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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #1881 - דָּת

Word Origin
of uncertain (perhaps foreign) derivation
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) decree, law, edict, regulation, usage

1a) decree, edict, commission

1b) law, rule

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1106 ‑ γνώμη (gno'‑may);  1125 ‑ γράφω (graf'‑o);  1378 ‑ δόγμα (dog'‑mah);  1379 ‑ δογματίζω (dog‑mat‑id'‑zo);  3546 ‑ νόμισμα (nom'‑is‑mah);  3551 ‑ νόμος (nom'‑os);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (22) NAS (21) HCS (20)
Deuteronomy 1
Ezra 1
Esther 19
Ezra 1
Esther 19
Ezra 1
Esther 19
n-cfpc 4
n-cfs 13
n-cfpc 4
n-cfs 12
n-cfpc 4
n-cfs 12

Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1091) td (דת DT) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Law: The pictograph d is a picture of a door meaning enter or entrance. The t is a mark. Combined these pictures mean "entering with a mark". When two parties agree to follow the laws of a covenant, a mark is given as a sign of continued allegiance.

A) td (דת DT) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Law

Nf ) td (דת DT) - Law: A law, decree or edict. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (36): law - Strongs: H1881 (דָּת), H1882 (דָּת)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 דָּת noun feminine Esther 3:15 decree, law, usage, only in Persian period (Biblical Aramaic Late Hebrew id., Syriac or ; Persian loan-word, Old Persian dâta, law, Spieg APK 225) — ׳ד absolute Esther 1:8 9t.; construct דַּת Esther 2:12, דָּת Esther 9:13; suffix דָּתוֺ Esther 2:8 4t.; plural construct דָּתֵי Ezra 8:36 2t.; suffix דָּתַיהֶם Esther 3:8; —

1 decree, edict, commission of Persian king Ezra 8:36 (word elsewhere only in Esther) Esther 2:8 ("" דְּבַר הַמֶּלֶךְ), Esther 4:3 ("" id.) Esther 8:17 ("" id.) Esther 9:1 ("" id.; with עשׂה execute) compare also Esther 9:13; with verb נָתַן Esther 3:14,15; Esther 8:13,14; Esther 9:14; written כְּתָבהַֿדָּת Esther 4:8 (compare Esther 3:14; Esther 8:13).

2 law, permanently valid and applicable, וְיִכָּתֵב בְּדָתֵי מָּרַסוּֿמָדַי וְלֹא יַעֲבוֺר Esther 1:19 compare Esther 1:15; Esther 4:11,16; יֹדְעֵי דָּת וָדִין Esther 1:13 those that understood law and judgment; דָּתֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ Esther 3:8; of laws of the Jews in Persia Esther 3:8; even of rules for drinking at a feast Esther 1:8; for purifying of women Esther 2:12. — The distinction between 1 &

2 is not absolute. The king's will was law, and the royal edict (דְּבַר מַלְכוּת) concerning Vashti was reckoned among the laws (דָּתֵי) of the Persians & Medes ( Esther 1:19). — In Deuteronomy 33:2 ᵑ0אֵשׁ דָּת לָמוֺ fire was a law for them is corrupt; many emendations proposed, compare Di; Di suggests דֹת[לַמִּ] אֵשׁ fire of flames, flaming fire, compare הַלַּמִּידִם Exodus 20:18 (but לַמִּדֹת plural in תֹ֯ not in OT unless as proper name), or (better), דֶת[יֹקֶ] אֵשׁ a burning fire, compare Isaiah 65:5 (different sense).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

דָּת f. constr. דַּת, pl. דָּתִים. constr. דָּתֵי a word belonging to the later Hebrew and Chaldee (see below [Specially Deuteronomy 33:2 ]); prob. of Persic origin, i.q. Heb. חֹק a statute, pr. something set; Saß, Saßung, Gefeß; Pers. داد right, justice, from دادن to give, to set, to command; Pehlev. Dadha, Dadestan; Zend. Daetie; Arm. ղ-ատ judgment (Syr. ܕܳܬܐܳ ܕܬܰܐܳ placitum). [In Thes. it is suggested that this word may be from יָדָה in the sense to shew, to point out.] In the Old Test. it denotes

(1) a law, Esther 1:13, 15, 19 2:12, כְּרָת הַיּוֹם “according to the law of to-day,” as to day; 9:13.

(2) a royal mandate, an edict, Esther 3:14, 8:13 9:14. To this I also refer the words, Deuteronomy 33:2, מִימִינוֹ אֵשׁ דָּת לָמוֹ “at his (Jehovah’s) right hand fire, to be a rule for them (Israel) in journeying,” referring to the pillar of fire. Others render it a fire of law, a law given with fire. Vulg. lex ignea, and similarly Syr., Chald., Arab.

דָּת Chald. f.

(1) law, Daniel 6:9, 13, 16. דָּתָא דִּי אֱלָהּ “the law of God;” Ezra 7:12, 21 Ezra 7:21.

(2) religion, system of religion, Daniel 6:6, בְּדָת אֱלָהֵהּ “in the law of his God,” in his religion; compare 7:25. (The Rabbins also apply this word to Christianity and Mohammedanism.)

(3) an edict, a decree, Daniel 2:13, 15.

(4) counsel, plan, purpose, Daniel 2:9, חֲדָה הִיא דַתְכוֹן “this only is your counsel.” [This passage is referred in Thes. to the signification of edict, decree, “one thing is decreed for you.”]

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List of Word Forms
בְּדָתֵ֥י בדתי דָּ֖ת דָּ֥ת דָּת֙ דָּתֵ֣י דָּתֵ֤י דָּתוֹ֙ דת דתו דתי הַ֠דָּת הדת וְדָת֔וֹ וְדָת֖וֹ וְדָתֵיהֶ֞ם וְדָתוֹ֙ וְהַדָּ֥ת ודתו ודתיהם והדת כְּדָ֣ת כְּדָ֤ת כְּדָת֙ כַדָּ֔ת כַדָּ֖ת כדת bə·ḏā·ṯê bəḏāṯê bedaTei chadDat dā·ṯê dā·ṯōw dat dāṯ dāṯê daTei daTo dāṯōw had·dāṯ haddāṯ Haddot ḵad·dāṯ ḵaddāṯ kə·ḏāṯ keDat kəḏāṯ vedateiHem vedaTo vehadDat wə·ḏā·ṯê·hem wə·ḏā·ṯōw wə·had·dāṯ wəḏāṯêhem wəḏāṯōw wəhaddāṯ
Lectionary Calendar
Friday, November 15th, 2019
the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
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