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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5368 - φιλέω

Transliteration
philéō
Phonetics
fil-eh'-o  
Word Origin
from (5384)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
9:114,1262
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to love
    1. to approve of
    2. to like
    3. sanction
    4. to treat affectionately or kindly, to welcome, befriend
  2. to show signs of love
    1. to kiss
  3. to be fond of doing
    1. be wont, use to do
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 157 ‑ אַהֵב (aw‑hab', aw‑habe');  5401 ‑ נָשַׁק (naw‑shak');  7453 ‑ רֵיעַ (ray'‑ah, ray'‑ah);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (25) NAS (25) HCS (25)
Matthew 4
Mark 1
Luke 2
John 10
1 Corinthians 1
Titus 1
Revelation 2
Matthew 4
Mark 1
Luke 2
John 10
1 Corinthians 1
Titus 1
Revelation 2
Matthew 5
Mark 1
Luke 2
John 13
1 Corinthians 1
Titus 1
Revelation 2
BYZ TIS TR
V-AAN 1
V-AAS-1S 2
V-IAI-3S 3
V-PAI-1S 3
V-PAI-2S 3
V-PAI-3P 2
V-PAI-3S 3
V-PAP-APM 1
V-PAP-GPM 1
V-PAP-NSM 4
V-PAS-1S 1
V-RAI-2P 1
V-AAN 1
V-AAS-1S 2
V-IAI-3S 3
V-PAI-1S 3
V-PAI-2S 3
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PAI-3S 3
V-PAP-APM 1
V-PAP-GPM 1
V-PAP-NSM 4
V-PAS-1S 1
V-RAI-2P 1
V-AAN 1
V-AAS-1S 2
V-IAI-3S 3
V-PAI-1S 3
V-PAI-2S 3
V-PAI-3P 2
V-PAI-3S 3
V-PAP-APM 1
V-PAP-GPM 1
V-PAP-NSM 4
V-PAS-1S 1
V-RAI-2P 1
NA WH
V-AAN 1
V-AAS-1S 2
V-IAI-3S 4
V-PAI-1S 4
V-PAI-2S 3
V-PAI-3P 2
V-PAI-3S 4
V-PAP-APM 1
V-PAP-GPM 1
V-PAP-NSM 4
V-PAS-1S 1
V-RAI-2P 2


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

φῐλέω,

Aeol. φίλημμι Sapph. 79, cf. Ead. Oxy. 1787 Fr. 1 + 2.24; 2 sg. φίλησθα Ead.22; late 3 pl. φίλεισι Epigr.Gr. 990.12 (Balbill.): Boeot. φίλειμι Hdn.Gr. 2.930: inf. φιλήμεναι Il. 22.265: Ion. and impf. φιλέεσκε 3.388, al.: fut. φιλήσω, inf. φιλησέμεν Od. 4.171: aor. 1 ἐφίλησα Pi. P. 2.16, etc.: pf. πεφίληκα ib. 1.13: Med., Poet. 1 aor. ἐφῑλάμην; 3 sg. ἐφίλατο, φίλατο, Il. 5.61, 20.304, Call. Aet.Oxy. 2080.55; 3 pl. φίλαντο Lyc. 274; imper. φῖλαι Il. 5.117, 10.280; subj. φίλωνται h.Cer. 117, Hes. Th. 97; but φίλατο as Pass., A.R. 3.66; also part. φιλάμενος IG 14.1549 (Rome): Pass., fut. Med. φιλήσομαι in pass. sense, Od. 1.123, 15.281, Antipho 1.19: fut. 3 πεφιλήσομαι Call. Del. 270: aor. ἐφιλήθην E. Hec. 1000, Pl. Phdr. 253c: Ephesians 3:1-21 pl. ἐφίληθεν Il. 2.668: pf. πεφίλημαι Pi. N. 4.45, X. An. 1.9.28; Dor. part. πεφιλᾱμένος Theoc. 3.3. [ exceptin the forms ἐφίλατο, φῑλατο, etc.]: (φίλος):

love, regard with affection, opp. μισεῖν, Pl. R. 334c, Arist. Rh. 1380b34; φιλήσω τὸν δῆμον τὸν Ἀθηναίων IG 12.15.36; (on its relation to sexual love v. infr. 3); of the love of gods for men, φ. δέ ἑ μητίετα Ζεύς Il. 2.197; πέρι γάρ μ' ἐφίλει (of the love of the master for his swineherd) Od. 14.146; (also ὃν περὶ κῆρι φ. Ζεὺς.. παντοίην φιλότητα Od. 15.245, cf. Il. 9.117); μάλα τούς γε φ. ἑκάεργος Ἀπόλλων Il. 16.94; εἰ.. Ἕκτορά περ φιλέεις καὶ κήδεαι αὐτοῦ 7.204, etc.; of love for a child reared, Od. 15.370; αἰ δὲ μὴ φίλει, ταχέως φιλήσει κωὐκὶ θέλοισα Sapph. 1.23; λόγοις φιλοῦσαν οὐ στέργω φίλην S. Ant. 543; φιλέων φιλέοντα Pi. P. 10.66; ὃν δ' ἐχρῆν φιλεῖν στυγεῖς A. Ch. 907; μάλιστά σ'.. ἤχθηρα κἀφίλησ' ἐν ἡμέρᾳ μιᾷ S. El. 1363; ὃν οἱ θεοὶ φιλοῦσιν ἀποθνῄσκει νέος Men. 125; ὅσα θεοὶ ἀνθρώποις οὓς φιλοῦσιν [διδόασιν ] SIG 985.48 (Philadelphia, i B. C.); οἱ φιλοῦντές τινα his friends, freq. in messages and letters, OGI 184.10 (Philae, i B. C.), Titus 3:15, PSI 8.971.30 (iii/iv A. D.), etc.; φιλεῖν ἐμαυτήν, αὑτόν, E. Hel. 999, Med. 86, etc.: Pass., to be beloved by one, ἐκ Διός Il. 2.668; παρ' αὐτῇ 13.627, etc.; τινι E. Hec. 1000.

2. treat affectionately or kindly, esp. welcome, entertain a guest, Od. 4.29, 5.135, Il. 3.207, etc.; φίλος δ' ἦν ἀνθρώποισιν, πάντας γὰρ φιλέεσκεν ὁδῷ ἔπι οἰκία ναίων Il. 6.15; ξεῖνον ἐνὶ μεγάροισι φ. Od. 8.42; ξεῖνον ἄγων ἐν δώμασι.. φιλέειν καὶ τιέμεν 15.543, cf. 14.322; θεὸς (i. e. Calypso) ἥ με.. ἐφίλει τε καὶ ἔτρεφεν 7.256; τίς ἂν φιλέοντι μάχοιτο; who would quarrel with a kind host? 8.208; etc.: Pass., παρ' ἄμμι φιλήσεαι welcome shalt thou be in our house, Od. 1.123, cf. 15.281.

3. opp. ἐρᾶν, τούτους μάλιστά φασι φιλεῖν ὧν ἂν ἐρῶσι regard with affection those for whom they have a passion, Pl. Phdr. 231c; ὥστε οὐ μόνον φιλοῖο ἄν, ἀλλὰ καὶ ἐρῷο ὑπ' ἀνθρώπων X. Hier. 11.11, cf. Smp. 8.21; εἰκ[] τὸ φιλεῖν τοὺς ἐρωμένους Arist. APr. 70a6; but φ. is used of lovers, ἥ γ' Εὐρυμάχῳ μισγέσκετο καὶ φιλέεσκεν Od. 18.325; Λυσίθεος Μικίωνα φιλῖν φησι μάλισστα τῶν ἐν τῇ πόλει IG 12.924; οὐκ ἔστ' ἐραστὴς ὅστις οὐκ ἀεὶ φιλεῖ E. Tr. 1051, cf. Hdt. 4.176 (Pass.), Ar. Lys. 905; of the love of man for wife, ὅς τις ἀνὴρ ἀγαθὸς.. τὴν αὐτοῦ φιλέει (cherishes her) καὶ κήδεται ὡς καὶ ἐγὼ τὴν ἐκ θυμοῦ φίλεον Il. 9.343, cf. 486; τὴν αὐτὸς φιλέεσκεν loved and cherished as his wife, ib. 450; but ἐμὲ.. ἀτιμάζει, φιλέει δ' ἀΐδηλον Ἄρηα (Hephaestus speaks of Aphrodite) Od. 8.309: Com., ὦ Δῆμ', ἐραστής εἰμι σὸς φιλῶ τέ σε καὶ κήδομαί σου Ar. Eq. 1341. of sexual intercourse, Hsch. s.v. βαίνειν.

4. show outward signs of love, esp. kiss (not in Hom.), φ. τοῖσι στόμασι kiss on the mouth, opp. τὰς παρειὰς φιλέονται, Hdt. 1.134, cf. X. Cyr. 1.4.27, Smp. 9.5; κατὰ τὸ στόμα AP 5.284 (Agath.); φιλήσω.. τὸ σὸν κάρα S. OC 1131; πατέρα.. περὶ χεῖρε βαλοῦσα φιλήσει A. Ag. 1559 (anap.), cf. Ar. Av. 671, 674, Pl. Phdr. 255e, Mark 14:44, etc.: c. dupl. acc., τὸ φίλαμα, τὸ.. τὸν Ἄδωνιν.. ἀποθνάσκοντα φίλασεν the kiss wherewith she kissed him, Mosch. 3.69: Med., τὰς παρειάς kiss each other's cheeks, Hdt.l.c.

5. of things as objects of love, like, approve, σχέτλια ἔργα Od. 14.83; ἀοιδάν Pi. N. 3.7; οὔθ' ἱστῶν ἐφίλησεν ὁδοὺς οὔτε δείπνων.. τέρψιας P. 9.18, etc.; αἰσχροκέρδειαν S. Ant. 1056, cf. 312; τὰς λευκοτάτας [μάζας ] Telecl. 1.6 (anap.); Πράμνιον οἶνον Ephipp. 28.

6. of things as the subject, ἡσυχία δὲ φιλεῖ συμπόσιον Pi. N. 9.48; [μίτρη] μαστοὺς ἐφίλησε Call. Epigr. 39.

7. in making a request, οἶσθ' ὁτιὴ φιλῶ σ' ἐγώ, κἀμοὶ πιθόμενος ὑπαποκίνει τῆς ὁδοῦ Ar. Av. 1010; so τί πράσσει Φηλικίων ὁ ἀγαθός; φιλῶ σε pray, how goes it with the worthy Felicio? Arr. Epict. 1.19.20; so perh. in Herod. 1.66, πείσθητί μευ, φιλέω σε (but rather 'I speak as a true friend').

II after Hom., c. inf., love to do, be fond of doing, and so to be wont or used to do, φιλέει ὁ θεὸς τὰ ὑπερέχοντα κολούειν Hdt. 7.10. έ; ἢν ἁμάρτωσι τοῦ πατρικοῦ τύπου.. φιλέουσι διαφθείρεσθαι Democr. 228; Μοῖσα μεμνᾶσθαι φ. Pi. N. 1.12, cf. P. 3.18; φιλεῖ δὲ τίκτειν ὕβρις.. ὕβριν A. Ag. 763 (lyr.); τοῖς θανοῦσί τοι φιλοῦσι πάντες κειμένοις ἐπεγγελᾶν S. Aj. 989, etc.; rarely with part. for inf., φιλεῖς δὲ δρῶσ' αὐτὸ σφόδρα Ar. Pl. 645.

2. of things, events, etc., αὔρη ἀπὸ ψυχροῦ τινος φιλέει πνέειν Hdt. 2.27; φιλεῖ ὠδῖνα τίκτειν νύξ A. Supp. 769; ἐμπόρων ἔπη φ. πλανᾶσθαι S. OC 304; φιλεῖ γάρ πως τὰ τοιαῦθ' ἑτέρᾳ τρέπεσθαι Ar. Nu. 813 (lyr.); φιλεῖ μεγάλα στρατόπεδα ἐκπλήγνυσθαι Th. 4.125; ὃ δὴ φ. ὁ ἔρως ἐμποιεῖν Pl. Smp. 182c: esp. with γίγνεσθαι of what usually happens, ἀπὸ πείρης πάντα ἀνθρώποισι φιλέει γίνεσθαι everything comes to man by experience, Hdt. 7.9. γ, cf. 7.10. ζ, 7.50, Th. 3.42, Isoc. 6.104, Pl. R. 494c, al.; οἷα φ. γίγνεσθαι Th. 7.79, cf. Hdt. 8.128; without γίγνεσθαι, οἷα δὴ φιλεῖ as is wont, Pl. R. 467b; ὁποῖα φ. Luc. Amos 9:1-15.

3. impers., φιλέει δέ κως προσημαίνειν (sc. ὁ θεός), εὖτ' ἂν.. Hdt. 6.27; ὡς δὴ φιλεῖ.. λόγον ἔχειν ἀνθρώπους as it is usual for.., Plu. Pomp. 73.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 φιλέω, φιλῶ; imperfect 3person singular ἐφίλει; 1aorist ἐφίλησα; perfect πεφίληκα; (φίλος); from Homer down;

1. to love; to be friendly to one (the Sept. several times for אָהַב): τινα, Matthew 10:37; John 5:20 (here L marginal reading ἀγαπᾷ); John 11:3,36; 15:19; 16:27; 20:2; 21:15-17>; 1 Corinthians 16:22; Revelation 3:19; with ἐν πίστει added, with a love founded in and springing from faith, Titus 3:15; τί, to love i. e. delight in, long for, a thing: τήν πρωτοκλισίαν, Matthew 23:6; ἀσπασμούς, Luke 20:46; τήν ψυχήν, to be desirous of preserving one's life (opposed to μισεῖν, to hate it when it cannot be kept without denying Christ), John 12:25; with nouns denoting virtues or vices: τό ψεῦδος, Revelation 22:15 (σοφίαν, Proverbs 29:3; Proverbs 8:17); followed by an infinitive, like the Latin amo facere, to love to do, i. e. to do with pleasure: Matthew 6:5 ( Isaiah 56:10; Pindar Nem. 1,15; Aeschylus septem 619; Agam. 763; Suppl. 769; Euripides, Iph. Taur. 1198; Rhes. 394; Xenophon, hipparch. 7,9; Aelian v. h. 14,37).

2. to kiss: τινα, Matthew 26:48; Mark 14:44; Luke 22:47 (often in the Greek writings; the Sept. for נָשַׁק, Genesis 27:26f, and often).

3. As to the distinction between ἀγαπᾶν and φιλεῖν: the former, by virtue of its connection with ἄγαμαι, properly denotes a love founded in admiration, veneration, esteem, like the Latin diligere, to be kindly disposed to one, wish one well; but φιλεῖν denotes an inclination prompted by sense and emotion, Latin amare; μή τοῦ δεόμενος οὐδέ τί ἀγαπωη ἄν. δέ μή ἀγαπωη (ἀγαπῶν (?)), ὀυδ' ἄν φίλοι, Plato, Lysias, p. 215b.; ἐφιλησατε αὐτόν (Julius Caesar) ὡς πατέρα καί ἠγαπησατε ὡς εὐεργέτην, Dio Cassius, 44,48; ut scires, eum a me non diligt solum, verum etiam amari, Cicero, ad fam. 13,47; L. Clodius valde me diligit vel, ut ἐμφατικωτερον dicam, valde me amat, id. ad Brut. 1. Hence, men are said ἀγαπᾶν God, not φιλεῖν; and God is said ἀγαπῆσαι τόν κόσμον ( John 3:16), and φιλεῖν the disciples of Christ ( John 16:27); Christ bids us ἀγαπᾶν (not φιλεῖν) τούς ἐχθρούς ( Matthew 5:44), because love as an emotion cannot be commanded, but only love as a choice. Wisdom says, τούς ἐμέ φιλοῦντας ἀγαπῶ, Proverbs 8:17. As a futher aid in judging of the different, between the two words compare the following passages: John 11:3,5, 36; John 21:15-17; (even in some eases where they might appear to be used interchangeably (e. g. John 14:28; John 16:27) the difference can still be traced). From what has been said, it is evident that ἀγαπᾶν is not, and cannot be, used of sexual love (but it is so used occasionally by the later writers; cf. Plutarch, Pericl. 24,12, p. 165e.; symp. 7, p. 180b. ἐρώμενος τόν ἐραστην ἀγαπᾷ; cf. Stephanus Thesaurus i., p. 209a.; Sophocles' Lexicon, under the word ἀγαπάω, 2; Woolsey in the Andover Rev. for Aug. 1885, p. 170f). Cf. Tittmann, Syn. N. T. i., p. 50ff; Cremer, under the word ἀγαπάω (4te Aufl., p. 9f); Trench, § xii.; ( Schmidt, chapter 136, especially § 6; Cope, Aristotle, rhet. vol. 1 m Appendix A. (also given in the Journ. of Philol. for 1868, p. 88ff); also Höhne in (Luthardt's) Zeitschr. f. kirchl. Wissensch. as above with for 1882, p. 6ff; especially Woolsey as above Compare: καταφιλέω.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

φιλέω , -

(< φίλος ),

[in LXX: Genesis 27:4; Genesis 27:9, al. (H157), Genesis 27:27, al. (H5401), Lamentations 1:2 (H7453) Wisdom of Solomon 8:2, al.;]

1. to love (with the love of emotion and friendship, Lat, amare; v, SYN.): c. acc pers., Matthew 10:37, John 5:20; John 11:3; John 11:36; John 15:19; John 16:27; John 20:2; John 21:15-17, 1 Corinthians 16:22, Revelation 3:19; ἐν πίστει , Titus 3:15; c. acc rei, Matthew 23:6, Luke 20:46, John 12:25, Revelation 22:15; c. inf. (Isaiah 56:10; cf. Bl., § 69, 4), Matthew 6:5.

2. to kiss: c. acc pers., Matthew 26:48, Mark 14:44, Luke 22:47 (cf. κατα -φιλέω ).†

SYN.: ἀγαπάω G25 ω (q.v.), the love of duty and respect.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";bridle,"; hence ";check,"; ";restrain."; No earlier exx. of this word have been found than Jas. 1:26; Jas. 3:2. For the metaph. cf. Lucian Tyrannicida 4 τὰς τῶν ἡδονῶν ὀρέξεις χαλιναγωγούσης.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εφιλει εφίλει ἐφίλει εφίλησα εφίλησε εφίλησεν πεφιληκατε πεφιλήκατε φιλει φιλεί φιλεῖ φιλεις φιλείς φιλεῖς φιλησαι φιλήσαι φιλῆσαι φιλησάτω φίλησόν φιλήσουσιν φιλησω φιλήσω φιλούμενος φιλουντας φιλούντας φιλοῦντας φιλούντες φιλούντος φιλουντων φιλούντων φιλούσι φιλούσί φιλουσιν φιλούσιν φιλοῦσιν φιλω φιλώ φιλῶ φιλων φιλών φιλῶν ephilei ephílei pephilekate pephilēkate pephilḗkate philei phileî phileis phileîs philesai philêsai philēsai philē̂sai phileso philēsō philḗso philḗsō philo philô philō philō̂ philon philôn philōn philō̂n philountas philoûntas philounton philountōn philoúnton philoúntōn philousin philoûsin

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