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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #1234 - בָּקַע

Transliteration
bâqa‛
Phonetics
baw-kah'  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
271
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to split, cleave, break open, divide, break through, rip up, break up, tear

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to cleave, cleave open

1a2) to break through, break into

1b) (Niphal)

1b1) to be cleft, be rent open, be split open

1b2) to be broken into

1c) (Piel)

1c1) to cleave, cut to pieces, rend open

1c2) to break through, break down

1d) (Pual)

1d1) to be ripped open, be torn open

1d2) to be rent

1d3) to be broken into

1e) (Hiphil)

1e1) to break into

1e2) to break through

1f) (Hophal) to be broken into

1g) (Hithpael) to burst (themselves) open, cleave asunder

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 455 ‑ ἀνοίγω (an‑oy'‑go);  2616 ‑ καταδυναστεύω (kat‑ad‑oo‑nas‑tyoo'‑o);  5080 ‑ τήκομαι (tay'‑ko);  654 ‑ ἀποστρέφω (ap‑os‑tref'‑o);  2147 ‑ εὑρίσκω (hyoo‑ris'‑ko);  1288 ‑ διασπάω (dee‑as‑pah'‑o);  4977 ‑ σχίζω (skhid'‑zo);  4486 ‑ ῥήσσω (hrayg'‑noo‑mee, hrace'‑so);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (51) NAS (52) HCS (51)
Genesis 2
Exodus 2
Numbers 1
Joshua 2
Judges 1
1 Samuel 1
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
2 Kings 5
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 3
Nehemiah 1
Job 3
Psalms 4
Proverbs 1
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 7
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 5
Hosea 2
Amos 1
Micah 1
Habakkuk 1
Zechariah 1
Genesis 2
Exodus 2
Numbers 1
Joshua 2
Judges 1
1 Samuel 1
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
2 Kings 5
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 3
Nehemiah 1
Job 3
Psalms 4
Proverbs 1
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 8
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 5
Hosea 2
Amos 1
Micah 1
Habakkuk 1
Zechariah 1
Genesis 2
Exodus 2
Numbers 1
Joshua 2
Judges 1
1 Samuel 1
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
2 Kings 5
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 3
Nehemiah 1
Job 3
Psalms 4
Proverbs 1
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 8
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 5
Hosea 2
Amos 1
Micah 1
Habakkuk 1
Zechariah 1
BYZ TIS TR
v-Hp3fs 1
v-PPfs 1
v-PPmp 1
v-Pi3mp 1
v-hc 1
v-nc 1
v-ni3fs 2
v-ni3ms 2
v-np3cp 4
v-np3ms 2
v-nw3fs 4
v-nw3mp 1
v-pi2ms 2
v-pi3fs 1
v-pp1cs 1
v-pp3ms 2
v-pw3fp 1
v-pw3mp 1
v-pw3ms 1
v-qPms 3
v-qp2ms 3
v-qp3fs 1
v-qw3mp 2
v-qw3ms 2
v-ti3mp 1
v-tp3cp 1
v-Hp3fs 1
v-PPfs 1
v-PPmp 1
v-Pi3mp 1
v-hc 1
v-nc 1
v-ni3fs 2
v-ni3ms 2
v-np3cp 4
v-np3ms 2
v-nw3fs 4
v-nw3mp 1
v-pi2ms 2
v-pi3fs 1
v-pi3ms 1
v-pp1cs 1
v-pp3ms 2
v-pw3fp 1
v-pw3mp 1
v-pw3ms 1
v-qPms 3
v-qp2ms 3
v-qp3fs 1
v-qp3ms 1
v-qw3mp 2
v-qw3ms 2
v-ti3mp 1
v-tp3cp 1
v-Hp3fs 1
v-PPfs 1
v-PPmp 1
v-Pi3mp 1
v-hc 1
v-nc 1
v-ni3fs 2
v-ni3ms 2
v-np3cp 4
v-np3ms 2
v-nw3fs 4
v-nw3mp 1
v-pi2ms 2
v-pi3fs 1
v-pi3ms 1
v-pp1cs 1
v-pp3ms 2
v-pw3fp 1
v-pw3mp 1
v-pw3ms 1
v-qPms 3
v-qp2ms 3
v-qp3fs 1
v-qp3ms 1
v-qw3mp 2
v-qw3ms 2
v-ti3mp 1
v-tp3cp 1
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2034) oqb (בקאה BQAh) AC: Cleave CO: Half AB: ?: A breaking or cleaving of something in half.

V) oqb (בקאה BQAh) - Cleave: To break, cut or divide something in half. KJV (51): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Hophal, Pual, Piel) cleave, divide, rent, break through, breach, hatch - Strongs: H1234 (בָּקַע)

Nm) oqb (בקאה BQAh) - Bekah: A standard of measure. A half shekel weight. KJV (2): half, bekah - Strongs: H1235 (בֶּקַע)

bm) oiqb (בקיאה BQYAh) - Fissure: A breach causing a division. KJV (2): breach, cleft - Strongs: H1233 (בָּקִיעַ)

ef1) eoqib (ביקאהה BYQAhH) - Valley: A wide level valley as a division between mountains. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: heqb] KJV (21): plain, valley - Strongs: H1236 (בִּקְעָה), H1237 (בִּקְעָה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 בָּקַע verb cleave, break open or through (Late Hebrew id., MI15 מבקע השחרת from break of dawn; Aramaic בְּקַע; compare Ethiopic profit, be useful, originally findere, aperire, Di) —

Qal Perfect בָּקַע Psalm 78:13, בָּֽקְעָה Isaiah 34:15, בָּקַעְתָּ Nehemiah 9:11; Psalm 74:15, וּבָֽקַעְתָּ֫ Ezekiel 29:7; Imperfect וַיִּבְקַע Judges 15:19; Isaiah 48:21, וַיִּבְקְעוּ 2 Samuel 23:16 = 1 Chronicles 11:18, וַיִּ בְקָעוּהָ 2 Chronicles 21:17; Imperative וּבְקָעֵהוּ Exodus 14:16; Infinitive construct suffix בִּקְעָם Amos 1:13; 2 Chronicles 32:1; Participle active בּוֺקֵעַ Isaiah 63:12; Ecclesiastes 10:9, בֹּקֵעַ Psalm 141:7; —

1 cleave, cleave open, followed by accusative, Judges 15:19 God cleft open the hollow (הַמֵּכְתֵּשׁ), and water came out, compare Isaiah 48:21 (object צוּר), also Psalm 74:15 bring forth by cleaving, object מַעְיָןיָנָחַ֑ל, all three of divine operation; cleave or rip open pregnant women Amos 1:13; of a broken staff, tearing the shoulder Ezekiel 29:7 (but read כַּף hand for כָּתֵף, ᵐ5ᵑ9 Sm (?)Co.); cleave wood Ecclesiastes 10:9 ("" מַסִּיעַ אֲבָנִים); of ploughing (furrowing) the earth Psalm 141:7 ("" מֹּלֵחֵ; in simile); especially of dividing the sea, Exodus 14:16 (P) Nehemiah 9:11; Psalm 78:13, compare Isaiah 63:12, object מַיִם; — in all these subject ׳י except Exodus 14:16 where he commands Moses; of hatching out (a brood, but no object expressed) Isaiah 34:15, subject קִמּוֺו arrow-snake.

2 break through or into, followed by בְּ 2 Samuel 23:16 = 1 Chronicles 11:18; followed by accusative 2 Chronicles 21:17 וַיַעֲלוּ בִיהוּדָה וֵיִבְקָעוּהָ; also 2 Chronicles 32:1, object suffix reference to cities, ויאמר לְבִקְעָם אֵלָיו and he thought to break into them and so bring them unto himself.

Niph`al Perfect נִבְקַע Job 26:8; Zechariah 14:4 (וְ consecutive); נִבְקְעוּ Genesis 7:11; Isaiah 35:6, נִבְקָ֑עוּ 2 Chronicles 25:11; Proverbs 3:20; Imperfect יִבָּקַע Isaiah 58:8, יִבֵָּק֑עַ Job 32:19; 3 feminine singular תִּבָּקַע Isaiah 59:5, וַתִּבָּקַע Numbers 16:31 3t.; Infinitive construct לְהִבָּקֵעַ Ezekiel 30:16; —

1 be cleft, rent open, subject the ground, הָֽאֲדָמָה Numbers 16:31 (J), הָאָרֶץ 1 Kings 1:40 (hyperb.); mountain Zechariah 14:4; burst open, of men hurled from rock 2 Chronicles 25:12; of cloud beneath its weight of water Job 26:8; hyperb. of belly full of words seeking a vent, Job 32:19 like new wine-skins it will burst open; so of the water-receptacles (מעינות) of the great deep, at the flood Genesis 7:11; of the water-masses themselves, תהומות Proverbs 3:20, מים ונהלים Isaiah 35:6; also of the Red Sea, וַיִבָּקְעוּ המים Exodus 14:21; of light breaking forth Isaiah 58:8 (figurative); of serpent's egg hatching out as a viper Isaiah 59:5 הַזּוּרֶה תִּבָּקַע אֶפְעֶה.

2 be broken into, of city captured by breaches in walls 2 Kings 25:4 = Jeremiah 52:7; Ezekiel 30:16.

Pi`el Perfect בִּקֵּעַ 2 Kings 15:16; Job 28:10, וּבִקַּעְתִּ֫י Ezekiel 13:13, בִּקֵּ֑עוּ Isaiah 59:5; Imperfect יְבַקַּע Psalm 78:15, וַיְבַקַּע Genesis 22:3; 3 feminine singular תְּבַקֵּעַ Ezekiel 13:11, תְּבַקְּעֵם Hosea 13:8; 2 masculine singular תְּבַקַּעֿ Habakkuk 3:9, תְּבַקֵּ֑עַ 2 Kings 8:12; 2 feminine plural וַתְּבַקַּעְנָה 2 Kings 2:24; — cleave, cut to pieces, or rend open (often more complete or more violent than Qal), followed by accusative, of cleaving wood Genesis 22:3i.e. cut it up for burning, Song of Solomon 1Samuel 6:14; of ripping open pregnant women 2 Kings 8:12; 2 Kings 15:16; of tearing in pieces children 2 Kings 2:24; compare also Hosea 13:8 (figurative); of cleaving open rocks, to bring forth water Psalm 78:15 (subject God); of cutting mining-shafts Job 28:10 ׳בַּצּוּרוֺת יְאֹרִים בּ; נְהָרוֺת תְּבַקַּעאָֿ֑רֶץ Habakkuk 3:9 into rivers thou cleavest (the) earth; break through or down (a wall, but no object expressed), Ezekiel 13:11 רוּחַ סְעָרוֺת תְּבֵַקּ֑עַ (but Co תִּבָּקֵעַ), compare Ezekiel 13:13 וּבִקַּעְתִּי רוּחַסְעָרוֺת בַחֲמָתִי; of hatching eggs Isaiah 59:5 בֵּיצֵי צִפְעוֺנִיבִֵּקּ֑עוּ (figurative)

Pu`al Imperfect יְבָֻקּ֑עוּ Hosea 14:1; Participle מְבֻקָּעָה Ezekiel 26:10, מְבֻקָּעִים Joshua 9:4; — be ripped open, of women Hosea 14:1 (verb of masculine form); rent, of old wine-skins Joshua 9:4; broken into, of a city in whose walls a breach has been made Ezekiel 26:10.

Hiph`il Imperfect 1 plural suffix וְנַבְקִעֶנָּה Isaiah 7:6; Infinitive construct לְהַבְקִיעַ 2 Kings 3:26; — break into, followed by suffix reference to Judah, Isaiah 7:6 אֵלֵינוּ׳ונב let us break into it, lay it open, and so bring it unto ourselves (compare Qal 2 Chronicles 32:1); break through (absolute) with sword, שֹׁלֵף חֶרֶבּ לְהַבְקִיעַאֶלמֶֿלֶךְאֱדוֺם 2 Kings 3:26.

Hoph`al Perfect 3 feminine singular הָבְקְעָה הָעִיר Jeremiah 39:2 the city was broken into, entrance was made by a breach.

Hithpa`el Perfect הִתְכַָּקּ֑עוּ Joshua 9:13, Imperfect יִתְבּקָּ֑עוּ Micah 1:4; — burst (themselves) open, of wine-skins Joshua 9:13; cleave asunder, of valleys Micah 1:4.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

בָּקַע fut. יִבְקַע inf. with suffix בִּקְעָם

(1)  to cleave asunder, to divide. (Closely allied to פָּקַע and Syr. ܦܘܰܥ. The signification of cleaving and opening, as proceeding from striking (see אָבַק בָּכָה ), is also found as inherent in the syllable בק, פק in the kindred roots פָּקַח, בָּקַר, בָּכַר). Specially to cleave wood, Ecclesiastes 10:9 the sea (used of God), Exodus 14:16 to rip up women with child, Amos 1:13 to wound on the shoulder, Ezekiel 29:7. To rend a city, or to open to oneself, is said of him who takes it by storm; 2 Chronicles 32:1, וַיּאֹמֶר לְבִקְעָם אֵלָיו “and he thought to take those cities by storm;” 21:17. [“Followed by בְּ to cleave into or through any thing, to break through, 2 Samuel 23:16; 1 Chronicles 11:8.”]

(2) to cleave and open any thing shut, so that what is shut in may be liberated and break forth; Isaiah 48:21, “he clave the rock, the waters gushed out;” Judges 15:19. Hence it is construed even with an acc. of that which comes forth, Psalms 74:15, בָּקַעְתָּ מַעְיָן וָנַחַל “thou hast made fountains of streams to burst forth.” Compare Niphal, Piel No. 3 and Gr. ῥήγνυσι δάκρυα, πηγάς, to emit tears, fountains.

(3) a bird is said to cleave eggs, when by sitting upon them she hatches the young. Isaiah 34:15. Followed by בְּ to cleave into or through any thing, 2 Samuel 23:16; 1 Chronicles 11:18.

Niphal

(1) passive of Kal No. 1, to be cleft asunder, to cleave and open itself, as the earth, Numbers 16:31; Zechariah 14:4 also to be cleft, rent, Job 26:8, 32:19 2 Chronicles 25:12 to be taken by storm as a city, 2 Kings 25:4; Jeremiah 52:7.

(2) passive of Kal No. 2, to be opened, used of fountains, Genesis 7:11. But it is also applied to water breaking forth, Isaiah 35:6; Proverbs 3:20 to light, Isaiah 58:8. Comp. syn. פָּטַר, בַּקַר, בָּכַר, in which the sense of rending is also applied to the thing which breaks forth.

(3) pass. of Kal No. 3, to be hatched, to come out of the egg; used of a young viper, Isaiah 59:5.

(4) As things which are violently shaken together are cleft and broken asunder, it is hyperbolically used of the earth as struck and shaken, 1 Kings 1:40.

Piel בִּקֵּעַ fut. יְבַקַּע

(1) i.q. Kal No. 1, to cleave, as wood, Genesis 22:3 a rock, Psalms 78:15 to rip up women with child, 2 Kings 8:12, 15:16.

(2) to rend, to tear in pieces, like wild beasts, i.q. טָרַף. Hosea 13:8; 2 Kings 2:24.

(3) i.q. Kal No. 2, to open, to cause to break forth streams from a rock, Job 28:10 streams, Habakkuk 3:9 wind, Ezekiel 13:11, 13 Ezekiel 13:13.

(4) i.q. Kal No. 3, to sit upon eggs, and hatch the young, Isaiah 59:5.

Pual בֻּקַּע to be cleft, rent, Joshua 9:4 to be ripped up, Hosea 14:1 i.q. Niphal, to be taken by storm, as a city, Ezekiel 26:10.

Hiphil

(1) i.q. Kal No. 1, to open a city, i.e. to take it by storm, Isaiah 7:6.

(2) Followed by אֶל to break through to any one, compare Kal No. 4, 2 Kings 3:26.

Hophal הָבְקַע pass. of Hiphil No. 1, Jeremiah 39:2.

Hithpael, to be rent, cleft, Joshua 9:13; Micah 1:4.

The derivatives immediately follow, except בְּקִיעַ.

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List of Word Forms
בִּקְעָם֙ בִּקֵּ֑עַ בִּקֵּ֔עוּ בִּקֵּֽעַ׃ בָ֭קַעְתָּ בָּ֣קַע בָּקַ֣עְתָּ בּ֤וֹקֵֽעַ בּוֹקֵ֥עַ בוקע בקע בקע׃ בקעו בקעם בקעת הִתְבַּקָּ֑עוּ הָבְקְעָ֖ה הבקעה התבקעו וְנִבְקַע֩ וְנַבְקִעֶ֖נָּה וַֽיְבַקְּעוּ֙ וַיְבַקַּע֙ וַיִּ֨בְקַע־ וַיִּבְקְע֨וּ וַיִּבְקְעוּ֩ וַיִּבְקַ֨ע וַיִּבְקָע֔וּהָ וַיִּבָּקְע֖וּ וַתְּבַקַּ֣עְנָה וַתִּבָּקַ֣ע וַתִּבָּקַ֥ע וּבְקָעֵ֑הוּ וּבִקַּעְתִּ֥י וּבָקְעָ֖ה וּבָקַעְתָּ֥ וּבֹקֵ֣עַ וּמְבֻקָּעִ֖ים ובקע ובקעה ובקעהו ובקעת ובקעתי ויבקע ויבקע־ ויבקעו ויבקעוה ומבקעים ונבקע ונבקענה ותבקע ותבקענה יְבַקַּ֣ע יְבֻקָּֽעוּ׃ יִבָּקֵֽעַ׃ יִבָּקַ֤ע יִתְבַּקָּ֑עוּ יבקע יבקע׃ יבקעו׃ יתבקעו לְבִקְעָ֥ם לְהִבָּקֵ֑עַ לְהַבְקִ֛יעַ לבקעם להבקיע להבקע מְבֻקָּעָֽה׃ מבקעה׃ נִבְקְע֤וּ נִבְקְעוּ֙ נִבְקַ֖ע נִבְקָ֑עוּ נִבְקָֽעוּ׃ נבקע נבקעו נבקעו׃ תְּבַקְּעֵֽם׃ תְּבַקֵּֽעַ׃ תְּבַקַּע־ תִּבָּקַ֥ע תבקע תבקע־ תבקע׃ תבקעם׃ bā·qa‘ bā·qa‘·tā ḇā·qa‘·tā Baka baKata bāqa‘ bāqa‘tā ḇāqa‘tā bikAm bikKea bikKeu biq‘ām biq·‘ām biq·qê·‘ū biq·qê·a‘ biqqê‘ū biqqêa‘ bō·w·qê·a‘ boKea bōwqêa‘ hā·ḇə·qə·‘āh hāḇəqə‘āh havekeAh hiṯ·baq·qā·‘ū hitbakKau hiṯbaqqā‘ū lə·ḇiq·‘ām lə·haḇ·qî·a‘ lə·hib·bā·qê·a‘ ləḇiq‘ām ləhaḇqîa‘ lehavKia lehibbaKea ləhibbāqêa‘ levikAm mə·ḇuq·qā·‘āh məḇuqqā‘āh mevukkaAh niḇ·qa‘ niḇ·qā·‘ū niḇ·qə·‘ū niḇqa‘ niḇqā‘ū niḇqə‘ū nivKa nivKau nivkeU tə·ḇaq·qa‘- tə·ḇaq·qə·‘êm tə·ḇaq·qê·a‘ təḇaqqa‘- təḇaqqə‘êm təḇaqqêa‘ tevakka tevakKea tevakkeEm tib·bā·qa‘ tibbaKa tibbāqa‘ ū·ḇā·qa‘·tā ū·ḇā·qə·‘āh ū·ḇə·qā·‘ê·hū ū·ḇiq·qa‘·tî ū·ḇō·qê·a‘ ū·mə·ḇuq·qā·‘îm ūḇāqa‘tā ūḇāqə‘āh ūḇəqā‘êhū ūḇiqqa‘tî ūḇōqêa‘ ūməḇuqqā‘îm umevukkaIm uvakaTa uvakeAh uvekaEhu uvikkaTi uvoKea vaiyibbakeU vaiyivKa vaiyivkaUha vaiyivkeU Vakata vattevakKanah vattibbaKa vayvakKa vayvakkeU venavkiEnnah venivKa wat·tə·ḇaq·qa‘·nāh wat·tib·bā·qa‘ wattəḇaqqa‘nāh wattibbāqa‘ way·ḇaq·qa‘ way·ḇaq·qə·‘ū way·yib·bā·qə·‘ū way·yiḇ·qa‘ way·yiḇ·qa‘- way·yiḇ·qā·‘ū·hā way·yiḇ·qə·‘ū wayḇaqqa‘ wayḇaqqə‘ū wayyibbāqə‘ū wayyiḇqa‘ wayyiḇqa‘- wayyiḇqā‘ūhā wayyiḇqə‘ū wə·naḇ·qi·‘en·nāh wə·niḇ·qa‘ wənaḇqi‘ennāh wəniḇqa‘ yə·ḇaq·qa‘ yə·ḇuq·qā·‘ū yəḇaqqa‘ yəḇuqqā‘ū yevakKa yevukKau yib·bā·qa‘ yib·bā·qê·a‘ yibbaKa yibbaKea yibbāqa‘ yibbāqêa‘ yiṯ·baq·qā·‘ū yitbakKau yiṯbaqqā‘ū
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