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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #3709 - כַּף

Transliteration
kaph
Phonetics
kaf  
Word Origin
from (03721)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TWOT
1022a
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) palm, hand, sole, palm of the hand, hollow or flat of the hand

1a) palm, hollow or flat of the hand

1b) power

1c) sole (of the foot)

1d) hollow, objects, bending objects, bent objects

1d1) of thigh-joint

1d2) pan, vessel (as hollow)

1d3) hollow (of sling)

1d4) hand-shaped branches or fronds (of palm trees)

1d5) handles (as bent)

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1147 ‑ δάκτυλος (dak'‑too‑los);  2487 ‑ ἴχνος (ikh'‑nos);  2798 ‑ κλάδος (klad'‑os);  4083 ‑ πῆχυς (pay'‑khoos);  5165 ‑ τρύβλιον (troob'‑lee‑on);  5495 ‑ χείρ (khire);  4114 ‑ πλάτος (plat'‑os);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (192) NAS (119) HCS (182)
Genesis 7
Exodus 8
Leviticus 13
Numbers 18
Deuteronomy 6
Joshua 3
Judges 6
1 Samuel 5
2 Samuel 6
1 Kings 7
2 Kings 8
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 7
Ezra 2
Job 13
Psalms 21
Proverbs 9
Ecclesiastes 1
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 13
Jeremiah 5
Lamentations 3
Ezekiel 9
Daniel 1
Jonah 1
Micah 2
Nahum 1
Habakkuk 1
Haggai 1
Malachi 1
Genesis 7
Exodus 8
Leviticus 13
Numbers 18
Deuteronomy 6
Joshua 3
Judges 6
1 Samuel 5
2 Samuel 6
1 Kings 7
2 Kings 8
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 7
Ezra 2
Job 13
Psalms 20
Proverbs 8
Ecclesiastes 1
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 13
Jeremiah 5
Lamentations 3
Ezekiel 8
Daniel 1
Jonah 1
Micah 2
Nahum 1
Habakkuk 1
Haggai 1
Malachi 1
Genesis 8
Exodus 8
Leviticus 13
Numbers 19
Deuteronomy 6
Joshua 3
Judges 4
1 Samuel 4
2 Samuel 8
1 Kings 7
2 Kings 9
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 7
Ezra 2
Job 13
Psalms 21
Proverbs 9
Ecclesiastes 1
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 13
Jeremiah 5
Lamentations 3
Ezekiel 9
Daniel 1
Jonah 1
Micah 2
Nahum 1
Habakkuk 1
Haggai 1
Malachi 1
BYZ TIS TR
n-cfd 6
n-cfdc 5
n-cfdcX1cs 12
n-cfp 22
n-cfs 72
n-cfd 7
n-cfdc 5
n-cfdcX1cs 13
n-cfp 22
n-cfs 73
n-cfd 7
n-cfdc 5
n-cfdcX1cs 13
n-cfp 22
n-cfs 73
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1247) pk (כפ KP) AC: Press CO: Palm AB: Tame: The pictograph k is a picture of the palm of the hand, the p is a picture of an open mouth. Combined these mean "palm open". The curved shape of the open palm. (eng: cap - as a bowl shaped covering; cuff - as at the palm)

A) pk (כפ KP) AC: ? CO: Palm AB: ?: Any curved or hollowed out object.

Nf) pk (כפ KP) - Palm: Also the sole of the feet or other palm shaped object such as a spoon. KJV (193): hand, spoon, sole, palm, hollow, handful, apiece, branch, cloud - Strongs: H3709 (כַּף), H3710 (כֵּף)

Nf1) epk (כפה KPH) - Palm: The branch of a palm tree. KJV (3): branch - Strongs: H3712 (כִּפָּה)

B) ppk (כפפ KPP) AC: Bow CO: ? AB: ?: A bowing down of the body.

V) ppk (כפפ KPP) - Bow: KJV (5): (vf: Paal, Niphal) bow - Strongs: H3721 (כָּפַף)

C) pka (אכפ AKP) AC: Press CO: ? AB: ?: The placing of the palm on something and pressing down or pushing.

V) pka (אכפ AKP) - Press: KJV (1): (vf: Paal) crave - Strongs: H404 (אָכַף)

Nm) pka (אכפ AKP) - Pressure: KJV (1): hand - Strongs: H405 (אֶכֶף)

H) epk (כפה KPH) AC: Tame CO: ? AB: ?: The bending of the will of an animal.

V) epk (כפה KPH) - Tame: To bend the will of another. KJV (1): (vf: Paal) pacify - Strongs: H3711 (כָּפָה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 כַּף192 noun feminine 1 Kings 8:54 hollow, or flat of the hand, palm, sole of foot, pan (Late Hebrew id.; Aramaic id., Assyrian kappu, hand, pan, kippatu, hollow; Arabic palm, hand) — absolute ׳כ Job 29:9 +, so read probably also Ezekiel 29:7b for ᵑ0כָּתֵף (ᵐ5ᵑ6 Sm Co, compare v a); כָּ֑ף 2 Kings 11:12 +; more often construct כַּף Genesis 40:11 +; suffix כַּמִּי Judges 12:3, כַּמְּךָ Job 13:31, etc.; in Ezekiel 29:7 read כַּף Qr for כפך Kt (so Ew Hi Sm Co Da); dual כַּמַּיִם Isaiah 49:16 +; construct כַּמֵּי Exodus 29:24 (twice in verse) + 3t.; suffix כַּמַּי Genesis 20:5 +, כַּמָּיו Numbers 24:10 +, כַּמֵּיהֶם Isaiah 59:6 2t., כַּמֵּימוֺ Job 27:23, etc.; plural כַּמּוֺת (especially of soles, and in metaphor senses) absolute Numbers 4:7 +; construct 2 Kings 9:35 +, suffix כַּפֹתָיו Exodus 25:29; Exodus 37:16; —

1. a. of human beings, hollow or flat of hand, palm, (c. 116t.) 2 Kings 4:34 (twice in verse); ׳נָתַן אֵת הַכּוס עַלכּכַּף פ Genesis 40:11,21 (E), set the cup upon the palm of Pharaoh (compare Genesis 40:11 a וְכוֺס מַּרְעֹה בְּיָדִי), similarly Leviticus 8:27 (twice in verse) (P) +; הַשֶּׁמֶן אֲשֶׁר עַלכּכַּמּוֺ Leviticus 14:16,17,18,27,28; as distinguished from wrist and arm, Deuteronomy 25:12; rarely with ידים (always כַּכּוֺת), שְׁתֵּי כַּמּוֺת ידיו 1 Samuel 5:4 (of Dagon), הַיָּדַיִם׳כ 2 Kings 9:35, compare Daniel 10:10; כַּף הַשְּׂמָאלִית Leviticus 14:15,26; note especially קֶמַח׳מְלֹא כ 1 Kings 17:12 a handful of meal (literally palmful), compare Ecclesiastes 4:6 (where distinguished from מלא חָפְנַיִם a double fistful; in both these passages of a very small quantity); compare וַיְמַלֵּא כַּמּוֺ מִן Leviticus 9:17 (reference to מְלֹא קֻמְצוֺ Leviticus 2:2; Leviticus 5:12; compare Leviticus 6:8). In Exodus 4:4 (JE), Proverbs 31:19; Ezekiel 21:16; Psalm 129:7, etc., the thought is that of grasping.

b. anthropomorph. of׳י covering Moses over with his palm, וְשַׂכֹּתִי כַמִּי עָלֶיךָ Exodus 33:22 (J), and so figurative (with שׁית) Psalm 139:5; withdrawing ( הֵסִירׅ his hand Exodus 33:23 (J); removing ( הִרְהִּיק ׅ his afficting hand Job 13:21; עַלכּכַּמַּיִם כִּסָּה אוֺר Job 36:32, i.e. he (God) hath filled his palms with light.

c. once of animals, הוֺלֵךְ עַלכּכַּמָּיו Leviticus 11:27 going upon their palms, i.e. paws (cats, dogs, etc.).

d. phrases are: — (I) הִכָּה כַּף = clap the hands, in applause 2 Kings 11:12 so ׳תָּקַע כ Psalm 47:2, ׳מָחָא כ Isaiah 55:12 (figurative of trees), Psalm 98:8 (figurative of rivers); but especially in scorn, contempt, etc., סָפַק אֶתכַּֿמָּיו Numbers 24:10 (J), יִשְׂמֹּק עָלֵימוֺ כַמֵּ֑ימוֺ Job 27:23; so תָּקַע כַּף עלֿ Nahum 3:19, הִכָּה כַמִּי אֶלֿ Ezekiel 22:13 (of ׳י); absolute, בְכַמְּךָהִכָּה Ezekiel 6:11 (as מחא יד Ezekiel 25:6), הִכָּה כַּף אֶלכַּֿף Ezekiel 21:19, אַכֶּה כַמִּי אֶלכַּֿמִּי Ezekiel 21:22 (of ׳י). (2) תָּפַשׂ בַּכַּף grasp, seize with the hand Ezekiel 29:7 compare Ezekiel 29:7 (on text see above) (3) of hand-grasp as pledge לַזָּר כַּמֶּיךָתָּקַעְתָּ Proverbs 6:1 ( if) thou hast smitten thy palms (given a double hand-grasp), for another (so De; "" עָרַבְתָּ לְרֵעֶ֑ךָ); so absolute תקע כף Proverbs 17:18; Proverbs 22:26 (compare תקע ליד Job 17:3). (4) often of hand spread out in prayer, as sign of longing to receive, with מָּרַשׂ אֶלֿ Exodus 9:29,33 (J), 1 Kings 8:38 2 Chronicles 6:29, etc. (see יד Psalm 143:6; Lamentations 1:17 and יָד 1 d, above; also פרשׂ, נשׂא, שׁטח). (5) שׂים כַּף לְפֶה, in respectful silence, Job 29:9. (6) figurative בְכַמִּיוָאָשִׂימָה נַפְשִׁי Judges 12:3 = I have taken my life in my hand (i.e. hazarded it), Song of Solomon 1Samuel 19:5; 1 Samuel 28:21; Job 13:14 and (without verb) Psalm 119:109. (7) ׳נִקְיֹן כ Genesis 20:5 cleanness of palms is figurative for purity of Acts , compare Psalm 26:6, also Job 9:30; Job 22:30; Psalm 24:4; Psalm 73:13; conversely, ( לֹא ) חָמָס בְּכַמָּ֑י Job 16:17; 1 Chronicles 12:18; Isaiah 59:6; Jonah 3:8, compare Isaiah 59:3 (so ידים Isaiah 1:15), Job 31:7; Psalm 7:4. — In many cases כַּף is not to be distinguished from יָד; so in phrase ׳יְגִיעַ כ toil of the hands Genesis 31:42; Haggai 1:11; Job 10:3; Psalm 128:2; ׳מֹּעַל כ Psalm 9:17, ׳חֵפֶץ כ Proverbs 31:13; ׳תְּבוּנוֺת כ Psalm 78:72, ׳מְּרִי כ Proverbs 31:16; compare Micah 7:3.

2 = power (i.e. grasp) of any one, נתן בכף Judges 6:13 = deliver into the power of, so Jeremiah 12:7, compare בּוֺא בכף Proverbs 6:3; usually הוֺשִׁיעַ, מּדָה, הִצִּיל etc., with מִכַּף = out of the power of Judges 6:14; 1 Samuel 4:3; 2 Samuel 14:16; 2 Samuel 19:10 (twice in verse); 2 Samuel 22:1 (twice in verse) = Psalm 18:1 (title), 2 Kings 16:7 (twice in verse); 2 Kings 20:6 = Isaiah 38:6; Micah 4:10; Jeremiah 15:21; 2 Chronicles 30:6; 32:11; Ezra 8:31; Psalm 71:4 (compare יָד 5g, p. 391above)

3רַגְלָהּכַּף, etc., = sole of foot, Genesis 8:9 (J), Joshua 3:13; Joshua 4:18 (both J E), 1 Kings 5:17; 2 Kings 19:24 = Isaiah 37:25; Deuteronomy 11:24; Deuteronomy 28:56,65; Joshua 1:3 (D) Ezekiel 43:7; Malachi 3:21; קָדְקֳדוֺמִכַּף רַגְלוֺ וְעַד 2 Samuel 14:25; Job 2:7, compare Isaiah 1:6 (figurative); ׳ר׳מִדְרַךְ כ Deuteronomy 2:5 treading-place for the sole of a foot; of the cherubim Ezekiel 1:7, of a calf, (in simile) Ezekiel 1:7., (according to MT; compare however Co).

4 of various hollow, bending or bent objects: —

a. hollow (i.e. socket), of the thigh-joint, יָרֵךְ׳כ b. pan, vessel (as hollow), used in ritual, Exodus 25:29; Exodus 37:16; Numbers 5:7; Numbers 7:14 15t. Numbers 7; 1 Kings 7:50 2 Chronicles 4:22; 2 Kings 25:14 = Jeremiah 52:18,19; 2 Chronicles 24:14.

c. hollow of sling, 1 Samuel 25:29.

d. כַּמּוֺת תְּמָרִים Leviticus 23:40 #NAME? hand-shaped branches (or fronds) of palm-trees.

e.כַּמּוֺת הַמַּנְעוּל Song of Solomon 5:5 the (bent) handles of the bolt.

Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

כַּף f. with suff. that which is curved, or hollow, from כָּפַף.

(1) the hollow of the hand, the palm, more rarely the whole hand. Deuteronomy 25:12, “thou shalt cut off her hand” (see כַּפּוֹת), [Arabic كَفُّ, Syriac ܟܰܦܬܳܐ]; used of the foot of animals (as of a bear) when resembling a hand; Leviticus 11:27. The phrases especially to be observed are

(a) מִכַּף פּ׳ out of the hand of any one, often after verbs of freeing, like מְיַּד 1 Samuel 4:3; 2 Samuel 14:16.

(b) Judges 12:3, וָאָשִׂימָה נַפְשִׁי בְנַפִּי “I put my life in my hand,” i.e. I exposed myself to most imminent danger, since what we bear in our hands may easily be dropped or cast away; and thus the idea is conveyed of want of safety. 1 Samuel 19:5, 28:21 Job 13:14, compare Psalms 119:109. By the same proverb, Xenarchus ap. Athenæum (Deipnosoph. xiii. p. 569 C), ἐν τῇ χειρὶ τὴν ψυχὴν ἔχων; and the Danes say of a man whose life is in danger, at gaae med Livet i Henderne, i.e. “to bear one’s life in one’s hands.”

(c) תָּמָס בְּכַפַּי wrong is in my hands, I have committed wrong. Job 16:17, 31:7 Isaiah 59:6; Jonah 3:8.

(d) הִכָּה כַף, תָּקַע כַּף, מָחָא כַף to clap the hands, see under the respective verbs.

Dual כַּפַּיִם with suff. כַּפַּי, כַּפֶּיךָ, etc. both hands, Job 36:32 often also used for the plural.

Pl. כַּפּוֹת the palms of the hands, Daniel 10:10, used of hands when cut off and dead (see Lehrg. p. 539, 540), 1 Samuel 5:4; 2 Kings 9:35, elsewhere i.q. יָדוֹת the handles of a bolt, Song of Solomon 5:5.

(2) followed by רֶגֶל the sole of the foot, Deuteronomy 2:5, 11:24 28:65, מָנוֹחַ לְכַף־רַגְלֶךָ “rest for the sole of thy foot;” used of a quiet dwelling place, compare Genesis 8:9.-Pl. כַּפּוֹת soles, Joshua 3:13, 4:18 Isaiah 60:14, followed by פַּעַם; 2 Kings 19:24.

(3) a hollow vessel, a pan, a bowl, pl. כַּפּוֹת Exodus 25:29; Numbers 7:84, 86. Hence כַּף־הַקֶּלַע, the hollow of a sling; 1 Samuel 25:29, כַּף־הַיָרֵךְ, the socket of the hip or thigh; Genesis 32:26, 33 Ge3 2:33.

(4) כַּפּוֹת תְּמָרִים Levit. 23:40, palms, palm branches, so called from their bent or curved form (see כִּפָּה ).

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List of Word Forms
בְּכַ֥ף בְּכַף־ בְּכַפִּ֔י בְּכַפִּֽי׃ בְּכַפֵּיהֶֽם׃ בְּכַפַּ֔י בְּכַפָּ֑י בְּכַפָּֽי׃ בְּכַפּ֖וֹ בְּכַפּ֗וֹ בְּכַפּֽוֹ׃ בְכַף־ בְכַפְּךָ֜ בְכַפִּ֣י בְכַפִּי֙ בְכַפּ֖וֹ בְכַפּ֜וֹ בַּכַּ֖ף בַּכָּ֑ף בַכַּף֙ בכף בכף־ בכפו בכפו׃ בכפי בכפי׃ בכפיהם׃ בכפך הֲ֠כַף הַכַּ֖ף הַכַּפֹּת֙ הַכַּפּ֖וֹת הַכַּפּ֗וֹת הַכַּפּוֹת֙ הכף הכפות הכפת וְ֝כַ֗ף וְ֝כַפֶּ֗יהָ וְהַכַּפּ֥וֹת וְכַ֣ף וְכַפָּ֖יו וְכַפָּ֣יו וְכַפֹּתָ֗יו וְכַפּ֔וֹת וְכַפּ֥וֹת וּ֝בְכַפַּ֗י וּמִכַּ֤ף וּמִכַּ֥ף וּמִכַּף֙ ובכפי והכפות וכף וכפות וכפיה וכפיו וכפתיו ומכף כְּכַף֙ כְּכַף־ כַ֖ף כַ֝פֶּ֗יהָ כַּ֝פֵּ֗ינוּ כַּ֝פַּ֗י כַּ֝פָּ֗יו כַּ֣ף כַּ֥ף כַּ֭פְּךָ כַּ֭פֶּיךָ כַּ֭פָּהּ כַּ֭פָּיו כַּֽף־ כַּף־ כַּפִּ֔י כַּפֵּ֣י כַּפֵּיהֶ֔ם כַּפֵּיכֶ֗ם כַּפֶּ֑יהָ כַּפֶּ֑יךָ כַּפֶּ֑ךָ כַּפֶּ֗יהָ כַּפֶּֽיהָ׃ כַּפֶּֽיךָ׃ כַּפֶּֽךָ׃ כַּפֶּֽכָה׃ כַּפַּ֖י כַּפַּ֖יִם כַּפַּ֗יִךְ כַּפַּ֙יִם֙ כַּפַּ֛י כַּפַּ֥יִם כַּפַּי֙ כַּפָּ֑הּ כַּפָּ֑י כַּפָּ֑יו כַּפָּ֔יִם כַּפָּ֖יו כַּפָּ֗יו כַּפָּ֣יו כַּפָּֽיִם׃ כַּפָּֽי׃ כַּפָּֽיו׃ כַּפָּיו֙ כַּפֹּ֣ת כַּפֹּתָיו֙ כַּפּ֖וֹ כַּפּ֗וֹ כַּפּ֣וֹת כַּפּ֥וֹת כַּפּ֨וֹת כַּפּוֹת֙ כַף֙ כַף־ כַפִּ֔י כַפִּ֛י כַפִּי֙ כַפֵּ֑ימוֹ כַפֵּיכֶם֙ כַפַּ֖י כַפַּ֗י כַפַּ֗יִם כַפָּֽי׃ כַפּ֥וֹ כַפּוֹ֙ כָ֑ף כָ֔ף כָּ֑ף כָֽף׃ כַּפָּ֔יו ככף ככף־ כף כף־ כף׃ כפה כפו כפות כפי כפי׃ כפיה כפיה׃ כפיהם כפיו כפיו׃ כפיך כפיך׃ כפיכם כפים כפים׃ כפימו כפינו כפך כפך׃ כפכה׃ כפת כפתיו לְכַף־ לכף־ מִכַּ֖ף מִכַּ֣ף מִכַּ֤ף מִכַּ֥ף מִכַּף־ מכף מכף־ bak·kap̄ bak·kāp̄ ḇak·kap̄ bakKaf bakkap̄ bakkāp̄ ḇakkap̄ bə·ḵap̄ bə·ḵap̄- ḇə·ḵap̄- bə·ḵap·pay bə·ḵap·pāy bə·ḵap·pê·hem ḇə·ḵap·pə·ḵā bə·ḵap·pî ḇə·ḵap·pî bə·ḵap·pōw ḇə·ḵap·pōw bechaf bechapPai bechappeiHem bechapPi bechapPo bəḵap̄ bəḵap̄- ḇəḵap̄- bəḵappay bəḵappāy bəḵappêhem ḇəḵappəḵā bəḵappî ḇəḵappî bəḵappōw ḇəḵappōw chaf chapPai chapPayim chappeiChem chapPeiha chapPeimov chapPi chapPo hă·ḵap̄ Hachaf hak·kap̄ hak·kap·pō·wṯ hak·kap·pōṯ hăḵap̄ hakKaf hakkap̄ hakkapPot hakkappōṯ hakkappōwṯ kaf kap̄ kāp̄ ḵap̄ ḵāp̄ kap̄- ḵap̄- kap·pa·yiḵ kap·pa·yim kap·pā·yim ḵap·pa·yim kap·pāh kap·pāw kap·pay kap·pāy ḵap·pay ḵap·pāy kap·pê kap·pe·hā ḵap·pe·hā kap·pê·hem kap·pe·ḵā kap·pə·ḵā kap·pe·ḵāh kap·pê·ḵem ḵap·pê·ḵem ḵap·pê·mōw kap·pê·nū kap·pî ḵap·pî kap·pō·ṯāw kap·pō·wṯ kap·pōṯ kap·pōw ḵap·pōw kapPah kappāh kapPai kapPav kappāw kappay kappāy ḵappay ḵappāy kapPayich kappayiḵ kappayim kappāyim ḵappayim kappê kapPecha kapPechah kappehā ḵappehā kappêhem kapPei kapPeicha kappeiChem kapPeiha kappeiHem kapPeinu kappeḵā kappəḵā kappeḵāh kappêḵem ḵappêḵem ḵappêmōw kappênū kapPi kappî ḵappî kapPo kapPot kappōṯ kappoTav kappōṯāw kappōw ḵappōw kappōwṯ kə·ḵap̄ kə·ḵap̄- kechaf kəḵap̄ kəḵap̄- lə·ḵap̄- lechaf ləḵap̄- mik·kap̄ mik·kap̄- mikKaf mikkap̄ mikkap̄- ū·ḇə·ḵap·pay ū·mik·kap̄ ūḇəḵappay umikKaf ūmikkap̄ uvechapPai vakKaf veChaf vechapPav vechappeCha vechapPeiha vechapPi vechapPo vechapPot vechappoTav vehakkapPot wə·hak·kap·pō·wṯ wə·ḵap̄ wə·ḵap·pāw wə·ḵap·pe·hā wə·ḵap·pō·ṯāw wə·ḵap·pō·wṯ wəhakkappōwṯ wəḵap̄ wəḵappāw wəḵappehā wəḵappōṯāw wəḵappōwṯ
Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, December 8th, 2019
the Second Week of Advent
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