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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #2309 - θέλω

Transliteration
thélō
Phonetics
Origin
apparently strengthened from the alternate form of (G138)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
3:44,318
Definition
Thayer's
  1. to will, have in mind, intend
    1. to be resolved or determined, to purpose
    2. to desire, to wish
    3. to love
      1. to like to do a thing, be fond of doing
    4. to take delight in, have pleasure
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 559 ‑ אָמַר (aw‑mar');  935 ‑ בּוֹא (bo);  1819 ‑ דָּמָה (daw‑maw');  1980 ‑ הָלַךְ (haw‑lak');  2308 ‑ חָדַל (khaw‑dal');  2654 ‑ חָפֵץ (khaw‑fates');  3245 ‑ יָסַד (yaw‑sad');  3985 ‑ מָאַן (maw‑ane');  5753 ‑ עָוָה (aw‑vaw');  5753 ‑ עָוָה (aw‑vaw');  6004 ‑ עָמַם (aw‑mam');  6634 ‑ צְבָה (tseb‑aw');  7200 ‑ רָאָה (raw‑aw');  7521 ‑ רָצָה (raw‑tsaw');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (212)
Matthew
42
Mark
25
Luke
29
John
23
Acts
16
Romans
15
1 Corinthians
17
2 Corinthians
9
Galatians
9
Philippians
1
Colossians
3
1 Thessalonians
3
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
3
2 Timothy
1
Philemon
1
Hebrews
4
James
2
1 Peter
2
2 Peter
1
3 John
1
Revelation
4
NAS (198)
Matthew
37
Mark
24
Luke
27
John
21
Acts
12
Romans
15
1 Corinthians
17
2 Corinthians
8
Galatians
9
Philippians
1
Colossians
3
1 Thessalonians
2
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
3
2 Timothy
1
Philemon
1
Hebrews
4
James
2
1 Peter
2
2 Peter
1
3 John
2
Revelation
5
HCS (204)
Matthew
41
Mark
25
Luke
27
John
22
Acts
13
Romans
15
1 Corinthians
17
2 Corinthians
8
Galatians
9
Philippians
1
Colossians
3
1 Thessalonians
2
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
3
2 Timothy
1
Philemon
1
Hebrews
4
James
2
1 Peter
2
2 Peter
1
3 John
1
Revelation
5
BSB (208)
Matthew
42
Mark
25
Luke
28
John
23
Acts
14
Romans
15
1 Corinthians
17
2 Corinthians
8
Galatians
9
Philippians
1
Colossians
3
1 Thessalonians
2
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
3
2 Timothy
1
Philemon
1
Hebrews
4
James
2
1 Peter
2
2 Peter
1
3 John
1
Revelation
5
ESV (175)
Matthew
32
Mark
23
Luke
22
John
23
Acts
12
Romans
13
1 Corinthians
12
2 Corinthians
7
Galatians
9
Philippians
1
Colossians
2
1 Thessalonians
2
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
3
2 Timothy
1
Hebrews
4
James
2
1 Peter
1
2 Peter
1
Revelation
4
WEB (215)
Matthew
45
Mark
25
Luke
28
John
24
Acts
15
Romans
18
1 Corinthians
18
2 Corinthians
9
Galatians
9
Philippians
1
Colossians
3
1 Thessalonians
2
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
3
2 Timothy
1
Philemon
1
Hebrews
4
James
1
1 Peter
1
2 Peter
1
3 John
1
Revelation
4
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

θέλω,

v. ἐθέλω and add ὅστις ἂν θέλῃ IG 12.49.12; ἐὰν δέ τις θέλῃ ib.6.106; ἐάν τις μὴ θέλῃ ib.40.27.

ἐθέλω or θέλω

(v. infr.), subj. ἐθέλωμι Il. 1.549, 9.397: impf. ἤθελον 14.120, etc.; and Lyr. ἔθελον 6.336, Thgn. 606, B. 10.73; Ion. ἐθέλεσκον Il. 13.106, Hdt. 6.12: fut. ἐθελήσω Il. 18.262, etc.; θελήσω Antipho 5.99: aor. 1 ἠθέλησα Hdt. 2.2, etc.; ἐθέλησα Il. 18.396; imper. θέλησον A. Pr. 783; subj. θελήσῃ ib. 1028, X. Cyr. 2.4.19, etc.; opt. θελήσαιμι S. OC 1133; part. θελήσας Id. OT 649 (lyr.): pf. ἠθέληκα X. Cyr. 5.2.9, Aeschin. 2.139, D. 47.5; τεθέληκα (Alexandrian acc. to Phryn. 307) LXX Psalms 41:12(42).12, Phld. Rh. 2.76 S., S.E. M. 2.37: plpf. ἠθελήκει X. HG 6.5.21; ἐτεθελήκεσαν D.C. 44.26 codd. (elsewh. ἠθελήκεσαν as 46.47): — θέλω is never found in Hom. or Hes. exc. Il. 1.277 (dub.), ὅττι θέλοιεν Od. 15.317 as v.l. (ἅσσ' ἐθέλοιεν Aristarch.), nor in Aeol.; rarely in early and Eleg., θέλοι h.Ap. 46, θέλει Sol. 27.12; but is found in Ion. Inscrr., SIG 45.16 (Halic., v B.C.), 1037.7 (Milet., iv B.C.), and in Semon. 7.13, Hippon. 22 B, Anacr. 92:

I

1. both forms in codd. of Hdt. and Hp. and in Heraclit. and Democr., also in Pi. and B.: Trag. never use ἐθέλω exc. in augmented forms, ἤθελον, -ησα: Com.never use θέλω exc. in phrases such as ἢν θεὸς θέλῃ, εἰ θεὸς θέλοι, Ar. Pl. 347, Ra. 533, or parodies of Trag.: early Att. Inscrr, have ἐθέλω IG 12.6.41, etc., till 250 B.C., when θέλω becomes common: Att. Prose writers rarely use θέλω exc. in phrases such as ἂν θεὸς θέλῃ Din. 2.3 or after a long vowel, e.g. μὴ θελῆσαι Th. 5.72, μὴ θελήσας Isaiah 8:11, μὴ θέλοντας And. 1.22, τῷ θέλοντι Id. 4.7, etc.; but θέλω Antipho 3.4.3, θελήσουσιν Id. 5.99: in later Gr. θέλω is regular exc. in the augmented forms; ἐθέλω is not found in LXX or NT: to be willing (of consent rather than desire, v. βούλομαι 1), but also generally, wish, Od. 3.324: Constr.: abs., esp. in part., ἐθέλων ἐθέλουσαν ἀνήγαγεν ib. 272; εἰ σύ γε σῷ θυμῷ ἐθέλοις Il. 23.894; ἀλλά μοι ἤθελε θυμός Od. 11.566: freq. folld. by inf. pres. or aor., wish to.., Il. 7.364, etc.: with inf. supplied, εἰ δ' ἐθέλεις πεζός (sc. ἰέναι) Od. 3.324: c. acc. et inf., wish that.., Il. 19.274, Hdt. 1.3; rarely folld. by ὥστε, E. Hipp. 1327: later c. ἵνα, Matthew 7:12, etc.: not used c. acc. only, exc. when an inf. is easily supplied, εὔκηλος τὰ φράζεαι ἅσσ' ἐθέλῃσθα (sc. φράζεσθαι) Il. 1.554, cf. 9.397, 7.182, Od. 14.172; σιτέονται δὲ οὐκ ὅσα ἐθέλουσι (sc. σιτέεσθαι) Hdt. 1.71, cf. Th. 5.50; εἰ καὶ τῆς ἀξίας ἔλαττον ἐθελήσειέ τις (sc. φράσαι) Jul. Or. 1.132a: also with neut. Pron. or Adj., τί δὴ θέλων; with what intent ? A. Pr. 118.

2. with neg., almost, = δύναμαι, as μίμνειν οὐκ ἐθέλεσκον ἐναντίον they cared not to make a stand, i.e. they were un able, Il. 13.106; οὐδ'.. ἤθελε θυμὸς τειρομένοις ἑτάροισιν ἀμυνέμεν 17.702: metaph. of things, of a stream, οὐδ' ἔθελε προρέειν ἀλλ' ἴσχετο would not run on, but stopped, 21.366, cf. Od. 8.223, 316, h.Cer. 45; αὔλειοι δ' ἔτ' ἔχει[] οὐκ ἐθέλουσι θύραι Sol. 4.28; τὰ δένδρα οὐδέν μ' ἐθέλει διδάσκειν Pl. Phdr. 230d, cf. R. 370b (said to be an Att. use, Greg.Cor. p.135 S.).

3. part., ἐθέλων or θέλων willingly, gladly, Od. 3.272, etc. (also πιθοῦ θελήσας S. OT 649 (lyr.)); οὐκ ἐθέλων, = ἀεκών, Il. 4.300; with Art. like ὁ βουλόμενος, whoever will, i.e. any one, S. Ph. 619, Aj. 1146, Pl. Grg. 508c, etc.

4. θέλεις οὐ θέλεις nolens volens, Arr. Epict. 3.9.16; θέλει οὐ θέλει ib. 3.3, M.Ant. 11.15.

5. μὴ ἔθελε, c. inf., do not, Il. 1.277, 2.247, E. Fr. 174.

6. εἰ θέλεις if you please, S. OT 343.

7. folld. by subj., τί σοι θέλεις δῆτ' εἰκάθω; in what wilt thou that I give way to thee? ib. 651 (lyr.); θέλεις μείνωμεν αὐτοῦ; Id. El. 80.

8. maintain, hold, c. acc. et inf., Plu. 2.883e, Paus. 1.4.6.

9. delight in, love, ἔν τινι LXX 1 Kings 18:22; τινά ib. Psalms 18:20(17).20; but οἱ κακῶς τινὰς θέλοντες their ill- wishers, Cat.Cod.Astr. 7.234.

10. ordain, decree, ἠθέλησεν [ὁ ἡγεμὼν] τὸν κίνδυνον τῆς προβολῆς εἶναι πρός τινας CPR 20.17 (iii A.D.), etc.

II of inanimate things (cf. supr. 1.2),

1 to express a future event, like our will or shall, εἰ ἐθελήσει ἀναβῆναι ἡ τυραννίς Hdt. 1.109; εἰ ἐθελήσει ἐκτρέψαι τὸ ῥέεθρον ὁ Νεῖλος Id. 2.11; εἰ θέλει τοι μηδὲν ἀντίξοον καταστῆναι Id. 7.49, cf. Pl. R. 370b, etc.: in this sense, very rarely of living things, οὐ δοῦναι θέλοι, = οὐκ ἂν δοίη, A. Eu. 429; εἴπερ.. οὗτός [σ'] ἐθέλει κρατῆσαι Ar. V. 536, cf. Pi. N. 7.90, Pl. R. 375a.

2. to be naturally disposed, to be wont or accustomed, c. inf., συμβάσιες ἰσχυραὶ οὐκ ἐ. συμμένειν Hdt. 1.74; μεγάλα πρήγματα μεγάλοισι κινδύνοισι ἐ. καταιρέεσθαι Id. 7.50; αἱ πλευραὶ οὐκ ἐθέλουσιν ἐς τὸ εὐρὺ αὔξεσθαι Hp. Art. 41; οὐκ ἐ. αἱ γνῶμαι.. ὁμοῖαι εἶναι Th. 2.89; τοῦτ' ἐνδελεχὲς ἐ. γίγνεσθαι Arist. Mete. 347a5, cf. Metaph. 1013b27, al.; οὐ θέλει ζῆν, of premature births, Id. HA 575a28.

3. in phrases expressive of meaning, τὸ θέλει σημαίνειν τὸ τέρας Hdt. 1.78; τὸ θέλει τὸ ἔπος εἶπαι Id. 6.37; τὸ θέλει τὰ δῶρα λέγειν Id. 4.131; τὸ ἔπος τοῦτο ἐθέλει λέγειν ὡς.. Id. 2.13.

4. τοῦ θέλοντος, = τοῦ θελήματος, S. OC 1220 (lyr., s.v.l.).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

θέλω

(the strengthened form ἐθέλω is found in Hom., and is the more freq. in Attic; v. Rutherford, NPhr., 415 f.),

[in LXX for H14, H2654; c. neg., H3985 pi., etc.;]

to will, be willing, wish, desire (more freq. than βούλομαι , q.v., in vernac. and late Gk., also in MGr.; for various views as to its relation to β ., v. Thayer, 286; but v. also Bl., § 24, s.v.): absol., Romans 9:16, 1 Corinthians 4:19; 1 Corinthians 12:18, James 4:15; τ . θεοῦ θέλοντος , Acts 18:21; c. acc rei, Matthew 20:21, Mark 14:36, John 15:7, Romans 7:15-16, 1 Corinthians 4:21; 1 Corinthians 7:36, Galatians 5:17; c. inf., Matthew 5:40, Mark 10:43, John 6:21; John 6:67, Romans 7:21, Galatians 4:9; c. acc et inf., Mark 7:24, Luke 1:62, John 21:22-23, Romans 16:19, 1 Corinthians 14:5, Galatians 6:13; οὐ θέλω , Matthew 18:30 al.; id. c. inf., Matthew 2:18, Mark 6:26, John 5:40, 1 Corinthians 16:7; seq. ἵνα , Matthew 7:12, Mark 6:25, John 17:24; opp. to ποιέω , πράσσω , ἐνεργέω , Romans 7:15; Romans 7:19, 2 Corinthians 8:10-11, Philippians 2:13; seq. (ICC, in l; Deiss., LAE, 179.24), 1 Corinthians 14:19; θέλων ἐν ταπεινοφροσυνῄ (of his own mere will, by humility, R, mg), Colossians 2:18; in OT quotations, for Heb. H2654, c. acc pers., Matthew 27:43; c. acc rei, Matthew 9:13; Matthew 12:7, Hebrews 10:5; Hebrews 10:8; c. inf., 1 Peter 3:10; for H559 c. inf., Acts 7:28 (v. Cremer, 726 ff.).

ἐθέλω , vs. θέλω .


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the form ἐθέλω, which is wanting in the NT as in the LXX, Nägeli (p. 57) refers to the magic papyri and to the poetic IMAc III. 1064 : it is common in the Attic inscrr. up to the end of iv/B.C., but from B.C. 250 θέλω occurs, and eventually takes its place as the regular form in the Κοινή (cf. Meisterhans Gr. p. 178), and so in MGr.

For the verb denoting a personal wish or desire we may cite P Petr I. 11.9 (a Will) τὰ [ἐμαυτοῦ διοικεῖν ὡς ἐ ]γὼ θέλω, P Oxy VII. 1061.21 (B.C. 22) σὺ δὲ γράφε ὑπὲρ ὧν ἐὰν θέλῃς (cf. Matthew 8:2), ib. III. 531.28 (ii/A.D.) περὶ ὧν θέλεις δήλωσόν μοι, P Cairo Preis 48.5 (ii/A.D.) τὸ μὲν πλοῖόν σοι, ὡς ἠθέλησας, σκέψομαι, and the constant epistolary phrase γινώσκειν σε θέλω, as in P Oxy IV. 743.27 (B.C. 2) ὥστ᾽ ἂν τοῦτό σε θέλω γεινώσκειν ὅτι ἐγὼ αὐτῷ διαστολὰς δεδώκειν τὸ βαδίσαι εἰς Τακόνα, ";I wish you therefore to know this that I had given him orders to go to Takona"; (Edd.), BGU I. 27.5 (ii/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 101) γινώσκειν σε θέλω ὅτει εἰς γῆν ἐλήλυθα τῇ ς ̄ τοῦ Ἐπεὶφ μηνός, ";I wish you to know that I came to land on the 6th of the month Epeiph";; cf. the Pauline formula οὐ θέλω δὲ ὑμᾶς ἀγνοεῖν, Romans 1:13 etc. With τοῦ θεοῦ θέλοντος in Ac 18.81, we may compare P Amh II. 131.5 (early ii/A.D.) ἐλπίζω δὲ θεῶν θελόντων ἐκ τῶν λαλουμένων διαφεύξεσθαι, ";but I hope, if the gods will, to escape altogether from the talking,"; P Giss I. 18.10 (time of Hadrian) θε [ῶν δὲ θ ]ελόντων εἰς τὰ Δημη ̣τρια ἐλεύσεται καὶ ἀσπάσεταί σε, and the other exx. in Deissmann BS, p. 252; with 1 Corinthians 12:18; 1 Corinthians 15:38, cf. BGU I. 27.11 (ii/iii A.D.) (= Selections, p. 101) ὡς ὁ θεὸς ἤθελεν. With the construction in Luke 18:41 cf. Chrest. I. 14iii. 6 (not before A.D. 200) καὶ σοί, λέγε τίνος θέλεις, [κα ]τηγορήσω, and with Romans 13:8 cf. P Tebt II. 421.3 f. (iii/A.D.) with reference to a tunic—ἀλλὰ θέλις αὐτὸ πωλῆσα [ι ], πώλησον · θέλις αὐτὸ ἀφεῖναι τῇ θυγατρί σ [ου ], ἄφες, ";but if you wish to sell it, sell it; if you wish to let your daughter have it, let her have it.";

One or two miscellaneous exx. may be added—P Oxy III. 653 (A.D. 162–3) θέ [λ ]ων καὶ μὴ θέλων ἀποκαταστήσεις αὐτῷ, BGU III. 846.15 (ii/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 94) οὐκ οἶδες, ὅτι θέλω πη ̣ρο ̣̣ς γενέσται εἲ γνοῦναι κτλ., ";do you not know that I would rather be a cripple than . . ?"; where θέλω is followed by (pap. εἲ) as in 1 Corinthians 14:19, and for the remarkable perf. τεθέληκα (as in LXX Psalms 40:12 [MT Psalms 41:11]) : cf. Rutherford NP, p. 415), see P Amh II. 130.16 (A.D. 70) οὐ τεθελήκουσι, and P Oxy VII. 1070.54 (iii/A.D.) οὐ τεθελήκατε α ]ὐτῷ διδόναι ἐπιστολάς, as restored by the editor. See also s.v. βούλομαι.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
έλω ήθελε ηθελεν ήθελεν ἤθελεν ηθελες ήθελες ἤθελες ηθέληκα ηθελησα ηθέλησα ἠθέλησα ηθελησαμεν ηθελήσαμεν ἠθελήσαμεν ηθελησαν ηθέλησαν ἠθέλησαν ηθελησας ηθέλησας ἠθέλησας ηθελησατε ηθελήσατε ἠθελήσατε ηθέλησε ηθέλησέ ήθελησε ηθελησεν ηθέλησεν ἠθέλησεν ηθελον ήθελον ἤθελον θελει θέλει θελειν θέλειν Θελεις Θέλεις θελετε θέλετε θέλετέ θελη θέλη θέλῃ θελης θέλης θέλῃς θελησαντας θελήσαντάς θελήσει θεληση θελήση θελήσῃ θελήσης θελήσουσιν θελησω θελήσω θελησωσιν θελήσωσιν θελητε θέλητε θελοι θέλοι θελομεν θέλομεν θελοντα θέλοντα θελοντας θέλοντας θελοντες θέλοντες θέλοντές θελοντι θέλοντι θέλοντί θελοντος θέλοντος θελοντων θελόντων θελούση θέλουσι θελουσιν θέλουσιν Θελω Θέλω θελων θέλων θελωσι θέλωσι θέμα θέματα θέματι κύριε τεθέληκάς ethelen ēthelen ḗthelen etheles ētheles ḗtheles ethelesa ethélesa ēthelēsa ēthélēsa ethelesamen ethelḗsamen ēthelēsamen ēthelḗsamen ethelesan ethélesan ēthelēsan ēthélēsan ethelesas ethélesas ēthelēsas ēthélēsas ethelesate ethelḗsate ēthelēsate ēthelḗsate ethelesen ethélesen ēthelēsen ēthélēsen ethelon ēthelon ḗthelon kurie kyrie kýrie thele thelē thelei thélei thélēi thelein thélein Theleis Théleis thélēis theles thelēs thelesantas thelēsantas thelḗsantás thelese thelēsē thelḗsei thelḗsēi theleso thelēsō thelḗso thelḗsō thelesosin thelēsōsin thelḗsosin thelḗsōsin thelete thelēte thélete théleté thélēte Thelo Thelō Thélo Thélō theloi théloi thelomen thélomen thelon thelōn thélon thélōn thelonta thélonta thelontas thélontas thelontes thélontes thélontés thelonti thélonti thélontí thelonton thelontōn thelónton thelóntōn thelontos thélontos thelosi thelōsi thélosi thélōsi thelousin thélousin
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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