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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4690 - σπέρμα

Transliteration
spérma
Phonetics
sper'-mah  
Word Origin
from (4687)
Parts of Speech
Noun Neuter
TDNT
7:536,1065
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. from which a plant germinates
    1. the seed i.e. the grain or kernel which contains within itself the germ of the future plants
      1. of the grains or kernels sown
    2. metaph. a seed i.e. a residue, or a few survivors reserved as the germ of the next generation (just as seed is kept from the harvest for the sowing)
  2. the semen virile
    1. the product of this semen, seed, children, offspring, progeny
    2. family, tribe, posterity
    3. whatever possesses vital force or life giving power
      1. of divine energy of the Holy Spirit operating within the soul by which we are regenerated
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 319 ‑ אַחֲרִית (akh‑ar‑eeth');  1121 ‑ בֵּן (bane);  1320 ‑ בָּשָׂר (baw‑sawr');  2233 ‑ זֶרַע (zeh'‑rah);  5209 ‑ נִין (neen);  5220 ‑ נֶכֶד (neh'‑ked);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (44) NAS (43) HCS (43)
Matthew 7
Mark 5
Luke 2
John 3
Acts 4
Romans 8
1 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 2
Galatians 3
2 Timothy 1
Hebrews 3
1 John 1
Revelation 1
Matthew 6
Mark 5
Luke 2
John 3
Acts 4
Romans 8
1 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 2
Galatians 3
2 Timothy 1
Hebrews 3
1 John 1
Revelation 1
Matthew 7
Mark 5
Luke 2
John 3
Acts 4
Romans 9
1 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 1
Galatians 5
2 Timothy 1
Hebrews 3
1 John 1
Revelation 1
BYZ TIS TR
N-ASN 13
N-DPN 1
N-DSN 7
N-GPN 3
N-GSN 8
N-NSN 12
N-ASN 13
N-DPN 1
N-DSN 7
N-GPN 3
N-GSN 8
N-NSN 12
N-ASN 13
N-DPN 1
N-DSN 7
N-GPN 3
N-GSN 8
N-NSN 12
NA WH
N-ASN 12
N-DPN 1
N-DSN 7
N-GPN 3
N-GSN 8
N-NSN 12
N-ASN 13
N-DPN 1
N-DSN 7
N-GPN 3
N-GSN 8
N-NSN 12


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σπέρμ-α, ατος, τό, ( σπείρω ) seed, only once in Hom., in metaph. sense, v. infr. 1.2: I mostly, seed of plants, ς. ἀνιέναι, κρύπτειν, h.Cer. 307, cf. Hdt. 3.97: pl., Hes. Op. 446; ς. τῇ γῇ διδόναι, ἐμβαλεῖν, X. Oec. 17.8, 10: prov., εἰς πέλαγος ς. βαλεῖν Epigr.Gr. 1038.8 ( Pamphylia ); of fruit, Antiph. 58.4; τοῖς γαίης σπέρμασι with the products of earth, of corn-stalks, AP 9.89 ( Phil. ).

2. metaph., germ, origin of anything, ς. πυρός Od. 5.490; φλογός Pi. O. 7.48, cf. P. 3.37; σπέρματα, = στοιχεῖα, elements, Anaxag. 4, cf. Epicur. Ephesians 2 p.38 U., Fr. 250; ὁ τὸ σπέρμα παρασχών, οὗτος τῶν φύντων αἴτιος D. 18.159; συκοφάντου ς. καὶ ῥίζαν οἴεται δεῖν ὑπάρχειν τῇ πόλει Id. 25.48; ς. τῆς στάσεως Plu. Mark 10:1-52; τοῦ ὅρκου Longin. 16.3 .

3. seed-time, sowing, Hes. Op. 781 .

II of animals, seed, semen, φέροισα ς. θεοῦ pregnant by the god, Pi. P. 3.15; but ς. φέρειν Ἡρακλέους to be pregnant of Heracles, Id. N. 10.17; μυελὸν . . εἰς ς. καὶ γόνον μερίζεσθαι Ti.Locr. 100b, cf. Pl. Ti. 86c; ς. παραλαβεῖν E. Or. 553; σπέρματος πλῆσαι Plu. Lyc. 15: pl., κατ' ἀμφότερα τὰ ς. θεῶν ἀπόγονος Hp. Ephesians 2:1-22 .

2. race, origin, descent, τοὐμὸν . . σπέρμ' ἰδεῖν βουλήσομαι S. OT 1077; τίνος εἶ σπέρματος πατρόθεν; Id. OC 214 (lyr.); γένεθλον σπέρμα τ' Ἀργεῖον A. Supp. 290, cf. Ch. 236; ς. ἄντασ' Ἐρεχθειδᾶν S. Ant. 981 (lyr.), cf. Pi. O. 7.93, etc.

3. freq. in Poets, seed, offspring, τὸ βρότειον ς . A. Fr. 399; ς. Πελοπιδῶν Id. Ch. 503; ς. [τοῦ Ἀβραάμ ] Ev.Luke 1:55, etc.; sts. of a single person, Pi. O. 9.61, A. Pr. 705, S. Ph. 364, Orac. ap. Th. 5.16, LXX Genesis 4:25, etc.: pl., A. Eu. 803, 909, S. OT 1246, OC 600, Ep.Galatians 3:16; once in Pl., ἀνθρώπων σπέρμασι νουθετοῦμεν Lg. 853c .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

σπέρμα, σπέρματος, τό (σπείρω, which see), from Homer down, Hebrew זֶרַע , the seed (from which anything springs);

a. from which a plant germinates; α. properly, the seed i. e. the grain or kernel which contains within itself the germ of the future plant: plural, Matthew 13:32; Mark 4:31; 1 Corinthians 15:38 (Exodus 16:31; 1 Samuel 8:15); the singular is used collectively of the grains or kernels sown: Matthew 13:24, 27, 37; 2 Corinthians 9:10 (here L Tr σπόρος). β. metaphorically, a seed i. e. a residue. or a few survivors reserved as the germ of a new race (just as seed is kept from the harvest for the sowing), Romans 9:29 after Isaiah 1:9, where the Sept. for שַׂרִיד (so also Wis. 14:6; 1 Esdr. 8:85 (87); Josephus, Antiquities 11, 5, 3; 12, 7, 8; Plato, Tim., p. 23{c}).

b. the semen virile; α. properly: Leviticus 15:16-18; Leviticus 18:20f, etc.; (probably also Hebrews 11:11, cf. καταβολή 1, and see below); often in secular writings. By metonymy the product of this semen, seed, children, offspring, progeny; family, race, posterity (so in Greek chiefly in the tragic poets, cf. Passow, under the word, 2 b. ii., p. 1498 (Liddell and Scott, under the word, II. 3); and זֶרַע very often in the O. T. (cf. Winer's Grammar, 17, 30)); so in the singular, either of one, or collectively of many: Romans 9:7f; εἰς καταβολήν σπέρματος (see (above, and) καταβολή, 2) Hebrews 11:11; ἀνισταναι and ἐξανισταναι σπέρμα τίνι, Matthew 22:24; Mark 12:19; Luke 20:28 (Genesis 38:8); ἔχειν σπέρμα, Matthew 22:25; ἀφιέναι σπέρμα τίνι, Mark 12:20-22; τό σπέρμα τίνος, Luke 1:55; John 7:42; John 8:33, 37; Acts 3:25; Acts 7:5; Acts 13:23; Romans 1:3; (); ; 2 Corinthians 11:22; 2 Timothy 2:8; Hebrews 2:16; Hebrews 11:18; in plural: παῖς ἐκ βαιλικων σπερμάτων, of royal descent, Josephus, Antiquities 8, 7, 6; τῶν Αβραμιαίων σπερμάτων ἀπόγονοι, 4 Macc. 18:1; equivalent to tribes, races, ἄνθρωποι τέ καί ἀνθρώπων σπερμασι νομοθετουμεν τά νῦν, Plato, legg. 9, p. 853 c. By a rabbinical method of interpreting, opposed to the usage of the Hebrew זֶרַע , which signifies the offspring whether consisting of one person or many, Paul lays such stress on the singular number in Genesis 13:15; Genesis 17:8 as to make it denote but one of Abraham's posterity, and that the Messiah: Galatians 3:16, also Galatians 3:19; and yet, that the way in which Pard presses the singular here is not utterly at variance with the genius of the Jewish-Greek language is evident from Αβραμιαίων σπερμάτων ἀπόγονοι, 4 Macc. 18:1, where the plural is used of many descendants ((cf. Delitzsch, Br. a. d. Röm., p. 16 note 2; Lightfoot on Galatians, the passage cited)). τό σπέρμα (Ἀβραάμ) τό ἐκ τοῦ νόμου, the seed which is such according to the decision of the law, physical offspring (see νόμος, 2, p. 428{a}), τό ἐκ πίστεως Ἀβραάμ, those who are called Abraham's posterity on account of the faith by which they are akin to him (see πίστις, 1 b. ., p. 513{b} and ἐκ, II. 7), Romans 4:16; add, ; ; Galatians 3:29; similarly, Christians are called, in Revelation 12:17, the σπέρμα of the church (which is likened to a mother, Galatians 4:26). β. whatever possesses vital force or life-giving power: τό σπέρμα τοῦ Θεοῦ ((but anarthrous)), the Holy Spirit, the divine energy operating within the soul by which we are regenerated or made the τέκνα τοῦ Θεοῦ, 1 John 3:9.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

σπέρμα , -τος , τό (< σπείρω ),

[in LXX chiefly for H2233;]

seed;

(a) of plants: Matthew 13:24; Matthew 13:27; Matthew 13:37-38, 2 Corinthians 9:10; pl., Matthew 13:32, Mark 4:31, 1 Corinthians 15:33; metaph., of an escaping remnant (H8300, Isaiah 1:9; cf. Wisdom of Solomon 14:6; Plat., Tim., 23c; FlJ, Ant., xi, 5, 3), Romans 9:29;

(b) of men (as γονή ; Lat. semen genitale; so in cl.; cf. in LXX, Leviticus 15:16, al.): Hebrews 11:11; metaph., of the divine influence, 1 John 3:9; by meton. (as freq. in poets), seed, offspring, posterity: Matthew 22:24-25, Mark 12:19-22, Luke 1:55; Luke 20:28 (LXX) John 7:42; John 8:33; John 8:37 Acts 3:25; Acts 7:5-6; Acts 13:23, Romans 1:3; Romans 4:13; Romans 4:18; Romans 9:7-8; Romans 11:1, 2 Corinthians 11:22, Galatians 3:16; Galatians 3:19, 2 Timothy 2:8, Hebrews 2:16; Hebrews 11:18; pl. (FlJ, Ant., viii, 7, 6; Flat., Leg., ix, 853 c; 4 Maccabees 18:1; in Ga, l.c., contrasted with sing., v. Lft., in l; Milligan, NTD, 105 f.), Galatians 3:16; of spiritual offspring, Romans 4:16; Romans 4:18; Romans 9:8, Galatians 3:29, Revelation 12:17.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
σπερμα σπέρμα σπερμασιν σπέρμασιν σπέρματα σπερματι σπέρματι σπέρματί σπερματίζον σπερματισθή σπερματισμόν σπερματος σπερματός σπέρματος σπέρματός σπερματων σπερμάτων σπόρον sperma spérma spermasin spérmasin spermati spérmati spérmatí spermaton spermatōn spermáton spermátōn spermatos spérmatos sporon spóron

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Friday, December 14th, 2018
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