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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #747 - ἀρχηγός

Word Origin
from (746) and (71)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. the chief leader, prince
    1. of Christ
  2. one that takes the lead in any thing and thus affords an example, a predecessor in a matter, pioneer
  3. the author
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 441 ‑ אַלֻּף (al‑loof', al‑loof');  2280 ‑ חָבַשׁ (khaw‑bash');  5387 ‑ נָשִׁא (naw‑see', naw‑see');  6285 ‑ פֵּאָה (pay‑aw');  6485 ‑ פָּקַד (paw‑kad');  6545 ‑ פֶּרַע (peh'‑rah);  7101 ‑ קָצִין (kaw‑tseen');  7218 ‑ רֹאשׁ (roshe);  8269 ‑ שַׂר (sar);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (4) NAS (4) HCS (4)
Acts 2
Hebrews 2
Acts 2
Hebrews 2
Acts 2
Hebrews 2

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


ἀρχηγός, Dor. ἀρχᾱγός, όν,

I beginning, originating, λόγος ἀρχηγὸς κακῶν E. Hipp. 881; primary, leading, chief, Τροίας ἀ. τιμάς Id. Tr. 196 (lyr.); δύο φλέβες ἀ. Arist. PA 666b25.

II as Subst.,

1. founder, of a tutelary hero, S. OC 60; as fem., ancestral heroine, B. 8.51; τοῦ γένους Isoc. 3.28, cf. D.S. 5.56; τῆς πόλεως θεὸς ἀ. τίς ἐστιν Pl. Ti. 21e; founder of a family, Arist. EN 1162a4.

2. prince, chief, Δία ἀ. θεῶν B. 5.179, cf. A. Ag. 259; chief captain, leader, Ἑλλάνων Simon. 138; Βεβρύκων Theoc. 22.110; ἀ. ἱερέων CIG 6798 (Dijon), cf. 2882 (Milet.).

3. first cause, originator, κοπίδων Heraclit. 81; πράγματος X. HG 3.3.4, cf. Din. 3.7, Isoc. 12.101; συγχύσεως SIG 684.8 (Dyme, ii B.C.); φόνου POxy. 1241 iii 35; σωτηρίας Hebrews 2:10; Θαλῆς ὁ τῆς τοιαύτης ἀ. φιλοσοφίας Arist. Metaph. 983b20; τῆς τέχνης Sosip. 1.14; τὸ ἀ. the originating power, Pl. Cra. 401d, cf. Sph. 243d; primary, fundamental, ἀρχηγὸν ἡ φωνή Phld. Po. 2.19.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀρχηγός, ἀρχηγόν, adjective, leading, furnishing the first cause or occasion: Euripides, Hipp. 881; Plato, Crat., p. 401 d.; chiefly used as a substantive, , , ἀρχηγός (ἀρχή and ἄγω);

1. the chief leader, prince: of Christ, Acts 5:31; (Aeschylus Ag. 259; Thucydides 1, 132;. The Sept. Isaiah 3:5; 2 Chronicles 23:14, and often).

2. "one that takes the lead in anything (1 Macc. 10:47, ἀρχηγός λόγων εἰρηνικῶν) and thus affords an example, a predecessor in a matter": τῆς πίστεως, of Christ, Hebrews 12:2 (who in the prominence of his faith far surpassed the examples of faith commemorated in Hebrews 11) (others bring this under the next head; yet cf. Kurtz at the passage). So ἀρχηγός ἁμαρτίας, Micah 1:13; ζήλους, Clement of Rome, 1 Cor. 14, 1 [ET]; τῆς στάσεως καί διχοστασίας, ibid. 51, 1; τῆς ἀποστασιας, of the devil, Irenaeus 4, 40, 1; τοιαυτης φιλοσοφίας, of Thales, Aristotle, met. 1, 3, 7 (p. 983{b} 20). Hence,

3. the author: τῆς ζωῆς, Acts 3:15; τῆς σωτηρίας, Hebrews 2:10. (Often so in secular authors: τῶν πάντων, of God (Plato) Tim. Locr., p. 96 c.; τοῦ γένους τῶν ἀνθρώπων, of God, Diodorus 5, 72; ἀρχηγός καί αἴτιος, leader and author, are often joined, as Polybius 1, 66, 10; Herodian, 2, 6, 22 (14, Bekker edition)). Cf. Bleek on Heb. vol. ii. 1, p. 301f.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀρχηγός , -όν ,

[in LXX for H7218, H5387 etc.;]

beginning, originating: more freq., as subst.;

1. founder, author (Lat. auchor; so sometimes in Papyri, v. MM, s.v.; Milligan, NTD, 75): Acts 3:15 (R, mg.), Hebrews 2:10 (R, txt.; but v. Westc., in l, and Page, Ac., l.c.).

2. prince, leader (so in MGr., v. Kennedy, Sources, 153): Acts 3:15 (R, txt.) Acts 5:31, Hebrews 2:10 (cf. R, mg.) 122 (Cremer, 117).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

To determine between ";founder"; and ";leader"; in Hebrews 2:10; Hebrews 12:2, Acts 3:15; Acts 5:31, is a complex question which would carry us beyond the limits of a lexical note. But our few citations go to emphasize the closeness of correspondence with auctor, which it evidently translates in a Proconsul’s edict, Syll 316.8 (ii/B.C.) ἐγεγόνει ἀρχηγὸς τῆς ὃλης συγχύσεως, 17 τὸν γεγονότα ἀρχηγὸν [τ ]ῶν πραχθέντων. So P Oxy I. 41.5, .6 (iii/iv A.D.), where a crowd shouts repeatedly in honour of the prytanis, ἀρχηγὲ τῶν ἀγαθῶν, ";source of our blessings,"; auctor bonorum. The phrase is found five centuries earlier in the Rosetta stone, OGIS 90.47 . . . anniversaries which are πολλῶν ἀγαθῶν ἀρχηγοὶ (π)ᾶσι. In OGIS 212.13 Apollo is . τοῦ [γένους ] of Seleucus Nicator (B.C. 306–280) whose mother was said to have dreamed that she conceived by Apollo : so in 219.26 of his son Antiochus I. (Soter). P Oxy X. 1241iii. 35 (ii/A.D., lit.) . φόνου ";the first shedder."; The other meaning ";leader"; is seen in Kaibel 585 (Gaul) ἱερέων ἀρχηγοῦ, of a high priest of Mithras. So still in MGr.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αρχηγοί αρχηγοίς αρχηγον αρχηγόν ἀρχηγὸν αρχηγός αρχηγούς αρχηγών αρχιδεσμοφύλακος αρχιδεσμοφύλαξ αρχιδεσμώτης archegon archegòn archēgon archēgòn
Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, November 26th, 2020
the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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