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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #6231 - עָשַׁק

Transliteration
‛âshaq
Phonetics
aw-shak'  
Word Origin
a primitive root (comp. (06229))
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
1713
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to press upon, oppress, violate, defraud, do violence, get deceitfully, wrong, extort

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to oppress, wrong, extort

1a2) to oppress

1b) (Pual) to be exploited, be crushed

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 71 ‑ ἄγω (ag'‑o);  156 ‑ αἰτία (ahee‑tee'‑a);  650 ‑ ἀποστερέω (ap‑os‑ter‑eh'‑o);  764 ‑ ἀσεβέω (as‑eb‑eh'‑o);  1283 ‑ διαρπάζω (dee‑ar‑pad'‑zo);  2346 ‑ θλίβω (thlee'‑bo);  2616 ‑ καταδυναστεύω (kat‑ad‑oo‑nas‑tyoo'‑o);  4811 ‑ συκοφαντέω (soo‑kof‑an‑teh'‑o);  4132 ‑ πλήμμυρα (plame‑moo'‑rah);  91 ‑ ἀδικέω (ad‑ee‑keh'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (37) NAS (37) HCS (37)
Leviticus 3
Deuteronomy 3
1 Samuel 2
1 Chronicles 1
Job 2
Psalms 6
Proverbs 4
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 2
Jeremiah 3
Ezekiel 2
Hosea 2
Amos 1
Micah 1
Zechariah 1
Malachi 1
Leviticus 3
Deuteronomy 3
1 Samuel 2
1 Chronicles 1
Job 2
Psalms 6
Proverbs 4
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 2
Jeremiah 3
Ezekiel 2
Hosea 2
Amos 1
Micah 1
Zechariah 1
Malachi 1
Leviticus 3
Deuteronomy 3
1 Samuel 2
1 Chronicles 1
Job 1
Psalms 6
Proverbs 4
Ecclesiastes 3
Isaiah 2
Jeremiah 3
Ezekiel 3
Hosea 2
Amos 1
Micah 1
Zechariah 1
Malachi 1
BYZ TIS TR
n-cms 2
v-PPfs 1
v-qPfp 1
v-qPmpc 1
v-qPmpcX1cs 1
v-qPms 3
v-qc 1
v-qi2mp 2
v-qi2ms 3
v-qi3ms 1
v-qp1cs 1
v-qp3cp 1
v-qp3ms 2
v-qsmp 5
v-qsms 4
n-cms 2
v-PPfs 1
v-qPfp 1
v-qPmpc 1
v-qPmpcX1cs 1
v-qPms 5
v-qc 1
v-qi2mp 2
v-qi2ms 3
v-qi3ms 1
v-qp1cs 1
v-qp3cp 1
v-qp3ms 2
v-qsmp 5
v-qsms 4
n-cms 2
v-PPfs 1
v-qPfp 1
v-qPmpc 1
v-qPmpcX1cs 1
v-qPms 5
v-qc 1
v-qi2mp 2
v-qi2ms 3
v-qi3ms 1
v-qp1cs 1
v-qp3cp 1
v-qp3ms 2
v-qsmp 5
v-qsms 4
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2584) qso (אהסהק AhShQ) AC: Press CO: ? AB: Oppression: [from: sa]

V) qso (אהסהק AhShQ) - Oppress: KJV (37): (vf: Paal, Pual) oppress, oppressor, defraud, wrong, eceive, deceit, get, oppression, drink, violence - Strongs: H6231 (עָשַׁק)

Nf1) eqso (אהסהקה AhShQH) - Oppressed: KJV (1): oppressed - Strongs: H6234 (עָשְׁקָה)

af1) eqsom (מאהסהקה MAhShQH) - Oppression: KJV (2): oppressor, oppression - Strongs: H4642 (מַעֲשַׁקּוֹת)

cm) qfso (אהסהוק AhShWQ) - Oppressor: KJV (1): oppressor - Strongs: H6216 (עָשׁוֹק)

dm) qfso (אהסהוק AhShWQ) - Oppression: KJV (3): oppression, oppressed - Strongs: H6217 (עָשֻׁק)

gm) qsfo (אהוסהק AhWShQ) - Oppression: KJV (15): oppression, cruelly, extortion, thing - Strongs: H6233 (עֹשֶׁק)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2020
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 עָשַׁק verb oppress, wrong, extort (ᵑ7עֲשַׁק = Biblical Hebrew, so Old Aramaic עשק; Syriac accuse, slander; Assyrian adjective eš‡u, strong; Arabic roughness, injustice); —

Qal Perfect ׳ע Leviticus 5:21; Ezekiel 18:18; 2 masculine singular suffix עֲשַׁקְתָּ֫נוּ 1 Samuel 12:4, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular suffix יַעַשׁקֻנִי Psalm 119:122; 2 masculine singular תַּעֲשֹׁק Leviticus 19:13 +, etc.; Infinitive construct עֲשֹׁק Hosea 12:8, suffix עָשְׁקָם 1 Chronicles 16:21; Psalm 105:14; Participle active עשֵׁק Proverbs 14:31 +, feminine plural הָעשְׁקוֺת Amos 4:1, etc.; passive עָשׁוּק Deuteronomy 28:29 +, etc.; —

1 oppress, wrong (often by extortion, "" גָּזַל), with accusative of person 1 Samuel 12:3,4; Micah 2:2; Leviticus 5:21; Leviticus 19:13; especially the poor and helpless Amos 4:1; Deuteronomy 24:14; Jeremiah 7:6; Ezekiel 22:29; Zechariah 7:10; Proverbs 14:31; Proverbs 22:16; Proverbs 28:3; Ecclesiastes 4:1; also with accusative of congnate meaning with verb עשֶׁק (וְ)גָזַל גָּזֵל׳ע Ezekiel 18:18 practise extortion, Ezekiel 22:29, take by extortion Leviticus 5:23 and (with accusative of thing) Malachi 3:5; absolute Hosea 12:8 practise extortion; Job 10:3 deal tyrannically (of God); participle oppressor, extortioner Jeremiah 21:12; Psalm 72:4; Ecclesiastes 4:1; passive participle as substantive the oppressed Psalm 103:6; Psalm 146:7.

2 oppress a nation Isaiah 52:4, compare Psalm 105:14 = 1 Chronicles 16:21; Psalm 119:122, participle act. oppressor Psalm 119:121, passive participle oppressed Jeremiah 50:33, in predict. וְגָזוּל׳ע Deuteronomy 28:29, וְרָצּוּץ׳ע Deuteronomy 28:23; Hosea 5:11.

3 dubious are: יַעְשֹׁק נָהָר Job 40:23 a river oppresses him, i.e. rushes violently upon him (that Isaiah , the hippopotamus; Du יָשֹׁק, from שׁוּק; > Gunk Bu יִשְׁקַע falls, sinks); עָשֻׁק בְּדַם נֶפֶשׁ Proverbs 28:17 oppressed (? burdened) with the blood of a person.

Pu`al Participle feminine הַמְּעֻשָּׁקָה Isaiah 23:12 crushed (of conquered Sidon under figure of woman).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

עָשַׁק fut. יַעֲשֹׁק, Arab. عسق.

(1)  to oppress, to act towards, or treat any one unjustly or violently, e.g. the needy, helpless, Proverbs 14:31, 22:16 28:3 Ecclesiastes 4:1 a king his subjects, 1 Samuel 12:3, 1 Samuel 12:4 a victor, the vanquished, Isaiah 52:4; Jeremiah 50:33; Psalms 105:14; Hosea 5:11 God, a man, Job 10:3. Metaph. Proverbs 28:17, אָדָס עָשׁוּק בְּדַס־נֶפֶשׁ “a man oppressed with life blood” (which he has shed), i.e. bowed down under this guilt as a burden.

(2) to defraud, any one, to extort from him by fraud and violence, with an acc. of pers. Leviticus 19:13; Deuteronomy 24:14 and of the thing, Malachi 3:5, עשְׁקֵי שְׂכַר שָׂכִיר “who extort the wages of the hireling.”-Both constructions (Nos. 1 and 2) are found together in Micah 2:2, עָֽשְׁקוּ גֶּבֶר וּבֵיתוֹ “they oppress a man and wrest away his house,” i.e. act both with fraud and violence, compare גָּזַל.

(3) to be proud, insolent, metaph. of a river overflowing its banks, Job 40:23 (compare syn. بغا, ظلم, فجر).

Pual, part. מְעֻשָּׁקָה (virgin) violated forcibly, metaph. of a captured city, Isaiah 23:12.

Derivatives, מַעֲשַׁקּוֹת, עָשׁוֹק, עֲשׁוּקִיס, עשֶׁק, עָשְׁקָה pr.n. עֵשֶׁק.

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List of Word Forms
הַֽמְעֻשָּׁקָ֞ה הָעֹשְׁק֣וֹת המעשקה העשקות וְעָֽשְׁקוּ֙ וְעֹשֵׁ֣ק וּבְעֹשְׁקֵ֣י ובעשקי ועשק ועשקו יַעֲשֹׁ֣ק יַעַשְׁקֻ֥נִי יעשק יעשקני לְעָשְׁקָ֑ם לְעָשְׁקָ֔ם לְעֹֽשְׁקָֽי׃ לַעֲשֹׁ֥ק לָעֲשׁוּקִ֗ים לעשוקים לעשק לעשקי׃ לעשקם עֲשַׁקְתָּ֖נוּ עֲשָׁקֽוֹ׃ עֲשׁוּקִ֛ים עֲשׁוּקִֽים׃ עָ֣שְׁקוּ עָ֣שַׁק עָשְׁק֖וּ עָשַׁ֙קְתִּי֙ עָשַׁ֥ק עָשָׁ֔ק עָשֻׁ֣ק עָשׁ֥וּק עָשׁ֧וּק עֹ֣שֵֽׁק עֹ֣שֵֽׁק־ עֹֽשְׁקֵיהֶם֙ עוֹשֵֽׁק׃ עוֹשֵׁ֑ק עושק עושק׃ עשוק עשוקים עשוקים׃ עשק עשק־ עשקו עשקו׃ עשקיהם עשקתי עשקתנו תַּעֲשֹׁ֑קוּ תַֽעֲשֹׁ֔קוּ תַעֲשֹׁ֗ק תַעֲשֹׁ֥ק תעשק תעשקו ‘ă·šā·qōw ‘ā·šaq ‘ā·šāq ‘ă·šaq·tā·nū ‘ā·šaq·tî ‘ā·šə·qū ‘ă·šū·qîm ‘ā·šuq ‘ā·šūq ‘āšaq ‘āšāq ‘ăšāqōw ‘ăšaqtānū ‘āšaqtî ‘āšəqū ‘āšuq ‘āšūq ‘ăšūqîm ‘ō·šə·qê·hem ‘ō·šêq ‘ō·šêq- ‘ō·wō·šêq ‘ōšêq ‘ōšêq- ‘ōšəqêhem ‘ōwōšêq aShak ashaKo ashakTanu aShakti Asheku aShuk ashuKim hā‘ōšəqōwṯ hā·‘ō·šə·qō·wṯ ham‘uššāqāh ham·‘uš·šā·qāh hamushshaKah haosheKot la‘ăšōq lā‘ăšūqîm la·‘ă·šōq lā·‘ă·šū·qîm laaShok laashuKim lə‘āšəqām lə‘ōšəqāy lə·‘ā·šə·qām lə·‘ō·šə·qāy leasheKam leOsheKai oShek oshekeiHem ṯa‘ăšōq ta‘ăšōqū ṯa‘ăšōqū ta·‘ă·šō·qū ṯa·‘ă·šō·qū ṯa·‘ă·šōq taaShok taaShoku ū·ḇə·‘ō·šə·qê ūḇə‘ōšəqê uveosheKei veasheKu veoShek wə‘āšəqū wə‘ōšêq wə·‘ā·šə·qū wə·‘ō·šêq ya‘ăšōq ya‘ašqunî ya·‘ă·šōq ya·‘aš·qu·nî yaashKuni yaaShok
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the Week of Proper 25 / Ordinary 30
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