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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #7307 - רוּחַ

Transliteration
rûach
Phonetics
roo'-akh  
Word Origin
from (07306)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TWOT
2131a
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) wind, breath, mind, spirit

1a) breath

1b) wind

1b1) of heaven

1b2) quarter (of wind), side

1b3) breath of air

1b4) air, gas

1b5) vain, empty thing

1c) spirit (as that which breathes quickly in animation or agitation)

1c1) spirit, animation, vivacity, vigour

1c2) courage

1c3) temper, anger

1c4) impatience, patience

1c5) spirit, disposition (as troubled, bitter, discontented)

1c6) disposition (of various kinds), unaccountable or uncontrollable impulse

1c7) prophetic spirit

1d) spirit (of the living, breathing being in man and animals)

1d1) as gift, preserved by God, God’s spirit, departing at death, disembodied being

1e) spirit (as seat of emotion)

1e1) desire

1e2) sorrow, trouble

1f) spirit

1f1) as seat or organ of mental acts

1f2) rarely of the will

1f3) as seat especially of moral character

1g) Spirit of God, the third person of the triune God, the Holy Spirit, coequal, coeternal with the Father and the Son

1g1) as inspiring ecstatic state of prophecy

1g2) as impelling prophet to utter instruction or warning

1g3) imparting warlike energy and executive and administrative power

1g4) as endowing men with various gifts

1g5) as energy of life

1g6) as manifest in the Shekinah glory

1g7) never referred to as a depersonalized force

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 129 ‑ αἷμα (hah'ee‑mah);  417 ‑ ἄνεμος (an'‑em‑os);  435 ‑ ἀνήρ (an'‑ayr);  2250 ‑ ἡμέρα (hay‑mer'‑ah);  2372 ‑ θυμός (thoo‑mos');  3313 ‑ μέρος (mer'‑os);  3563 ‑ νοῦς (nooce);  4151 ‑ πνεῦμα (pnyoo'‑mah);  4157 ‑ πνοή (pno‑ay');  5428 ‑ φρόνησις (fron'‑ay‑sis);  5590 ‑ ψυχή (psoo‑khay');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (378) NAS (375) HCS (370)
Genesis 11
Exodus 10
Numbers 12
Deuteronomy 2
Joshua 2
Judges 10
1 Samuel 14
2 Samuel 3
1 Kings 9
2 Kings 5
1 Chronicles 4
2 Chronicles 10
Ezra 2
Nehemiah 2
Job 31
Psalms 39
Proverbs 20
Ecclesiastes 20
Isaiah 46
Jeremiah 17
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 44
Daniel 4
Hosea 7
Joel 2
Amos 1
Jonah 2
Micah 3
Habakkuk 2
Haggai 2
Zechariah 9
Malachi 2
Genesis 11
Exodus 10
Numbers 12
Deuteronomy 2
Joshua 2
Judges 10
1 Samuel 14
2 Samuel 3
1 Kings 9
2 Kings 5
1 Chronicles 4
2 Chronicles 10
Ezra 2
Nehemiah 2
Job 29
Psalms 39
Proverbs 20
Ecclesiastes 20
Isaiah 46
Jeremiah 17
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 44
Daniel 4
Hosea 7
Joel 2
Amos 1
Jonah 2
Micah 3
Habakkuk 2
Haggai 2
Zechariah 9
Malachi 2
Genesis 11
Exodus 11
Numbers 14
Deuteronomy 2
Joshua 2
Judges 10
1 Samuel 16
2 Samuel 3
1 Kings 11
2 Kings 5
1 Chronicles 4
2 Chronicles 10
Ezra 1
Nehemiah 2
Job 30
Psalms 38
Proverbs 21
Ecclesiastes 24
Isaiah 50
Jeremiah 17
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 52
Daniel 2
Hosea 7
Joel 2
Amos 1
Jonah 2
Micah 3
Habakkuk 2
Haggai 4
Zechariah 9
Malachi 3
BYZ TIS TR
n-cbp 7
n-cbpc 4
n-cbs 276
n-cbp 6
n-cbpc 4
n-cbs 262
n-cbp 6
n-cbpc 4
n-cbs 262
v-qw3ms 1
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1445) hr (רהה RHh) AC: Travel CO: Path AB: ?: The pictograph r is a picture of the head of a man, the h is a picture of wall that separates the inside from the outside. Combined these mean "man outside". The responsibilities of the nomad outside of the tent include the feeding, watering and caring for the livestock. Livestock are healthier and more productive when on a routine, therefore the man follows a routine or "a prescribed path" each day when caring for his livestock. (eng: reek)

A) hr (רהה RHh) AC: ? CO: Shovel AB: ?: The winds which follows a prescribed path each season.

Nf2) thr (רההת RHhT) - Shovel: A shovel used for winnowing grain in the wind. KJV (1): shovel - Strongs: H7371 (רַחַת)

C) hra (ארהה ARHh) AC: Travel CO: Caravan AB: ?: One who follows a prescribed path to arrive at a specific destination.

V) hra (ארהה ARHh) - Travel: KJV (5): (vf: Paal) wayfaring, go - Strongs: H732 (אָרַח)

Nf1) ehra (ארההה ARHhH) - Caravan: A traveling company that follows a prescribed path. KJV (2): company - Strongs: H736 (אֹרְחָה)

df1) ehfra (ארוההה ARWHhH) - Allowance: An allotted amount of food. KJV (6): allowance, diet, dinner, victuals - Strongs: H737 (אֲרֻחָה)

gm) hrfa (אורהה AWRHh) - Path: The road one travels. KJV (58): way, path, highway, manner, race, rank, traveler, troop - Strongs: H734 (אֹרַח)

gf1) ehrfa (אורההה AWRHhH) - Path: The road one travels. [Aramaic only] KJV (2): way - Strongs: H735 (אֹרַח)

H) ehr (רההה RHhH) AC: ? CO: Millstone AB: ?: The ancient hand mill consisted of two round stones, called millstones, the top was turned on top of the other to grind the grain. This top stone always followed the same path on top of the other.

Nm) ehr (רההה RHhH) - Millstone: KJV (5): millstone, mill, nether - Strongs: H7347 (רֵחַיִם)

J) hfr (רוהה RWHh) AC: Refresh CO: Wind AB: ?: The Hebrew nomads were very familiar with the wind patterns as they would follow a prescribed path indicating the coming season. From this word comes the idea of breath as it is the wind of man which also follows a prescribed path of inhaling and exhaling.

V) hfr (רוהה RWHh) - I. Refresh:To be given a fresh wind. II. Smell:As carried on the wind. III. Spacious:To be wide with space. KJV (14): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Pual, Participle) smell, touch, understanding, accept, refresh, large - Strongs: H7304 (רָוַח), H7306 (רוּחַ)

Nf) hfr (רוהה RWHh) - Wind: Also the wind of man or god, the breath. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (380): spirit, wind, breath, side, mind, blast, vain, air, anger, cool, courage, space, enlargement - Strongs: H7305 (רֶוַח), H7307 (רוּחַ)

Nf1) ehfr (רוההה RWHhH) - Relief: A sigh of relief. KJV (2): respite, breathing - Strongs: H7309 (רְוָחָה)

L) hri (ירהה YRHh) AC: ? CO: Moon AB: ?: The moon follows a prescribed path each night from horizon to horizon.

Nm) hri (ירהה YRHh) - Moon: Also a month as a counting of time by the cycles of the moon. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (41): month, moon - Strongs: H3391 (יֶרַח), H3393 (יְרַח), H3394 (יָרֵחַ)

M) hir (ריהה RYHh) AC: ? CO: Aroma AB: ?: What is carried by the wind and smelled while breathing.

Nf) hir (ריהה RYHh) - Aroma: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (59): savour, smell, scent - Strongs: H7381 (רֵיחַ), H7382 (רֵיחַ)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2013
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 רוּחַ378 noun feminine Genesis 41:8 (less often masculine Exodus 10:13 +) breath, wind, spirit; — absolute ׳ר Genesis 8:1 +, ר֑וּחָה Jeremiah 52:23; construct רוּחַ Genesis 6:17 +; suffix רוּחִי Genesis 6:3 +, רוּחֲךָ Psalm 104:30 +, etc.; plural רוּחוֺת Psalm 104:4 +, רֻחוֺת Jeremiah 49:36, רוּחֹת Numbers 16:22; Numbers 26:16 (see Brרוח in O.T., JBL xix (1900), 132ff., full statement of all passages); —

1 breath of mouth or nostrils (33t.):

a.רוּחַ מִּיו Job 15:30 breath of his mouth, compare Job 19:17; רוּחַ אַמֵּינוּ Lamentations 4:20 (figurative of king), of idols לֹא רוּחַ בָּם Jeremiah 10:14 = Jeremiah 51:17, Habakkuk 2:19; Psalm 135:17; compare Job 9:18.

b. as mere breath: compare 2e.דִּבְרֵירֿוּחַ Job 16:3i.e. windy words; נוֺאָשׁ לְרוּחַ אִמְרֵי Job 6:26, הַנְּבִיאִים יִהְיוּ לְרוּחַ Jeremiah 5:13.

c. as word of command: (1) of God: (נעשׂו) בְּרוּחַ מִּיו כָּלֿצְבָאָם Psalm 33:6, compare Isaiah 34:16 ("" מֶּה); (2) of Messianic king: בְּרוּחַ שְׂפָתָיו יָמִית רָשָׁע Isaiah 11:4.

d. as hard breathing through the nostrils in anger: (1) of God: מֵרוּח אַמּוֺ יִכְלוּ Job 4:9; Exodus 15:8 (poem), 2 Samuel 22:16 = Psalm 18:16; Isaiah 30:28; Isaiah 59:19; (2) of man: רוּחַ עָרִיצִים Isaiah 25:4.

e. as sign and symbol of life:רוּחַ חַיִּים breath of life Genesis 6:17; Genesis 7:15 (P); נִשְׁמַת רוּחַ חַיִּים בְּאַמָּיו Genesis 7:22 (P); Ezekiel 37:5, compare Ezekiel 37:6; Ezekiel 37:8; Ezekiel 37:9; Ezekiel 37:9; Ezekiel 37:9; Ezekiel 37:10; Ezekiel 37:14 ( breath or spirit), Ecclesiastes 3:19.

2 wind (117t.):

a. wind of heaven: Genesis 8:1 (P) Exodus 15:10 (E) Numbers 11:31 (J) 1 Kings 18:45 +, Jeremiah 10:13, thence Jeremiah 51:16; Psalm 135:7; ׳רוּחַ י Hosea 13:15; Isaiah 40:7, compare Job 26:13 (Di Bu); רוּחַ (ה)קָדִים east wind Exodus 10:13 (twice in verse); Exodus 14:21 (J) Psalm 48:8; Jeremiah 18:17; Ezekiel 17:10; Ezekiel 19:12; Ezekiel 27:26; Jonah 4:8; צָפוֺן׳ר north wind Proverbs 25:23; יָם׳ר sea wind (west wind) Exodus 10:19 (J); . הַיּוֺם׳ר day wind, evening wind Genesis 3:8 (J; compare Song of Solomon 2:17; Song of Solomon 4:6); אַרְבַּערוּחוֺת four winds Jeremiah 49:36; Ezekiel 37:9 (quarters?) Daniel 8:8; Daniel 11:4 (figurative quarters; compare

b), Zechariah 2:10; Zechariah 6:5; רוּחַ סְעְרָה storm wind Psalm 107:25; Psalm 148:8; Ezekiel 1:4 (סְעָרוֺת׳ר), Ezekiel 13:11,13; רוּחַ סֹעָה rushing wind Psalm 55:9 (read possibly סערה Hup); בַּעְיָם רוּחוֺ Isaiah 11:15 (read ׳בְּעֹצֶם ר, see עֲיָם, עֹצֶם), etc; wind personified: כַּנְפֵי רוּחַ 2 Samuel 22:11 = Psalm 18:11; Psalm 104:3, compare Hosea 4:19; Psalm 104:4.

b. quarter (of wind), side: רוּחַ הַקָּדִים Ezekiel 42:16 east side; רוּחַהַצָּפוֺן Ezekiel 42:17 north side; רוּחַ הַדָּרוֺם Ezekiel 42:18 south side; רוּחַ הַיָּם Ezekiel 42:19 west side; אַרְבַּע רוּחוֺת Ezekiel 42:20; 1 Chronicles 9:24 four sides; ר֑וּחָה Jeremiah 52:23 on the sides.

c. breath of air: שָׁאֲפוּ רוּחַ כַּתַּנִּים Jeremiah 14:6; רוּחַ לֹא יָבֹא בֵּינֵיהֶם Job 41:8.

d. air, gas, from womb (dubious): כְּמוֺיָלַדְנוּ רוּחַ Isaiah 26:18 (Di, e); רוּחֲכֶם אֵשׁ תֹּאכַלְכֶם (RV breath) Isaiah 33:11 (Du, 3 c).

e. vain, empty thing: רוּחַיָּי֑ Job 7:7 my life is wind; דַּעַת רוּחַ Job 15:2; רוּחַ וָתֹהוּ נִסְכֵּיהֶם Isaiah 41:29; רְעוּת רוּחַ striving for wind Ecclesiastes 1:14; Ecclesiastes 2:11,17,26; Ecclesiastes 4:4,6; Ecclesiastes 6:9; compare Ecclesiastes 1:17; Ecclesiastes 4:16; Ecclesiastes 5:15.

3 spirit, as that which breathes quickly in animation or agitation = temper, disposition (76t.; Song of Solomon , distinctively, as compared with נֶפֶשׁ and לֵבָב):

a. spirit, animation, vivacity, vigour: לֹא הָיָה בָהּ עוֺד רוּחַ 1 Kings 10:5 2 Chronicles 9:4; מַהזֶּֿה רוּחֲךָסָרָה 1 Kings 21:5; וַתְּחִי רוּחַ Genesis 45:27 (E); וַתָּשָׁב רוּחוֺ Judges 15:19; 1 Samuel 30:12.

b. courage: ׳לֹא הָיָה בָם עוֺד ר Joshua 5:1; נְגִידִים׳יִבְצֹר ר Psalm 76:13; מִצְרַיִם׳וְנָָֽבְקָה ר Isaiah 19:3; תתעטּף רוּחִי Psalm 77:4; Psalm 142:4; Psalm 143:4; לֹא קָמָה׳עוֺד ר Joshua 2:11; אִישׁ יְכַלְכֵּל מַחֲלֵהוּ׳ר Proverbs 18:14.

c. temper, especially anger: ׳רוּחַ רָעָה בֵּין וגו Judges 9:23; אָזרָֽפְתָה רוּחָם Judges 8:3; משֵׁל בְּרוּחוֺ Proverbs 16:32, compare Proverbs 25:28; Proverbs 29:11; Job 15:13; הֵנִיחוּ אֶתרֿוּחִי Zechariah 6:8; Ecclesiastes 7:9; Ecclesiastes 10:4.

d. impatience or patience: קֹצֶר רוּחַ Exodus 6:9 (P) impatience, hastiness of temper, compare (of ׳י) Micah 2:7; קְצַררֿוּחַ Proverbs 14:29 ("" אֶרֶךְ אַפַיִם); הֱצִיקַתְנִי רוּחַ בִּטְנִי Job 32:18 (Du breath; Di Bu divine spirit, compare Job 32:8); אִםמַדּוּעַ לֹאתִֿקְצַר רוּחִי Job 21:4; ׳הֲקָצַר רוּחַ י Micah 2:7; ׳אֶרֶךְ ר Ecclesiastes 7:8.

e. spirit, disposition, as troubled, bitter, or discontented; וַתִּמָּעֶם רוּח(וׅ ( his) spirit was troubled Genesis 41:8 (E) Daniel 2:3, compare Daniel 2:1; מֹרַת רוּחַ Genesis 26:35 (P) bitterness of spirit; ׳עֲצוּבַת ר Isaiah 54:6, compare Ezekiel 3:14; Job 6:4.

f. as crushed:וְכִהֲתָה כָלרֿוּחַ Ezekiel 21:12, compare Isaiah 61:3; Proverbs 15:4,13; Proverbs 17:22; Proverbs 18:14; Psalm 143:7.

g. disposition of various kinds, often unaccountable and uncontrollable impulse: הֵעִיר אֶתרֿוּחַ 1 Chronicles 5:26 (twice in verse); 2 Chronicles 21:16; 36:22; Ezra 1:1,5; Jeremiah 51:11; Haggai 1:14 (3t. in verse); הִנְנִינ(וֺ)תֵן בּוֺ רוּח 2 Kings 19:7 = Isaiah 37:7; Numbers 14:24 (J; see עִם 4 b), Malachi 2:15 (twice in verse); Malachi 2:16; Deuteronomy 2:30; רוּחַ קִנְאָה jealous disposition Numbers 5:14 (twice in verse); Numbers 5:30 (P); רוּחַ וְנוּנִים Hosea 4:12; Hosea 5:4; רוּחַעִוְעִים Isaiah 19:14; רוּחַ מִשְׁמָּט Isaiah 28:6; אִישׁ אֲשֶׁר רוּחַ אֱלהִֹרםבּוֺ (administrative) Genesis 41:38 (E); קַר רוּחַ אִישׁ הְּבוּנָה Proverbs 17:27.

h. prophetic spirit: יְהוֺשֻׁעַ אִישׁ אֲשֶׁרֿרוּחַ בּזֹ Numbers 27:18 (P; or

g, as Genesis 41:38); רוּחַ אֵלִיָּהוּעַלאֱֿלִישָׁע 2 Kings 2:15, compare 2 Kings 2:9; רוּחַ תַּרְדֵמָה spirit of deep sleep (ecstatic, compare Genesis 2:21; Genesis 15:12, but Di and others

g, as Isaiah 19:14) Isaiah 29:10; Micah 2:11; רוּחַ הַטֻמְאָה Zechariah 13:2 (of lying prophets), compare Ezekiel 13:3.

4 spirit of the living, breathing being, dwelling in the בָּשָׂר of men and animals, "" נֶפֶשׁ (25t.):

a. gift and creation of God:יֹצֵר רוּחַ אָדָם בְּקִרְבּוֺ Zechariah 12:1; רוּחַ אֱלוֺהַּ בְּאַמִּי Job 27:3, compare Isaiah 42:5.

b. God preserves it:מְּקֻדָּֽתְךָ שָֽׁמְרָה רוּחִי Job 10:12, compare Job 12:10; אֱלֹהֵי הָרוּחֹת לְכָל בָּשָׂ֑ר Numbers 16:22; Numbers 27:16 (P); תֹּכֵן רוּחוֺת Proverbs 16:2.

c. it is therefore God's spirit: Genesis 6:3 (J; see דִּין near the end).

d. it departs at death: Psalm 78:39 (Dr a wind that passeth away 2 e); חַיֵּי רוּחִי Isaiah 38:16 (Di principle of life), Psalm 146:4; especially Psalm 104:29; Psalm 104:30; Job 17:1; Job 34:14 (compare Job 34:15), Isaiah 57:16; Ecclesiastes 8:8 (twice in verse) ( wind Wild); אֵינְךָ יוֺדֵעַ מַהדֶּֿרֶךְ הָרוּחַ Ecclesiastes 11:5, compare Ecclesiastes 3:21; over ag. הָרוּחַ תָּשׁוּב אֶלהָֿאֱלֹהִים אֲשֶׁר נְתָנָהּ Ecclesiastes 12:7; בְּיָָֽדְךָ אַפְקִיד רוּחִי Psalm 31:6.

e. disembodied being (dubious, Di Du breath of wind): וְרוּחַ עַלמָּֿנַייַחֲלֹף Job 4:15.

5 spirit as seat of emotion = נֶפֶשׁ:

a. desire (possibly 3 g), Isaiah 26:9 ("" נֶפֶשׁ).

b. sorrow, trouble (probably 3 e), Job 7:11 ("" נֶפֶשׁ). — 1 Samuel 1:15 see קָשֶׁה.

6 occasionally, (and late) = seat or organ of mental Acts , "" לֵב, or synonym with it: רוּחַ חָכְמָה Exodus 28:3; Deuteronomy 34:9 (both P; probably 3 g); תּעֵי רוּחַ Isaiah 29:24, compare Job 20:3 (Hi Bu Du wind of Job's words), Psalm 77:7 (ᵐ5 Symm ᵑ6 Jerome troubled disposition); רוּחַ יהוה Isaiah 40:13; come into mind Ezekiel 11:5,20:32 (compare לֵב Isaiah 65:17; Jeremiah 3:16 +); 1 Chronicles 28:12.

7 rarely of the will; also = רוּחַ נָכוֺן לֵב Psalm 51:12 (= לֵב נָכוֺן Psalm 57:8 (twice in verse) +); רוּחַ נְדִיבָה Psalm 51:14; נָָֽדְבָה רוּחוֺ Exodus 35:21 (P; compare נְדִיב לֵב Exodus 35:5,22 (P) 2 Chronicles 29:31).

8רוּחַ especially of moral character; also = ׃לֵברוּחַ חֲדָשָׁה Ezekiel 11:19; 18:31; 36:26; רוּחִי Ezekiel 36:27; Isaiah 59:21 (רוּחִי, "" דְּבָרַי; but probably prophetic spirit

9b); לֵב חָדָשׁ Ezekiel 18:31; Ezekiel 36:26; נְכֵה רוּחַ Isaiah 66:2; דַּכְּאֵי רוּחַ Psalm 34:19 (compare לֵב נִדְכָּאִים Isaiah 57:15); מִשֵּׁבֶר רוּחַ Isaiah 65:14 (compare 3 f); רוּחַ נִשְׁבָּרֶה Psalm 51:19 ("" לֵב נִשְׁבָּר, compare נִשְׁבְּרֵי לֵב Psalm 34:19; Isaiah 61:1); Psalm 32:2; Proverbs 11:13; Proverbs 16:18; Psalm 78:8; Ecclesiastes 7:8 (compare גְּבַהּלֵב Proverbs 16:5); שְׁפַל רוּחַ Proverbs 16:19; Proverbs 29:23; Isaiah 57:15; רוּחַ שְׁפָלִים Isaiah 57:15 (compare 3 f).

9 spirit of God (94t.; not D or Jeremiah or any Deuteronomic writer; conception of its activity in inspiring prophecy probably discredited from abuse by false prophets, see נביא, נבא):

a. as inspiring ecstatic state of prophecy, Numbers 11:17,25 (twice in verse); Numbers 11:26,29 (J), 1 Samuel 10:6,10 (compare 1 Samuel 10:5), 1 Samuel 19:20,23; as inciting to deeds of frenzy, in the ecstatic state; hence conceived as אֱלֹהִים רָעָה׳ר 1 Samuel 16:15 (twice in verse); 1 Samuel 16:16, = ׳רָעָה מֵאֵת י׳ר 1 Samuel 16:14 = רָעָה׳א ׳צלח ר 1 Samuel 18:10 (other narrative) = רָעָה׳י ׳ר 1 Samuel 19:9; ׳א׳ר 1 Samuel 16:23 = רוּחַ הָרָעָה 1 Samuel 16:23, compare הָרוּחַ 1 Kings 22:21 = שֶׁקֶר׳ר 1 Kings 22:22; 1 Kings 22:23 2 Chronicles 18:20,21,22 = ׳רוּחַ י 1 Kings 22:24 2 Chronicles 18:23; compare also (in earlier prophets) אִישׁ הָרוּחַ, i.e. one possessed by the spirit in the ecstatic state, "" הַנָּבִּיא Hosea 9:7; ׳רוּחַ י Micah 3:8 ("" בֹּחַ) is probably gloss (We Now); וְלֹא רוּחִי Isaiah 30:1; רוּחַ dealing with Ezek.: Ezekiel 2:2; Ezekiel 3:12,14,24; Ezekiel 8:3; Ezekiel 11:1,5,24 (Co gloss), Ezekiel 37:1; Ezekiel 43:5 (all implying ecstatic state of vision), compare Elijah 1 Kings 18:12; 2 Kings 2:16.

b. spirit as impelling prophets to utter instruction or warning (higher and later conception): transition probably Numbers 24:2; 2 Samuel 23:2; 1 Chronicles 12:18; elsewhere in Chronicles: 2 Chronicles 15:1; 20:14; 24:20; distinctly in Isa2, Isaiah 48:16, compare Isaiah 61:1; so of ancient prophets, Zechariah 7:12; Nehemiah 9:30; compare, of future prophetic gift, Joel 3:1; Joel 3:2.

c. imparting warlike energy, and executive and administrative power: (1) toשֹׁפְטִים, מוֺשִׁיעִים, מְלָכִים, of ancient Israel: וַתְּהִי רוּחַעל ׳י Judges 3:10; Judges 11:29, compare Judges 6:34; Judges 13:25; Judges 14:6,19; Judges 15:14; 1 Samuel 11:6; 1 Samuel 16:13,14; so also עַד יֵעָרֶה עָלֵינוּ רוּחַ מִמָּרוֺם Isaiah 32:15; (2) resting upon Messianic king: Isaiah 11:2 (3t. in verse); upon servant of ׳י, Isaiah 42:1.

d. late, as endowing men with various gifts: technical skill Exodus 31:3; Exodus 35:31 (P); understanding Job 32:8 ("" נִשְׁמַת שַׁדַּי); poured out by divine wisdom Proverbs 1:23.

e. as energy of life:רוּחַ אֱלֹהִים מְרַחֶפֶת עַלמְּֿנֵי הַמָּ֑יִם Genesis 1:2 (P); רוּחַ אֵל עָשָׂ֑תְנִי Job 33:4 ("" נִשְׁמַת שַׁדַּי); as vital power, opposed to בָשָׂר: Isaiah 31:3; in cherubic chariot: Ezekiel 1:12, compare Ezekiel 1:20; Ezekiel 1:21; Ezekiel 10:17; reviving Israel Ezekiel 39:29; Zechariah 12:10; Isaiah 44:3.

f. = ancient angel of the presence and later Shekina: קָדְשׁוֺ׳ר Isaiah 63:10,11 = ׳י׳ר Isaiah 63:14 (= מַלְאַךְ מָּנָיו Isaiah 63:9), compare Psalm 106:33; so also קָדְשְׁךָ׳ר Psalm 51:13 (in national prayer), compare Nehemiah 9:20; Psalm 143:10; prophets of restoration conceive of the divine spirit as standing in their midst and about to fulfil all divine promises: רוּחִיעֹמֶדֶת בְּתוֺכֲכֶם Haggai 2:5; Zechariah 4:6; this conception culminates in רוּחַ = divine Presence, and as such omnipresent, Psalm 139:7 ("" מָּנֶיךָ; compare Psalm 139:8).

רוח (√ of following; see Biblical Hebrew id., רוּח, רֵיחַ).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
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List of Word Forms
בְּ֝רוּח֗וֹ בְּ֭רוּחוֹ בְּר֣וּחֲכֶ֔ם בְּר֣וּחַ בְּר֥וּחַ בְּר֨וּחַ בְּרֽוּחֲךָ֖ בְּרֽוּחַ׃ בְּרוּח֔וֹ בְּרוּח֣וֹ בְּרוּח֥וֹ בְּרוּחֲךָ֖ בְּרוּחֲךָ֛ בְּרוּחֲכֶ֖ם בְּרוּחִ֔י בְר֙וּחַ֙ בְרוּחֲךָ֖ בָּר֙וּחַ֙ בָר֖וּחַ בָר֙וּחַ֙ ברוח ברוח׃ ברוחו ברוחי ברוחך ברוחכם הָר֑וּחַ הָר֔וּחַ הָר֖וּחַ הָר֗וּחַ הָר֙וּחַ֙ הָר֛וּחַ הָר֜וּחַ הָר֤וּחַ הָר֨וּחַ הָרֻח֣וֹת הָרֽוּחַ׃ הָרוּחֹ֖ת הרוח הרוח׃ הרוחת הרחות וְ֝ר֗וּחַ וְ֭רוּחַ וְהָר֣וּחַ וְר֔וּחַ וְר֖וּחַ וְר֙וּחַ֙ וְר֜וּחַ וְר֣וּחַ וְר֥וּחַ וְר֧וּחַ וְר֨וּחַ וְרוּח֖וֹ וְרוּח֞וֹ וְרוּחֲךָ֨ וְרוּחִ֖י וְרוּחֽוֹ׃ וּ֝לְר֗וּחַ וּבְר֤וּחַ וּבְר֥וּחַ וּלְר֖וּחַ וּמֵר֖וּחַ וברוח והרוח ולרוח ומרוח ורוח ורוחו ורוחו׃ ורוחי ורוחך כְּרֽוּחַ־ כָּ֭רוּחַ כָּר֥וּחַ כרוח כרוח־ לְר֔וּחַ לְר֖וּחַ לְר֣וּחַ לְרוּחֽוֹ׃ לָר֔וּחַ לָר֣וּחַ לָרֽוּחַ׃ לרוח לרוח׃ לרוחו׃ מֵר֖וּחַ מֵרוּחֶ֑ךָ מרוח מרוחך ר֑וּחַ ר֑וּחָה ר֔וּחַ ר֖וּחַ ר֗וּחַ ר֙וּחַ֙ ר֚וּחַ ר֛וּחַ ר֝֗וּחַ ר֝וּח֗וֹ ר֝וּחַ ר֣וּחֲכֶ֔ם ר֣וּחַ ר֣וּחַ ׀ ר֤וּחַ ר֥וּחַ ר֧וּחַ ר֨וּחַ ר֨וּחַ ׀ ר֪וּחַ ר֫וּחִ֥י ר֭וּחֲךָ ר֭וּחִֽי ר֭וּחַ ר֭וּחָם ר֭וּחוֹ רֻח֣וֹת רֽוּחֲכֶ֖ם רֽוּחַ־ רֽוּחַ׃ רוּח֑וֹ רוּח֑וֹת רוּח֔וֹ רוּח֔וֹת רוּח֖וֹ רוּח֗וֹ רוּח֗וֹת רוּח֜וֹ רוּח֜וֹת רוּח֣וֹת רוּח֥וֹ רוּח֥וֹת רוּח֧וֹת רוּחֲךָ֣ רוּחֲךָ֥ רוּחֲכֶ֕ם רוּחִ֑י רוּחִ֔י רוּחִ֖י רוּחִ֗י רוּחִ֣י רוּחִ֤י רוּחִ֥י רוּחִֽי׃ רוּחִי֙ רוּחֶ֑ךָ רוּחַ֩ רוּחָ֖ם רוּחָם֙ רוּחֽוֹ׃ רוּחוֹת֙ רוח רוח־ רוח׃ רוחה רוחו רוחו׃ רוחות רוחי רוחי׃ רוחך רוחכם רוחם רחות bā·rū·aḥ ḇā·rū·aḥ baRuach bārūaḥ ḇārūaḥ bə·rū·aḥ ḇə·rū·aḥ bə·rū·ḥă·ḵā ḇə·rū·ḥă·ḵā bə·rū·ḥă·ḵem bə·rū·ḥî bə·rū·ḥōw beRuach bərūaḥ ḇərūaḥ beruchaCha beRuchaChem beruChi berucho bərūḥăḵā ḇərūḥăḵā bərūḥăḵem bərūḥî bərūḥōw hā·rū·aḥ hā·ru·ḥō·wṯ hā·rū·ḥōṯ haRuach hārūaḥ haruChot hārūḥōṯ hāruḥōwṯ kā·rū·aḥ KaRuach kārūaḥ kə·rū·aḥ- keRuach kərūaḥ- lā·rū·aḥ laRuach lārūaḥ lə·rū·aḥ lə·rū·ḥōw leRuach lərūaḥ leruCho lərūḥōw mê·rū·aḥ mê·rū·ḥe·ḵā meRuach mêrūaḥ meruChecha mêrūḥeḵā rū·aḥ rū·aḥ- rū·ḥă·ḵā rū·ḥă·ḵem rū·ḥāh rū·ḥām rū·ḥe·ḵā rū·ḥî ru·ḥō·wṯ rū·ḥō·wṯ rū·ḥōw Ruach rūaḥ rūaḥ- ruchaCha ruchaChem Ruchah ruCham ruChecha ruChi ruCho Ruchom ruChot rūḥāh rūḥăḵā rūḥăḵem rūḥām rūḥeḵā rūḥî rūḥōw ruḥōwṯ rūḥōwṯ ū·ḇə·rū·aḥ ū·lə·rū·aḥ ū·mê·rū·aḥ ūḇərūaḥ uleRuach ūlərūaḥ umeRuach ūmêrūaḥ uveRuach vaRuach vehaRuach veRuach veruchaCha veruChi veruCho wə·hā·rū·aḥ wə·rū·aḥ wə·rū·ḥă·ḵā wə·rū·ḥî wə·rū·ḥōw wəhārūaḥ wərūaḥ wərūḥăḵā wərūḥî wərūḥōw

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, July 25th, 2017
the Week of Proper 11 / Ordinary 16
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