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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #770 - ἀσθενέω

Transliteration
asthenéō
Phonetics
as-then-eh'-o  
Word Origin
from (772)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
1:490,83
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to be weak, feeble, to be without strength, powerless
  2. to be weak in means, needy, poor
  3. to be feeble, sick
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1669 ‑ דָּאַב (daw‑ab');  1809 ‑ דָּלַל (daw‑lal');  2470 ‑ חָלָה (khaw‑law');  2844 ‑ חַת (khath);  3782 ‑ כָּשַׁל (kaw‑shal');  3811 ‑ לָאָה (law‑aw');  4116 ‑ מָהַר (maw‑har');  4135 ‑ מוּל (mool);  4571 ‑ מָעַד (maw‑ad');  5869 ‑ עַיִן (ah'‑yin);  5999 ‑ עָמָל (aw‑mawl');  6484 ‑ פָּצַר (paw‑tsar');  6850 ‑ צָפַף (tsaw‑faf');  7401 ‑ רָכַךְ (raw‑kak');  7503 ‑ רָפָה (raw‑faw');  7921 ‑ שָׁכַל (shaw‑kole');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (35) NAS (33) HCS (33)
Matthew 2
Mark 1
Luke 3
John 8
Acts 3
Romans 5
1 Corinthians 3
2 Corinthians 6
Philippians 2
2 Timothy 1
James 1
Matthew 3
Mark 1
Luke 1
John 8
Acts 3
Romans 4
1 Corinthians 2
2 Corinthians 6
Philippians 2
2 Timothy 1
James 1
Matthew 3
Mark 1
Luke 1
John 8
Acts 3
Romans 4
1 Corinthians 2
2 Corinthians 7
Philippians 2
2 Timothy 1
James 1
BYZ TIS TR
V-AAI-1P 1
V-AAI-1S 1
V-AAI-3S 2
V-AAP-ASF 1
V-AAP-NSM 1
V-IAI-3S 3
V-PAI-1P 1
V-PAI-1S 1
V-PAI-3S 6
V-PAP-APM 5
V-PAP-ASF 1
V-PAP-ASM 3
V-PAP-DPM 1
V-PAP-GPM 3
V-PAP-NSM 4
V-PAS-1P 1
V-PAS-1S 1
V-AAI-1S 1
V-AAI-3S 2
V-AAP-ASF 1
V-AAP-NSM 1
V-IAI-3S 3
V-PAI-1P 1
V-PAI-1S 1
V-PAI-3S 4
V-PAP-APM 3
V-PAP-ASF 1
V-PAP-ASM 3
V-PAP-GPM 3
V-PAP-NSM 5
V-PAS-1P 1
V-PAS-1S 1
V-RAI-1P 1
V-AAI-1P 1
V-AAI-1S 1
V-AAI-3S 2
V-AAP-ASF 1
V-AAP-NSM 1
V-IAI-3S 3
V-PAI-1P 1
V-PAI-1S 1
V-PAI-3S 6
V-PAP-APM 5
V-PAP-ASF 1
V-PAP-ASM 3
V-PAP-DPM 1
V-PAP-GPM 3
V-PAP-NSM 4
V-PAS-1P 1
V-PAS-1S 1
NA WH
V-AAI-3S 1
V-IAI-3S 1
V-PAI-3S 1
V-PAPASM 1
V-PAPGPM 1
V-AAI-1S 1
V-AAI-3S 3
V-AAP-ASF 1
V-AAP-NSM 1
V-IAI-3S 3
V-PAI-1P 2
V-PAI-1S 1
V-PAI-3S 6
V-PAP-APM 4
V-PAP-ASF 1
V-PAP-ASM 3
V-PAP-GPM 3
V-PAP-NSM 4
V-PAS-1P 1
V-PAS-1S 1
V-RAI-1P 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀσθενεìω

From G772

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀσθενέω, ἀσθενῶ; imperfect ἠσθενουν; perfect ἠσθένηκα (2 Corinthians 11:21 L T Tr WH); 1 aorist ἠσθένησα; (ἀσθενής); (from Euripides down); to be weak, feeble; universally, to be without strength, powerless: Romans 8:3; rhetorically, of one who purposely abstains from the use of his strength, 2 Corinthians 13:4; and of one wire has no occasion to prove his strength, 2 Corinthians 13:9; contextually, to be unable to wield and hold sway over others, 2 Corinthians 11:21; by oxymoron, ὅταν ἀσθενῶ, τότε δυνατός εἰμί when I am weak in human strength, then am I strong in strength divine, 2 Corinthians 12:10; εἰς τινα, to be weak toward one, 2 Corinthians 13:3; with a dative of the respect added: πίστει, to be weak in faith, Romans 4:19; πίστει, to be doubtful about things lawful and unlawful to a Christian, Romans 14:1; simple ἀσθένειν with the same idea suggested, Romans 14:2, 21 (T WH omit; Tr marginal reading brackets); 1 Corinthians 8:9 Rec., 11f; τίς ἀσθενεῖ, καί οὐκ ἀσθενῶ; who is weak (in his feelings and conviction about things lawful), and I am not filled with a compassionate sense of the same weakness? 2 Corinthians 11:29. contextually, to be weak in means, needy, poor: Acts 20:35 (so (Aristophanes pax 636); Euripides, in Stobaeus, 145 vol. 2:168, Gaisf. edition), cf. DeWette (more fully Hackett, per contra Meyer) at the passage Specially of debility in health: with νόσοις added, Luke 4:40; simply, to be feeble, sick: Luke 7:10 (R G Tr marginal reading brackets); Matthew 25:36, 39 L text T Tr WH; John 4:46; John 11:1-3, 6; Acts 9:37; Philippians 2:26; 2 Timothy 4:20; James 5:14; οἱ ἀσθενοῦντες, and ἀσθενοῦντες, the sick, sick folks: Matthew 10:8; Mark 6:56; Luke 9:2 Rec.; John 5:3, 7, 13 Tdf.; ; Acts 19:12.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀσθενέω , -

( ἀσθενής ),

[in LXX chiefly for H3782;]

to be weak, feeble: Acts 20:35, Romans 8:3, 2 Corinthians 11:21; 2 Corinthians 12:10; 2 Corinthians 13:4; 2 Corinthians 13:9; c. dat., πίστει (Cremer, 527), Romans 4:19; Romans 14:1; same implied, Romans 14:2; Romans 14:21, 1 Corinthians 8:11-12, 2 Corinthians 11:29; εἰς , 2 Corinthians 13:3. Specif., of bodily debility, to be sick: Matthew 25:36; Matthew 25:39, Luke 4:40, John 4:46; John 5:3; John 5:7; John 5:13; John 11:1-3; John 11:6 Acts 9:37, Philippians 2:26-27, 2 Timothy 4:20, James 5:14; οἱ ἀσθενοῦντες , the sick: Matthew 10:8 (MM, s.v.), Mark 6:56, Luke 9:2, Acts 19:12.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

ἀσθενέω is too common to need many citations. There is a pathetically laconic Ἀσθενῶ between some household details and concluding salutations in an undated letter, BGU III. 827.24. P Oxy IV. 725.40 (A.D. 183) is typical : a boy apprenticed to a weaver is to have 20 holidays a year for festivals, without loss of wages, ἐὰν δὲ πλείονας τούτων ἀργήσῃ [ἢ ἀσ ]θενήσῃ ἢ ἀτακτήσῃ κτλ , ";from idleness or ill-health or disobedience"; (Edd.), they must be made up. With the use of the verb in Matthew 10:8 may be compared Syll 503.16 where a certain man is extolled because, in addition to other benefactions, παρέσχεν ἰατ ]ρὸν τὸν θεραπεύσοντ [α τοὺς ἀσθε ]νοῦντας ἐν τῆ [ι ] παν [ηγύρει ]. See also P Par 5i. 5 (B.C. 114) ἀσθενῶν τοῖς ὄμμασι (so also P Leid M i.6), ib. 63 iv. 122 (B.C. 165) κατὰ τῶν ἀσθενούντων καὶ μὴ δυναμένων ὑπουργεῖν , BGU III. 844.12 (A.D. 83) κόπους γάρ μο [ι ] παρέχει ἀσθενοῦντει . In P Lond 144 (? i/A.D.) (= II. p. 253) a servant complains that he had been without food (ἀσειτήσαντος ) for two days, as the boy who brought his provisions ";was sick,"; ἀσθενήσαντος : cf. P Lond 22.23 (B.C. 164–3) (= I. p. 7) where ἀσθενῶς διακειμένας is used to describe the ";sorry plight"; of the twins in the Serapeum owing to the withholding of their allowances of oil and bread. In Proleg. p. 11 the very vernacular letter BGU III. 948.6 (Christian, iv/v A.D.) is quoted for its closeness to Luke 13:16 : ἡ μήτηρ σου Κ . ἀσθενῖ , εἰδοῦ , δέκα τρῖς μῆνες . (See under ἰδού .) Ἠσθένηκα is answered by ἐὰν κομψῶς σχῶ in P Tebt II. 414.10 (ii/A.D.). The compound ἐξασθενέω is found in BGU III. 903.15 (ii/A.D.) as now amended, τοὺς πλείστους ἐξασθενήσαντας ἀνακεχωρηκέναι κτλ . : cf. also P Tebt I. 50.33 (B.C. 112–1), where for ἐξησθενηκώς the editors hesitate between the meanings ";was impoverished"; or ";fell ill."; Add PSI 101.14 (ii/A.D.) οὕσπερ ἐξασθενήσαντας ἀνακεχωρηκέναι : the last three substantial men of the village had emigrated because they could not stand the taxation.

 

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ασθενει ασθενεί ἀσθενεῖ ασθενείτω ασθενήσαι ασθενησας ασθενήσας ἀσθενήσας ασθενησασαν ασθενήσασαν ἀσθενήσασαν ασθενήσει ασθενήση ασθενήσουσι ασθενήσουσιν ασθενήσω ασθενουμεν ασθενούμεν ἀσθενοῦμεν ασθενουντα ασθενούντα ἀσθενοῦντα ασθενουντας ασθενούντας ασθενούντάς ἀσθενοῦντας ασθενούντες ασθενουντων ασθενούντων ἀσθενούντων ασθενουσαν ασθενούσαν ἀσθενοῦσαν ασθενούσιν ασθενω ασθενώ ἀσθενῶ ασθενωμεν ασθενώμεν ἀσθενῶμεν ασθενων ασθενών ἀσθενῶν ησθενει ησθένει ἠσθένει ησθενηκαμεν ἠσθενήκαμεν ησθενηκός ησθενησα ησθένησα ἠσθένησα ησθενήσαμεν ησθένησαν ησθένησας ησθενήσατε ησθένησε ησθενησεν ησθένησεν ἠσθένησεν asthenei astheneî asthenesas asthenēsas asthenḗsas asthenesasan asthenēsasan asthenḗsasan astheno asthenô asthenō asthenō̂ asthenomen asthenômen asthenōmen asthenō̂men asthenon asthenôn asthenōn asthenō̂n asthenoumen asthenoûmen asthenounta asthenoûnta asthenountas asthenoûntas asthenounton asthenountōn asthenoúnton asthenoúntōn asthenousan asthenoûsan esthenei esthénei ēsthenei ēsthénei esthenekamen esthenḗkamen ēsthenēkamen ēsthenḗkamen esthenesa esthénesa ēsthenēsa ēsthénēsa esthenesen esthénesen ēsthenēsen ēsthénēsen
Lectionary Calendar
Friday, November 22nd, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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