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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5774 - עוּף

Transliteration
‛ûph
Phonetics
oof  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
verb
TWOT
1582,1583,1583c
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to fly, fly about, fly away (verb)

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to fly, hover

1a2) to fly away

1b) (Hiphil) to cause to fly, light upon

1c) (Polel)

1c1) to fly about or to and fro

1c2) to cause to fly to and fro, brandish

1d) (Hithpolel) to fly away

2) (Qal) to cover, be dark (verb)

3) gloom (noun feminine)

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 649 ‑ ἀποστέλλω (ap‑os‑tel'‑lo);  1590 ‑ ἐκλύω (ek‑loo'‑o);  1634 ‑ ἐκψύχω (ek‑psoo'‑kho);  2872 ‑ κοπιάω (kop‑ee‑ah'‑o);  2186 ‑ ἐφίστημι (ef‑is'‑tay‑mee);  4072 ‑ πέτομαι (pet'‑om‑ahee, pet‑ah'‑om‑ahee, ptah'‑om‑ahee);  1600 ‑ ἐκπετάννυμι (ek‑pet‑an'‑noo‑mee);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (32) NAS (25) HCS (26)
Genesis 1
Deuteronomy 1
Judges 1
1 Samuel 2
2 Samuel 2
Job 3
Psalms 4
Proverbs 2
Isaiah 7
Ezekiel 1
Hosea 1
Nahum 1
Habakkuk 1
Zechariah 2
Genesis 1
Deuteronomy 1
2 Samuel 1
Job 2
Psalms 4
Proverbs 2
Isaiah 7
Ezekiel 1
Hosea 1
Nahum 1
Habakkuk 1
Zechariah 2
Genesis 1
Deuteronomy 1
2 Samuel 1
Job 3
Psalms 4
Proverbs 3
Isaiah 7
Ezekiel 1
Hosea 1
Nahum 1
Habakkuk 1
Zechariah 2
BYZ TIS TR
P-d 1
p-i3ms 2
v-ePms 2
v-ecX1cs 1
v-ei3ms 2
v-qc 2
v-qi1cs 1
v-qi3fp 1
v-qi3fs 1
v-qi3ms 3
P-d 1
p-i3ms 2
v-ePms 2
v-ecX1cs 1
v-ei3ms 2
v-qc 2
v-qi1cs 1
v-qi3fp 1
v-qi3fs 1
v-qi3ms 4
P-d 1
p-i3ms 2
v-ePms 2
v-ecX1cs 1
v-ei3ms 2
v-qc 2
v-qi1cs 1
v-qi3fp 1
v-qi3fs 1
v-qi3ms 4
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1362) po (אהפ AhP) AC: Cover CO: Wing AB: ?: The wing of a bird that gives flight as well as a covering it and its chicks. (eng: avian - with the exchange of the v and p)

A) po (אהפ AhP) AC: ? CO: Wing AB: ?

Nf ) po (אהפ AhP) - Wing: The covering of a bird. [Aramaic only] [df: Pg] KJV (3): wing - Strongs: H1611 (גַּף)

fm ) ipo (אהפי AhPY) - Foliage: As a covering of the tree. [Aramaic only] KJV (3): leaves - Strongs: H6074 (עֳפִי)

lm) popo (אהפאהפ AhPAhP) - Eyelid: As a covering of the eyes. Also the rays of the sun appearing like eyelashes. KJV (10): eyelid, dawning - Strongs: H6079 (עַפְעַפַּיִם)

E) apo (אהפא AhPA) AC: ? CO: Branch AB: ?

Nm ) apo (אהפא AhPA) - Branch: The covering of the tree. KJV (1): branch - Strongs: H6073 (עֳפִי)

J) pfo (אהופ AhWP) AC: Fly CO: Bird AB: ?: The covering of a bird.

V) pfo (אהופ AhWP) - Fly: KJV (32): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) fly, faint, brandish, shine, weary - Strongs: H5774 (עוּף)

Nm) pfo (אהופ AhWP) - Bird: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (73): fowl, bird, flying - Strongs: H5775 (עוֹף), H5776 (עוֹף)

am) pfom (מאהופ MAhWP) - Shadow: A covering over making a shadow. KJV (1): dimness - Strongs: H4588 (מָעוּף)

L) poi (יאהפ YAhP) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Fatigue: A closing or covering of the eyes with the eyelids.

V) poi (יאהפ YAhP) - Fatigue: KJV (9): (vf: Paal, Hophal, Participle) weary, faint, fly - Strongs: H3286 (יָעֵף)

Nm) poi (יאהפ YAhP) - Tired: KJV (5): faint, weary, fatigued - Strongs: H3287 (יָעֵף), H3288 (יְעָף)

if1) epoft (תואהפה TWAhPH) - Strength: KJV (4): strength, plenty - Strongs: H8443 (תּוֹעָפוֹת)

M) pio (אהיפ AhYP) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Fatigue: A closing or covering of the eyes with the eyelids.

V) pio (אהיפ AhYP) - Tire: To be tired, faint or weary. KJV (1): (vf: Paal) weary - Strongs: H5888 (עִיף)

Nm) pio (אהיפ AhYP) - Tired: KJV (17): weary, faint, thirsty - Strongs: H5889 (עָיֵף)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2020
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. עוּף verb fly (Late Hebrew id., (rare) flicker, flutter, עוֺף fowl; Aramaic עוֺפָא, id.; Ethiopic id.; Arabic augury, from birds (compare We Heid. 2,202), fortune, , practice augury, augur; also , fly about, of birds); —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine plural וְעָפוּ consecutive Isaiah 11:14; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יָעוּף Job 20:8; Psalm 91:5 + Proverbs 23:5b Qr (> Kt ועוף [van d. H.], or ועיף [Ginsb]); וַיָּעֹ֑ף 2 Samuel 22:11 = Psalm 18:11; Nahum 3:16, וַיָּ֫עָף Isaiah 6:6; 3 feminine singular (הֲ)תָעוּף Proverbs 23:5 a Kt (see below); 3 feminine plural תְּעוּפֶינָה Isaiah 60:8, etc.; Infinitive construct עוּף Job 5:7; Proverbs 26:2; Participle feminine singular עָפָה Zechariah 5:1,2; plural עָפוֺת Isaiah 31:5; —

1. a. fly, of birds Deuteronomy 4:17, specifically of swallow (in simile) Proverbs 26:2 ("" נוּד); of seraph Isaiah 6:6 (compare

Po`1.); ׳י riding (רכב) on cherub 2 Samuel 22:11 = Psalm 18:11; roll (in vision) Zechariah 5:1,2; arrow Psalm 91:5; of swift army Isaiah 11:14 (under figure of bird, followed by בְּכָתֵף) Habakkuk 1:8 (simile of vulture); figurative of ships (like cloud, or doves) Isaiah 60:8; בְּנֵירֶֿשֶׁף יַגְבִּיהוּ עוּף Job 5:7 make high to fly, i.e. make their flight high, soar aloft (simile of irresistible tendency).

b. hover (protectingly) Isaiah 31:5 (birds, simile of ׳י; on sense compare Deuteronomy 32:11).

2 fly away, to a distance, Psalm 55:7 (figurative; "" אַרְחִיק נְדֹד Psalm 55:8); = vanish, of locusts Nahum 1:16 (figurative); כְּנֶשֶׁר יָעוּף הַשָּׁמַיִם Proverbs 23:5b (Qr) simile of riches (see Toy); of wicked Job 20:8 (כַּחֲלוֺם); end of life, in General, וַנָּעֻ֑פָה Psalm 90:10. — הֲתָעוּף Proverbs 23:5 a Kt, do thine eyes fly ( light) upon it ? (הֲתָעִיף

Hiph`il Qr dost thou cause thine eyes to fly, etc. ?) is difficult, and line perhaps not original (see Toy).

Po`l. 1. fly about, to and fro; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יְעוֺפֵף of birds Genesis 1:20 (P); seraphim Isaiah 6:2; Participle שָׂרָף מְעוֺפֵף flying fiery serpent Isaiah 14:29; Isaiah 30:6.

2 cause to fly to and fro, brandish, Infinitive construct suffix בְּעוֺפְפִיחַרְבִּי Ezekiel 32:10 when I brandish my sword before them.

Hithpo`el Imperfect 3 masculine singular כָּעוֺף יִתְעוֺפֵףכְּבוֺדָם Hosea 9:11 like a bird their glory shall fly away.

Hiph`il Imperfect 2 masculine singular Qr, see

Qal near the end

II. [עוּף], I. [עִיף] verb be dark; — only

Qal Imperfect 2 masculine singular תָּעֻ֫פָה Job 11:17 (though) it be dark, but read probably תְּעֻפָה, substantive, see below

II. [עִיף] verb be faint (compare Syriac

3, PS2835; "" form of יעף q. v.; occurrences dubious); —

Qal Perfect 3 feminine singular עָֽיְפָה נַפְשִׁי לְ Jeremiah 4:31 (? read עֲיֵפָה); Imperfect 3 masculine singular וַיָּ֫עַף Judges 4:21 (< וְיָעֵף GFM Bu), 1 Samuel 14:28 (strike out We Bu Kit Löhr, emendation HPS), 1 Samuel 14:31 (read וַיִּעַף [√ יעף] Buhl HPS), 2 Samuel 21:15 (corrupt, HPS; for Philistine name We Dr Bu Kit).

עוֺף noun [masculine] fowl (see Biblical Hebrew, √ I. עוּף); — ׳ע absolute Daniel 7:6 wings of a fowl; construct Daniel 2:38 collective

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

עוּף

(1) i.q. כָּנַף (from which perhaps this root has been formed by softening the letters; compare עָנַק, אָלַץ ;עוּק, אָנַס, אוּץ and others; see the roots דּוּשׁ, הוּךְ etc.), to cover; especially with feathers, wings. Isaiah 31:5, כְּצִפֳּרִים עָפוֹת “as birds which cover (their young) with their wings כֵּן יָגֵן יְיָ צ׳ עַל יְרוּשָׁלַםִ so will Jehovah of hosts protect Jerusalem.” From the idea of covering is עוֹף prop. i.q. כָּנָף a wing; whence

(2) to fly, to fly a way, to fly unto; used of birds, Proverbs 26:2 figuratively of an army, Isaiah 11:14; Habakkuk 1:8 of ships, Isaiah 60:8 an arrow, Psalms 91:5 also to vanish quickly (verfliegen); used of a dream, Job 20:8 human life, Psalms 90:10. Once transit. like Hiph., Proverbs 23:5 כתיב (Arab. عاف, Med. Waw, and Ye, to hang in the air, and hover over something (used of bird); followed by عاى, عَيْفَةُ flight; a secondary word is عَايِفُ an augur; عِيَافُ, عِيافة au-gury). From the idea of covering (No. 1) it is

(3) to cover with darkness (Syr. ܥܦܳ to wrap round); and intrans. to be covered with darkness. Job 11:17, תָּעֻפָה כַּבֹּקֶר תִּהְיֶה “(although now) covered with darkness,” i.e. pressed down by calamity, “(soon) shalt thou be as the morning;” (unless it be preferred to read with three MSS. תְּעוּפָה darkness shall be as the morning). And

(4) to faint, to faint away, so that the eyes are involved in darkness (see עָטַף, עָלַף and the Arab. غشى; Syr. ܥܘܽܦ to fail in strength; Ethp. to faint away. Cognate are עָיֵף and יָעַף to fail in strength). Fut. וַיָּעַף (for distinction from וַיָּֽעָף to fly), 1 Samuel 14:28; Judges 4:21.

Pilel עוֹפֵף

(1) i.q. Kal No. 2, to fly, Genesis 1:20; Isaiah 6:2.

(2) to brandish, as to make to fly (a sword), Ezekiel 32:10.

Hiphil, to make to fly, Proverbs 23:5 קרי.

Hithpalel, to fly away, i.e. to vanish, Hosea 9:11.

Nouns derived from signif. 1, 2 are עוֹף, עַפְעַפִּים; signif. 3 מָעוּף, מוּעָף, עֵיפָה, תְּעוּפָה.

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List of Word Forms
אָע֥וּפָה אעופה בְּעוֹפְפִ֥י בַּעֲד֖וֹ בעדו בעופפי הֲתָ֤עִיף התעיף וְעָפ֨וּ וַיָּ֖עַף וַיָּ֣עָף וַיָּ֥עַף וַיָּעֹ֑ף וַיָּעֹֽף׃ וַנָּעֻֽפָה׃ ויעף ויעף׃ ונעפה׃ ועפו יְעוֹפֵ֣ף יְעוֹפֵֽף׃ יִתְעוֹפֵ֣ף יָ֭עוּף יָע֥וּף יָעֻ֕פוּ יעוף יעופף יעופף׃ יעפו יתעופף לָע֑וּף לעוף מְעוֹפֵ֔ף מְעוֹפֵֽף׃ מעופף מעופף׃ עָפ֔וֹת עָפָ֔ה עָפָֽה׃ עֽוּף׃ עוף׃ עפה עפה׃ עפות תְּעוּפֶ֑ינָה תָּ֝עֻ֗פָה תָּע֖וּף תעוף תעופינה תעפה ‘ā·p̄āh ‘ā·p̄ō·wṯ ‘āp̄āh ‘āp̄ōwṯ ‘ūp̄ ’ā‘ūp̄āh ’ā·‘ū·p̄āh aFah aFot aUfah ba‘ăḏōw ba·‘ă·ḏōw baaDo bə‘ōwp̄p̄î bə·‘ō·wp̄·p̄î beofFi hă·ṯā·‘îp̄ hăṯā‘îp̄ haTaif lā‘ūp̄ lā·‘ūp̄ laUf mə‘ōwp̄êp̄ mə·‘ō·w·p̄êp̄ meoFef tā‘ūp̄ tā‘up̄āh tā·‘u·p̄āh tā·‘ūp̄ taUf taUfah tə‘ūp̄enāh tə·‘ū·p̄e·nāh teuFeinah Uf vaiYaaf vaiyaOf vannaUfah veaFu wan·nā·‘u·p̄āh wannā‘up̄āh way·yā·‘ap̄ way·yā·‘āp̄ way·yā·‘ōp̄ wayyā‘ap̄ wayyā‘āp̄ wayyā‘ōp̄ wə‘āp̄ū wə·‘ā·p̄ū yā‘ūp̄ yā‘up̄ū yā·‘u·p̄ū yā·‘ūp̄ Yauf yaUfu yə‘ōwp̄êp̄ yə·‘ō·w·p̄êp̄ yeoFef yiṯ‘ōwp̄êp̄ yiṯ·‘ō·w·p̄êp̄ yitoFef
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