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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #6153 - עֶרֶב

Transliteration
‛ereb
Phonetics
eh'-reb  
Word Origin
from (06150)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TWOT
1689a
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) evening, night, sunset

1a) evening, sunset

1b) night

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2073 ‑ ἑσπέρα (hes‑per'‑ah);  2073 ‑ ἑσπέρα (hes‑per'‑ah);  2250 ‑ ἡμέρα (hay‑mer'‑ah);  3796 ‑ ὀψέ (op‑seh');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (137) NAS (18) HCS (133)
Genesis 13
Exodus 12
Leviticus 29
Numbers 13
Deuteronomy 4
Joshua 4
Judges 4
Ruth 1
1 Samuel 3
2 Samuel 3
1 Kings 3
2 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 2
2 Chronicles 4
Ezra 3
Esther 1
Job 2
Psalms 8
Proverbs 1
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 4
Ezekiel 6
Daniel 3
Habakkuk 1
Zephaniah 2
Zechariah 1
Genesis 13
Exodus 12
Leviticus 29
Numbers 13
Deuteronomy 4
Joshua 4
Judges 4
Ruth 1
1 Samuel 3
2 Samuel 3
1 Kings 2
2 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 2
2 Chronicles 4
Ezra 3
Esther 1
Job 2
Psalms 8
Proverbs 1
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 1
Ezekiel 5
Daniel 3
Habakkuk 1
Zephaniah 2
Zechariah 1
Genesis 13
Exodus 13
Leviticus 32
Numbers 13
Deuteronomy 5
Joshua 4
Judges 4
Ruth 1
1 Samuel 3
2 Samuel 3
1 Kings 2
2 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 2
2 Chronicles 7
Ezra 3
Esther 1
Job 2
Psalms 8
Proverbs 1
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 1
Ezekiel 5
Daniel 3
Habakkuk 1
Zephaniah 2
Zechariah 1
BYZ TIS TR
n-cmd 11
n-cms 121
n-cmd 11
n-cms 120
n-cmd 11
n-cms 120
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2907) brg (גהרב GhRB) AC: Dark CO: Raven AB: ?: [from: bg]

V) brg (גהרב GhRB) - Dark: To be dark as the evening sky. KJV (3): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) evening, darkened - Strongs: H6150 (עָרַב)

Nm) brg (גהרב GhRB) - I. Dark:The dark of the evening or dark skinned people. II. Willow:From its shade and dark covering. KJV (142): even, evening, night, mingled, people, eventide, arabia, day - Strongs: H6153 (עֶרֶב), H6155 (עֲרָבָה)

Nf1) ebrg (גהרבה GhRBH) - Desert: As a dark place. KJV (61): plain, desert, wilderness, arbah, champaign, evening, heaven - Strongs: H6160 (עֲרָבָה)

gm) brfg (גהורב GhWRB) - Raven: As black in color. KJV (10): raven - Strongs: H6158 (עוֹרֵב)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2020
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 עֶ֫רֶב131 noun [masculine] 1 Samuel 20:5 strike out הַשְּׁלִישִׁית see We Dr and others] (sun)set, evening; — absolute ׳ע 2 Kings 2:16 +, עָ֑רֶב Exodus 12:18 +; construct עֶרֶב Proverbs 7:9; dual עַרְבַּיִם Exodus 30:8 4t., בָּ֑יִם- Exodus 12:16 5t. (all P); —

1. a. evening, originally sunset, and hence perhaps ׳לְעֵת ע at the time of sunset Genesis 8:11 (J), Genesis 24:11 (J; "" לְעֵת צֵאתהַשֹּׁאֲבֹת), 2 Samuel 11:2; Isaiah 17:14 and (of the day of ׳י) Zechariah 14:7, ׳עֵת הָע Joshua 8:29 (JE); usually ׳ע alone = time of sunset, evening: ׳בָּע in the evening Genesis 19:1 (J), Genesis 29:23 (E), Exodus 12:18 (P), Deuteronomy 16:6 (+ שֶׁמֶשׁ כְּבוֺא), 1 Kings 22:35 (compare "" 2 Chronicles 18:34 where + לְעֵת בּוֺאהַשֶּׁמֶשׁ) + 20t. + ׳בָּע(ֿ)בָּע 2 Chronicles 13:11 (twice in verse) = every evening; ׳לָע at evening only late: 1 Chronicles 16:40; 1 Chronicles 23:30; 2 Chronicles 2:3; Ezra 3:3; Psalm 59:7; Psalm 59:15; Psalm 90:6; Ecclesiastes 11:6; ׳לִפְנוֺת ע at the turn of evening Genesis 24:63 (J), Deuteronomy 23:12; ׳ע as adverb accusative Exodus 16:6 (P), Psalm 55:18; as marking duration of impurity, in phrase ׳עַדהָֿע Leviticus 11:24 30t. P + Leviticus 22:6 (H); of Day of Atonement ׳מֵע׳עַדעֿ Leviticus 23:32 (P).

b. dual in phrase (only P) בֵּיןהָעַרְבַּיִם between the two evenings, i.e. probably between sunset and dark (see Thes [various views fully given]; otherwise Di Exodus 12:6; on form as possibly only expanded plural see Ges§ 88c), Exodus 12:6; Exodus 16:12; Exodus 29:39,41; Exodus 30:8; Leviticus 23:5; Numbers 9:3,5,11; Numbers 28:4,8 .

c. other phrases are: ׳צִלְלֵי ע Jeremiah 6:4 (distinguished from צָהֳרָ֑יִם and לָ֑יְלָה Jeremiah 6:5), ׳מִנְחַה (הָ)ע 2 Kings 16:15; Ezra 9:4,5; Psalm 141:2; Daniel 9:21; ׳זְאֵבֵי ע see I. זְאֵב; for all combinations with בֹּקֶר morning, see ׳ב

1d, e. 2. (late poetry) = night, עָ֑רֶב Job 7:4; compare בְּנֶשֶׁף בְּעֶרֶב יוֺם Proverbs 7:9 ("" בְּאִישׁוֺן לַיְלָה וִאֲפֵלָה).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

עֶרֶב

(I)

(1)  evening (m. and fem., 1 Samuel 20:5); from the root עָרַב No. II. בָּעֶרֶב Genesis 19:1, 29:23 לְעֵת עֶרֶב Genesis 8:11, 24:11 עֶרֶב (acc.) Exodus 16:6 poet. לָעֶרֶב Psalms 59:7, 15 Psalms 59:15, 90:6 Genesis 49:27, at evening. Plur. עֲרָבוֹת Jerem. 5:6. Dual. עַרְבַּיִם the two evenings; only in the phrase בֵּין הָעַרְבַּיִם between the two evenings, Exodus 16:12, 30:8 used as marking the space of time during which the paschal lamb was slain, Exodus 12:6; Leviticus 23:5; Numbers 9:3 and the evening sacrifice was offered, Exodus 29:39, 41 Exodus 29:41; Numbers 28:4 i.e. according to the opinion of the Karaites and Samaritans (which is favoured by the words of Deuteronomy 16:6), the time between sunset and deep twilight. The Pharisees, however (see Joseph. Bellum Jud. vi. 9, § 3), and the Rabbinists considered the time when the sun began to descend to be called the first evening (Arab. مُسَىُّ little evening; مُسَيًّا when it begins to draw towards evening; Gr. δείλη πρωΐα); and the second evening to be the real sunset (Gr. δείλη ὀψία). See Bochart, Hieroz., t. I. p. 559. Compare, as to the double morning, Pococke ad Carm. Tograi, p. 71; and Hebr. pr.n. שַׁחֲרַיִם.

(2) i.q. עֵרֶב No. II, foreigners, strangers; hence מַלְכֵי הָעֶרֶב foreign kings, who made alliance with the Israelites, 1 Kings 10:15 and so also elsewhere of auxiliary forces, Jeremiah 25:20, 50:37 Ezekiel 30:5.

(II) only in pl. עֲרָבִים, const. עַרְבֵי m. willow (Arab. غَرَبُ), so called from its whitish leaves, see the root No. IV. Isaiah 44:4; Job 40:22; Psalms 137:2 (where the Salix Babylonica, Linn. is to be understood, with its pendulous foliage, a symbol of grief and mourning; Germ. Jrauerweide, weeping willow). Isaiah 15:7, נַחַל הָעֲרָבִים “the brook of willows” (comp. Job 40:22) in Moab, i.e. either وادى الاحسا on the borders of the provinces of Karrak (i.e. ancient Moab) and Jebâl (i.e. Idumæa), see Burckhardt’s Travels, page 674; or else the brook זֶרֶד (which see), near the town of Karrak, where Burckhardt, loc. cit. page 643, mentions a fountain of willows, مين صفصاف.

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List of Word Forms
בְּעֶ֥רֶב בָּ֭עֶרֶב בָּעֶ֔רֶב בָּעֶ֖רֶב בָּעֶ֗רֶב בָּעֶ֙רֶב֙ בָּעֶ֛רֶב בָּעֶ֜רֶב בָּעֶ֣רֶב בָּעֶ֣רֶב ׀ בָּעֶרֶב֒ בָּעָ֑רֶב בָּעָֽרֶב׃ בָעֶ֔רֶב בָעֶ֗רֶב בָעֶ֙רֶב֙ בערב בערב׃ הָֽעֲרְבַּ֛יִם הָֽעַרְבַּ֙יִם֙ הָֽעַרְבָּ֑יִם הָֽעַרְבָּֽיִם׃ הָעֲרְבַּ֖יִם הָעֶ֔רֶב הָעֶ֖רֶב הָעֶ֗רֶב הָעֶ֜רֶב הָעֶ֥רֶב הָעֶ֧רֶב הָעֶרֶב֒ הָעַרְבַּ֖יִם הָעַרְבָּ֑יִם הָעַרְבָּֽיִם׃ הָעָ֑רֶב הָעָֽרֶב׃ הערב הערב׃ הערבים הערבים׃ וְהָעֶ֔רֶב וְלָעֶ֔רֶב וְלָעֶ֖רֶב וְלָעָ֑רֶב וְלָעָֽרֶב׃ וָעֶ֣רֶב וּבָעֶ֛רֶב וּבָעֶ֜רֶב וּבָעֶ֥רֶב וּבָעֶֽרֶב־ ובערב ובערב־ והערב ולערב ולערב׃ וערב לָ֝עֶ֗רֶב לָ֭עֶרֶב לָעֶ֣רֶב לָעָֽרֶב׃ לערב לערב׃ מֵעֶ֣רֶב מֵעֶ֥רֶב מֵעֶ֧רֶב מערב עֶ֔רֶב עֶ֕רֶב עֶ֖רֶב עֶ֙רֶב֙ עֶ֣רֶב עֶ֤רֶב עֶ֥רֶב עָ֑רֶב עָֽרֶב׃ ערב ערב׃ ‘ā·reḇ ‘āreḇ ‘e·reḇ ‘ereḇ Arev bā‘āreḇ bā‘ereḇ ḇā‘ereḇ bā·‘ā·reḇ bā·‘e·reḇ ḇā·‘e·reḇ baArev baErev bə‘ereḇ bə·‘e·reḇ beErev Erev hā‘arbayim hā‘arbāyim hā‘ărbayim hā‘āreḇ hā‘ereḇ hā·‘ā·reḇ hā·‘ar·ba·yim hā·‘ar·bā·yim hā·‘ăr·ba·yim hā·‘e·reḇ haarBayim haArev haErev lā‘āreḇ lā‘ereḇ lā·‘ā·reḇ lā·‘e·reḇ laArev laErev mê‘ereḇ mê·‘e·reḇ meErev ū·ḇā·‘e·reḇ ū·ḇā·‘e·reḇ- ūḇā‘ereḇ ūḇā‘ereḇ- uvaErev vaErev vehaErev velaArev velaErev wā‘ereḇ wā·‘e·reḇ wə·hā·‘e·reḇ wə·lā·‘ā·reḇ wə·lā·‘e·reḇ wəhā‘ereḇ wəlā‘āreḇ wəlā‘ereḇ
Lectionary Calendar
Monday, January 27th, 2020
the Third Week after Epiphany
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