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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #1058 - בָּכָה

Transliteration
bâkâh
Phonetics
baw-kaw'  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
243
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to weep, bewail, cry, shed tears

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to weep (in grief, humiliation, or joy)

1a2) to weep bitterly (with cognate acc.)

1a3) to weep upon (embrace and weep)

1a4) to bewail

1b) (Piel) participle

1b1) lamenting

1b2) bewailing

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1145 ‑ δακρύω (dak‑roo'‑o);  1653 ‑ ἐλεέω (el‑eh‑eh'‑o);  1968 ‑ ἐπιπίπτω (ep‑ee‑pip'‑to);  2799 ‑ κλαίω (klah'‑yo);  2805 ‑ κλαυθμός (klowth‑mos');  3996 ‑ πενθέω (pen‑theh'‑o);  2354 ‑ θρηνέω (thray‑neh'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (114) NAS (108) HCS (113)
Genesis 14
Exodus 1
Leviticus 1
Numbers 8
Deuteronomy 3
Judges 8
Ruth 2
1 Samuel 8
2 Samuel 12
2 Kings 5
2 Chronicles 1
Ezra 2
Nehemiah 2
Esther 1
Job 5
Psalms 4
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 4
Jeremiah 7
Lamentations 2
Ezekiel 4
Hosea 1
Joel 2
Micah 1
Zechariah 1
Genesis 14
Exodus 1
Leviticus 1
Numbers 8
Deuteronomy 3
Judges 8
Ruth 2
1 Samuel 8
2 Samuel 12
2 Kings 5
2 Chronicles 1
Ezra 2
Nehemiah 2
Esther 1
Job 5
Psalms 4
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 4
Jeremiah 6
Lamentations 2
Ezekiel 4
Hosea 1
Joel 2
Micah 1
Zechariah 1
Genesis 16
Exodus 1
Leviticus 1
Numbers 8
Deuteronomy 3
Judges 8
Ruth 2
1 Samuel 10
2 Samuel 15
2 Kings 5
2 Chronicles 1
Ezra 3
Nehemiah 3
Esther 1
Job 5
Psalms 4
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 4
Jeremiah 9
Lamentations 3
Ezekiel 4
Hosea 1
Joel 2
Micah 2
Zechariah 1
BYZ TIS TR
n-cms 1
v-pPfp 1
v-pPfs 1
v-qPfs 1
v-qPms 5
v-qa 4
v-qc 3
v-qi1cs 5
v-qi2ms 2
v-qi3fp 2
v-qi3fs 4
v-qp1cs 1
v-qp2mp 1
v-qp3fs 1
v-qp3ms 2
v-qvfp 1
v-qw1cs 2
v-qw2ms 1
v-qw3fp 2
v-qw3fs 1
v-qw3msXa 2
v-pPfp 1
v-pPfs 1
v-qPms 5
v-qa 4
v-qc 3
v-qi1cs 5
v-qi2ms 2
v-qi3fs 4
v-qp1cs 1
v-qp2mp 1
v-qp3fs 1
v-qp3ms 2
v-qw1cs 3
v-qw2ms 1
v-qw3fs 1
v-qw3msXa 2
v-pPfp 1
v-pPfs 1
v-qPfs 1
v-qPms 5
v-qa 4
v-qc 3
v-qi1cs 5
v-qi2ms 2
v-qi3fs 4
v-qp1cs 1
v-qp2mp 1
v-qp3fs 1
v-qp3ms 2
v-qw1cs 3
v-qw2ms 1
v-qw3fs 1
v-qw3msXa 2
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1034) kb (בכ BK) AC: Weep CO: Tears AB: ?: The pictograph b is a tent representing what is inside. The k is the palms of the hand. Combined these mean the "inside the palms". The placing of one eyes in the palms when crying. A weeping from mourning or from the billowing of smoke in the eyes.

A) kb (בכ BK) AC: Weep CO: ? AB: ?

Nf4 ) tikb (בכית BKYT) - Weeping: KJV (1): mourning - Strongs: H1068 (בְּכִית)

fm) ikb (בכי BKY) - Weep: KJV (30): weep, overflowing, sore - Strongs: H1065 (בְּכִי)

C) kba (אבכ ABK) AC: Roll CO: ? AB: ?: The rolling of the tears down the cheek.

V) kba (אבכ ABK) - Roll: The rolling of smoke. KJV (1): (vf: Hitpael) mount up - Strongs: H55 (אָבַךְ)

E) akb (בכא BKA) AC: ? CO: ? AB: ?

Nm ) akb (בכא BKA) - Balsam: A tree that weeps sap when cut. KJV (4): mulberry tree - Strongs: H1057 (בָּכָא)

H) ekb (בכה BKH) AC: Weep CO: ? AB: ?

V) ekb (בכה BKH) - Weep: KJV (114): (vf: Paal, Piel) weep, bewail, sore, mourned, wail - Strongs: H1058 (בָּכָה)

Nm) ekb (בכה BKH) - Weep: KJV (1): sore - Strongs: H1059 (בֶּכֶה)

J) kfb (בוכ BWK) AC: Entangle CO: ? AB: Confusion: To be tangled, confused or lost in a place of uncertainty that can bring one to tears.

V) kfb (בוכ BWK) - Entangled: KJV (3): (vf: Niphal) perplexed, entangled - Strongs: H943 (בּוּךְ)

kf1) ekfbm (מבוכה MBWKH) - Confusion: A state of entanglement. KJV (2): perplexity - Strongs: H3998 (מְבוּכָה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 בָּכָה114 verb weep, bewail (Arabic , Aramaic בְּכָא, , Assyrian bakû Zim BP 23,56, Ethiopic ) —

Qal Perfect ׳בּ Genesis 43:14; Hosea 12:5; וּבָֽכְתָה consecutive Deuteronomy 21:13; בָּכִ֫יתִּי Job 30:25, etc.; Imperfect וַיֵּבְךְ Genesis 37:35 16t. (וַיֵּבְךְּ Genesis 27:28 etc.); 3 feminine singular תִּבְכֶּה 1 Samuel 1:10 2t.; וַתִּבְכֶּה 1 Samuel 1:7, וַתֵּבְךְּ Genesis 21:16 (where ᵐ5 masculine compare Di) + 4t.; 2 masculine singular תִּבְכֶּה Isaiah 30:19; Ezekiel 24:16; וַתִּבְכֶּה 2 Kings 22:19, וַתֵּבְךְּ 2 Samuel 12:21; 2 Chronicles 34:27; 2 feminine singular תִּבְכִּי 1 Samuel 1:8; אֶבְכֶּה Judges 11:37 4t.; וָאֶבְכֶּה 2 Samuel 12:22 2t.; יִבְכּוּ Leviticus 10:6 3t.; יִבְכָּי֑וּן Job 31:38; Isaiah 33:7; 3 feminine plural תִּבְכֶּינָה Job 27:15; Psalm 78:64; ׳וַתִּב Ruth 1:9,14, etc.; Imperative plural בְּכוּ Jeremiah 22:10; Joel 1:5; בְּכֶינָה 2 Samuel 1:24; Infinitive absolute בָּכוֺ Isaiah 30:19 3t. + Micah 1:10 (where read בְּעַכּוֺ, see עכו); בָּכֹה 1 Samuel 1:10 3t.; construct לִבְכּוֺת Genesis 43:30 3t.; לִבְכֹּתָהּ Genesis 23:2; Participle בֹּכֶה (בּוֺכֶה) Exodus 2:6 6t.; feminine singular בּוֺכִיָּה Lamentations 1:16; plural בֹּכִים (׳בּו) Ezra 3:12 +, etc.; —

1 weep (in grief, humiliation, or joy), absolute Genesis 42:24; Genesis 43:30 (twice in verse); Exodus 2:6; Numbers 11:4,10; Numbers 14:1; 1 Samuel 1:7,8,10; 1 Samuel 11:5; 1 Samuel 30:4 (twice in verse); 2 Samuel 1:12; 2 Samuel 3:16; 2 Samuel 13:36; 2 Samuel 15:30 (twice in verse); 2 Samuel 19:1; 2 Samuel 19:2; 2 Kings 8:11,12; Isaiah 30:19 (twice in verse); Jeremiah 41:6; Jeremiah 50:4; Ezekiel 24:16,23; Lamentations 1:2; Zechariah 7:3; Joel 1:5; Joel 2:17; Psalm 78:64; Psalm 126:6; compare Psalm 69:11 (but on text see Che) Job 27:15; Ecclesiastes 3:4 (opposed to laugh שׂחק) Ezra 10:1; Nehemiah 8:9; Esther 8:3; once with inanimate subject Job 31:38 ׳תְּלָמֶיהָ יִב its furrows weep; on Nehemiah 1:4 יָשַׁבְתִּי וָאֶבְכֶּה compare Assyrian attašab abakî, Flood130ed. Dl Gu§ 77 Hpt BAS i. 145; of loud weeping נָשָׂא׳הַקּוֺל וַיִּב Genesis 21:16; Genesis 27:38; Genesis 29:11; Judges 2:4; Judges 21:2; 1 Samuel 11:4; 1 Samuel 24:17; 2 Samuel 3:32; 2 Samuel 13:36; Job 2:12; Ruth 1:9,14, compare ׳בְּאָזְנֵי י׳בּ Numbers 11:18, also Job 30:31.

2 with accusative of congnate meaning with verb בְּכִי Judges 21:2; 2 Samuel 13:36; 2 Kings 20:3 = Isaiah 38:3, compare בִּבְכִי Isaiah 16:9, מִבְּכִי Jeremiah 48:32, & חַרְבֶּה בֶּכֶה׳בּ Ezra 10:1; followed by קוֺל גָּדוֺל 2 Samuel 15:33, compare בקול גדול׳בּ Ezra 3:12; weep bitterly ׳מַר יִב Isaiah 33:7; also with infinitive absolute weep intensely, grievously 1 Samuel 1:10; Jeremiah 22:10; Lamentations 1:2, compare Isaiah 30:19 & Micah 1:10 (but on text see above)

3 followed by עַל weep upon, i.e. embrace and weep, עַלצֿואריו Genesis 45:14; Genesis 46:29; compare Genesis 45:15; Genesis 50:1; also עַלמָּֿנָיו׳בּ 2 Kings 13:14; see further Genesis 33:4; Genesis 45:14 & וַיִּבְכּוּ אִישׁ אֶתרֵֿעֵהוּ 1 Samuel 20:41; also followed by עַל weep over, for Judges 11:37,38; 2 Samuel 3:34; Lamentations 1:16; followed by אֶלֹֿ 2 Samuel 1:24; 2 Samuel 3:32; Ezekiel 27:31; followed by לְ Jeremiah 22:10; Jeremiah 48:32; Job 30:25; followed by מִמְּנִי because of Jeremiah 13:17; followed by temporal clause (of occasion of weeping) Genesis 50:17; Psalm 137:1; Nehemiah 8:9.

4 followed by accusative bewail Genesis 23:2; Genesis 37:35; Genesis 50:3; Leviticus 10:6; Numbers 20:29; Deuteronomy 21:13; Deuteronomy 34:8; Jeremiah 8:23, compare Isaiah 16:9.

5 followed by עַל in sense of burden, annoy with weeping Numbers 11:13; Judges 14:16,17 compare לִפְנֵי Numbers 11:20.

6׳לִפְנֵי י ׳בּ of penitent weeping Judges 20:23 (compare Be; see also Judges 21:2) Deuteronomy 1:45; 2 Kings 22:19; 2 Chronicles 34:27, compare also Numbers 25:6; joined with fasting Judges 20:26; 2 Samuel 12:21,22compare Ezra 10:1; so of weeping in anxious entreaty Hosea 4:5; on participle as proper name Judges 2:1,5 see בֹּכִים below

Pi`el Participle feminine singular מְבַכָּה lament Jeremiah 31:25 followed by עַל; bewail, plural מְבַכּוֺת followed by accusative Ezekiel 8:14.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

בָּכָה fut. יִבְכֶּה convers. וַיֵּבְךְּ pr. i.q. בָּכָא to distil, to flow by drops (the primary syllable בך imitates the sound of falling drops, comp. the roots ending with ךְ); see בְּכִי, specially, to weep, a root common to all the cognate languages and dialects, Exodus 2:6; Genesis 43:30; 2 Samuel 19:2 often used of the people lamenting in public calamities, Numbers 11:10, 25:6 used of the mourning of penitents, Ezra 10:1. Followed by an acc. to weep for, bewail any one, especially the dead. Genesis 23:2, 37:35 50:3 also followed by עַל of the person or thing wept for, Lamentations 1:16; Judges 11:37 אֶל 2 Samuel 1:24; Ezekiel 27:31 and לְ Jeremiah 22:10; Job 30:25. בֳּכָה followed by עַל is also to come to any one weeping, Numbers 11:13; Judges 14:16 and, to weep upon any one, i.e. in his embrace, Genesis 45:15, 50:1.

Piel, to bewail, weep for the dead, with an acc. Jeremiah 31:15; Ezekiel 8:14.

Derived nouns are בֶּכֶה, בָּכוּת, בְּכִי, בְּכִית.

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List of Word Forms
אֶבְכֶּ֞ה אֶבְכֶּה־ אבכה אבכה־ בְּכ֤וּ בְּכִ֥י בְּכִיתֶם֩ בְּכֶ֑ינָה בָ֭כִיתִי בָּכ֕וּ בָּכ֖וֹ בָּכ֣וֹ בָּכ֨וֹ בָּכִ֑ינוּ בָּכָ֖ה בָכ֥וּ בָכוֹ֙ בֹּכִ֖ים בֹּכִֽים׃ בֹּכֶ֑ה בֹּכֶ֛ה בֹּכֶה֙ בֹכִ֔ים בֹכֶ֑ה בּוֹכִים֙ בוֹכִיָּ֗ה בוֹכִים֙ בוכיה בוכים בכה בכו בכי בכים בכים׃ בכינה בכינו בכיתי בכיתם הַֽאֶבְכֶּה֙ האבכה וְאֶבְכֶּה֙ וְלִבְכֹּתָֽהּ׃ וַיִּבְכּ֑וּ וַיִּבְכּ֔וּ וַיִּבְכּ֖וּ וַיִּבְכּ֗וּ וַיִּבְכּ֣וּ וַיִּבְכּ֤וּ וַיִּבְכּ֥וּ וַיִּבְכּֽוּ׃ וַיִּבְכּוּ֙ וַיִּבְכּוּ֩ וַיֵּ֑בְךְּ וַיֵּ֖בְךְּ וַיֵּ֣בְךְּ וַיֵּ֤בְךְּ וַיֵּ֥בְךְּ וַיֵּֽבְךְּ׃ וַיֵּבְךְּ֙ וַתִּבְכֶּ֖ה וַתִּבְכֶּ֖ינָה וַתִּבְכֶּֽינָה׃ וַתִּבְכּ֖וּ וַתִּבְכּ֤וּ וַתֵּ֔בְךְּ וַתֵּ֣בְךְּ וַתֵּ֤בְךְּ וַתֵּ֥בְךְּ וַתֵּֽבְךְּ׃ וַתֵּבְךְּ֩ וָֽאֶבְכֶּ֑ה וָֽאֶבְכֶּ֔ה וָאֶבְכֶּ֣ה וּבְכ֔וּ וּבָֽכְתָ֛ה וּבָכ֥וּ וּבָכֹ֛ה וּבָכֹ֥ה וּבָכֹֽה׃ וּבָכֹה֮ וּבָכוֹ֙ וּבֹכֶ֑ה וּבוֹכֶ֗ה ואבכה ובוכה ובכה ובכה׃ ובכו ובכתה ויבך ויבך׃ ויבכו ויבכו׃ ולבכתה׃ ותבך ותבך׃ ותבכה ותבכו ותבכינה ותבכינה׃ יִבְכָּיֽוּן׃ יִבְכּ֑וּ יִבְכּ֤וּ יִבְכּוּ֙ יבכו יבכיון׃ לִבְכּ֑וֹת לִבְכּ֥וֹת לִבְכּֽוֹת׃ לִבְכּוֹת֙ לבכות לבכות׃ מְבַכָּ֣ה מְבַכּ֖וֹת מבכה מבכות תִּבְכֶּֽה־ תִּבְכּ֑וּ תִּבְכּ֣וּ תִבְכִּ֗י תִבְכֶּ֔ה תִבְכֶּ֗ה תִבְכֶּ֜ה תִבְכֶּֽה׃ תִבְכֶּֽינָה׃ תִבְכּ֑וּ תבכה תבכה־ תבכה׃ תבכו תבכי תבכינה׃ ’eḇ·keh ’eḇ·keh- ’eḇkeh ’eḇkeh- bā·ḵāh bā·ḵî·nū ḇā·ḵî·ṯî bā·ḵōw ḇā·ḵōw bā·ḵū ḇā·ḵū baChah baChinu baCho baChu bāḵāh bāḵînū ḇāḵîṯî bāḵōw ḇāḵōw bāḵū ḇāḵū bə·ḵe·nāh bə·ḵî bə·ḵî·ṯem bə·ḵū beCheinah beChi bechiTem beChu bəḵenāh bəḵî bəḵîṯem bəḵū bō·ḵeh ḇō·ḵeh bō·ḵîm ḇō·ḵîm ḇō·w·ḵî·yāh bō·w·ḵîm ḇō·w·ḵîm boCheh boChim bōḵeh ḇōḵeh bōḵîm ḇōḵîm bōwḵîm ḇōwḵîm ḇōwḵîyāh evKeh ha’eḇkeh ha·’eḇ·keh haevKeh liḇ·kō·wṯ liḇkōwṯ livKot mə·ḇak·kāh mə·ḇak·kō·wṯ məḇakkāh məḇakkōwṯ mevakKah mevakKot ṯiḇ·ke·nāh ṯiḇ·keh tiḇ·keh- ṯiḇ·kî tiḇ·kū ṯiḇ·kū ṯiḇkeh tiḇkeh- ṯiḇkenāh ṯiḇkî tiḇkū ṯiḇkū tivKeh tivKeinah tivKi tivKu ū·ḇā·ḵə·ṯāh ū·ḇā·ḵōh ū·ḇā·ḵōw ū·ḇā·ḵū ū·ḇə·ḵū ū·ḇō·ḵeh ū·ḇō·w·ḵeh ūḇāḵəṯāh ūḇāḵōh ūḇāḵōw ūḇāḵū ūḇəḵū ūḇōḵeh ūḇōwḵeh uvacheTah uvaCho uvaChoh uvaChu uveChu uvoCheh Vachiti vaCho vaChu vaevKeh vaiYevek vaiyivKu vatTevek vattivKeh vattivKeinah vattivKu veevKeh velivkoTah voCheh voChim vochiYah wā’eḇkeh wā·’eḇ·keh wat·tê·ḇək wat·tiḇ·ke·nāh wat·tiḇ·keh wat·tiḇ·kū wattêḇək wattiḇkeh wattiḇkenāh wattiḇkū way·yê·ḇək way·yiḇ·kū wayyêḇək wayyiḇkū wə’eḇkeh wə·’eḇ·keh wə·liḇ·kō·ṯāh wəliḇkōṯāh yiḇ·kā·yūn yiḇ·kū yiḇkāyūn yiḇkū yivkaYun yivKu
Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, November 12th, 2019
the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
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