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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4687 - σπείρω

Transliteration
speírō
Phonetics
spi'-ro  
Word Origin
probably strengthened from (4685) (through the idea of extending)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
7:536,1065
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to sow, scatter, seed
  2. metaph. of proverbial sayings
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2219 ‑ זָרָה (zaw‑raw');  2232 ‑ זָרַע (zaw‑rah');  2236 ‑ זָרַק (zaw‑rak');  5080 ‑ נָדַח (naw‑dakh');  6327 ‑ פָּצַץ (poots);  6340 ‑ פָּזַר (paw‑zar');  7760 ‑ שִׂים (soom, seem);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (11) NAS (51) HCS (53)
Matthew 16
Mark 9
Luke 4
John 2
1 Corinthians 6
2 Corinthians 2
Galatians 2
James 1
Matthew 15
Mark 9
Luke 4
John 2
1 Corinthians 6
2 Corinthians 2
Galatians 2
James 1
Matthew 18
Mark 12
Luke 6
John 2
1 Corinthians 8
2 Corinthians 3
Galatians 3
James 1
BYZ TIS TR
V-2APP-NPM 1
V-2APP-NSM 4
V-2APS-3S 2
V-2RPP-ASM 1
V-2RPP-ASN 1
V-AAI-1P 1
V-AAI-1S 2
V-AAI-2S 3
V-AAI-3S 2
V-AAN 3
V-AAP-NSM 1
V-PAI-2S 3
V-PAI-3P 2
V-PAI-3S 1
V-PAN 5
V-PAP-DSM 2
V-PAP-GSM 1
V-PAP-NSM 11
V-PAS-3S 1
V-PPI-3S 6
V-PPP-NPM 2
V-2APP-NPM 1
V-2APP-NSM 4
V-2APS-3S 2
V-AAI-1P 1
V-AAI-1S 2
V-AAI-2S 3
V-AAI-3S 2
V-AAN 2
V-AAP-DSM 1
V-AAP-GSM 1
V-AAP-NSM 1
V-PAI-2S 3
V-PAI-3P 2
V-PAI-3S 1
V-PAN 4
V-PAP-DSM 1
V-PAP-NSM 11
V-PAS-3S 1
V-PPI-3S 4
V-PPP-NPM 2
V-RPP-ASM 1
V-RPP-ASN 1
V-2APP-NPM 1
V-2APP-NSM 4
V-2APS-3S 2
V-2RPP-ASM 1
V-2RPP-ASN 1
V-AAI-1P 1
V-AAI-1S 2
V-AAI-2S 3
V-AAI-3S 2
V-AAN 2
V-AAP-DSM 1
V-AAP-NSM 1
V-PAI-2S 3
V-PAI-3P 2
V-PAI-3S 1
V-PAN 4
V-PAP-DSM 2
V-PAP-GSM 1
V-PAP-NSM 11
V-PAS-3S 1
V-PPI-3S 6
V-PPP-NPM 2
NA WH
T-GSN 1
V-AAI-1S 1
V-AAI-2S 1
V-AAPGSM 1
V-APPNSM 1
V-PAI-3S 1
V-PAPNSM 1
V-2APP-NPM 1
V-2APP-NSM 4
V-2APS-3S 2
V-2RPP-ASM 1
V-2RPP-ASN 1
V-AAI-1P 1
V-AAI-1S 2
V-AAI-2S 3
V-AAI-3S 2
V-AAN 2
V-AAP-DSM 1
V-AAP-GSM 1
V-AAP-NSM 1
V-PAI-2S 3
V-PAI-3P 2
V-PAI-3S 1
V-PAN 4
V-PAP-DSM 1
V-PAP-NSM 11
V-PAS-3S 1
V-PPI-3S 6
V-PPP-NPM 2


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σπείρω, Aeol. σπέρρω Sch.D.T. p.117 H., EM 300.19: Ion. impf. σπείρεσκον Hdt. 4.42: fut. σπερῶ E. El. 79, Pl. Phdr. 276d; Aeol. σπέρσω Sch. E. Hec. 202: aor. ἔσπειρα A. Th. 754 (lyr.), Hdt. 7.107, Pl. Ti. 41c: pf. ἔσπαρκα Polyaen. 2.1.1, etc.: Med., aor. inf. σπείρασθαι A.R. 3.1028; aor. 2 σπαρέσθαι dub. l. in Polyaen. 8.26: Pass., fut. σπᾰρήσομαι LXX Nahum 1:14, ( δια- ) D.S. 17.69: aor. ἐσπάρην [ ] S. OT 1498, Th. 2.27: pf. ἔσπαρμαι E. HF 1098, Ar. Ra. 1206, Pl. Lg. 693a, etc.:

sow,

I sow seed, c. acc., [ κέγχρους ] Hes. Sc. 399; σῖτον Hdt. 4.17; στάχυν E. Cyc. 121; of Cadmus, ς. γηγενῆ στάχυν Id. Ba. 264 (so in Med., σπείρασθαι ὀδόντας A.R. 3.1028 ): abs., sow, Hes. Op. 391; opp. θερίζω, Ar. Av. 710, etc.: metaph., θερ. καὶ ς. ταῖς γλώσσαις, of corrupt orators, ib. 1697 (lyr.); καρπὸν ὧν ἔσπειρε θερίζειν Pl. Phdr. 260d; αἰσχρῶς μὲν ἔσπειρας κακῶς δὲ ἐθέρισας Gorg. 16: prov., εἰς πέτρας τε καὶ λίθους ς . Pl. Lg. 838e; ς. κατὰ πετ ρῶν, i.e. εἰς πέλαγος (cf. σπέρμα 1.1 ), Luc. Am. 20 .

2. engender, beget offspring (cf. 11.2 ), S. Aj. 1293, Tr. 33, E. Ion 49, etc.; οἱ σπείραντες the parents, IG 3.1339, cf. 14.1794 ( Rome ); ἄθυτα παλλακῶν σπέρματα ς . Pl. Lg. 841d: Pass., spring or be born, ὅθενπερ αὐτὸς ἐσπάρη S. OT 1498, cf. E. Ion 554 (troch.), Pl. R. 460b; πρὸ τοῦ Ζήνωνα . . σπαρῆναι before Z. was begotten, Phld. Rh. 2.110 S.

3. scatter like seed, strew, χρυσὸν καὶ ἄργυρον Hdt. 7.107; ς. φλόγα Trag.Adesp. 85; of liquids, scatter or sprinkle, ἐκ τευχέων ς. δρόσον E. Andr. 167; spread abroad, extend, ς. ἀγλαΐαν νάς ῳ Pi. N. 1.13; spread rumour, ς. ματαίαν βάξιν S. El. 642; μὴ σπεῖρε πολλοῖς τὸν παρόντα δαίμονα do not speak of it indiscriminately, Id. Fr. 653: Pass., to be scattered or dispersed, ἐσπαρμένος κατὰ . . πόλιν, of the ashes of Solon scattered over Salamis, Cratin. 228; τόξα δ' ἔσπαρται πέδῳ E. HF 1098; of persons, ἐσπάρησαν καθ' Ἑλλάδα Th. 2.27; ἐσπαρμένοι εἰς ἁρπαγήν X. HG 3.4.22; κατὰ χώραν ib. 6.2.17; ἔσπαρται λόγος E. Fr. 846 ap. Ar. Ra. 1206 .

II sow a field, νειόν Hes. Op. 463; γῆν, τέμενος, πεδιάδα, Hdt. 4.42, 9.116, 122; ἄρουραν A. Fr. 158; ἡ σπειρομένη Αἴγυπτος the arable part of Egypt, Hdt. 2.77; τυχεῖν μὲν ἤδη 'σπαρμένα Ar. Pax 1140; ἀροῦται καὶ σπείρεται τὸ Θηβαίων ἄστυ Din. 1.24: prov., πόντον σπείρειν, of lost labour, Thgn. 106, 107: metaph., καινοτάταις ς. διανοίαις Ar. V. 1044; ς. εἰς ἀρετῆς ἔκφυσιν Pl. Lg. 777e; τοὺς ἐν γράμμασι κήπους Id. Phdr. 276d .

2. of procreation, ματρὸς . . ς. ἄρουραν A. Th. 754; ς. τέκνων ἄλοκα E. Ph. 18; ς. λέχη Id. Ion 64; ἣν ἔσπειρε, i.e. his wife, Lib. Or. 37.9; v. supr. 1.2 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

σπείρω; (imperfect 2 person singular ἐσπειρες, Matthew 13:27 Tr); 1 aorist ἔσπειρα; passive, present σπείρομαι; perfect passive participle ἐσπαρμενος; 2 aorist ἐσπάρην; (derived from the quick, jerky, motion of the hand; cf. our spurn (of the foot); Curtius, § 389); from Hesiod down; the Sept. for זָרַע ; to sow, scatter seed;

a. properly: absolutely, Matthew 6:26; Matthew 13:3f, 18; Mark 4:3f, 14; Luke 8:5; Luke 12:24; (John 5:36f (see in b.)); 2 Corinthians 9:10; with an accusative of the thing, as σπέρμα ζιζάνια, κόκκον (cf. Buttmann, § 131, 5): Matthew 13:24f (but in 25 L T Tr WH have ἐπέσπειρεν), 27,37,39; Mark 4:32: Luke 8:5; 1 Corinthians 15:36f; with specifications of place: εἰς τάς ἀκάνθας, Matthew 13:22; Mark 4:18; ἐν τῷ ἀγρῷ, Matthew 13:24 (31); ἐπί τῆς γῆς. Mark 4:31; ἐπί with an accusative of place, Matthew 13:20, 23; Mark 4:16, 20; παρά τήν ὁδόν, Matthew 13:19.

b. in proverbial sayings: absolutely, Matthew 25:24, 26; Luke 19:21; John 4:37; 2 Corinthians 9:6; τί, Galatians 6:7 (on these sayings see θερίζω, b.). in comparisons: σπρίειν εἰς τήν σάρκα, εἰς τό πνεῦμα (σάρξ and πνεῦμα are likened to fields to be sown), to do those things which satisfy the nature and promptings of the σάρξ or of the πνεῦμα, Galatians 6:8; τόν λόγον, to scatter the seeds of instruction, i. e. to impart instruction, Mark 4:14f; λόγος, ἐσπαρμενος ἐν ταῖς καρδίαις αὐτῶν, the ideas and precepts that have been implanted like seed in their hearts, i. e. received in their hearts, Mark 14:15 (here Tr text WH εἰς αὐτούς into their hearts T L marginal reading ἐν αὐτοῖς); οὗτος ἐστιν παρά τήν ὁδόν σπαρείς, this one experiences the fate of the seed sown by the wayside, Matthew 13:19; add, 20-23; Mark 4:16, 18, 20. τό σῶμα, the body, which after death is committed like seed to the earth, 1 Corinthians 15:42-44; καρπόν δικαιοσύνης, i. e. that seed which produces καρπόν δικαιοσύνης (see καρπός, 2 b.), James 3:18; σπείρειν τίνι τί, to give, manifest, something to one, from whom we may subsequently receive something else akin to a harvest (θερίζομεν), 1 Corinthians 9:11. (Compare: διασπείρω, ἐπισπείρω.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

*σπείρω

[in LXX chiefly for H2232;]

to sow (seed): absol., Matthew 6:26; Matthew 13:3-4; Matthew 13:18; Matthew 25:24; Matthew 25:26, Mark 4:3-4, Luke 8:5; Luke 12:24, John 4:36, 2 Corinthians 9:10; c. acc rei, Matthew 13:24; Matthew 13:27; Matthew 13:37; Matthew 13:39, Mark 4:32, Luke 8:5, 1 Corinthians 15:36-37; seq. εἰς , Matthew 13:22, Mark 4:18; ἐν , Matthew 13:24; Matthew 13:31; ἐπί , c. gen., Mark 4:31; ἐπί , c. acc, Matthew 13:20; Matthew 13:23, Mark 4:16; Mark 4:20; παρά , c. acc, Matthew 13:19. Metaph.: 1 Corinthians 9:11; 1 Corinthians 15:42-44, Galatians 6:7-8, James 3:18; in proverbial sayings, Matthew 25:24; Matthew 25:26, Luke 19:21-22, John 4:37, 2 Corinthians 9:6, Galatians 6:7; in interpretation of parables, Matthew 13:19-23 Mark 4:14-20

* ἐπι -οπείρω ,

to sow upon or besides: ἀνὰ μέσον , Matthew 13:25.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

With this verb = ";move,"; ";stir up,"; in Acts 6:12, its only NT occurrence, cf. Polyb. xv. 17. 1 συγκινεῖ πως ἕκαστον ἡμῶν ὁ ξενισμός.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επεσπειρεν ἐπέσπειρεν έσπαρκας εσπαρμένη εσπαρμενον εσπαρμένον ἐσπαρμένον εσπειρα ἔσπειρα εσπειραμεν εσπείραμεν ἐσπείραμεν έσπειραν εσπειρας έσπειρας ἔσπειρας εσπείρατε έσπειρε εσπειρεν έσπειρεν ἔσπειρεν σπαρεις σπαρείς σπαρεντες σπαρέντες σπαρη σπαρή σπαρῇ σπαρήσεσθε σπαρήσεται σπειραι σπείραι σπεῖραι σπείραιμι σπείραντες σπειραντι σπείραντι σπειραντος σπείραντος σπειρας σπείρας σπείρατε σπειρει σπειρεί σπείρει σπειρειν σπειρείν σπείρειν σπειρεις σπειρείς σπείρεις σπειρεται σπείρεται σπειρη σπείρη σπείρῃ σπείρης σπείρητε σπειρομενοι σπειρόμενοι σπειρόμενον σπείρον σπείροντες σπειροντι σπείροντι σπείροντος σπειρουσιν σπείρουσιν σπείρωμεν σπειρων σπείρων σπείρωσι σπείρωσιν σπερείς σπερείτε σπερώ epespeiren epéspeiren esparmenon esparménon espeira éspeira espeiramen espeíramen espeiras éspeiras espeiren éspeiren spare sparē sparêi sparē̂i spareis spareís sparentes sparéntes speirai speîrai speiranti speíranti speirantos speírantos speiras speíras speire speirē speirei speírei speírēi speirein speírein speireis speíreis speiretai speíretai speiromenoi speirómenoi speiron speirōn speíron speírōn speironti speíronti speirousin speírousin
Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, October 23rd, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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