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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2790 - חָרֵשׁ

Transliteration
chârash
Phonetics
khaw-rash'  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
760,761
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to cut in, plough, engrave, devise

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to cut in, engrave

1a2) to plough

1a3) to devise

1b) (Niphal) to be ploughed

1c) (Hiphil) to plot evil

2) to be silent, be dumb, be speechless, be deaf

2a) (Qal)

2a1) to be silent

2a2) to be deaf

2b) (Hiphil)

2b1) to be silent, keep quiet

2b2) to make silent

2b3) to be deaf, show deafness

2c) (Hithpael) to remain silent

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 153 ‑ αἰσχύνομαι (ahee‑skhoo'‑nom‑ahee);  2325 ‑ θερίζω (ther‑id'‑zo);  2680 ‑ κατασκευάζω (kat‑ask‑yoo‑ad'‑zo);  2270 ‑ ἡσυχάζω (hay‑soo‑khad'‑zo);  2271 ‑ ἡσυχία (hay‑soo‑khee'‑ah);  71 ‑ ἄγω (ag'‑o);  3878 ‑ παρακούω (par‑ak‑oo'‑o);  4623 ‑ σιωπάω (see‑o‑pah'‑o);  4601 ‑ σιγάω (see‑gah'‑o);  722 ‑ ἀροτριάω (ar‑ot‑ree‑o'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (73) NAS (69) HCS (71)
Genesis 2
Exodus 1
Numbers 4
Deuteronomy 1
Judges 3
1 Samuel 4
2 Samuel 2
1 Kings 2
2 Kings 1
Nehemiah 1
Esther 2
Job 10
Psalms 9
Proverbs 8
Isaiah 4
Jeremiah 4
Hosea 2
Amos 2
Micah 2
Habakkuk 1
Zephaniah 1
Genesis 3
Exodus 1
Numbers 4
Deuteronomy 1
Judges 3
1 Samuel 4
2 Samuel 2
1 Kings 2
2 Kings 1
Nehemiah 1
Esther 2
Job 10
Psalms 9
Proverbs 8
Isaiah 4
Jeremiah 4
Hosea 2
Amos 2
Micah 2
Habakkuk 1
Zephaniah 1
Genesis 2
Exodus 1
Numbers 6
Deuteronomy 1
Judges 3
1 Samuel 4
2 Samuel 2
1 Kings 2
2 Kings 1
Nehemiah 1
Esther 2
Job 10
Psalms 10
Proverbs 9
Isaiah 5
Jeremiah 4
Hosea 2
Amos 2
Micah 2
Habakkuk 1
Zephaniah 1
BYZ TIS TR
v-hPmp 1
v-hPms 4
v-hi1cs 5
v-hi2fs 2
v-hi2mp 3
v-hi2ms 1
v-hi2msXa 1
v-hi3mp 1
v-hi3ms 2
v-hp1cs 2
v-hp3cp 1
v-hp3ms 7
v-hvfs 1
v-hvmp 1
v-hvms 3
v-hw3mp 3
v-ni3fs 2
v-qPfp 1
v-qPmp 2
v-qPmpc 4
v-qPms 6
v-qc 1
v-qi2ms 6
v-qi3fp 1
v-qi3ms 4
v-qp2mp 2
v-qsfs 1
v-tw3mp 1
v-hPmp 1
v-hPms 4
v-hi1cs 5
v-hi2fs 2
v-hi2mp 3
v-hi2ms 1
v-hi2msXa 1
v-hi3mp 1
v-hi3ms 2
v-hp1cs 3
v-hp3cp 1
v-hp3ms 7
v-hvfs 1
v-hvmp 2
v-hvms 3
v-hw3mp 3
v-ni3fs 2
v-qPfp 1
v-qPmp 2
v-qPmpc 3
v-qPms 7
v-qc 1
v-qi2ms 7
v-qi3fp 1
v-qi3ms 4
v-qp2mp 2
v-qsfs 1
v-tw3mp 1
v-hPmp 1
v-hPms 4
v-hi1cs 5
v-hi2fs 2
v-hi2mp 3
v-hi2ms 1
v-hi2msXa 1
v-hi3mp 1
v-hi3ms 2
v-hp1cs 3
v-hp3cp 1
v-hp3ms 7
v-hvfs 1
v-hvmp 2
v-hvms 3
v-hw3mp 3
v-ni3fs 2
v-qPfp 1
v-qPmp 2
v-qPmpc 3
v-qPms 7
v-qc 1
v-qi2ms 7
v-qi3fp 1
v-qi3ms 4
v-qp2mp 2
v-qsfs 1
v-tw3mp 1
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2211) srh (ההרסה HhRSh) AC: Scratch CO: Craftsman AB: ?: The craftsman that scratches, or engraves, in wood, stone or metal. [from: lh- sharp]

V) srh (ההרסה HhRSh) - I. Plow:To scratch a line in the soil. II. Devise:To scratch out a plan. III. Silent:[Unknown connection to root;] KJV (73): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael) peace, plow, devise, silence, hold, altogether, plowman, cease, conceal, deaf, graven imagine - Strongs: H2790 (חָרֵשׁ)

Nm) srh (ההרסה HhRSh) - I. Craftsman:One who engraves wood, stone or metal. II. Silent:[Unknown connection to root;] KJV (46): craftsman, artificer, secretly, carpenter, workman, engraver, artificer, smith, maker, skilful, worker, wrought, deaf - Strongs: H2791 (חֶרֶשׁ), H2795 (חֵרֵשׁ), H2796 (חָרָשׁ)

af1) esrhm (מההרסהה MHhRShH) - Mattock: Implement for scratching the soil. KJV (3): mattock, share - Strongs: H4281 (מַחֲרֵשָׁה), H4282 (מַחֲרֶשֶׁת)

bm) sirh (ההריסה HhRYSh) - Plowing: The time of plowing. KJV (3): earring, harvest - Strongs: H2758 (חָרִישׁ)

cf2) tsfrh (ההרוסהת HhRWShT) - Carving: A scratching in stone or wood. KJV (4): cutting, carving - Strongs: H2799 (חֲרֹשֶׁת)

gm) srfh (ההורסה HhWRSh) - I. Craftsman:One who engraves wood, stone or metal. II. Forest:From its wood being used for carving. KJV (8): artificer, wood, forest, bough, shroud - Strongs: H2793 (חֹרֶשׁ), H2794 (חָרַשׁ)

bfm) isirh (ההריסהי HhRYShY) - Hot: [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (1): vehement - Strongs: H2759 (חֲרִישִׁי)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2020
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. [חָרַשׁ] verb cut in, engrave, plough, devise (Late Hebrew id., plough, so Eth Phoenician חרש, Aramaic (rare) חֲרַת engrave, cleave, plough, Arabic plough) —

Qal Perfect חָֽרְשׁוּ Psalm 129:3, חֲרַשְׁתֶּם Judges 14:18; Hosea 10:13; Imperfect יַחֲרשׁ Isaiah 28:24; Proverbs 20:4; יַחֲרוֺשׁ Hosea 10:11+ Amos 6:12 (see below); 2 masculine singular תַּחֲרשׁ Deuteronomy 22:10; Proverbs 3:29; Infinitive construct חֲרשׁ 1 Samuel 8:12; Participle חֹרֵשׁ Genesis 4:22 5t.; חוֺרֵשׁ Amos 9:13; plural חֹרְשִׁים Psalm 129:3, חֹרְשֵׁי Job 4:8 3t., feminine plural absolute חֹרְשׁוֺת Job 1:14; passive חֲרוּשָׁה Jeremiah 17:1: —

1 cut in, engrave, of worker in metals נְחשֶׁת וּבַרְזֶל׳ח Genesis 4:22 (J), נחשׁת׳ח 1 Kings 7:14; figurative עַללֿוּחַ לִבָּם׳ח Jeremiah 17:1 engraved on the tablet of their heart.

2 plough, literally, human subject (animal usually with בְּ), no object expressed 1 Kings 19:19; Deuteronomy 22:10; Isaiah 28:24, so יַחֲרוֺשׁ בבקרים Amos 6:12 (but read probably יֵחָרֵשׁ בבקר יָם, see We and others); with accusative of congnate meaning with verb חֲרִישׁוֺ׳ח 1 Samuel 8:12 plough his ploughing (= do his ploughing), Proverbs 20:4; figurative of Judah Hosea 10:11; with ethical reference רֶשַׁע׳ח Hosea 10:13 ("" קצר), אָוֶן׳ח Job 4:8 ("" זרע, קצר); עַלגַּֿבִּי חָֽרְשׁוּ חֹרְשִׁים Psalm 129:3 upon my back have ploughmen ploughed (figurative of oppression by wicked); חֹרֵשׁ = ploughman Isaiah 28:24; Amos 9:13 ("" קוֺצֵר); ׳ח with oxen subject only Job 1:14.

3 devise (as one who works in, practises), usually bad sense, object רָעָה Proverbs 3:29, רַע Proverbs 6:14; מַחְשְׁבוֺת אָוֶן Proverbs 6:18, חֹרְשֵׁירַע Proverbs 12:20; Proverbs 14:22; but also חֹרְשֵׁי טוֺב Proverbs 14:22.

Niph`al Imperfect 3 feminine singular צִיּוֺן שָׂדֶה תֵּחָרֵשׁ Micah 3:12 Zion, as a field she shall be ploughed = Jeremiah 26:18.

Hiph`il Participle מַחֲרִישׁ רָעָה עַלֿ 1 Samuel 23:9 fabricating mischief against (see Dr, and compare We).

II. [חָרֵשׁ] verb 1. be silent, dumb, speechless;

2 be deaf; chiefly poet. (Late Hebrew Pi`el make deaf; Aramaic , be dumb, deaf; Arabic be dumb, speechless, compare Assyrian —arâšu, restrain, according to Dl Proverbs 100; see Lag BN 120) —

Qal Imperfect יֶחֱרָ֑שׁ Psalm 50:3; 2 masculine singular תֶּחֱרַשׁ Psalm 28:1; Psalm 83:2; תֶּחֱרַ֑שׁ Psalm 35:22; Psalm 109:1; תֶּחֱרָ֑שׁ Psalm 39:13; 3 feminine plural תֶּחֱרַ֑שְׁנָה Micah 7:16; —

1 be silent, always of God's keeping silence when men pray Psalm 35:22; Psalm 50:3; Psalm 83:2; Psalm 109:1; followed by אֶלֿ Psalm 39:13.

2 be deaf, subject ׳י, followed by מִמֶּנִּי Psalm 28:1; subject אָזְנַיִם Micah 7:16.

Hiph`il Perfect חֶחֱרִשׁ Numbers 30:15; Genesis 34:5; יְחֶחֱרִישׁ consecutive Numbers 30:5; Numbers 30:8; וְהֶחֱרִשׁ consecutive Numbers 30:12; הֶחֱרַ֫שְׁתִּי Esther 7:4 2t. etc.; Imperfect יַחֲרִישׁ Numbers 30:15 2t. (including Zephaniah 3:17 see below); 2 masculine singular תַּחֲרִישׁ Habakkuk 1:13; jussive תַּחְרֵשׁ 1 Samuel 7:8; 2 masculine plural תַּחֲרִישׁוּן Job 13:5; תַּחֲרִשׁוּן Exodus 14:14, etc.; Imperative הַחֲרֵשׁ Judges 18:19 2t.; הַחֲרִ֫ישִׁי 2 Samuel 13:20; הַחֲרִ֫ישׁוּ Job 13:13; Isaiah 41:1; Infinitive absolute הַחֲרֵשׁ Numbers 30:15 2t.; Participle מַחֲרִישׁ Genesis 24:21 2t. (including 1 Samuel 10:27 see below); מַחֲרִישִׁים 2 Samuel 19:11; —

1 be silent (= exhibit silence)

a. almost always of men Genesis 24:21; Genesis 34:5; Exodus 14:14 (all J), Judges 18:19; 2 Samuel 13:20; 2 Samuel 19:11; 2 Kings 18:36 = Isaiah 36:21; Jeremiah 4:19; Job 6:24; Job 13:5 (twice in verse); Job 13:19; Job 33:31,33; Proverbs 11:12; Proverbs 17:28; Psalm 32:3; Nehemiah 5:8; Esther 4:14 (twice in verse); Esther 7:4; also וַיְהִי כְּמַחֲרִישׁ 1 Samuel 10:27 (but read rather ויהי כְּמֵחֹדֶשׁ and it came to pass after about a month, ᵐ5 Dr); יחרישׁ באהבתו Zephaniah 3:17 (ᵐ5ᵑ6 יְחַדֵּשׁ he will renew his love, see especially Buhl ZAW see 1885,183); ׳ח with לְ person keep silence at one, i.e. fail to make objection at proper time Numbers 30:5; Numbers 30:8; Numbers 30:12; Numbers 30:15 (3t. in verse) (all P); אלי׳הח Isaiah 41:1 pregnantly = come silently unto me; followed by מִן person cease to speak with Jeremiah 38:27; be silent about, pass by in silence, followed by accusative בַּדָּיו׳אח Job 41:4.

b. rarely of God, permitting evil in silence Habakkuk 1:13; Isaiah 42:14; Psalm 50:21.

2 once causat. make silent, with accusative Job 11:3.

3 be deaf, shew deafness: אַלֿתַּחֲרֵשׁ מִמֶּנּוּ מִזְּעֹק 1 Samuel 7:8 be not deaf (turning) from us, so as not to cry. **

Hithpa`el Imperfect 3 masculine plural וַיִּתְחָֽרְשׁוּ Judges 16:2 and they kept quiet.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
List of Word Forms
אַחֲרִ֑ישׁ אַחֲרִ֖ישׁ אַחֲרִ֣ישׁ אַחֲרִ֥ישׁ אחריש הֶ֭חֱרַשְׁתִּי הֶחֱרִ֥שׁ הֶחֱרַ֔שְׁתִּי הַ֝חֲרֵ֗שׁ הַחֲרִ֙ישִׁי֙ הַחֲרִ֣ישׁוּ הַחֲרִ֤ישׁוּ הַחֲרֵ֜שׁ הַחֲרֵ֣שׁ הַחֲרֵשׁ֩ הַחֹרֵ֖שׁ החרישו החרישי החרש החרשתי וְֽהֶחֱרַ֗שְׁתִּי וְהֶחֱרִ֣ישׁ וְהֶחֱרִ֣ישׁוּ וְהֶחֱרִ֣שׁ וְהֶחֱרִ֥ישׁ וְהֶחֱרִ֥שׁ וְלַחֲרֹ֤שׁ וַֽיַּחֲרִ֔ישׁוּ וַיִּתְחָרְשׁ֤וּ וַיַּחֲרִ֣שׁוּ והחריש והחרישו והחרש והחרשתי ויחרישו ויחרשו ויתחרשו ולחרש חֲרַשְׁתֶּ֣ם חֲרַשְׁתֶּם־ חֲרוּשָׁה֙ חָרְשׁ֣וּ חָרַ֣שׁ חֹ֣רְשֵׁי חֹ֭רֵשׁ חֹֽרְשׁ֔וֹת חֹרְשִׁ֑ים חֹרֵ֔שׁ חֹרֵ֣שׁ חוֹרֵשׁ֙ חורש חרושה חרש חרשו חרשות חרשי חרשים חרשתם חרשתם־ יֶ֫חֱרַ֥שׁ יַחֲר֖וֹשׁ יַחֲר֣וֹשׁ יַחֲרִ֑ישׁו יַחֲרִ֨ישׁ יַחֲרִֽישׁ׃ יַחֲרִישׁ֙ יַחֲרֹ֑שׁ יַחֲרֹ֥שׁ יחרוש יחריש יחריש׃ יחרישו יחרש כְּמַחֲרִֽישׁ׃ כמחריש׃ מַ֭חֲרִישׁ מַחֲרִ֕ישׁ מַחֲרִ֣ישׁ מַחֲרִשִׁ֖ים מחריש מחרשים רָעָ֑ה רעה תֵֽחָרֵ֑שׁ תֵֽחָרֵשׁ֙ תֶּ֫חֱרַ֥שׁ תֶּֽחֱשֶׁ֥ה תֶּחֱרַ֑שׁ תֶּחֱרַ֖שׁ תֶּחֱרַ֪שׁ תֶּחֱרַֽשְׁנָה׃ תֶּחֱרַֽשׁ׃ תַּחֲרִ֕ישׁ תַּחֲרִישִׁי֮ תַּחֲרִישֽׁוּן׃ תַּחֲרִישׁ֑וּן תַּחֲרֵ֣שׁ תַחֲרֹ֥שׁ תחריש תחרישון תחרישון׃ תחרישי תחרש תחרש׃ תחרשנה׃ תחשה ’a·ḥă·rîš ’aḥărîš achaRish chaRash charashTem chareShu charuShah choResh Choreshei choreShim choreShot ha·ḥă·rêš ha·ḥă·rî·šî ha·ḥă·rî·šū ha·ḥō·rêš ḥā·raš ḥă·raš·tem ḥă·raš·tem- ḥā·rə·šū ḥă·rū·šāh hachaResh hachaRishi hachaRishu hachoResh haḥărêš haḥărîšî haḥărîšū haḥōrêš ḥāraš ḥăraštem ḥăraštem- ḥārəšū ḥărūšāh he·ḥĕ·raš·tî he·ḥĕ·riš hecheRashti hecheRish heḥĕraštî heḥĕriš ḥō·rə·šê ḥō·rə·šîm ḥō·rə·šō·wṯ ḥō·rêš ḥō·w·rêš ḥōrêš ḥōrəšê ḥōrəšîm ḥōrəšōwṯ ḥōwrêš kə·ma·ḥă·rîš kemachaRish kəmaḥărîš ma·ḥă·ri·šîm ma·ḥă·rîš machaRish machariShim maḥărîš maḥărišîm rā‘āh rā·‘āh raAh ta·ḥă·rêš ta·ḥă·rî·šî ta·ḥă·rî·šūn ta·ḥă·rîš ṯa·ḥă·rōš tachaResh tachaRish tachariShi tachariShun tachaRosh taḥărêš taḥărîš taḥărîšî taḥărîšūn ṯaḥărōš ṯê·ḥā·rêš te·ḥĕ·raš te·ḥĕ·raš·nāh te·ḥĕ·šeh techaResh techeRash techeRashnah techeSheh ṯêḥārêš teḥĕraš teḥĕrašnāh teḥĕšeh vaiyachaRishu vaiyitchareShu vehecheRashti vehecheRish vehecheRishu velachaRosh way·ya·ḥă·ri·šū way·ya·ḥă·rî·šū way·yiṯ·ḥā·rə·šū wayyaḥărišū wayyaḥărîšū wayyiṯḥārəšū wə·he·ḥĕ·raš·tî wə·he·ḥĕ·rî·šū wə·he·ḥĕ·riš wə·he·ḥĕ·rîš wə·la·ḥă·rōš wəheḥĕraštî wəheḥĕriš wəheḥĕrîš wəheḥĕrîšū wəlaḥărōš ya·ḥă·rî·šw ya·ḥă·rîš ya·ḥă·rō·wōš ya·ḥă·rōš yachaRish yachaRishv yachaRoosh yachaRosh yaḥărîš yaḥărîšw yaḥărōš yaḥărōwōš ye·ḥĕ·raš yecheRash yeḥĕraš
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