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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #3198 - יָכַח

Transliteration
yâkach
Phonetics
yaw-kakh'  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
865
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to prove, decide, judge, rebuke, reprove, correct, be right

1a) (Hiphil)

1a1) to decide, judge

1a2) to adjudge, appoint

1a3) to show to be right, prove

1a4) to convince, convict

1a5) to reprove, chide

1a6) to correct, rebuke

1b) (Hophal) to be chastened

1c) (Niphal) to reason, reason together

1d) (Hithpael) to argue

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 987 ‑ βλασφημέω (blas‑fay‑meh'‑o);  1827 ‑ ἐξελέγχω (ex‑el‑eng'‑kho);  2090 ‑ ἑτοιμάζω (het‑oy‑mad'‑zo);  3679 ‑ ὀνειδίζω (on‑i‑did'‑zo);  3811 ‑ παιδεύω (pahee‑dyoo'‑o);  1651 ‑ ἐλέγχω (el‑eng'‑kho);  1650 ‑ ἔλεγχος (el'‑eng‑khos);  226 ‑ ἀληθεύω (al‑ayth‑yoo'‑o);  1650 ‑ ἔλεγχος (el'‑eng‑khos);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (58) NAS (56) HCS (59)
Genesis 6
Leviticus 1
2 Samuel 1
2 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 2
Job 15
Psalms 7
Proverbs 9
Isaiah 6
Jeremiah 1
Ezekiel 1
Hosea 1
Amos 1
Micah 2
Habakkuk 1
Genesis 6
Leviticus 1
2 Samuel 1
2 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 2
Job 15
Psalms 7
Proverbs 9
Isaiah 6
Jeremiah 1
Ezekiel 1
Hosea 1
Amos 1
Micah 2
Habakkuk 1
Genesis 6
Leviticus 2
2 Samuel 1
2 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 2
Job 17
Psalms 7
Proverbs 10
Isaiah 6
Jeremiah 1
Ezekiel 1
Hosea 1
Amos 1
Micah 2
Habakkuk 1
BYZ TIS TR
v-ha 1
v-hi3mp 1
v-hi3ms 5
v-hi3msXa 1
v-hw3msXa 3
v-ti3ms 1
v-ha 1
v-hi3mp 1
v-hi3ms 5
v-hi3msXa 2
v-hw3msXa 3
v-ha 1
v-hi3mp 1
v-hi3ms 5
v-hi3msXa 2
v-hw3msXa 3
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1238) hk (כהה KHh) AC: Chastise CO: Firm AB: ?: The pictograph k is a picture of the palm of the hand, the h is a picture of a wall. Combined these mean "palm wall". To correct or chastise with a firm hand.

J) hfk (כוהה KWHh) AC: ? CO: Firm AB: ?

Nm ) hfk (כוהה KWHh) - Strength: KJV (126): strength, power, might, force, ability, able, chameleon, substance, wealth - Strongs: H3581 (כּוֹחַ)

L) hki (יכהה YKHh) AC: Chastise CO: ? AB: ?

V) hki (יכהה YKHh) - Chastise: KJV (59): (vf: Niphal, Hiphil, Hophal) reprove, rebuke, correct, plead, reason, chasten, appoint, argue - Strongs: H3198 (יָכַח)

if1) ehkft (תוכההה TWKHhH) - Chastise: KJV (28): reproof, rebuke, reprove, argument - Strongs: H8433 (תּוֹכַחַת)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [יָכַח] verb Hiph`il decide, adjudge, prove, (Late Hebrew Pi`el וִכַּח argue with (עם), compare Hithpa`el, Hiph`il prove, correct; Aramaic Pa וַכַּח Aph`el אוֺכַח, id.) —

Hiph`il Perfect הוֺכִיחַ Isaiah 2:4 5t.; הֹכִיחַ Genesis 24:44; הוֺכִחַ Genesis 21:25; 2 masculine singular חֹכַחְתָּ Genesis 24:14; 1 singular suffix הוֺכַחְתִּיו 2 Samuel 7:14; Imperfect יוֺכִיחַ Isaiah 11:3 5t.; יוֺכַח Hosea 4:4 4t.; יוֺכָ֑ח 1 Chronicles 12:17; suffix יוֺכִיחֵנִי Psalm 141:5 12t. Imperfect; Imperative הוֺכַח Proverbs 9:8; Infinitive absolute הוֺכֵחַ Leviticus 19:17 5t.; construct הוֺכִיחַ Habakkuk 1:12; הַלְהוֺכַח Job 6:26; Participle מוֺכִיחַ Ezekiel 3:26 8t.; plural מוֺכִיחִים Proverbs 24:25; —

1 decide, judge, absolute Genesis 31:42 (E), 1 Chronicles 12:17; Isaiah 11:3; Psalm 94:10; with לְ decide for Isaiah 2:4 = Micah 4:3; Isaiah 11:4; with בּין, Genesis 31:37 (E), Job 9:33; לְגֶבֶר עִם אֱלוֺהַּ Job 16:21.

2 adjudge, appoint, with לְ, Genesis 24:14,44 (J).

3 shew to be right, prove, with accusative of thing and על person against Job 19:5; with אל person unto Job 13:15; so argue before Job 13:3, and (absolute) Job 15:3.

4 convince, convict, with accusative of person Psalm 50:21 בּ person Proverbs 30:6; with לְ person Job 32:12.

5 reprove, chide:

a. of God, with accusative of person Job 22:4; Psalm 50:8; Psalm 105:14 = 1 Chronicles 16:21; with בּ object 2 Kings 19:4 = Isaiah 37:4.

b. of Prayer of Manasseh , absolute Hosea 4:4; Ezekiel 3:26; Job 6:25 (twice in verse); Proverbs 24:25; Proverbs 25:12; מוֺכִיחַ בַּשַּׁעַר Amos 5:10; Isaiah 29:21; with accusative of person Genesis 21:25 (E), Leviticus 19:17 (twice in verse) (H), Proverbs 9:8; Proverbs 28:23; Jeremiah 2:19; מוֺכִיחַ אֱלוהַּ Job 40:2; accusative of thing Job 6:26; with לְ, Proverbs 9:7,8; Proverbs 15:12; Proverbs 19:25.

6 correct, rebuke, of God, absolute Habakkuk 1:12; with accusative of person Psalm 141:5; Job 13:10 (twice in verse); בְּשֵׁבֶט 2 Samuel 7:14; happy the man whom God corrects Job 5:17; for God loves him Proverbs 3:12; God is entreated not to correct in anger Psalm 6:2; Psalm 38:2.

Hoph`al Perfect וְהוּכַח בְּמַכְאוֺב he is chastened also with pain Job 33:19.

Niph`al Imperfect לְכוּנָֿא וְנִוָָּֽכְחָה Isaiah 1:18 come now and let us reason together; Participle שָׁם יָשָׁר נוֺכָחעִמּוֺ Job 23:7 there an upright man might reason with him; feminine (passive) וְנֹכָ֑חַת Genesis 20:16 (E), but Di SS read וְנֹכַחַתְּ 2 feminine singular Perfect and thou art set right, righted, justified.

Hithpa`el Imperfect עִםוִֿשְׂרָאֵל יִתְוַכָּח Micah 6:2 with Israel he will argue ("" עִם׳רִיב לי).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

יָכַח unused in Kal, prob. i.q. נָכַח to be in the front, in the forepart; hence figuratively, to be in the sunshine, to be clear, manifest, to appear, like the Arab. وجح [“i.q. وضح”] IV. to make clear, to demonstrate, to prove, see Hiphil.

Hiphil הוֹכִיחַ

(1) to argue, to shew, to prove anything (beweifen). Job 13:15, אַךְ־דְּרָבַי אֶל־פָּנָיו אוֹכִיחַ “yet my ways I will argue before him;” I will declare, I will defend. Job 19:5, “prove against me my reproach,” i.e. shew that I have acted basely.

(2) to argue down any one, to confute, to convict, Job 32:12. Followed by a dative, Proverbs 9:7, 15:12 19:25 absol. Ezekiel 3:26; Proverbs 25:12; Amos 5:10; Isaiah 29:21. Especially with the idea of censure; hence to reprove, to rebuke any one (verweifen). Job 6:25, מַה־יּוֹכִיחַ הוֹכֵחַ מִכֶּם “what does your reproving prove?” i.e. your censure Job 13:10, 40:2, מוֹכִיחַ אֱלוֹהַּ “reprover of God.” Genesis 21:25, והוֹכִיהַ אַבְרָהָם אֶת־אֲבִימֶלֶךְ “and Abraham reproved Abimelech;” also, more strongly, to upbraid, 2 Kings 19:4; Isaiah 37:4 and thus

(3) to correct by punishment, to punish; especially used of God dealing with men in discipline for their amendment, Job 5:17; Proverbs 3:12; Psalms 6:2, 38:2 94:10 105:14 141:5. In this sense it is often joined with יָסַר.

(4) to judge, to decide, syn. שָׁפַט Isaiah 11:3 followed by לְ Isaiah 2:4 also, to do justice to any one (like-דִּין, שָׁפַט), 11:4 followed by בֵּין: to be arbiter between- Genesis 31:37; Job 9:33 followed by a dat. to adjudge for any one, Genesis 24:14, 44 Genesis 24:44.

(5) to dispute, to altercate with any one; prop. to argue down, to try to convince (compare נִשְׁפַט, נָדוֹן, and Niphal); followed by an accus. Job 22:4 followed by אֶל Job 13:3 followed by לְ 16:21.

Hophal pass. of No. 3, Job 33:19.

Niphal נוֹכַח

(1) pass. of Hiph. No. 2, to be argued down, to be convicted. Genesis 20:16, וְנֹכָחַת “and she (Sarah) was convicted,” she had nothing by which she could excuse herself.

(2) recipr. to dispute with any one, Job 23:7; Isaiah 1:18.

Hithpael הִתְוַכַּח i.q. Niph. No. 2, Micah 6:2.

Derived nouns, תּוֹכֵחָה, תּוֹכַחַת.

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List of Word Forms
אוֹכִֽיחַ׃ אוֹכִיחֲךָ֖ אוֹכִיחֶ֑ךָ אוכיח׃ אוכיחך הַלְהוֹכַ֣ח הֹכִ֥יחַ הֹכַ֙חְתָּ֙ הוֹכֵ֣חַ הוֹכֵ֣חַֽ הוֹכֵ֤חַ הוֹכַ֥ח הוכח הכחת הכיח הלהוכח וְֽיוֹכִיחֵ֗נִי וְהֹֽכַחְתִּיו֙ וְהוֹכִ֖יחַ וְהוֹכִ֙יחַ֙ וְהוֹכִ֛יחַ וְהוֹכִ֥חַ וְהוֹכִ֥יחַ וְהוֹכֵ֖חַ וְהוּכַ֣ח וְיוֹכִ֖יחוּ וְיוֹכַ֣ח וְיוֹכַֽח׃ וְלַמּוֹכִ֥יחַ וְלַמּוֹכִיחִ֥ים וְנִוָּֽכְחָ֖ה וְנֹכָֽחַת׃ וְתוֹכִ֥יחוּ וַיּ֖וֹכַח וַיּ֥וֹכַח וּמוֹכִ֖יחַ והוכח והוכיח והכחתיו ויוכח ויוכח׃ ויוכיחו ויוכיחני ולמוכיח ולמוכיחים ומוכיח ונוכחה ונכחת׃ ותוכיחו יִתְוַכָּֽח׃ יֹכִיחֶ֑ךָ יּוֹכִ֖יחַ יוֹכִ֑יחַ יוֹכִ֖יחַ יוֹכִ֣יחַ יוֹכִֽיחַ׃ יוֹכִחֶ֣נּֽוּ יוֹכַ֣ח יוכח יוכחנו יוכיח יוכיח׃ יכיחך יתוכח׃ לְהוֹכִ֥יחַ להוכיח מ֘וֹכִ֤יחַ מוֹכִ֑יחַ מוֹכִ֖יחַ מוֹכִ֥יחַ מוכיח נוֹכָ֣ח נוכח תּ֣וֹכַח תּוֹכִ֙יחַ֙ תּוֹכִחֻ֔ךְ תוֹכִיחֵ֑נִי תוכח תוכחך תוכיח תוכיחני ’ō·w·ḵî·aḥ ’ō·w·ḵî·ḥă·ḵā ’ō·w·ḵî·ḥe·ḵā ’ōwḵîaḥ ’ōwḵîḥăḵā ’ōwḵîḥeḵā hal·hō·w·ḵaḥ halhoChach halhōwḵaḥ hō·ḵaḥ·tā hō·ḵî·aḥ hō·w·ḵaḥ hō·w·ḵê·aḥ hoChach hoChachta hoCheach hoChiach hōḵaḥtā hōḵîaḥ hōwḵaḥ hōwḵêaḥ lə·hō·w·ḵî·aḥ lehoChiach ləhōwḵîaḥ mō·w·ḵî·aḥ moChiach mōwḵîaḥ nō·w·ḵāḥ noChach nōwḵāḥ oChiach ochichaCha ochiChecha tō·w·ḵaḥ tō·w·ḵî·aḥ ṯō·w·ḵî·ḥê·nî tō·w·ḵi·ḥuḵ Tochach toChiach tochiCheni tochiChuch tōwḵaḥ tōwḵîaḥ ṯōwḵîḥênî tōwḵiḥuḵ ū·mō·w·ḵî·aḥ umoChiach ūmōwḵîaḥ vaiYochach vehochachTiv vehoCheach vehoChiach vehuChach velammoChiach velammochiChim venivvacheChah venoChachat vetoChichu veyoChach veyochiCheni veyoChichu way·yō·w·ḵaḥ wayyōwḵaḥ wə·hō·ḵaḥ·tîw wə·hō·w·ḵê·aḥ wə·hō·w·ḵi·aḥ wə·hō·w·ḵî·aḥ wə·hū·ḵaḥ wə·lam·mō·w·ḵî·aḥ wə·lam·mō·w·ḵî·ḥîm wə·niw·wā·ḵə·ḥāh wə·nō·ḵā·ḥaṯ wə·ṯō·w·ḵî·ḥū wə·yō·w·ḵaḥ wə·yō·w·ḵî·ḥê·nî wə·yō·w·ḵî·ḥū wəhōḵaḥtîw wəhōwḵêaḥ wəhōwḵiaḥ wəhōwḵîaḥ wəhūḵaḥ wəlammōwḵîaḥ wəlammōwḵîḥîm wəniwwāḵəḥāh wənōḵāḥaṯ wəṯōwḵîḥū wəyōwḵaḥ wəyōwḵîḥênî wəyōwḵîḥū yiṯ·wak·kāḥ yitvakKach yiṯwakkāḥ yō·ḵî·ḥe·ḵā yō·w·ḵaḥ yō·w·ḵî·aḥ yō·w·ḵi·ḥen·nū yoChach yoChiach yochiChecha yochiChennu yōḵîḥeḵā yōwḵaḥ yōwḵîaḥ yōwḵiḥennū
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Tuesday, October 15th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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