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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #500 - ἀντίχριστος

Transliteration
antíchristos
Phonetics
an-tee'-khris-tos  
Word Origin
from (473) and (5547)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TDNT
9:493,1322
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. the adversary of the Messiah
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (5) NAS (5) HCS (5)
1 John 3
2 John 1
1 John 3
2 John 1
1 John 4
2 John 1
BYZ TIS TR
N-GSM 1
N-NPM 1
N-NSM 3
N-GSM 1
N-NPM 1
N-NSM 3
N-GSM 1
N-NPM 1
N-NSM 3
NA WH
N-GSM 1
N-NPM 1
N-NSM 3
N-GSM 1
N-NPM 1
N-NSM 3


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀντίχριστος, ὁ,

Antichrist, 1 John 2:18; 1 John 2:22, etc.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀντίχριστος, ἀντιχρίστου, (ἀντί against and Χριστός, like ἀντίθεος opposing God, in Philo de somn. l. ii. § 27, etc., Justin, quaest. et resp., p. 463 c. and other Fathers; (see Sophocles Lexicon, under the word, cf. Trench, § xxx.)), the adversary of the Messiah, a most pestilent being, to appear just before the Messiah's advent, concerning whom the Jews had conceived diverse opinions, derived partly from Daniel 11:36ff; , partly from Ezekiel 38; Ezekiel 39. Cf. Eisenmenger, Entdecktes Judenthum, ii. 704ff; Gesenius in Ersch and Gruber's Encycl. iv. 292ff under the word Antichrist; Böhmer, Die Lehre v. Antichrist nach Schneckenburger, in the Jahrbb. f. deutsche Theol. vol. iv., p. 405ff The name ἀντίχριστος was formed perhaps by John, the only writer in the N. T. who uses it (five times); he employs it of the corrupt power and influence hostile to Christian interests, especially that which is at work in false teachers who have come from the bosom of the church and are engaged in disseminating error: 1 John 2:18 (where the meaning is, 'what ye have heard concerning Antichrist, as about to make his appearance just before the return of Christ, is now fulfilled in the many false teachers, most worthy to be called antichrists,' (on the omission of the article cf. Buttmann, 89 (78))); 1 John 4:3; and of the false teachers themselves, 1 John 2:22; 2 John 7. In Paul and the Rev. the idea but not the name of Antichrist is found; yet the conception differs from that of John. For Paul teaches that Antichrist will be an individual man (cf. B. D. as below), of the very worst character (τόν ἄνθρωπον τῆς ἁμαρτίας (or, ἀνομίας); see ἁμαρτία, 1), instigated by the devil to try to palm himself off as God: 2 Thessalonians 2:3-10. The author of the Apocalypse discovers the power of Antichrist in the sway of imperial Rome, and his person in the Emperor Nero, soon to return from the dead: Revelation 13 and Revelation 17. (Often in ecclesiastical writings.) (See B. D. under the word (American edition for additional references), also B. D. under the article, Thessalonians, Second Epistle to the; Kähler in Herzog edition 2, i. 446f; Westcott, Epistles of St. John, pp 68, 89.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

*† άντι -χριατος , -ον , ό ,

Antichrist, "one who assuming the guise of Christ opposes Christ" (Westc., Epp. Jo., 70): 1 John 2:18; 1 John 2:22; 1 John 4:3, 1 John 1:7 pl. 1 John 2:18 (cf. ψευδόχριστος , and v. MM, VGT, s.v.).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Grimm suggests that John (1 John 2:18, etc.) coined the word : Bousset (Antichrist Legend p. 136) says it ";is not older than the NT."; It seems obvious, from the manner of its first introduction, that it was at any rate quite familiar to the readers of 1 Jn and 2 Jn; but it might easily have been introduced by the author in his earlier teaching. The most probable model would be ἀντίθεος (";aemulus Dei"; in Lactantius), for which Cumont (Les Religions Orientates.2 p. 387) cites a magical-papyrus, πέμψον μοι τὸν ἀληθινὸν Ἀσκληπιόν δίχα τινὸς ἀντιθέου πλανοδαίμονος. It was a term applied to the da̯va of Magian religion, on whom see Early Zoroastrianism (Hibbert Lectures 1912), ch. iv. : they were ";counter-gods."; Whether John means primarily ";a rival Christ"; or ";an opponent of Christ"; or ";a substitute for Christ"; may be left to the commentators. The first and third may be paralleled by the two senses of ἀντιστράτηγος, ";the enemy’s general"; and ";pro-praetor"; : cf. ἀντισύγκλητος, the name Marius gave to his bodyguard, as an ";opposition Senate,"; ἀντιχόρηγος ";rival choregus,"; and ἀντιταμίας ";pro-quaestor"; etc. The second is less easily paralleled : Caesar’s Ἀντικάτων, a counterblast to Cicero’s Cato, may serve. Generally speaking, ἀντιχ suggested (1) the claim to be x, (2) opposition to, equivalence to (cf. Homeric ἀντίθεος, and the name Ἀντίπατρος), substitution for an existing χ .

 

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αντιχριστοι αντίχριστοι ἀντίχριστοι αντιχριστος αντίχριστος ἀντίχριστος αντιχριστου αντιχρίστου ἀντιχρίστου antichristoi antíchristoi antichristos antíchristos antichristou antichrístou
Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, October 17th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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