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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #772 - ἀσθενής

Transliteration
asthenḗs
Phonetics
as-then-ace'  
Word Origin
from (1) (as a negative particle) and the base of (4599)
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
1:490,83
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. weak, infirm, feeble
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 34 ‑ אֶבְיוֹן (eb‑yone');  536 ‑ אֻמְלַל (oom‑lal');  1800 ‑ דַּל (dal);  2197 ‑ זַעַף (zah'‑af);  2865 ‑ חָתַת (khaw‑thath');  4116 ‑ מָהַר (maw‑har');  6041 ‑ עָנִי (aw‑nee');  7330 ‑ רָזֶה (raw‑zeh);  7390 ‑ רַךְ (rak);  7504 ‑ רָפֶה (raw‑feh');  8217 ‑ שָׁפָל (shaw‑fawl');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (25) NAS (24) HCS (26)
Matthew 4
Mark 1
Luke 1
Acts 3
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 8
2 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
Hebrews 1
1 Peter 1
Matthew 3
Mark 1
Luke 1
Acts 3
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 9
2 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
Hebrews 1
Matthew 3
Mark 1
Luke 2
Acts 3
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 11
2 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
Hebrews 1
1 Peter 1
BYZ TIS TR
A-APM 4
A-APN 2
A-ASM 2
A-ASN 1
A-DPM 1
A-DSN-C 1
A-GPM 2
A-GSM 2
A-NPM 2
A-NPN-C 1
A-NSF 4
A-NSM 2
A-NSN 1
A-APM 4
A-APN 2
A-ASM 1
A-ASN 1
A-DPM 2
A-DSN-C 1
A-GPM 2
A-GSM 2
A-NPM 2
A-NPN-C 1
A-NSF 4
A-NSM 2
A-NSN 1
A-APM 4
A-APN 2
A-ASM 2
A-ASN 1
A-DPM 1
A-DSN-C 1
A-GPM 2
A-GSM 2
A-NPM 2
A-NPN-C 1
A-NSF 4
A-NSM 2
A-NSN 1
NA WH
A-APM 3
A-APN 2
A-ASM 2
A-ASN 1
A-DPM 2
A-DSNC 1
A-GPM 2
A-GSM 2
A-NPM 2
A-NPNC 1
A-NSF 4
A-NSM 1
A-NSN 1
A-APM 6
A-APN 2
A-ASM 1
A-ASN 1
A-DPM 2
A-DSN-C 1
A-GPM 3
A-GSM 2
A-NPM 2
A-NPN-C 1
A-NSF 4
A-NSM 2
A-NSN 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀσθεν-ής, ές, without strength, weak,

1 in body, feeble, sickly, τοὺς ἀσθενέας τῆς στρατιῆς Hdt. 4.135, cf. Hp. VM 12; ἀσθενεῖ χρωτὶ βαίνων Pi. P. 1.55, etc.; ὁ παντάπασιν ἀ. τῷ σώματι D. 21.165; ἀ. περὶ τὸν ὀφθαλμόν Luc. Nigr. 4; τοὺς ἀσθενεστάτους ἐς τὰς ταλαιπωρίας least able to bear hardship, Hdt. 4.134; ἀσθενέστερος πόνον ἐνεγκεῖν too weak to.., D. 23.54. Adv. ἀσθενῶς, ἴσχειν Pl. Lg. 659e, cf. OGI 751.8 (Amblada, ii B.C.).

2. in mind, and the like, τὸ ἀ. τῆς γνώμης the weakness, Th. 2.61.

3. in power, weak, feeble, ἀ. δύναμις Hdt. 7.9. ά, cf. 1.58; τέχνη δ' ἀνάγκης-εστέρα μακρῷ A. Pr. 514; πόλιν ἑνὸς-εστέραν S. OC 1033; εἰς ὠφέλειαν ἀ. D. Ephesians 2:15.

4. in property, weak, poor, οἱ χρήμασιν ἀσθενέστεροι Hdt. 2.88: abs., ὅ τ' ἀ. ὁ πλούσιός τε E. Supp. 433; οἱ ἀσθενέστεροι the weaker sort, i.e. the poor, X. Cyr. 8.1.30, cf. Lys. 1.2.

5. insignificant, οὐκ ἀσθενέστατος σοφιστὴς Ἑλλήνων Hdt. 4.95; paltry, ἀ. σόφισμα A. Pr. 1011; of streams, petty, small, Hdt. 2.25; of fluids, of small specific gravity, Id. 3.23; ἐς ἀσθενὲς ἔρχεται comes to nothing, Id. 1.120. Adv. -νῶς feebly, without energy, Pl. R. 528b; on slight evidence, ἀπαγγέλλεσθαι Onos. Praef.: Comp. ἀσθενεστέρως, ἐπιθυμεῖν Pl. Phdr. 255e; -έστερον Id. Chrm. 172b; -έστερα Th. 1.141.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀσθενής, ἀσθενές (τό σθένος strength), weak, infirm, feeble; (from Pindar down);

a. universally: Matthew 26:41; Mark 14:38; 1 Peter 3:7; τό ἀσθενές τοῦ Θεοῦ, the act of God in which weakness seems to appear, viz. that the suffering of the cross should be borne by the Messiah, 1 Corinthians 1:25.

b. specifically: contextually, unable to achieve anything great, 1 Corinthians 4:10; destitute of power among men, 1 Corinthians 1:27 (Lachmann brackets); weaker and inferior, μέλος, 1 Corinthians 12:22; sluggish in doing right, Romans 5:6; lacking in manliness and dignity, 2 Corinthians 10:10; used of the religious systems anterior to Christ, as having no power to promote piety and salvation, Galatians 4:9; Hebrews 7:18; lacking in decision about things lawful and unlawful (see ἀσθενέω), 1 Corinthians 8:7, 9 L T Tr WH, ; ; 1 Thessalonians 5:14.

c. of the body, feeble, sick: Matthew 25:39 R G L marginal reading, 43f; Luke 9:2 L Tr brackets; ; Acts 4:9; Acts 5:15; 1 Corinthians 11:30.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

* ἀσθενής -ές

(< - neg., σθένος , strength),

[in LXX for H6041, etc.;]

without strength, weak, feeble: 1 Corinthians 1:27; 1 Corinthians 4:10; 1 Corinthians 12:22, 2 Corinthians 10:10, Galatians 4:9, 1 Thessalonians 5:14, Hebrews 7:18, 1 Peter 3:7. Rhetorically, τό ἀ . τ . θεοῦ , God's action of apparent weakness: 1 Corinthians 1:25; of bodily debility, sick, sickly: Matthew 25:39 (Rec.) Matthew 25:43-44, Luke 9:2 (Rec.) Luke 10:9, Acts 4:9; Acts 5:15-16 In moral and spiritual sense (MM, s.v.; Cremer, 526), Matthew 26:41, Mark 14:38, Romans 5:6, 1 Corinthians 8:7; 1 Corinthians 8:9-10; 1 Corinthians 9:22; 1 Corinthians 11:30.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

PAmh II. 78.14 (A.D. 184) μ [ου ] πλεονεκτῖ ἄνθρωπος ἀ [σ ]θε ̣ν ̣ής (for –ουοῦς !), ib. 141.15 (A.D. 350) οὐ δυναμένη ἀφησυχάσαι γυνὴ [ἀσθε ]νὴς καὶ χήρα κτλ . P Flor I. 58.14 (iii/A.D.) καταφρονο ]υ ̣̑ντές μου ὡς ̣γυναικὸς ἀσ [θ ]ε ̣[νο ]υ ̣̓ͅ. P Théad 20i. 15 (iv/A.D.) τὰς ἀσθενεστέρας κώμα [ς ], ";weaker"; financially. For the adv. see OGIS 751.8 (ii/B.C.) ἐπεὶ θλιβέντες ἐμ πλείοσιν ἀσθενῶς [σχή ]σετε . The definitely moral character of the adj. in Rom and 1 Cor may be illustrated by Epict. Diss. i. 8. 8, where the ἀσθενεῖς are coupled with the ἀπαίδευτοι . The adj. is curiously rare by comparison with its derivative verb and noun.

 

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ασθενεις ασθενείς ἀσθενεῖς ασθενες ασθενές ἀσθενὲς ασθενεσιν ασθενέσιν ἀσθενέσιν ασθενεστερα ασθενέστερα ἀσθενέστερα ασθενεστερω ασθενεστέρω ἀσθενεστέρῳ ασθενη ασθενή ἀσθενῆ ασθενης ασθενής ἀσθενής ἀσθενὴς ασθενους ασθενούς ἀσθενοῦς ασθενων ασθενών ἀσθενῶν asthene asthenê asthenē asthenē̂ astheneis astheneîs asthenes asthenès asthenēs asthenḗs asthenḕs asthenesin asthenésin asthenestera asthenéstera asthenestero asthenesterō asthenestéroi asthenestérōi asthenon asthenôn asthenōn asthenō̂n asthenous asthenoûs
Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, November 17th, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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