plu. Ccr. 15; ἡ ἐν τοῖς λόγοις π . D.S. 16.88; λόγος π. ἔχων μεμιγμένην χάριτι Plu. Lyc. 19 .

3. of circumstances, ἡ τοῦ καιροῦ π . BGU 417.5 (ii/iii A. D.) .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πικρία, πικρίας, (πικρός), bitterness: χολή πικρίας, equivalent to χολή πικρά (Winers Grammar, 34, 3 b.; Buttmann, § 132, 10), bitter gall, equivalent to extreme wickedness, Acts 8:23; ῤίζα πικρίας (references as above), a bitter root, and so producing bitter fruit, Hebrews 12:15 (from Deuteronomy 29:18, the Alex. manuscript), cf. Bleek at the passage; metaphorically, bitterness, i. e. bitter hatred, Ephesians 4:31; of speech, Romans 3:14 after Psalm 9:28 (). (In various uses in the Sept. (Demosthenes, Aristotle), Theophrastus, Polybius, Plutarch, others.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πικρία , -ας ,

(< πικρός ),

[in LXX chiefly for H4751 and cognate forms;]

bitterness;

(a) of taste (Arist., Jeremiah 15:17, al.);

(b) metaph., of temper, character, etc.: Romans 3:14 (LXX), Ephesians 4:31; ῥίζα πικρίας , Hebrews 12:15; χολὴ Papyri, a malignant disposition, Acts 8:23.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

This late form of the Attic πῶμα, ";drink,"; is seen in Kaibel 244.9 f.—

Φερσεφόνας δ᾽ ἀδίαυλον ὑπὸ στυγερὸν δόμον ἦλθον

παυσιπόνῳ λάθας λουσαμένα πόματι.

Cf. Lob. Phryn. p. 456, and Thackeray Gr. i. p. 79.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
πικρια πικρία πικρίαις πικρίαν πικριας πικρίας πικρίδων πικριών pikria pikría pikrias pikrías
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